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it public. I have waited for his answer; but as he
“ To E. W. Fallofield, Esq. may perhaps require time, I thought it my duty not DEAR SIR, to delay any longer answering yours.
“In respect to the characters of those people who “Concerning this country, the income will be have been for or against. Mr. Ram, one observation considerable: but you may be sure that if the will, I think, be sufficient to state that matter. It is banks and water-courses are properly repaired, and enough to know the characters of Shevarow and the season proves favorable, the revenue of the Subarow; all the rest were, and still are, their denext year will be much augmented.
pendents, who must and will be for their leading “ The probable account of the revenue will be man. sent away to-day or to-morrow. The Rajah's refu “ Shevarow's character is not favorable to his sal to deliver any accounts of the last year, made cause. It is known to a great part of the inhabitthis business tedious and troublesome. However, ants, that he too ofien deviated from truth, so that all difficulty is now over,
few could depend upon his word. * In my last letter, I entreated the honorable “Subarow is more on his guard; be is naturally board not to give the country to rapacious renters, a timid man, and wishes to have a good character. who mind nothing but their own interest. Tanjore However, he is sometimes deviating from truth; is capable of very great improvements; and though but when he is found out, (as I have found him I will not anticipate any fuiure account, I may safe- out,) he endeavors to put things right by doing that ly say, that if it be managed properly nexi year, which he formerly ought to have done, and by unyou will find a wonderful increase in the revenue, doing what had been wrong. at least in respect of paddy.
“Ì think that little can be depended upon in the “ As the poor people lost, for some years, almost characters of those people whose principles are not all the benefit which they had a right to expect
fixed. from their labor, they became very dispirited.
"I am, &c. “There is still some oppression exercised by the
“C. F. SWARTZ, puttekdars; however, they are now obliged to
Tanjore, 30th of Nov. 1790." moderate their rapaciousness, being aware the oppressed people know whither to go and apply for desired Mr. Fallofield to return" the thanks of the
The government, with reference 10 this service, justice. “One thing is here needful, viz. a court of jus- and information he has given upon the different
board to the Rev. Mr. Swartz, for the assistance tice; many complaints have been made with regard points requested of him." to people who have lost their fields and villages by the power which was granted by the Rajah to some
At the close of the year, in another letter to the of his favorites.
government, through the resident and collector, he
Thus reiterated his sentiments on the necessity of “Besides this, a lawful interest should be fixed some provision being made for the administration by the government, and the offenders punished; of justice in Tanjore. fór it is incredible what the poor people have suffered by paying exorbitant interest. In short, a
“When the honorable Company took upon them
selves the management of this country, in Septemproper management may turn this country into a garden, and make superiors and inferiors happy.
ber, the inhabitants entertained the hope that a "Hearing of your arrival, I rejoiced; expecting more regular system of justice would be introduced. from your well-known character every thing that
“ The settling of country affairs, and the prepatends to make the people happy ; I therefore wish ration of accounts, &c. being, in great measure, that Providence may make you, honorable sir, a
finished, I think this will be a favorable moment to favored instrument to reform many abuses under address the honorable board, for their permission which the country has groaned.
that a court of justice may be established at Tan“Wishing you all true happiness,
jore, and cutchery courts in the districts; and I “I respectfully am, &c.
have no doubt but they will afford you the power to “Č. F. SWARTZ.
bless the country with such an institution. Tanjore, 5th of Nov. 1790."
“The laws by which all suits ought to be deter
mined, must of course be the established laws of The government of Fort St. George, on receiv- the country, or its ancient customs which have obing the preceding valuable letters, resolved, " That tained the sanction of a law. To introduce Euroa copy of the former, and an extract from the latter, pean laws would be productive of the greatest conshould be transmitted to the board of assumed reve- fusion and inconvenience, and cause a general nue, and that the sentiments of Mr. Swartz, as to uneasiness throughout the country. the management of the revenue, and the adminis “ The success of such a plan will, under any tration of justice in the Tanjore country, should be regulation, depend in great measure on the choice recommended to their attentive consideration." of upright, disinterested judges. If such persons
" It was also resolved, That the thanks of the should fortunatelybe met with, who are at the Board be given to Mr. Swartz, for the useful infor- same time qualified for their office, the welfare of mation contained in his letters; and that he be told the country would be laid on a firm foundation. that the Board would always pay the most attentive “One person I am acquainted with, of uncorconsideration to every communication with which rupled morals and disinterested principles. He is he might think proper to favor them, respecting the a Christian, and has been employed as a judge at country.”
