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and out of Parliament, connected with India, it is effect of this admirable defence of Christian misnot surprising that it should be unfavorably received. sions. The letter is as follows:
The laie Lord Melville, then President of the Board of Control, acknowledged the importance of the
Tanjore, Feb. 13th, 1794. measure, and promised not to lose sight of it, but " REVEREND AND DEAR SIR : expressed his doubts as to its present expediency, “As his majesty's 741h regiment is partly staand his wish to obtain fuller information upon the tioned at Tanjore, and partly at Vallam, six English subject. Mr. Wilberforce, in consequence, consent miles distant from Tanjore, we commonly go once ed to withdraw the clauses in question; pledging in a week to Vallam, to perform divine service to himself, however, to bring them forward upon some four companies of that regiment. future and more propitious occasion.*
“When I lately went to that place, the_210th In the course of the debate upon this interesting number of a newspaper, called the Courier, Friday subject, Mr. Montgomery Campbell
, who had a few evening, May 24,1793, was communicated to me. years since held an official situation at Madras, “In that paper I found a paragraph, delivered by took occasion to cast some severe reflections on the Mr. Montgomery Campbell, who came out to India character of the native converts on the coast of with Sir Archibald Campbell, in the station of a Coromandel; and while speaking in terms of high private secretary, wherein my name was mentioned and deserved respect of Swartz, to depreciate the in the following manner. value of his labors, and to treat as visionary the "Mr. Montgomery Camphell gave his decided hope of converting the Hindoos to Christianity:- vote against the clause, and reprobated the idea of
The report of these injurious observations having converting the Gentoos. It is true, missionaries reached him, unaccustomed as he was to contro- have made proselytes of the Parriars; but they versy, and abhorrent as every appearance of boast- were the lowest order of people, and had even deing was from his disposition and habits, he felt it to graded the religion they professed to embrace. be his duty to vindicate both his converts and him "Mr. Swartz, whose character was held so deself from the unjust aspersions which had been servedly high, could not have any reason to beast of thrown upon them, and to assert the beneficial re- the purity of his followers: they were proverbial sults of missiouary exertion in India.
for their profligacy. An instance occurred to his With this view, he addressed a letter to the se- recollection perfectly in point. He had been preachcretary of the Society for promoting Christian ing for many hours to this caste of proselytes, on Knowledge, in which he triumphantly replied to the the heinousness of theft, and, in the heat of his disanimadversions of his parliamentary opponent and course, had taken off his stock, when that and his nobly vindicated the cause of missions. "Perhaps," gold buckle were stolen by one of his virtuous and observes a very competent judge upon this subject.t enlightened congregation. In such a description of “no Christian defence has appeared in these latter natives did the doctrine of the missionaries operate. ages more characteristic of the apostolic simplicity Men of high caste would spurn at the idea of and primitive energy of truth, than this apology of changing the religion of their ancestors.! the venerable Swartz." It was, with great propri “As this paragraph is found in a public paper, ety, published in the annual report of the Society, I thought it would not displease the honorable Sopreceded by the following emphatic testimony. ciety to make a few observations on it; not to boast, * As the Society, afier forty years experience, (which I detest,) but to declare the plain truth,
and have had constant reason to approve of Mr. Swartz's to defend my brethren and myself. integrity and veracity as a correspondent, his zeal “About seventeen years ago, when I resided at as a promoter of Christian knowledge, and his Trichinopoly, I visited the congregation at Tanjore. labors 'as missionary, they take this opportunity of In my road, I arrived very early ai a village inhaacknowledging his faithful services, and recom- bited by collaries, (a set of people who are infamous mending his letter to the consideration of the public, for stealing ;) even the name of a colla ry, (or better, as containing a just statement of facts, relating to kallar,) signifieth a thief. These collaries make the mission: believing that he is incapable of de- nightly excursions, in order to roh. They drive parting from the truth, in the minutest particular." away bullocks and sheep, and whatever they can
To this deserved testimonial of the Society was find, for which outrage, they annually pay fifteen added that of the late Marquis Cornwallis, from hundred chakr, or seven hundred and fifty pagodas, his personal knowledge, and from what he had to the Rajah. Of this caste of people,* many live heard in India, to the high respectability of Swartz's in the Tanjore country; still more in Tondiman's character.
