« AnteriorContinuar »
which they were given, than by the suspicions which rights; and that, having been so solemnly commitattached to the integrity of the parties by whom ted to the gurdianship of the excellent missionary, they were delivered, as appeared from the docu- it became a sacred duty in him to exert himself to ment transmitted to the board by Mr. Swartz, which the utmost on his behalf. Perplexed and intricate is then detailed at length, and the substance of as this question undoubtedly was, and involving which has appeared in a preceding part of this nar- such contrariety of opinions and interests, both narative.
tive and European, it is most gratifying to observe, “To the evidence of Mr. Swartz,” it is observed, how completely his interference was justified by the
no objection can be made; and the admission of result of the investigation, and how striking and it proves that the pundits, whose opinions were ta- honorable were the testimonies borne, by all the ken with regard io the succession, were either ig- parties concerned, to the purity and uprightness of norant or corrupt, and that their judgment is conse- his conduct throughout the whole transaction. To quently entitled to no weight."
Swartz himself it must have been a source of heartThe conclusion of the supreme board, from all felt satisfaction, that he had lived to conduct the the preceding evidence, was, that the grounds upon case of Serfojee so nearly to its successful issue.which Serfojee's adoption was set aside by Sir Ar- It awaited only the final decision of the Court of chibald Campbell were insufficient; and that it was Directors, which was confidently anticipated, but now clearly relieved from those objections which which did not arrive till the venerable friend of the precluded his acquisition of that right to which he young prince had ceased to take any interest in the had been appointed by his adoptive father, and to affairs, however important, of this earthly scene. which, in the opinion of the board, he was in future In returning to the general narrative of the year entitled.
1796, it may be observed, that about this period Mr. On receiving the foregoing able and comprehen- Swartz was requested to give some instruction in sive minute from the governor-general of Bengal, the principles of the Christian religion to the son Lord Hobart expressed in council at Madras his of a gentleman then resident in the neighborhood entire concurrence in the principles and reasonings of Tanjore, who afterwards filled a distinguished which it contained, and in the conclusion which it station in the public service of India,* and who still adopted in favor of Serfojee. Adverting to the sup- evinces a lively interest in all that relates to the posed title of Ameer Sing, his lordship remarked welfare of our Oriental empire. "I well rememthat, had the question turned upon his legitimacy or ber," says that learned and eminent person, "his illegitimacy, sufficient evidence had been adduced peculiarly venerable and impressive appearance, of the latter to exclude him from the succession; the tall and erect figure, the head white with years, but that, as the laws of adoption equally precluded the features on which I loved to look, the mingled his pretensions, in either case, his being illegitimate dignity and amenity of his demeanor. To his pucould only be considered as an aggravation of the pils he was more like a parent than a preceptor.”+ injustice which Sérfojee had suffered.
The testimony to the revered missionary is, we Under this impression, and a conviction of the perceive, the same from every quarter, and the imdistress in which the inhabitants of the Tanjore pression of his mild and attractive virtues, even on country must be involved until its government the youngest mind, deep and indelible. should be settled upon a permanent footing, the In a letter to the Society for promoting Christian president proposed that the board should concur in Knowledge, dated Tanjore, June 28th, 1796, Mr. opinion with the governor-general in council, and Swartz gratefully mentions “God's preservation of that their opinion, with the papers which had been his life and health to the extent of nearly seventy under their consideration, should be transmitted to years, and his ability still to go through his work the Court of Directors, by the earliest opportunity. in church and school, even without being much fa
The whole of this interesting question having tigued.” Mr. Kohlhoff, he said, continued faithfully turned principally on the evidence adduced by Mr. to assist him in the several duties of the mission. Swartz, it will be recollected that, in his letter to Mr. Jenicke had been to Ramanadapuram, not Lord Cornwallis, he professed his willingness to merely to inspect the congregation, but also to suconfirm some important parts of it in the most so- perintend the rebuilding of a new church at that lemn manner. The following extract from a des place, the old one having fallen down. He had patch of Lord Hobart to the resident, thus recog-suffered much from the hill fever, but then found nizes this offer.