Tranquebar these twenty-five years. It is true he In the course of the year 1790, several complaints is in the service of the Danish government; but were made against the servants of the Company the governor of Tranquebar would willingly peremployed at Tanjore, which led to an investigation mit him to assist, at least for some time, in the of their conduct, in which Mr. Swartz performed a establishment and necessary regulating of a court. distinguished part. He was employed by the go. For this man's integrity, I will be responsible. He vernment to ascertain facts of importance in the was once sent to Tanjore by the Danish governconrse of the investigations, and required to report ment, and at that time many people chose him for on the credibility of material witnesses. His opinion an arbitrator in their tedious suits, and willingly of two of these witnesses is thus briefly but acutely submitted to his decision. His being a Christian expressed.
I would be no objection to his being employed, as
there are even Brahmins willing to acknowledge |tion was considerably increasing. In that quarter him a capable and good man.
he thought more success would be experienced, as “Sonie points relative to reform in the court at the people there had less connection with Europeans. Tanjore, 1 committed to writing, by the desire of On the other hand, Mr. Gericke at Madras much Sir Archibald Campbell. The country being at needed assistance, which, however, he hoped would present under the Company, by whom the salaries be afforded by the Society soon sending out another of those employed in the court will, I suppose, be missionary. Should God call him away," he obpaid, the above plan will require considerable al serves, "Mr. Gericke would then reside at Tanjore, terations.
and Mr. Kohlhoff go to Palamcotta, or they might " To conclude. It has been a long time my pas- alternately be at each place. These speculations, sionate wish to see justice impartially administered however, he humbly submitted to the determination in this country. Happy would it make me to see of divine Providence. They had then,” he said, "no that wish accomplished, and the present period ap- comfortable prospect before them; being apprehenpears favorable for its introduction. I am well con- sive that the poor country would experience another vinced the honorable board will give their concur- devastation; though it had scarcely begun to lift up rence and support to so very necessary and useful its head from the ravages occasioned by the last an undertaking."
A copy of the above letter was sent by the go In this letter Swartz communicates his intention vernment of Fort St. George to the board of as- of establishing a provincial school at Cumbagonam, sumed revenue, at Tanjore.
one of the principal places in Tanjore. A very The confidence reposed in the venerable mis- good spot had been granted to him by the Rajah, sionary was unbounded; an additional instance of and he had begun to lay the foundation of the buildwhich was shortly afterwards afforded, in conse- ing which he intended to be used as a place of diquence of the continued objections of Ameer Sing vine worship. Whether the war they were dreadto the allowances fixed by the government for the ing would prevent his proceeding with the work, a family of the late Rajah.' It was at length resolv- short time would show. ed, that "if his excellency persist in his refusal to The intention thus announced, as to an additionreceive those allowances, they should be advanced al school, was soon afterwards fulfilled, as appears by the collectors to the Rev. Mr. Swartz, and by by the following extracts from a letter to Mr. him be distributed to the parties concerned.”-A Pasche, dated July 21, 1790, in which, among other more honorable proof of the high estimation in useful and interesting matter, he first mentions the which this excellent man was held by the English design of ordaining his pious and excellent categovernment, can scarcely be imagined ; and it is chist Sattianaden. almost needless to add how justly it was deserved. “God has graciously strengthened me hitherto,
so that I have been enabled to do my work both
among Christians and heathens. Meanwhile I feel CHAPTER XVII.
the approaches of age, being near the completion
of my sixty-fourth year; but as long as I live, and A. D. 1790 TO A. D. 1792.
