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was brewed in the latter part of the week, lest it should presume to work on Sunday.

2. It must be confessed that the tendency of the age is to laxity,' and so rapidly is the wholesome strictness of primitive times abating, that, should some antiquary, fifty years hence, in cxploring his garret rubbish, chance to cast his eye on our humble pages, he may be surprised to learn, that, even now, the Sabbath is observed, in the interior of New England, with an almost Juda'ical' severity.

3. On Saturday afternoon an uncommon bustle is apparent. The great class of procrastinators' are hurrying to and fro to complete the lagging business of the week. The good mothers, like Burns's' matron, are plying their needles, making "auld claes look amaist as weel's the new;" while the domestics, or help (we prefer the national descriptive term), are wielding, with might and main, their brooms and mops, to make all tidy for the Sabbath.

4. As the day declines, the hum of labor dies away, and, after the sun is set, perfect stillness reigns in every well ordered household, and not a foot-fall is heard in the village street. It can not be denied, that even the most scriptural, missing the excitement of their ordinary occupations, anticipate their usual bedtime. The obvious" inference' from this fact is skillfully avoided by certain ingenious" reasoners, who allege,' that the constitution was originally so organized as to require an extra"

1 Lăx'i ty, looseness; carelessness of duty.

* An' ti qua ry, one who studies into the history of ancient things, as statues, coins, medals, paintings, books, etc., or searches for them, and explains their origin and pur. pose; one well acquainted with things that took place in old times.

* Ju dā' ic al, pertaining to the Jews. The Jews are noted for the strict manner in which they observe the Sabbath.

Ayr, in the district of Kyle, on the 25th of January, 1759. He died on the 21st of July, 1796.


Ob' vi ous, casily discovered, seen, or understood; plain; clear.

'In' fer ence, that which follows as certainly or probably true; conclusion.

* Ingenious, (in jèn’yůs), skillful or quick to invent; having skill to contrive, or to form new combina tions of ideäs; witty.


Allege, (al lej ́), to assert; to de

'Pro crǎs' ti na tors, persons who clare positively delay things to a future time.

Robert Burns, the great peasant poet of Scotland, was born near

10 Extra (ekstrå), over and above; beyond what is due, appointed, or expected; uncommon.



quantity of sleep on every seventh night. We recommend it to the curious to inquire, how this peculiarity was adjusted, when the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday.


5. The Sabbath morning is as peaceful as the first hallowed day. Not a human sound is heard without the dwellings, and, but for the lowing of the herds, the crowing of the cocks, and the gossiping of the birds, animal life would seem to be extinct,' till, at the bidding of the church-going bell, the old and young issue from their habitations, and, with solemn demeanor, bend their measured steps to the meeting-house ;-the families of the minister, the squire, the doctor, the merchant, the modest gentry of the village, and the mechanic and laborer, all arrayed in their best, all meeting on even ground, and all with that consciousness of independence and equality, which breaks down the pride of the rich, and rescues the pour from servility,' envy, and discontent.


6. If a morning salutation is reciprocated,' it is in a suppressed voice; and if, perchance, nature, in some reckless urchin, burst forth in laughter-"My dear, you forget it's Sunday," is the ever ready reproof. Though every face wears a solemn aspect, yet we once chanced to see even a deacon's muscles relaxed by the wit of a neighbor, and heard him allege, in a half-deprecating, half-laughing voice, "The squire is so droll, that a body must laugh, though it be Sabbath-day."

7. The farmer's ample wagon, and the little one-horse vehicle," bring in all who reside at an inconvenient walking distance,— that is to say, in our riding community, half a mile from the church. It is a pleasing sight, to those who love to note the happy peculiarities of their own land, to see the farmers' daughters, blooming, intelligent, well-bred, pouring out of these homely coaches, with their nice white gowns, prunella shoes, Leghorn hats, fans, and parasols, and the spruce young men, with their plaited ruffles, blue coats, and yellow buttons.

1 Extinct, (eks tingkt'), quenched; put out; having ceased; ended.

2 Issue, (ish' shỏ), proceed; go out. 3 Ser vil' ity, the state or quality of being meanly respectful, cringing, or fawning.

ing or paying respect by words or actions commonly used.

'Re cipro cat ed, given and received by turns; interchanged.


Vehicle, that in which any thing is or may be carried, as a

• Săl`u ta' tion, the act of greet- wagon, cart, carriage, or the like.

8. The whole community meet, as one religious family, to offer their devotions at the common altar. If there be an outlaw from the society,-a luckless wight, whose vagrant taste has never been subdued, he may be seen stealing along the margin of some little brook, far away from the condemning observation and troublesome admonitions of his fellows.