himself better. He observes that they stood in need “The various documents you have submitted, of a much greater number of books than they usually are, to my mind, perfectly conclusive in favor of received, particularly for the schools, and then afSerfojee, because they are authenticated by the re- fectingly adds, “As I grow old and weak, and the spectable signature of Mr. Swartz; but as a future work is great and extensive, I heartily wish that a discussion may arise, when the course of nature new laborer could be sent out to assist us." may put it out of our power to resort to that gentle To his friend Dr. Schultz he thus mentions abont man,' it is of infinite importance that we should this time the happy death of a young native conavail ourselves of the proposition he has himself vert. She “was a person," he says, “of a quiet made, in his letter of the 8th of April, 1793, to Lord disposition, and who feared God. She and her husCornwallis."
band lived together in harmony; and if he, at any Lord Hobart then desired the resident to call on time, spoke harshly to her, she was silent; which is Mr. Swartz to verify his statements in the solemn not often the case with wives here. manner he had suggested; and an oath was ac “During her illness she prayed fervently, and ex. cordingly administered to him to that effect, which, horted her husband to do the same, and was much together with the other documents, was transmitted pleased when we visited and encouraged her to a to the Court of Directors.
believing trust in Christ. Her aged parents mournIt may, perhaps, be thought that too much pro- ed over her early death, but were comforted in thinkminence has been given to the preceding subject, ing that she departed in humble confidence in the and that it has been pursued too far in detail ; but death of Christ. though to some readers it may appear uninteresting, “I will add,” he continues, an instance of a it must be remembered, that it deeply involved the reputation of the British government with respect * The Right Honorable Sir Alexander Johnston, to'a native prince, dependent in a great measure late Chief Justice of Ceylon. upon its protection for the establishment of bis + Lives of Eminent Missionaries, p. 169.
sorrowful kind. A woman placed herself and her and fellow-laborer, Gericke, has already appeared. two daughters under me for instruction ; the latter In his journal for this year, he thus touchingly realso attended the school. When the elder daughter fers to a domestic affliction of this excellent man, was grown up, she wished to be united to a Chris- and repeats the testimony which he had previously tian, and her mother consented. But soon after-borne to his character. wards, one of their heathen relatives desired to mar “The Lord preserve our dear brother Gericke ! ry her; and the mother preferred the match, both His daughter's early death affected him deeply.she and her daughter became indifferent to Chris- His humility, contentment, and disinterested contianity, and apostatized. The wedding was cele- duct, are observed and appreciated, both by heabrated in the heathen manner. The daughter in thens and Christians. I cannot sufficiently praise her first confinement was in danger. Perceiving Gou for granting me in Mr. Kohlhoff such a humher end draw near, she sent for an aged Christian ble, unwearied, and attentive fellow-laborer. He female, and said in the presence of her apostate works from morning to night, and is always conmother, Pray to God for me that he may forgive tent." my falling away. I was instructed in the Christian On his seventieth birth-day, Swartz addressed to doctrines; the Padre treated me as his child. I his friend Professor Schultz, the following devout have felt too the power of the divine word at preach- and interesting effusion. ing, and have twice received the holy supper :-it was my mother that seduced me away.
Tanjore, Oct. 8, 1796. I die in beathenism through my mother's fault.'" “Ebenezer! hitherto the Lord has helped me.
In a subsequent letter to the same excellent friend, To-day I entered upon my seventy-first year. O Mr. Swartz says, “I have just risen from an exami- the riches of his grace, compassion, and forbearnation of the school-children, after having previous- ance, which I have experienced during seventy ly finished catechising. Such examinations we years! Praise, honor, and adoration, are due to a have once a month; and it is in many respects an gracious God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, for advantage to have them frequently; but particu- the numerous proofs of his abounding grace. Who larly because the school-master is thus encouraged am I, poor wretched sinner, that thou hast led me to fulfil his duty faithfully. We examine their till now? O my God, forsake me not in my old reading, writing, and arithmetic; and hear them age, but let me record, for the encouragement of repeat by heart the principal texts and a hymn.”- others, the mercy which has spared, pardoned, and In another letter he mentions that they were also comforted me; and may they be induced to put taught to sing sacred melodies.