have any strength left, I shall gladly take my share Letters to the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, and to in the work. several friends-Progress of Mr. Janicke-School at Cumbagonam
“In order to relieve the missionaries, I intend to -Renewal of the war with Tippoo_Ordination of Sattianaden--His ordain one of the native catechists of the name of Sermon on that occasion---He is sanctioned by the Society-His Sattianaden, whose upright, disinterested, serious grateful acknowledgments-Letters to Mr. and Mrs. Duffin-Visit walk and conversation, flowing from sincere atfrom the Rev. Mr. Cæmmerer-His Character of Mr. Swartz-Ex. tachment to Christ, has attracted the notice of Mr. tracts from his Journal for 170)– Letters to friends-Eulogy of Jænicke, and really, as to my own feelings. I canSwartz and Gericke, by Dr. Glasso in addressing the Rev. Mr. not but esteem this native teacher higher than myPazold, a new Missionary of the Society.
self. He has a particular talent in conversing with In acknowledging the arrival of the annual stores his countrymen. One of the principal labors of a sent out by the Society for promoting Christian missionary ought to be to train up young natives for Knowledge, Mr. Swartz, in a letter dated the 10th future catechists. Whenever I meet with a proof January, 1790, gratefully observes, that he and mising youth, I spare neither pains nor expense to his brethren had reason 10 adore the mercy of God qualify him for the work. and to say, “Hitherto the Lord has guarded, guided, "I have built a school house at Cumbagonam, and protected us." Mr. Kohlhoff had assisted him which has been attended with considerable expense. faithfully in the church, and in the schools, and Mr. Such schools are the very best means of communiJænicke had made amazing progress in learning cating the knowledge of the word of God, not to the the English and Tamul languages. The catechists young people only, but to the inhabitants of the and schoolmasters at Tanjore and Palamcotta, country at large. They may serve as a place of amounted to ten. Their salaries, the charge of residence for catechists of the higher castes, who supporting the schools, the repairs of old houses and may proclaim, both in town and country, the glad the building of new ones, and the extraordinary al- tidings of the gospel. lowances to the catechists when sent to distant
"I had thoughts of opening the Cumbagonam places, were such, he states, that were it not for his school ; but the war between Tippoo* and the Engsalary from the East India Company, it would be lish prevents it. General Meadows was here in impossible to defray all the necessary expenses. - May, and departed to assume the command; and I
" But God,” he adds, “has always helped. To hear with pleasure that he maintains the severest him be glory for ever."
discipline, and has so strictly forbidden all plunder, In a second letter of the same date, after again ad- that the inhabitants of Caroor and Coimbetore have verting to the promising advancement of Mr. Jæn- returned without apprehension, and pursue their icke in the Tamul language, Mr. Swartz adds, that business in the presence of the army. May God the sermons composed by this diligent student were preserve and strengthen the General! corrected by himself; but that in a short time he “Several Malabar youths afford the pleasing would stand in no need of such assistance. "It hope, that in due time they will become useful as would then," he said “be necessary to determine upon the station for his missionary labors, whether * Occasioned by his attack on the frontier of Traai Madras or at Palamcotta, where the congrega- vancore.
sistants in our congregations, as well as in our I to one of the same excellent friends at the close of schools. If God shall favor us with skilful native this year. The elevated piety which it breaides teachers, his work will prosper in this country - cannot but be edifying, We still live in hope. The difficulties are, indeed, neither few nor small; but to sink under them
Tanjore, Dec. 3, 1790. would be sinful. God has removed many an obsta “ DEAR Madam, cle during my forty years' sojourn in this land; and Accept my sincere thanks for your double prehe who has hitherto been with us, will be so in fu- sent of books and snuff-the latter superior to any I lure. He commanded Joshua to be 'strong and have seen ihese last years. of good courage;' and the same charge is applica “We are all tolerably well. The country people ble to us. The eyes of many of the heathen are complain of want of rain; besides, they come into the opened; but the cross which is connected with the fort by hundreds and thousands on account of Tipprofession of Christianity is to most a stumbling- poo's horse. About Trichinopoly the villages are block.
burnt, and many of the people wounded.