country; and likewise in the nabob's country. The letter itself contains various particulars re “When I arrived at one of those villages called specting the beneficial influence of Christianity, Pudaloor, I took off" my stock, putting it upon a and of the excellent missionary and his fellow-la- sand-bank. Advancing a little, to look out for the borers in the south of India, which have been al- man who carried my linen clothes, I was regardless ready detailed in these Memoirs; but though many of the stock; at which time some thievish boys of the events and circumstances to which he refers took it away. When the inhabitants heard of the have been thus anticipated, there is a vividness and theft, they desired me to confine all those boys, and variety in the manner in which they are related, to punish them as severely as I pleased. But I which invest them with fresh interest, and compen- refused to do that, not thinking that the trifle which sates for any repetition in the narrative. Some ad- I had lost was worth so much irouble. ditional facts alsс are mentioned, which, combined “That such boys, whose fathers are professed with the manly sense and elevated piety which it thieves, should commit a theft, can be no matter of contains, lend greatly to strengthen the general wonder. All the inhabitants of that village were
heathens; not one Christian family was found
therein.t Many of our genilemen, travelling through * How nobly this truly Christian senator redeemed his pledge, may be seen by referring to the pro * Obviously resembling the ancient predatory ceedings in parliament twenty years afterwards ; tribes of Scotland. when an ecclesiastical establishment was provided + In the year 1809, Mr. Kohlhoff, referring, ini a for British India, and facilities were afforded 10 letter to the Society, to this story, mentions that Christian missions in that country.
many Christians were then to be found in that vil. + Dr. Buchanan.-Ecclesiastical Memoir, p. 66. lag.
that village, have been robbed. The trifle of a people, by his managers, to come and help us; bur buckle I did therefore not lose by a Christian, as all was in vain. Mr. Montgomery Campbell will have it, but by "At last, the Rajah said to one of our principal heathen boys. Neither did I preach at that time. gentlemen,- We all, you and 1, have lost our credit; Mr. Campbell says that I preached two hours. I let us try whether the inhabitants will trust Mr. did not so much as converse with any man. This Swartz. Accordingly he sent me a blank paper, poor story, totally misrepresented, is alleged by Mr. empowering me to make a proper agreement with M. Campbell to prove the profligacy of Christians, the people. There was no time for hesitation. whom he called, with a sneer, virtuous and enlight- The sepoys fell down as dead people, being emaened people. If he has no better proof, his conclusion ciated with hunger. Our streets were lined with is built upon a bad foundation, and í shall no: ad- dead corpses every morning. Our condition was mire his logic: truth is against him.
deplorable. I sent, therefore, letters, every where "Neither is it true, that the best part of those round about, promising to pay every one with my people who have been instructed, are Parriars. own hands; and to indemnify them for the loss of Had Mr. M. Campbell visited, even once, our every bullock which might be taken by the enemy. church, he would have observed that more than In one or two days, I got above a thousand oxen, two thirds were of the higher caste; and so it is at and sent one of our catechists, and other Christians, Tranquebar and Vepery.
into the country. They weni at the risk of their "Our intention is not to boast; but this I may lives, made all possible haste, and brought into the safely say, that many of those who have been in- fort, in a very short time, eighty thousand kalams s:rucied," have left this world with comfort, and By ibis means, the fort was saved. When all was with a well grounded hope of everlasting life. That over, I paid the people, (even with some money some of those who have been instructed and bap- which belonged to others,) made them a small pretized, have abused the benefit of instruction, is sent, and sent them home. certain. But all sincere servants of God, nay, " The next year, when Colonel Braithwaite, with even the apostles, have experienced this grief. his whole deiachment, was made prisouer, Major
“It is asserted, that a missionary is a disgrace Alcock commanded this fort, and behaved very to any country. Lord Macariney and the late kindly to the poor starving people. We were then, General Coote would have entertained a very dif- a second time, in the same miserable condition. ferent opinion. They, and many other gentlemen, The enemy always invaded the country when the know and acknowledge, that the missionaries have harvest was nigh at hand. I was again desired to been beneficial to government, and a comfort to the try my former expedient, and succeeded.