their trust in thee! Referring again to his valuable plan of preparing “I am still able to go through the labor of incatechists and school-masters, he says, “ Í have se- structing both young and old, without being over lected from the school ten lively boys, whom I daily fatigued. This duty is so great a refreshment to instruct in the doctrines of Christianity, and church me, that I heartily praise God for continued health history, as well as in the method of explaining the and strength to declare to heathens and Christians principal passages of Scripture. I allow them each his name, who has sent Christ as a Saviour, and a small sum monthly, to prevent the necessity of made him our wisdom and righteousness, sanctifitheir applying to other labor for support. Not that cation and redemption.' Let worldlings boast as we expect that every one of them will be fit to be much as they please; my boast is in the Lord, from employed in church offices; but they are thus pre- whom alone cometh my salvation." viously instructed, and their abilities as well as conduct are in the way of being proved. Those of The following extract from another letter intiwhom we entertain hopes of usefulness we send mates his knowledge of the painful departure of with the catechists into the country, in order to some of the German churches from the sundamenafford them some assistance.” This, as he men- tal doctrines of the gospel; and while adverting to tions in another letter, was to read to the people, his continued, but necessarily decreasing labors, when the catechists became fatigued with speaking announces his watchful preparation for a higher to them. May God endue them,” adds this pious world. and venerable man, “ with his Spirit, sanctify their “Our circumstances are rather depressing, but hearts, and make them useful to the benefit of the the Lord is never at a loss for means. He can congregation, and the glory of his name !"
send forth laborers into his vineyard. Alas! the Towards the close of this year, the Society suc- faithful laborers are few. ceeded in obtaining, through Professor Schultz, of “The present condition of the churches in GerHalle, two candidates for ihe mission in India, one many is fruly deplorable. They have invented a of whom was destined to the Calcutta station, and gospel to which St. Paul and the other apostles the other to the coast of Coromandel. The earnest were entire strangers. Many reject the doctrine of wishes so repeatedly expressed by Swartz for fresh the atonement, and of the sanctifying influence of laborers, were thus, it was hoped, likely to be real- the Holy Spirit. ized; and in the spring of the following year, after
"I have now attained my seventieth year.a very able and eloquent charge by the late Arch- Hitherto the Lord has preserved and protected me. deacon Owen, who had himself 'served with dis- I cannot any longer undertake distant excursions tinction as one of the chaplains to the presidency to the heathen; but am still able to perform my of Calcutta, in which, in common with his prede- ordinary functions, both in church and school. Í cessors in this solemn duty, he spoke of Swartz, as also pay occasional visits to such Christians as are of one whose " praise in the gospel is indeed great," dispersed in the vicinity, for which I humbly praise Messrs. Ringeliaube and Holtzberg embarked for God. I have till now personally instructed all India. Of these missionaries, however, one soon those who wished to be baptized, or to receive the quitted the service of the Society, and the other, holy supper. whose arrival cheered for a time the declining days “How much longer God may permit me to oceuof his venerable superior, had unhappily imbibed py my station, is known to him alone. 'My times the Neologian views, which already pervaded the are in his hands. He has heard my unworthy German Universities, and, though spared for seve- prayer, that I might not become quite useless in ral years, diminished instead of augmenting the old age. I consider it one of my highest privileges strength and efficiency of the mission.
that I can still daily proclaim his n me, both among The affection of Swartz for his admirable friend Christians and heathens. A few months ago, I
seemed standing on the borders of eternity, being that I frequently remember him. In his present suddenly seized with a painful oppression on my situation he may do much good, but will likewise chest. I consider it as a summons from my Lord, meet with many temptations. May he be strong in to hold myself in readiness, at whatsoever hour he the Lord! may come.”
“I remain sincerely,
“Your affectionate friend, CHAPTER XXI.
“C. F. Swartz." A. D. 1797 TO A. D. 1798.