How "With respect to the proposition to establish a much have these poor inhabitants suffered! It is village entirely inhabited by Christians, I have al said that General Meadows is at Caroor. If this be ways entertained the apprehension, and likewise irue, the enemy at Samiaburam will not long reexpressed it, that in the event of any commotion, main in his present condition. such a village would be immediately burned down. " The poor people had hardly begun to breathe On ihe other hand, when there are some Christian after the last destructive war. Now ihey are again families residing in a village, the whole district in constant terror. But still they will not acknow. may become acquainted with the counsel of God for ledge the hand that strikes them. their salvation.'
" How happy are they who, from their infancy, In the same month he wrote as follows to his kind have been brought up in the knowledge of truth; and valued friends at Madras. The close of his for I find that those who have been educated in letter contains a striking expression of the deep hu- idolatry and error, shake off their error and supermility of this eminent servant of God.
stition with great difficulty. Jgnorance and wick.
edness hinder them. But a wicked Christian knows " Tanjore, July 28, 1790. at least the way to happiness; and therefore bas but "MY DEAR FRIENDS,
one hinderance to overcome-namely, his evil " It is now a good while since I sent you a line course. But unspeakably happier are those who Nay, I have been so lazy as to neglect to thank Mr. have been awakened by the Spirit of God, 10 turn Duffin for the excellent book he sent me. I have to him who is the source of happiness; who look perused those' Chinese Fragments'* carefully, and upon sin as poison, and all worldly things as dross, am sorry that all is but too true. May these me (which is unable to make them happy,) in order to lancholy truths lead many to repentance!
win Christ, and to be found in him. “Mrs. Strange has such confidence in my friend's “ If we win Christ and his atonement, we surely medical ability, that she is resolved to employ him possess the greatest gain--pardon of sins, peace of as her physician. She desired me to mention it to mind, and hope of everlasting life. The conveyou, entrealing you to do all you could, under the niences which worldly things afford us, are not to divine blessing, for her recovery. I told her that be compared to these divine blessings. you would both do all in your power to comfort her "If we are found in Christ as branches in a vine, in her illness without my request, as I knew you we shall derive from him blessings of every kind, too well, and your inclination to assist the sick.- and strength to grow in all Christian virtues. In However, as she insisted upon my previous writ- him we are preserved, cheered, comforted at all ing, I was glad in having so fair an occasion of times, in sickness and health, in life and in death. breaking my silence. She is a very lively lady, o, may we be found in him even at the day of and that keeps up her spirits under her severe com- judgment! plaint. Another would, perhaps, not be able to stir May the peace of God reign in your heart at all from her couch. Both she and her husband have times! This peace will preserve you. always been very friendly to us. I heartily wish "I am, sincerely, dear Madam, that your reinedies may be effectual in removing
Your most obedient humble servant, her illness. I hope you are both tolerably well.
"C. F. SWARTZ." Only let us take care of the welfare of our soul, and our body will partake at least something of the The renewal of the war with Tippoo excited soul's happiness.