The country. This I am able to prove in the strongest people knowing that they were not to be deprived manner. Many gentlemen, who live now in Eng- of their pay, came with their cattle. But now the land, and in this country, would corroborate my danger was greater, the enemy was very near.
The Christians conducted the inhabitants to proper " That the Rev. Mr. Gericke has been of emi-places, surely with no small danger of losing their nent service at Cuddalore, every gentleman who lives. Accordingly they wept, and went, and supplied ' was at that place when the war broke out, knows. the fort with grain. When the people were paid, I He was the instrument, in the hands of Providence, strictly inquired whether any of the Christians had by which Cuddalore was saved from plunder and taken from them a present. They all said, 'No, bloodshed. He saved many gentlemen from be- no! As we were regularly paid, we offered to your coming prisoners to Hyder, which Lord Macartney catechist a cloth of small' value, but he absolutely kindly acknowledged.
refused it.' “When Negapatam, that rich and populous city, “But Mr. M. Campbell says, that the Christians fell into the deepest poverty, by the unavoidable are profligate to a proverb. If he were near me, I consequences of war, Mr. Gericke behaved like a would explain to him who are the profligate people father to the distressed inhabitants. He forgot that who drain the country. When a dubash, in the he had a family to provide for. Many impoverished space of ten or fifteen years, scrapes together two, families were supported by him ; so that when I, a three, or four lacs of pagodas, is not this extortion few months ago, preached and administered the sa a high degree of profligacy? Nay, government crament in that place, I saw many who owed their was obliged to send an order that three of those own and their children's lives to his disinterested Gentoo dubashes should quit the Tanjore country. care. Surely this, my friend, could not be called a The enormous crimes committed by them, filled disgrace to that place. When the honorable So- the country with complaints; but I have no mind ciety ordered him to attend the congregation at to enumerate them. Madras, all lamented his departure. And at Ma " It is asserted, that the inhabitants of the country dras he is esteemed by the governor, and many would suffer by missionaries. If they are sincere other gentlemen, to this day.
Christians, it is impossible that the inhabitants " It is a most disagreeable task to speak of one's should suffer any damage by them; if they are not self. However, I hope that the honorable Society what they profess to be, they ought to be dismissed. will not look upon some observations which I am “When 'Sir Archibald Campbell was governor, about to make as a vain and sinful boasting, but and Mr. M. Campbell his private secretary, the in rather as a necessary self-defence. Neither the habitants of Tanjore were so miserably oppressed missionaries, nor any of the Christians, have hurt by the manager and the Madras dubashes, that they the welfare of the country.