" The kind
you left for me in the Closing period of Mr. Swartz's life--Letters to Mrs. Chambers, and to hands of my dear brother, Mr. Gericke, I have rethe Society for promoting Christian Knowledge-His preference ceived, and thank you heartily for it.” of Celibacy for a Missionary-Reflections on his opinion–Testimony of Mr. John of Tranquebar to Mr. Gericke and Swartz-Letters to Dr. Schultz-Last Report of Mr. Swartz to the Society
The day following, Mr. Swartz informed the Mr. Gericke communicates the intelligence of his dangerous illness Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, that -- Details of his last days, and of his death, by the Tranquebar Mis through the divine mercy Mr. Kohlhoff and himself sionaries, and by Messrs. Gericke, Jænicke, Holtzberg, and Kohl- had been preserved in the enjoyment of health and bold.
strength, for which he humbly praised God. He
particularly mentioned Mr. Jonicke as indefatigaIn entering upon the closing period of Mr. Swartz's ble in his missionary labors. He reported that in lise, the following letter to Mrs. Chambers, written the Tamul school, in which fifty boys and ten girls at the commencement of the year 1797, will show were educated, two of the senior boys were instructhis true Christian affection for the widow and chil- ed, not only in the doctrine, but also in the evidences dren of his beloved friend, and the strength and of Christianity, in order to their being hereafter elevation of his piety.
employed as schoolmasters and catechists. The
provincial schools at Tanjore and Cumbagonam Tanjore, Jan. 20, 1797. were continued as before. “DEAR MADAM,
As a proof of their
caution in the admission of the native Christians "I have received your kind letter along with the to divine ordinances, “When the holy sacrament," little books for the benefit of the children. They he observed, “is administered, we admit no more have been highly pleased with them, and have fre-than thirty or forty at one time, that we may be quently perused them.
able to ascertain the knowledge of the communi“ The account you have been pleased to give me cants; but that all may have an opportunity to re of your and my deceased friend's children, is, asceive, it is administered four or five Sundays sucyou may readily conceive, rejoicing my heart.- cessively." Your children are your treasure, which, if they are In conclusion, he assures the Society, that their well educated, you will find in heaven; whereas work of love in that country was not altogether all other things will leave you. The modern way fruitless; and that many would bless God through of educating children is far from being hopeful. all eternity, for the kindness which they had beTo make them useful members of society is good; stowed upon them. but to make them genuine disciples of Jesus is infi In another letter to the Society, dated Feb. 22, nitely better.
he expresses his most humble thanks, not only for "You mention the present corruption of the cler- their usual stores and presents, but for their aldigy. At the same time you pleasingly add, that, in tional allowance of £50. He also mentioned the the midst of hirelings, God has several true ser- excellent Sattianaden as diligent in the discharge vants. This I believe with all my heart; and in of his duties at Palamcotta, and as worthy of the spite of ridicule they are the pillars which support gratuity intended for him by the Society. the state more than all political machines.
Adverting, in the preceding letter, to the infor"I rejoice particularly at your delight in abstain- mation which he had received of the arrival of new ing from the fashionable ways of the world. How missionaries in India, and of the probability that is it possible to preserve faith, love, and hope, in one of them would be accompanied by his wife, he the dissipations which are in vogue ? Our days thus briefly but pointedly expressed his sentiments are soon gone. Eternity is at hand. What will'a upon this difficult subject. poor worldling at last feel when, leaving the world, “I confess, dear sir, I was grieved at it. I assure he finds himself destitute of a lively hope of a you that I honor the state of matrimony as a diblessed eternity?
vinely-instituted state; but if a new missionary “But how comfortable is the end of a genuine comes out, he ought to be unembarrassed. His firsi disciple of Jesus! Adorned with his righteous work, besides his attention to his personal religion, ness, justified and absolved from sin, having the is the learning of some languages, which requires joyful testimony of the Spirit of God, he quits the great attention, and unwearied application. I will world with divine comfort.
not say that a married man is unable to learn lanHow animating the words of our blessed Sa-guages; but this I know from experience in others, viour, 'Come unto me, all ye that labor and are ihat the work goes on slowly. Besides, a new misheavy laden, and I will give you rest!' None but sionary who comes out in the married state, wants the Redeemer is able to give us that desirable bless-many things to maintain his family decently, which ing; Having obtained mercy, pardon, and peace may distract him. If one should enter into that with God, well may we take his yoke upon us. His state after he had become qualified for his office, commandments are then not grievous; his disci- the difficulty would be less; but even then, he pline, and even sufferings, are salutary, promoting ought to be well assured of 'the real piety of his our internal peace of mind.