considerable alarm at Tanjore, and some apprehen“The 17th of July I finished my fortieth year of sions were entertained of an attack from the Mopilgrimage here in this country, as I arrived July hammedan troops. This danger was, however, 17, 1750. How many thousand benefits have I re- happily averted, by the English army under Lord ceived from a merciful God! How grateful I Cornwallis entering Mysore ; and the missionaries ought to have been! But alas! I must say ' For- continued to discharge iheir peaceful duties without give, forgive all my multiplied iniquities, for the interruption. The successful progress of the army, sake of Jesus. Indeed, my dear friends, our salva- and the prospeet of the conquest of Mysore, led both tion consists in being pardoned. May we all be Swartz and Jænicke to anticipate a more extenable to say, as Paul did, 'We have ob:ained mercy.' sive diffusion of the gospel in that country. "If Amen, be it so! God bless you both in all respects. Seringapatam should be taken,” says the former, This is, and shall be, the sincere wish of
"a mission might be established there. The Ran. " Your most obedient servant and friend, nee (the imprisoned queen) knows me, has often
"C. F. SWARTZ." mentioned me in her letters, and made many pro
mises. May God compassionate the land, and send War had now again commenced between the laborers into his harvest !" ambitions successor of Hyder Ali and the British government in India, as Swartz bad anticipated; Early in the year 1791, Swartz informed the Soand to this event he alludes in the following letter ciety of the accomplishment of his intention re
specting the ordination of Sattianaden. Previous to "Rural Philosophy." By the late Ely. Pates, the elegant author of that time the missionaries at Tranquebar permitted
one of their country priests occasionally to visit
Palamcotta; but as one of them died, and the other simple and tender strain of eloquence pervades the became an invalid, the English missionaries thought whole, which powerfully accredits the sincerity of it expedient to confer their Lutheran ordination on its author, and sufficiently proved his qualifications one of their own native catechists, who had per- for the office of a Christian teacher. formed the functions of that subordinate office for The necessity so deeply felt, and so continually many years, and had given ample proof of ability urged, by the English missionaries, of additional and faithfulness. "His whole deportment,” ob- fellow-laborers, and the importance of investing serves Mr. Swartz, “evinces clearly the integrity pious and well qualified natives with the ministeof his heart. Ilis humble, disinterested, and be- rial character, led, even at this period, to the conlieving walk, has been made so evident to me and viction on the part of some of the friends of the misothers, that I may say with truth I have never met sion, of the expediency of some measure for securwith his equal among the natives of this country.- ing episcopal ordination; nor would any one have His love to Christ, and his desire to be useful to his more cordially rejoiced in such a provision for the countrymen, are quite apparent. His gifts in preach- spiritual wants of India than Swartz, who having ing afford universal satisfaction. His love to the been himself episcopally ordained, would have hailpoor is extraordinary; and it is often inconceivable ed with delight the establishment of our apostolical to me how he can manage to subsist on his scanty church, which has since been so happily planted in stipend, (three star pagodas per month) and yet do India. For the present, he was contented to supply so much good. His management of children is ex- the increasing want of laborers, particularly in the cellent; and he understands how to set a good ex- South of the Peninsula, to the best of his ability, by ample in his own house”—which Swartz illustrates the discipline of the Lutheran church; and in the by the piety of two of Sattianaden's daughters, one instance in question nothing could be more judicious of whom had died in a most Christian and edifying and successful than his choice of Sattianaden as a
native teacher. That sincere and zealous convert, On the 26th of December, 1790, this estimable as soon as he had received ordination, returned to man received ordination at the hands of the mis- Palamcotta, where he had been before so usefully sionaries, according to the rites of the Lutheran and diligently employed. God," observes Mr. church, in one of the congregations of the mission Kohlhoff, in mentioning this pleasing event, "has connected with the Society, on the coast of Coro- already blessed the labors of this worthy man, in mandel. “ It was a sacred and most delightful day,” awakening many to turn from their sins unto him; says his venerable instructer, "to us all. Should and no doubt is entertained of his proving a favored I not sing to my God?. The name of the Lord be instrument in the hands of the Almighty for the enhumbly praised for all his undeserved mercy !- largement of his kingdom upon earth.” May He begin anew to bless us and the congrega With equal wisdom and kindness, the Society tion, and graciously grant that through this our for promoting Christian Knowledge directed their brother many souls may be brought to Christ.” On secretary to address a letter to Sattianaden, assuring this interesting occasion, Sattianaden delivered a him of their sanction and support, and encouraging sermon in the Malabar' or Tamul language, an him to fidelity and diligence in the ministry which English translation of which, by Mr. Kohlhoff, he had recently received, This was translated by Swartz transmitted to this country.
