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23. When thrift is in the field he is in the town.

24. That he wins in the hundred he loses in the shire.

25. To do more than the priest spake of on Sunday. 26. Use maketh mastery.

27. Love me little, love me long.

28. Time trieth troth.

29. Make not two sorrows of one.

30. There is no good accord

Where every one would be a lord.

31. That the eye seeth not, the heart rueth not.

32. Ill putting a sword in a madman's hand.

33. Quien nesciamente pecca nesciamente va al Inferni.

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I cannot find anything in the lines selected from Virgil, Horace, or Ovid, that should make it worth while to print them here. Those from Virgil may have been used with excellent effect for rhetorical purposes, but it would depend upon the occasion and manner in which they were introduced. Most of those from Horace are so full of sense in the observation and felicity in the expression that they would be well worth printing as they stand, only that everybody knows them. And the same remark applies, though in a less degree, to those from Ovid: for Ovid was a fine observer and a great master of neat and pointed expression. His Ars amandi sparkles with observations and precepts which the best didactic writers on the worthiest subjects have scarcely surpassed. The following extracts, nicely picked out of that most unworthy poem, stand together in the Promus; and contain the seeds of half a treatise on the art of persuasion, whether in speech or writing:

Sed lateant vires, nec sis in fronte disertus.

Sit tibi credibilis sermo consuetaque lingua
præsens ut videare loqui.'

1 The omission of the words "Blanda tamen," which complete the line in the original, indicates the principle of selection. From the precepts given by Ovid for the


Ille referre aliter sæpe solebat idem.

Nec vultu destrue verba tuo.

Nec sua vesanus scripta poeta legat.

Ars casum simulet.

Quid cum legitimâ fraudatur litera voce,

Blæsaque fit jusso lingua coacta sono?

And these will probably be thought enough by way of specimen.


There is one other class of memoranda in this Promus which I have not yet mentioned, and they are the more notable because they have been transferred with additions and a formal title to a separate sheet (fo. 126.), as if he had intended to proceed with the collection. This fragment I have thought worth printing in extenso; not only as a curious illustration of the attention which Bacon bestowed upon the details and smaller graces of his art, but also because it may possibly throw some light on the history of the English language. It is headed Analogia Cæsaris (a title by the way, of which, comparing it with the supposed character of Cæsar's lost book de Analogia, as explained in the De Augmentis, lib. vi. c. 1. I do not see the fitness) and docqueted by Bacon himself Verba interjectiva; sive ad gra sparsa. It is fairly written in Bacon's own hand, in three parallel columns. But this I think was only to save paper; the articles which happen to lie over against each other do not appear to be connected in any way; and therefore I have not thought it necessary to preserve that form in the printing. In other respects I have copied it literatim. Those who are curious as to the periods when particular forms of expression came into use or wore out, may perhaps derive some useful hints from it. But to enter into any speculations of that kind here would be to go beyond my province as editor.


particular art of Love, or rather of Love-making, Bacon takes so much only as relates to art in general.



Say that; (for admitt that)

Peraventure can yow; Sp. (what can you).
So much there is. fr. (neverthelesse).
See then how. Sp. (much lesse).



be at leasure | furnyshed &c. as phappes yow are (instead of are not).

For the rest (a transition concluding).

The rather bycause (contynuing another's speach).

To the end, saving that, whereas, yet, (contynuances, and so of

all kynds.

In contemplation (in consideration).

Not prejudicing.

With this (cum hoc quod verificare vult).

Without that (absq. hoc quod

For this tyme (when a man extends his hope or imaginacon or beleefe to farre.

A mery world when such fellowes must correct × A mery world when the simplest may correct.

It is like Sr &c. (putting a man agayne into his tale interrupted. Your reason.

I have been allwaies at his request.

His knowledg lieth about him.

Such thoughts I would exile into my dreames.

A good crosse poynt but the woorst cinq a pase.

He will never doe his tricks clean.

A proper young man and so will he be while he lives.

2. of these fowre take them where yow will.

I have knowne the tyme and it was not half an howre
Pyonner in the myne of truth.

As please the painter.


A nosce teipsu (a chiding or disgrace.

Valew me not the lesse bycause I am yours.

Is it a small thing yt &c. (cannot yow not be content, an hebraisme.

What els? Nothing lesse.

It is not the first untruth I have heard reported nor it is not the first truth I have heard denied.

I will proove × why goe and proove it.

Minerall wytts strong poyson yf they be not corrected.

O the '

O my L. Sr

Beleeve it.

Beleeve it not.

for a tyme.

Mought it please God that. fr. (I would to God.

Never may it please yow.

As good as the best.

I would not but yow had doone it x But shall I doe it againe.

The sonne of somew1. Sp

To freme (to sigh (?) Sp.

To cherish or endear.

To undeceive. Sp. To disabuse1

deliver and unwrapped.

To discount (to cleere.
Brazed (impudent.

Brawned seared unpayned.
Vice light (Twylight.

banding (factions.

Remooving (remuant).
A third person (a broker.

A nose cut of; tucked up.

His disease hath certen traces.

An interlineation, written under Sp.

To plaine him on (?).

Ameled (fayned, counterfett in the best kynd.
Having the upper grownd (awcthority.

His resorts (his conceyts.

It may be well last for it hath lasted well.

Those are great with yow that are great by yow.

The avenues.

A back-thought.

Baragan (perpetuo juvenis).

A Bonance (a caulme.

To drench, to potion (to infect.

Haggard in sauvages.

Infistuled (made hollow with malign dealing.
The ayre of his behavior; fashons.


There are two other papers in the same bundle which are worth printing, because they help to show the sort of use Bacon made of these rough collections. One of them (fò. 114.) is dated 27th January 1595 (that is 1595-6), about fourteen months after the commencement of the Promus, but appears to have been revised and corrected at a later period. It seems to be a rudiment or fragment of one of those collections by way of "provision or preparatory store for the furniture of speech and readiness of invention" which he recommends in the Advancement of Learning, and more at large in the De Augmentis (lib. vi. c. 3.) under the head of Rhetoric; and which, he says, "appeareth to be of two sorts; the one in resemblance to a shop of pieces unmade up, the other to a shop of things ready made up, both to be applied to that which is frequent and most in request: the former of these I will call antitheta and the latter formulæ.

"Antitheta are theses argued pro et contra, wherein men may be more large and laborious; but in such as are able to do it, to avoid prolixity of entry, I wish the seeds of the several arguments to be cast up into some brief and acute sentences, not to be cited, but to be as skeins or bottoms of thread, to be

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