quitted the country. Of course, all cultivation “In the course of the late war, the fort of Tan- ceased. In the month of June it should commence; jore was in a very critical condition. A powerful but nothing was done, even at the beginning of Sepenemy was near; the people in the fort numerous; tember. Every one dreaded the calamity of a faand not provision even for the garrison. There mine. I entreated the Rajah to remove that shame. was grain enough in the country, but we had no ful oppression, and to recall the inhabitants. He bullocks to bring it into the fort. When the country sent them word that justice should be done to them; people formerly brought paddy into the fort, the ra- but they disbelieved his promises. He then depacious dubashes deprived them of their due pay. sired me to write to them, and to assure them, that Hence, all confidence was lost ; so that the inhabit- he, at my intercession, would show kindness to ants drove away their cattle, refusing to assist the them. I did so. All immediately returned ; and fort. The late Rajah ordered, nay, entreated the first of all, the kallar, (or, as they are commonly
called, collaries,) believed my word; so that seven become exorbitant, they have no resource, as they thousand men came back on one day. The other think, but of plundering. inhabitants followed their example. When I ex “At length some of the thievish collaries desired horted them to exert themselves to the utmost, be to be instructed. I said, I am obliged to instruct cause the time for cultivation was almost lost, they you; but I am afraid that you will prove very bad replied in the following manner:—' As you have Christians.' Their promises were fair. I instructshowed kindness to us, you shall not have reason to re-ed them; and when they had a tolerable knowledge, pent of it: we intend to work night and day, 10 I baptized them. I then exborted them to steal no show our regard for you.'. Sir Archibald Campbell more, but to work industriously. After that, I visitwas happy when he heard of it; and we had the ed the:n, and, having examined their knowledge, I satisfaction of having a better crop than the pre- desired to see their work. I observed with pleasure ceding year.
that their fields were excellently cultivated. Now,' "As there was hardly any, administration of said I, 'one thing remains to be done. You must justice, I begged and entreated the Rajah to esta- pay your tribute readily, and not wait till it is exblish it in his country: 'Well,' said he, let me acied by military force; which, otherwise, is their know wherein my people are oppressed.' I did so. custom. Soon after that, I found that they had paid He immediately consented to my proposal, and told off their tribute exactly. The only complaint his manager that he should feel his indignation, if against those Christian collaries was, that they rethe oppression did not cease immediately. But as fused to go upon plundering espeditions, as they he soon died, he did not see the execution.
had done before. "When the present Rajah began his reign, I put
“Now, I am well aware that some will accuse Sir Archibald Campbell in mind of that necessary me of having boasted. I confess the charge willingpoint. He desired me to make a plan for a court ly, but lay all the blame upon those who have conof justice, which I did; but it was soon neglected strained me to commit that folly. I might have enby the servants of the Rajah, who commonly sold larged my account; but, fearing that some characjustice to the best bidder.
lers would have suffered by it, I stop here. One When the honorable Company took possession thing, however, I affirm, before God and man, that of the country, during the war, the plan for intro- iF CHRISTIANITY, IN ITS PLAIN AND UN DISGUISED FORM, ducing justice was re-assumed; by which many WERE PROPERLY PROMOTED, THE COUNTRY WOULD NOT people were made happy. But when it was restored SUFFER, BUT BE BENEFITED BY IT. to the Rajah, the former irregularities took place.
" If Christians were employed in some important * During the assumption, government desired me
offices, they should, if they misbehaved, be doubly to assist the gentlemen collectors. The district to punished; but to reject them entirely, is not right,
and discourageth. wards the west of Tanjore had been very much
“The glorious God and our blessed Redeemer, neglected, so that the water-courses had not been the collector should advance five hundred pagodas fections, and of his mercy to mankind, may be cleansed for the last fifteen years. I proposed that commanded his apostles to preach the gospel to all
nations. The knowledge of God, of his divine perto cleanse them. He consented, if I would inspect Jabused; but there is no other method of reclaiming the business. The work was begun and finished, men than by instructing them well. To hope that being superintended by Christians. All that part ihe heathens will lead a good life without the knowof the country rejoiced in getting one hundred ledge of God,
is a chimera. ants confessed that, instead of one kalam, they now country by many
of our historians, is refuted by a
The praise bestowed on the heathens of this reaped four. "No native has suffered by Christians; none has of their lives. Many historical works are more like
close (I might almost say a superficial) inspection complained of it. On the contrary, one of the richest inhabitants said to me, "Sir, if you send a astonished how some historians have prostituted
a romance than history. Many gentlemen here are person to us, send us one who has learned all your their talents by writing fables. ten commandments.' For he and many hundred natives had been present when I explained the moment I declare that I do not repent of having
"I am now on the brink of eternity; but to this Christian doctrine to heathen and Christians. “ The inhabitants dread the conduct of a Madras divine Master. Who knows but God may remove
spent forty-three years here in the service of my dubash. These people lend money to the Rajah, at some of the great obstacles to the propagation of the an exorbitant interest
, and then are permitted to gospel? Should a reformation take place amongst collect their money and interest in an appointed dis- the Europeans, it would no doubt be the greatest trict. It is needless to mention the consequences. blessing to the country.
