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The History and Escription of Fossil Fuel, the Collieries, and Coal Trade of ...
Vista previa limitada - 1835
according appear authority become beds bituminous bottom called carried causes chaldrons circumstances coal field collieries common commonly considerable considered consists containing continued deposits depth described direction distance district duty earth effect employed exist extent fact feet fire formation former fossil four fuel give given heat hundred importance inches instances interesting iron kind known less light lignites London Main mass matter means measures mentioned metal miles mineral mines nature nearly Newcastle notice occur operations origin pass peat period persons plants port portion present probably produced quantity reference remains remarks river rocks says seam shaft shillings ships side similar sometimes sort South species stone strata substance supply supposed surface taken term thickness tion tons town trade Tyne various vegetable waggons whole wood yards
Página 349 - Another thing that is remarkable is their wayleaves, for when men have pieces of ground between the colliery and the river they sell leave to lead coals over their ground, and so dear that the owner of a rood of ground will expect £20 per annum for this leave.
Página 48 - One interesting circumstance attending the history of peatmosses is the high state of preservation of animal substances buried in them for periods of many years. In June, 1747, the body of a woman was found six feet deep, in a peatmoor in the Isle of Axholm, in Lincolnshire. The antique sandals on her feet afforded evidence of her having been buried there for many ages ; yet her nails, hair, and skin, are described as having shown hardly any marks of decay.
Página 319 - ... there are old men yet dwelling in the village where I remain, which have noted three things to be marvellously altered in England within their sound remembrance. One is, the multitude of chimneys lately erected ; whereas, in their young days, there were not above two or three, if so many, in most uplandish towns of the realm (the religious...
Página 257 - The machine being rendered useless by the irruption, the rope of, the gin was sent down the pit with all expedition. In the absence of horses, a number of men, whom the wish to be instrumental in rescuing their neighbours from their perilous situation, seemed to supply with strength proportionate to the urgency of the occasion, put their shoulders to the s shafts of the gin, and wrought it with astonishing expedition.
Página 257 - Pit gin, being on a crane not within the influence of the blast, were fortunately preserved. The coal dust, ejected from the William Pit into the drift or horizontal parts of the tube, was about three inches thick, and soon burnt to a light cinder. Pieces of burning coal, driven off the solid stratum of the mine, were also blown up this shaft.* " As soon as the explosion was heard, the wives and children of the workmen ran to the working-pit.
Página 375 - ... and the usual names of the several and respective collieries out of which the said coals are and shall be wrought and gotten, and the price paid by the master or masters for each and every sort of coals that each and every fitter or other person vending or delivering coals as aforesaid...
Página 354 - The manner of the carriage is by laying rails of timber, from the colliery, down to the river, exactly straight and parallel ; and bulky carts are made with four rowlets fitting these rails ; whereby the carriage is so easy that one horse will draw down four or five chaldron of coals, and is an immense benefit to the coal merchants.
Página 403 - Aolona, in Albania ; and in large pieces on the shores, or floating on the surface of the Asphaltic Lake, in Judea, called the Dead Sea. It abounds in the islands of Barbadoes and Trinidad, in the West Indies.* In the latter, it occurs in a vast lake, three miles in circumference, called the Pitch Lake ; the thickness of which is unknown. A gentle heat renders it ductile, and when mixed with grease or common pitch, it is used for paying the bottom of ships. Bitumen enters into the composition of...
Página 412 - The heat which the oven acquires in a former operation is always sufficient of itself to light up the new charge; the combustion of which is accelerated by the atmospheric air, that rushes in through the joints of the loose bricks in the door-way. In two or three hours, the combustion gets to such a height, that...
Página 121 - Antrim coal district is not very extensive. These collieries have been wrought for a number of years. The coal is of a slaty nature, and greatly resembles both the coal, and the accompanying rocks, which occur in Ayrshire, and probably they belong to the same formation.
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