wife; otherwise, she will be a sore impediment to "May you, dear madam, and your dear children him in the discharge of his duty." walk in the light of his countenance! May God It can scarcely be necessary to state that Mr. alwavs grant you righteousness, peace, and joy in Swartz himself never married. His solemn and the Holy Ghost !
entire dedication of himself to the work of a mis“Remember me to Mr. Grant, and assure him sionary had probably induced him at a very early
period to resolve on a life of celibacy, upon the ele*Doubtless those of his schools.
vated principle suggested by the great apostle to the
Gentiles,* that he might be unincumbered by do tive example of the United Brethren, Protestant mes' ic cares, and free to devote his undivided missionaries in the present day would determinately thoughts and energies to the service of Christ. It consider themselves as ministers of a distinct and is not surprising, therefore, that the choice which peculiar order, “ separated unto the gospel of God;" he had thus made for himself, he should deliberate- and if, when conscientiously uniting themselves in ly approve for others engaged in similar undertak- marriage, they would never forget the apostolic adings. In point of fact, he was decidedly unfriendly monition, “that they that have wives be as though to the marriage of missionaries, at least during the they had none,”-as entirely devoted to God, and first years of their ministry.
as simply dependent on his providential care, as if, The opinion thus expressed by the venerable like Swartz, they were alone in the world, and had, missionary is certainly at variance with that of ma- like him, or rather like the blessed apostle, whose ny others on this important point; and some may, example he so closely followed, but "cne things to perhaps, be disposed to think that his view of ii do—to fulfil the ministry which they have received, was unduly influenced by his own feelings and ex-" to testify the gospel of the grace of God;" to live, ample. No man, was, however, more perfectly not unto themselves, but unto Him who died for free from prejudice or mere personal considerations them and rose again. in forming his judgment upon any subject than A letter about this time, from Mr. John, one of Swartz; and it deserves to be remembered, that the missionaries at Tranquebar, contains the followfrom his peculiarly social and affectionate disposi- ing just and pious testimony to the importance and tion, few men were better qualified to impart and to value of Swartz's labors, and of the mission in India. enjoy the happiness of a married life. This only Speaking of Mr. Gericke, he says, May God proves the sincerity and strength of that conviction keep this dear brother long in life and strength, of duty which could reconcile him to privations of as he is of great assistance to us, and a guide, a fawhich he could not but be deeply susceptible; and ther, and triend, to very many children, widows, the remunerating goodness of God, who, by the and orphans; and whose patience, disinterestedcheering light of his countenance, the visits of his ness, and perseverance, we all admire, and endeagrace, and the hopes and visions of his glory, could, vor to imitate. He and our dear patriarch, Mr. even in solitude, give to his devoted servant "the Swartz have been, and are, a great blessing to the desires of his heart," and provide for him a satisfy country. We are all joined in fraternal love, and ing portion of personal happiness.
assist each other upon every occasion. Much good The sentiments of such a man, therefore, more has, doubtless, been done by the missions, and will particularly when viewed in connection with those continue to flow from them in proportion 'as the of the apostle already referred to, well deserve the missionaries prove themselves to be faithful serserious consideration of all candidates for the office vants of Christ. Let those who are either quite unof a niissionary. The difficulties and dangers to acquainted with the mission, or who place their which those are exposed who follow the example happiness in wealth or sensual pleasures, judge, of Swartz in a life of celibacy are, doubtless, great speak, and write what they please, we trust that and obvious ; nor should they ever be encountered God Almighty will never forsake his work, but without the deliberate and well founded assurance, continue his kind providence, which has hitherto which he possessed, of a faith which endures in been so manifest, and ought to be acknowledged the hour of trial, which effectually purifies the with thanks and gratitude." Thoughts and imaginations of the heart, and which, To Dr. Schultz Mr. Swartz wrote as follows, in overcoming all the allurements of the world, has various letters in the course of this year. "respect unto the recompense of the reward." 'Ex "Up to this day, I have still been enabled to amples may, indeed, be adduced of married mis- fulfil my labors. I am now at Vallam. There are sionaries, eminently devoted and successful, who three companies of English soldiers here, who have have owed much of their comfort and even of their requested me to give them a word of exhortation usefulness, to the partners of their labors and their once or twice this month.