9. Toward the close of the day (or to borrow a phrase descriptive of his feelings, who first used it), "when the Sabbath begins to abate," the children cluster about the windows. Their eyes wander from their catechism to the western sky, and, though it seems to them as if the sun would never disappear, his broad disk does slowly sink behind the mountain; and, while his last ray still lingers on the castern summits, měrry voices break fürth, and the ground resounds with bounding footsteps.

10. The village belle' arrays herself for her twilight walk; the boys gather on "the green;" the lads and girls throng to the "singing-school;" while some coy maiden lingers at home, awaiting her expected suitor; and all enter upon the pleasures of the evening with as keen a relish as if the day had been a preparatory penance." MISS C. M. SEDGWICK.




BOUT the chapel door, in easy groups,
The rustic people wait. Some trim the switch,
While some prognosticate of harvèsts full,
Or shake the dubious' head, with arguments
Based on the winter's frequent snow and thaw,
The heavy rains, and sudden frosts severe.

2. Some, happily but few, deal scandal" out,

With look askance pointing their victim. These

A bate', to decrease or become less in strength or violence.

2 Bille, a young lady o great beauty and much admired.

Pěn' ance, suffering, labor, or pain used as a punishment for faults, or as an expression of sorrow for sin.

'Prog nos' tic ate, to foretell from signs.

'Du' bi ous, not settled, or doubtful in opinion; doubting.

© Scăn' dal, something said which is false and injurious to character.

7 A skǎnce', aside; sideways.



Are the rank tares' in every field of grain-
These are the nettles stinging unaware—
The briers which wound and trip unheeding feet-
The noxious vines, growing in every grove!
Their touch is deadly, and their passing breath
Poison most venomous! Such have I known-
As who has not?—and suffered by the contact.
Of these the husbandman takes certain note,
And in the proper season disinters*
Their baneful' roots; and, to the sun exposed,
The killing light of truth, leaves them to pine
And perish in the noonday!

'Gainst a tree,
With strong arms folded o'er a giant chest,
Stands Barton, to the neighborhood chief smith;
His coat, unused to aught save Sunday wear,
Grown too oppressive by the morning walk,
Hangs on the drooping branch: so stands he oft
Beside the open door, what time the share
Is whitening at the roaring bellows' mouth.


4. There, too, the wheelwright-he, the magistrate'

In small communities a man of mark

Stands with the smith, and holds such argument
As the unlettered but observing can ;

Their theme some knot of scripture hard to solve.
And 'gainst the neighboring bars two others fan,
Less fit the sacred hour, discussion hot

Of politics; a topic which, inflamed,
Knows no propriety of time or place.

5. There Oakes, the cooper, with rough brawny hand, Descănts" at large, and, with a noisy ardor,




1 Tare, (tår), a weed that grows poison; destructive.


Bellows, (bel' lůs).

smong wheat and other grain; darnel; rye-grass.

Măg is träte, a judge; a justice 'Noxious, (nok' shůs), hurtful; of the peace. poisonous; destructive.


Theme, a topic or subject on ⚫ Věn'om ous, mischievous; spite- which a person writes or speaks. ful; deadly. 'Brawn' y, having large, strong muscles; muscular; strong.

4 Dis`in ters', unburies; digs out. • Bāne' ful, full of bane or deadly

"Descǎnts' talks; makes remarks

Rattles around his theme as round a cask;
While Hanson, heavy browed, with shoulders bent,
Bent with great lifting of huge stones-for he
A mason and famed builder is--replies

With tongue as sharp and dexterous' as his trowel,
And sentences which like his hammer fall,
Bringing the flinty fire at every blow!

6. But soon the approaching parson ends in peace
The wordy combat, and all turn within.
Awhile rough shoes, some with discordant' creak,
And voices clearing for the psalm, disturb
The sacred quiet, till, at last, the vail
Of silence wavers, settles, falls; and then
The hymn is given, and all ărīse and sing.

7. Then follows prayer, which from the pastor's heart
Flows unpretending, with few words devout
Of humble thanks and askings; not with lungs
Stentorian,' assaulting heaven's high wall,
Compelling grace by virtue of a siege!

This done, with loving care he scans his flock,
And opes the sacred volume at the text.

8. Wide is his brow, and full of honest thought-
Love his vocation, truth is all his stock.
With these he strives to guide, and not perplex
With words sublime and empty, ringing oft
Most musically hollow. All his facts
Are simple, broad, sufficient for a world!
He knows them well, teaching but what he knows.

9. He never strides through metaphysic* mists,

Or takes false greatness because seen through fogs,
Nor leads 'mid brambles of thick argument
Till all admire the wit which brings them through ;

1 Děx' ter oŭs, skillful; artful; ready; handy.

2 Discord ́ant, disagreeing; harsh ; jarring.

3 Stěn tō' ri an, extremely loud. Stentor was the Greek name of a

man, spoken of by Homer, who had

a very loud voice.

1 Mět`a physics, the science of the principles and causes of all things existing; the science, or regulated knowledge, of the mind.

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