Swartz, and afforded the native pastor inexpressiThe Society justly deeming a production so ex- ble joy. traordinary, worthy of being generally known, di In a letter to Mr. Jenicke, with whom he was rected it to be published" for the satisfaction of the associated in the mission at Palamcotta, he thus members at large, "in order to evince the capacity expressed himself. "I shall always be thankful of the natives for the work of the ministry, and as to the honorable Society for their benevolence, and an evidence that the efforts of their missionaries in the great demonstrations of it towards me. I shall India had not been in vain ; but that the work of never forget their having confirmed me in my office. God was advancing, and the light of the gospel Their having my happiness, and the happiness of spreading through those regions of darkness and my nation so much at heart, excites me to constant idolatry.
praises to God. I shall obey them in every respect, This sermon of Sattianaden is certainly a very re- be careful not to disappoint their hopes, and by dismarkable composition. That it was his genuine charging all the duties of my function, endeavor to production, is attested by Swartz himself, who was live to their satisfaction. Whoever knows the incapable of affirming any thing but the strictest truth, and the design for which it was revealed, and truth. It is founded on that striking and encourag- enjoys the blessings of our holy religion, he, and he ing declaration of the prophet Ezekiel, chap. only, is fit to recommend it to others. For he who xxxiii. 11, " As I live, saith the Lord God, I have does not lead a holy life, according to the gospel of no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the our Lord Jesus Christ, though he should speak as wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn an angel from heaven, yet his life not being corresye, from your evil_ways, for why will ye die, opondent with his doctrine, bis preaching will often house of Israel ?" From this instructive and affect- be in vain: it will too be a testimony against him, ing passage, the pious Hindoo considered the gra- and tend to his own ruin, as we read in the 50th cious offers of divine mercy to all mankind; the in- Psalm. That this may not be the case with me, I estimable blessings of divine forgiveness and grace shall endeavor to be watchful; and it is my daily which they comprise ; and the method of obtaining prayer to God, that he may grant me the grace of them by repentance and faith in Jesus Christ. In his blessed Spirit to grow more and more in knowthe discussion of these important points, he evinced ledge and godliness.” much sound scriptural knowledge, together with great perspicuity and strength of thought; and not After this satisfactory expression of his sound withstanding the disadvantage of a translation, and scriptural piety, Sautianaden thus beautifully rewhich, though scrupulously faithful, inadequately fers to his own conversion to the faith of the gospel. expressed the force and beauty of the original, a
“When I contemplate the ways of God, by which * It is contained at length in the Abstract of the he led me, I am full of admiration and praise. I Society's Reports, pp 325—356, and, together with was once a heathen, who did not know him; and the prayers before and after the sermon, well de- he called me by his faithfu! servant Mr. Swartz.serve perusal.
This my venerable father received and instructed
His exertions by day and by night, tended 10 | God has shown us. By faith we lay bold on the bring me to repentance towards God, and faith to promises of God. He has promised to uphold, wards our Lord Jesus Christ, to produce in me strengthen, comfort, and deliver us in all circum fruits meet for repentance, to induce me to lead a
These precious promises are our shield, godly and holy life, and to grow in knowledge and by which we quench all the fiery darts of the devil. in every grace and virtue. He did not destine me “Daily let us put upon our head the helmet of to worluly business, but appointed me to bring my salvation ; that is, the hope of a blessed eterniiy.nation to ihe knowledge of God, and of Jesus Christ, This hope will support us under all gloomy and whom he sent to redeem the world. In consequence, terrifying circumstances. Daily let us use the word he gave me the office of a catechist, and used his of God, not only as a seed, or milk, or food, but as urmost endeavors to bring me to a more extensive a sword likewise; by which we may cut asunder knowledge. And likewise you, sir," writing to Mr. all knots which the enemy lies. Jænicke, exerted yourself to correct my errors · Being armed with these divine weapons, let us and my failings, encouraged me to grow in godli- rejoice; but let us never be proud; but pray daily ness, and endeavored to make me more and more to Him from whom comes all our help and comfort. useful and happy. Should I be saved, which, trust "May God strengthen us all to live, lo suffer, and ing in the mercy of God, I hope to be, it will be a to die like real Christians! My best wishes shall glory to you; and even though I should be lost, follow you both, wherever you are, ưill we see one (which God forbid !) my damnation cannot dimi- another before the throne of God. I shall always be, nish your glory. Now, to crown the pious exertions " Your most obedient humble servant, of my much esteemed teachers, the honorable Su
"C. F. SWARTZ." ciety has approved your proceedings, and confirmed me in the higher office committed to me; a benevo In the month of September Mr. Swartz wrote as lence which I shall never forget. May God grant follows:me a truly humble mind! May he make me ac Though I feel age and the infirmities connected ceptable io himself
, diligent in ihe performance of with it, I have much cause humbly to praise God every duty, useful in my generation, and obedient that he so graciously strengihens me to pursue my to him and my superiors !"