Such was the pious and admirable Ziegen “Mr. Kohlhoff is well, and unwearied in his labalg, yet not before he had solidly laid the founda- bors. He has a meeting for worship every evening tion, and had advanced considerably in the promo with the Europeans in the fort of Tanjore. God tion of his great work at Tranquebar;t such was has his own people among them, who es em it a Eliot, the apostle of the North American Indians; blessing to have the word of salvation preached to such was Gericke, nearest, perhaps, to Swartz him- them. Seventy or eighty regularly attend. In the self, in zeal, in disinterestedness, in success; and church without the fort, I have a similar meeting such, to mention no others, have been, in general, every morning and evening."-"The gospel has the Moravian brethren, pre-eminent, it may almost continued to be fully preached in Tanjore, and the be said, in the highest qualities and achievements villages around. To the ten youths whom I selectof missionary character and labor.
ed for the purpose, I explain at large the doctrines Failures, both in the one class and in the other, of Christianity, with the evidences for them out of might, unhappily, be enumerated. The truth seems the Old and New Testaments; so as to enable them to be, that as in many other points of Christian to perceive the reasons of their faith distinctly and practice, no certain and invariable rule can be laid convincingly.” down, which shall in all cases determine the choice “We labor in the congregation, and see in of the missionary concerning a married or a single many the fruits of our labor. But iruly the hinlife. Much must depend upon circumstances, of derances to the work of the Lord are not few. Still, which a truly upright, devout, and devoted mind if only some are gained, our labor is not in vain. can alone rightly judge. Two things may, how God can make all grace abound to us; to him we ever, be safely affirmed upon this subject: the one, commend ourselves and his work." that, in strict analogy with the apostle's argument The next extract is strikingly descriptive of his before alluded to, the preponderance both of reason zealous and disinterested anxiety for the missionary and experience is, in general, in favor of the unmarried missionary; the other, that this preponder “Early this morning I happened to meet with a ance would be greatly lessened, if, after the primi- letter of my late pious friend
which he ad
dressed to you in 1788, and which was then for*1 Cor. vii. 32, 33.
warded to me. He says in it: 'Ought not my son + See Preliminary Sketch.
to be a missionary? O how ardently do I pray that
God will not forsake his work, now that he has "That great and good man,” he writes, “had opened to our times a wider field than heretofore ! often spoken to me of his death. When he mentionIf God cause his Spirit to rest on both my sons, ed any providential circumstances that had attendthey shall hereafter prove active laborers in his ed him in life, he had been accustomed to add, vineyard.'
'And so God will show me mercy at the end ;' and “Now if this son of my deceased friend have na- we have great reason to praise Him for the mercies tural gifts, and grace,-if he have a desire to preach our father and brother experienced during the last Christ among the heathen, I beg you to send him days of his abode upon earth. When I arrived at out at my expense. And if I should be called away Tanjore, he was in perfect health of body, though by the Lord before his arrival, my brethren will his recollection failed him. During the few days make it good out of the property I leave. The mis- in which I went to see our brother Pohle, at Trision is my heir. Our hope standeth in the Lord chinopoly, he had been afflicted with a mortificawho made heaven and earth. May he be merciful tion in his left foot, which for years past had occato us, and promote his work to his own glory!" sionally been painful. On my return I was fearful
“A dark cloud appears to be rising: War with that this would prove fatal. We were thankful, Tippoo is apparently inevitable. He is now on the however, to observe, that the power of recollection frontiers with a strong army; and, it is said, ex- had almost fully returned. The mortification also pects help from the French."
was checked, and shortly after removed; and the "I feel my weakness more and more-how long last days of his life became some of his best. He the Lord will yet preserve and use me, rests with frequently conversed with Christians and heathens, him. My times are in his hands. May he be merciful who visited him, in the same easy and agreeable to me, and grant me at last a blessed end! Amen." manner he had been accustomed to when in health.