“ When the collaries committed great outrages, “These observations I beg leave to lay before the in their plundering expeditions, sepoys were sent honorable Society, with my humble thanks for all out to adjust matters; but it had no effect. Go- their benefits bestowed on this work, and sincere vernment desired me to inquire into that thievish wishes that their pious and generous endeavors to business. I therefore sent letters to the head colla- disseminate the knowledge of God, and of Jesus ries. They appeared. We found out, in some de- Christ, may be beneficial to many thousands. gree, how much the Tanjore and Tondimans, and
“I am sincerely, the nabob's collaries had stolen ; and we insisted
“Reverend and dear Sir, upon restoration, which was done accordingly. At "Your affectionate brother and humble servant, last, all gave it in writing, that they would steal no
“C. F. SWARTZ.” more. This promise they kept very well for eight months, and then they began their old work; how Various reflections present themselves on the peever, not as before. Had that inspection over their rusal of this admirable letter. The circumstance conduct been continued, they might have been made which occasioned it, and which proved to have useful people. I insisted upon their cultivating their been so entirely distorted and misrepresented by fields, which they readily did. But if the demands Mr. Montgomery Campbell, affords a striking ex;
ample of the little dependence which can be placed This flagrant abuse was a few years afterwards on accounts of missionaries and their proceedings, corrected, by the transfer of the collection of the which are not unfrequently given to the world by revenue from the Rajah to the East India Company. those who boast of their personal and local know
ledge; but who are either unfriendly or indifferent " MY DEAR FRIEND: to the propagation of Christianity in heathen coun " Your kind letler I have received. It seems that tries. It is remarkable, also, that a few months only the eldest lady will hardly become satisfied, though before Mr. Campbell brought forward his charges her servants, I believe, are much to be blamed, who against the converts on the coast of Coromandel, stir up her mind to make so many unreasonable dethe important reformation which Swartz details mands. had been effected, by the blessing of God upon
his “I entreat you very much to read and write and labors, among the very class of people who had speak English as much as you can. If you are able been so unjustly stigmalized as Christian thieves.- to converse freely with the gentlemen, and particuThe pagan collaries, it will be remembered, assem- larly the governor, that will recommend you very bled, and threatened to extirpate Christianity out of much. their country; but were, at length, persuaded, by “As Colonel Braithwaite has given you a globe, the exhortations of Swartz and his catechists, and you ought to learn something of geography, as you the mild and patient conduct of their converted live in the world which God has created, that you countrymen, to desist from their opposition, and may get some idea of the great God, the creator of returned 10 iheir habitations in peace.
heaven and earth. It is ignorance of the works of Nothing can be more convincing and triumphant God that inclines us to value the creature more than than the evidence thus adduced in favor of the God. A good prince is obliged to imitate God.beneficial influence of Christianity on the temporal But how can he imitate him if he does not know interests of heathen nations; while the singular him, and his goodness, wisdom, power and justice ? ability, the genuine modesty, and the elevated piety “God complains that the heathen have not worof the venerable missionary, threw additional light shipped worthily, though they might have known on the extraordinary excellence of his character, him by the works of creation and providence. A and the value of his Christian labors. Though it great king therefore prayed to God, saying, 'Open was impossible in such a document to avoid re- thou mine eyes that I may see the wonders of thy ferring chiefly to his own services, it is remarkable, works and words.' that he assigns a prominent place to those of his "That you may be happy here and hereafter, is friend and coadjutor, Mr. Gericke, in proof of the the wish of benefits resulting io the country from the labors of
" Your affectionate friend, Christian missionaries.