daily labors among both Christians and heathens, Mr. and Mrs. Duffin being now about to return to as well as to prepare some for baptism ;-labors England, Swartz expressed his truly Christian and which so far from exhausting, are a cordial to me. elevated affection for these valued friends in the I baptize no one whom I have not instrncted daily following beautiful letter; the sentiments of which, for two and sometimes three months.
There are though partly coincident with those in a former let- two villages of Christians round our garden, one of ter, will be read with almost equal interest. Pariah, and the other of Soodra caste; and these
can conveniently attend our daily worship. That · Tanjore, March 3, 1791. which you for so many years desired, that we might “Dear MADAM:
have a village of Christians, God has brought about "Your kind letter I have received, and should without our interference. May he grant that we have answered long ago, if the enemy's horse had may be a blessing to the heathen dwelling around not been in the road.
“Mr. Blackburne arrived here, and told me that my dear friend, Mr. D - was not well, and Early in the following year, in writing to the that though he was ailing, he assisted his fellow- Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, Mr. sufferers. This is a genuine proof of his love to- Swartz gratefully acknowledges that, though past wards his neighbor. May God preserve his health the sixty-fifth year of his age, he had great reason and life to the comfort of many !
to bless God for the preservation of his health, and “Your kindness to Mrs. K and her daugh- for having been enabled to persevere in the dister, rejoices us all. And as you are hospitable to charge of his duty ; that eighiy-seven heathen conher, not only in a worldly, but a truly Christian verts had been baptized in the course of the premanner, I am sure that Mrs. K
will esteem ceding year, the greater part of whom were cultiit a double blessing to live with you. I hear that vators of fields, a few miles from the fort, and that Mr. D intends to leave this country. The houses were intended to be built for their convenient public will suffer by his departure; but none can attendance upon divine service. He observes that envy him the rest which he and you will then enjoy: Mr. Jænicke, who was seniled at Palamcotta, was
"One day, that greatest and most solemn of all much delighted with the good conduct of the several days, will bring us all together. How shall we then congregations, which had, since his residence there, rejoice, when we find that our course and warfare received an addition of sixty-five members; and are come to a blessed end ! In the mean time, let adds, that there are some really pious people in the us fight the good fight of faith, laying hold (in hope) fort also. He then mentions, that he had lately on eternal life.
received a visit from Mr. Cæmmerer, the new misMay we be daily girt with the girdle of truth-sionary at Tranquebar, who had remained with of the whole truth, as it has been revealed to us by them three months, studying the Tamul language, God, and particularly that cheering truth, that in and whom he believed to be an upright, sincere Jesus Christ, and in a close union with him, con- Christian, who would diligently do the work of an sists eternal life.
evangelist. He expresses his hope that an end “Let us daily put on the breastplate of righteous would soon be put to the war, and that a more open Dess. For the atoning sacrifice of Jesus, his meri- field would thus present itself for the labors of mistorious sufferings, his blood and death, whereby hesionaries. "Would to God," he continues, "that has delivered us from the wrath of God, having some laborers could be sent to work in it! taken upon him the sentence of death, which we sure that some gentlemen here would assist. Gohad deserved--this his righteousness will cover vernment would not suffer by it, but rather expeour breast, so that no accusation can be brought rience the benefit of seeing the people instructed.against us.
This I could show by undeniable proofs, and go" Daily let our feet be shod with a readiness to vernment would confirm it." confess the gospel of peace; for we have the great
Of the visit thus mentioned from the new Tranest reason to glory in Christ.
quebar missionary, Mr. Cæmmerer himself gives the “ Daily let us take up the shield of faith, which following particulars; which will be found scarce