The last communication which the Society re- He affectionately exhorted every European that ceived from their venerable missionary, was dated visited him to the earnest care of his soul. He prayfrom Tanjore, on the 4th of September, 1797, in ed, and he praised God. He desired us to pray with which he acknowledged the receipt of the secreta- him; and though he must have felt much pain, ry's letter for that year, together with the usual (which was evident from his groans, when left stores and presents, salaries and gratuities, for alone, in the hope of getting rest,) yet when we all of which he assured the Society of his brethren's heard him speak with others, or pray, it was with sincere thankfulness. “God,” he continued, " had as much ease as if he had no pain. graciously preserved their lives and health, so that "Respecting the mission, he made the following he was still able to go through his accustomed work, emphatic observation. 'I hope the work will con though with less vigor than heretofore. He added, tinue; but you will suffer much in carrying it on : that, should his life be prolonged, he intended to he who will suffer nothing is not fit for it. or his give a full account of the mission, at the end of the own congregation, by which he chiefly intended year; and concluded with a prayer, that God would those who lived on either side of his garden, and atprosper the work of their revered superiors.” tended his hours of daily devotion, he said, that it
The labors, however, of this apostolic man were would be well if those who expect ioo much, or, at now drawing to a close. Within little more than a least, too hastily, from heathen converts, would bear month after the date of the preceding letter, his last in mind, - There is a good beginning in all. If illness commenced; and on the 2nd of February, others say, there is nothing perfect; I say, look into 1798, Mr. Gericke, in a letter to the Society, com- your own hearts.' municated the painful and afflicting intelligence, “Our dear fellow-laborer, Mr. Swartz,” thus the that Mr. Swartz had been, for three months past, missionaries of Tranquebar mention him in their dangerously ill, and was not expected to preach ; report of January, 1798, "was a few months ago again, his illness having affected not only his bodily near death. He is now tolerably recovered. The strength, but also his memory.
chief subject which constantly engages his attention, He did not at first apprehend that it would prove is the great goodness of God, and his glorious salfatal; but appeared to entertain a wish and expecta- vation in Christ, 'y the contemplation of which his tion of recovery;
mind is exceedingly cheered, and inspired with a “When I spoke to him on the subject,” says Mr. blessed hope full of immortality. Both his heart Jænicke, in a letter to one of his brethren, "and ex- and mouth overflow with this subject-it is the conpressed a hope that God might yet restore him to stant theme of his addresses to the congregation, health, he said, But I should not be able to preach and of his private conversation.” on account of my teeth.' I replied, 'If you only sit "Mr. Cæmerer," writes one of the Tranquebar here as you do at present, and aid us with your brethren, “will give you a more explicit account counsel, all things would go on quite differently of the present state of Mr. Swartz. This venerable from what they would if you were to leave us.' But servant of God is extremely comfortable and happy, when I next saw him, he said as soon as I entered, and enjoys, in Christ his Redeemer, whom he has I think the Lord will at last take me to himself.'- served so long and with such exemplary fidelity, I spoke to him a great deal on the subject, but he re- the most delightful fruits of his faith. He also mained silent, settled some pecuniary matters with greatly edifies the congregation by his truly paterme, and gave me some money for Palamcotta.- nal exhortations. But he is no longer competent All this troubled me much. I prayed and wept; to transact other business; he appears, as it were, could get no sleep for several nights, and lost my dead to this world, and he longs to depart and to be appetite and strength: for various thoughts how with Christ. His bright and cheering, example is things would go on after his departure made me constantly present to my mind, and will leave an very wakeful. The physicians say there is no dan- indelible impression on the whole of my future ger as yet; but it now appears to me that our dear life.” father will soon leave us. O if God would gra The following is the truly interesting report of ciously strengthen him, and spare him to us yet a Mr. Cæmerer, referred to in the preceding extract. little while ! If he depart to his rest, what shall we " In November of last year, we received distress. both do?"
ing accounts of the illness of our revered father In his next letter, Mr. Gericke communicated the Swartz. A cold laid the foundation of this severe following interesting particulars of the last suffer- illness, which none could have encountered without ings, and of the patience, resignation, and hope, of sinking under it, unless blessed with such a sound the revered and venerable missionary.
constitution as his was. Both Mr. Jænicke and