"C. F. SWARTZIt is but justice to Mr. Campbell to add, that on Tanjore, Aug. 6, 1794.” finding how completely Swartz had replied to his misrepresentations, he wrote and apologized to him; “MY DEAR FRIEND: and excused himsell by assuring him that his speech “ Just now I received Dattajee's letter, concerning had been erroneously reported in the newspapers.--the reception you met with from Lord' Hobart. It can scarcely be regretted that any siatement, am very glad that he behaved so kindly towards however inaccurate, should have been the occasion you, and I hope that from hence you will endeavor of calling forth so noble a defence of his mission, to improve in the English language. The English and so fine an illustration of his character as the are fond of their language, and like every one who preceding letter affords.
speaks it with tolerable propriety. If Lord Hobart In a letter to a friend, who had suggested the im- sends you books, he will inquire whether you have portance of wuting something to show that the mis- read them, and what improvement you have made sion in which he had so long labored had proved by the perusal of them. advantageous to India, after referring to the pre “But above all, be careful to have the glorious ceding vindication of it, Mr. Swartz adds the fol- God on your side. His loving-kindness is better lowing sensible observations, upon a point which he than life. Pray to him, fear him, do not dare to do had only slightly touched, the justice of which has any thing against his will, and he will be with you. at length been publicly recognized, in the eligibility We are here very well. Mr. Kohlhoff sends his now afforded to nalive Christians to offices of every salam. The country is very well cultivated; since kind in India.
August we have had many refreshing showers. "All my letters, together with my remarks, I “Tell Dattajee that I shall soon answer his letfirst submitted to Mr. Gericke, and my brethren ter. May God bless you! here. There is one, of which I have nearly forgot
I am in sincerity, ten whether I gave a hint of it to the Society. It is
" Your affectionate friend, this. It is necessary that the Christians should be
“C. F. SWARTZ. able to obtain situations. Now Europeans despise Tanjore, Oct. 9th, 1794.” them. A Brahmin said to me lately, “You do your business by halves. After you have instructed us, The correspondence of Swartz, never very extenyou say-Go and labor, But what labor shall we sive or voluminous, was now becoming less fredo? If you could get us situations suited to our quent and communicative; and his letters, like the abilities, you would see things wear a different as- visits of those angelic spirits with whom he was ere pect. But you take us out of all our own connections, long to be associated, were “ few and far between.” and are not able to place us in any other. This is the following to Mr. and Mrs. Duffin was written an appeal which bears with too much force on us in this year, and proves how vigorously he was still unfriended missionaries. Yes, we are constrained engaged in duty, how watchfully he was trimming to admit the fact that if any one confesses the Chris- his lamp, how sincerely he loved his friends, and tian doctrines, he is not only despised by his own how ardently he was aspiring to the happiness of connections, but by Europeans also. This is a hard eternity. trial." The statement of the excellent missionary was
" MY DEAR FRIENDS : but too well founded; but it is hoped, that with “Your kind letters of Dec. 30, 1792, and 10th of the advancing piety of Europeans in India, and the April, 1793, I have received, and rejoice that you increased privileges of the native Christians, the are so happily situated in the company of Colonel prejudice and the hardship of which he so justly and Mrs. Flint. complains will gradually cease.
"I bless God that in my sixty-eighth year I can go The next two letters to Serfujee will be read with through all my duties with tolerable ease. Some much interest and pleasure.
months ago I 'visited Cuddalore and Negapatam,
when I commonly preached thrice every day, viz. “Do not, my dear friend, indulge in sloth and
As for his son, and your other servants, I am afraid
Your faithful friend, Spirit, and having a well-grounded hope of ever
"C. F. Swartz.
“You know, my dear friends, that I have loved It was probably to the preceding letter, that the
for whom he entertains a filial respect. I took some “ Wherever we are, we are tempted by the world pains to illustrate the various points contained in -by the fine, polite world above all. "Love notihis excellent letter, by additional observations of the world,' its proud, ambitious, covetous and sen- my own, first in English, and then in Malabar, in sual conduct. Love Him who laid down his life order that the relatives and servants of the prince for us.
might also derive some profit. They all united in "Remember me to Colonel and Mrs. F. Tell expressing their admiration of the many useful them that I wish to be with them, in the house of hints, and of the very wholesome advice contained my heavenly Father. I am now on the brink of in the letter. Mr. Swartz affectionately entreated eternity. Oh! when shall I see God, and praise the prince to redeem his time, to fear God, to be him for ever? When shall I be perfectly wise, truly humble, to qualify himself by a constant imholy, and happy-when shall I live for ever? provement of his talents for extensive usefulness,
" To the love of God and Jesus Christ I com- so as to become a real blessing to his people; and mend you both, and Colonel and Mrs. F., and am he encouraged him to fresh exertions by setting besincerely, to the last breath of my life,
fore him the bright examples of eminent men who “Dear friends,
had devoted their time, their influence, power, and “ Your most obedient humble servant, wealth for the attainment of such benevolent pur
“C. F. Swartz.”
poses." Early in 1795, Mr. Swartz addressed another in In the report of this venerable and indefatigable structive letter to his young pupil Serfojee, at Ma- man to the Society for promoting Christian Knowdras.
ledge, of the state of the mission during this year,
he repeated his former assurances as to the anx“MY DEAR FRIEND,
iety of himself and his brethren, in affording to "At present I have no letter to answer. The the catechumens the fullest instruction in the docseason of the new year puts me in mind to wish trines of Christianity previously to their baptism-, you true happiness. Hitherto God has preserved" the missionaries,” he observes, " being convinced us. To this moment we enjoy his mercy. But that pious conduct could not be expected without surely we do not know how long we are to enjoy it. competent knowledge. After baptism, instruction We are planted by God as trees. These trees are is renewed at all convenient opportunities; and to bring forth good fruit, by which God is to be whenever the holy sacrament is administered, the honored. What sort of fruit we have borne, we communicants attend some days before, that their are to inquire by searching our hearts. If we do increase or decrease in knowledge may be known. not bear good fruit, we shall at last be cut down. To persons resident at a considerable distance, a I heartily wish and beseech God to make you a catechist is sent to instruct them, and to observe good tree, which bears good fruit to the praise of their moral conduct." God, your Maker and Benefactor. Besides the Sattianaden, he informed the Society, had been welfare of our souls, which ought to be our first sent to Ramanadapuram, where some heathens had concern, we are obliged to prepare for the wise ex- expressed a desire to be instructed. In that work ercise of every duty to which God calls us.
he was to be employed for some time, and then to "You in your station ought to learn all virtues, return to his station at Palamcotta. In the course by the exercise of which you may become benefi- of the year, the small-pox had raged violently at cial to mankind—justice, benevolence, patience, and Tanjore, by which fifty members of the congregaresignation to the will of God.
tion had been swept away. Recourse, however, "I wish you may read history, by which you may having been had to inoculation, many lives had be instructed in every necessary point. History been saved. shows how many princes have exercised justice, Contemplating, upon the whole, the circumstances benevolence, and diligence, by which they have of the missionaries, he could not but feel much sormade a whole nation happy. But history informs row. One worthy brother at Tranquebar, Mr. you likewise how many princes have indulged in Kænig, who had during twenty-seven years been wickedness, and impiety, and sloth, and cruelty, in charge of the Portuguese congregation, had by which they have even ruined their lives. In died, reducing the number of the Danish missionshort, it is and will always be true, what was said aries to two. Mr. John had been ill, and Mr. to an Israelitish king, "Thou hast forsaken God, Pohle was unwell. “ We entreat God,” he adds, therefore God will forsake thee.'
to send new laborers into his vineyard."