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my Lord Burleigh. She answered; I have but fulfilled the Scripture; The first shall be last, and the last first.

230. (195.) Simonides being asked of Hiero; What he thought of God? asked a seven-night's time to consider of it. And at the seven-night's end he asked a fortnight's time.

At the fortnight's end, a month. At which Hiero marvelling, Simonides answered; That the longer he thought on it', the more difficult he found it.

231. (248.) Anacharsis would say concerning the popular estates of Græcia; That he wondered how at Athens wise men did propose, and fools did dispose.

† 232. Solon compared the people unto the sea, and orators to the winds: For that the sea would be calm and quiet, if the winds did not trouble it.

233. (197.) Socrates was pronounced by the oracle of Delphos to be the wisest man of Greece; which he would put from himself, ironically saying; There could be nothing in him3 to verify the oracle, except this; that he was not wise, and knew it ; and others were not wise, and knew it not.

234. (238.) Cato the elder, what time many of the Romans had statua's erected in their honour, was asked by one in a kind of wonder; Why he had none? and answered; He had much rather men should ask and wonder why he had no statua, than why he had a statua.

† 235. Sir Fulke Grevill had much and private access to Queen Elizabeth, which he used honourably, and did many men good; yet he would say merrily of himself; That he was like Robin Goodfellow; For when the maids spilt the milkpans, or kept any racket, they would lay it upon Robin; So what tales the ladies about the Queen told her, or other bad offices that they did, they would put it upon him.

236. (196.) Socrates, when there was shewed him1 the book of Heraclitus the Obscure, and was asked his opinion of it, answered; Those things that I understood were excellent; I imagine, so were those that I understood not; but they require a diver of Delos.

† 237. Bion asked an envious man that was very sad; What harm had befallen to him, or what good had befallen to another man?

I thought upon the matter. R. 8 in himself. R.

2 put from himself in modesty. R. unto him. R.

† 238. Stilpo the philosopher, when the people flocked about him, and that one said to him; The people come wondering about you, as if it were to see some strange beast. No, (saith he) it is to see a man which Diogenes sought with his lanthorn.

239. (184.) Antisthenes being asked of one; What learning was most necessary for man's life? answered; To unlearn that which is naught.

† 240. There was a politic sermon, that had no divinity in it, was preached before the King. The King, as he came forth, said to Bishop Andrews; Call you this a sermon? The Bishop answered; And it please your majesty, by a charitable construction, it may be a sermon.

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241. (103.) Bishop1 Andrews was asked at the first coming over of the Bishop of Spalato; Whether he were a Protestant or no? He answered; Truly I know not, but he is a Detestant, of divers opinions of Rome.3

242. (182.) Caius Marius was general of the Romans against the Cimbers, who came with such a sea of multitude' upon Italy. In the fight, there was a band of the Cadurcians, of a thousand, that did notable service. Whereupon, after the fight, Marius did denizen them all for citizens of Rome, though there was no law to warrant it. One of his friends did represent it unto him, that he had transgressed the law, because that privilege was not to be granted but by the people. Whereto Marius answered; That for the noise of arms he could not hear the laws.

243. (105.) Æneas Sylvius would say; That the Christian faith and law, though it had not been confirmed by miracles, yet was worthy to be received for the honesty thereof.

† 244. Henry Noel would say; That courtiers were like fastingdays; They were next the holydays, but in themselves they were the most meagre days of the week.

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245. (106.) Mr. Bacon would say; That it was in business, as it is commonly in ways; that the next way is commonly the foulest, and that if a man will go the fairest way, he must go somewhat about.

246. (215.) Augustus Cæsar, out of great indignation against his two daughters, and Posthumus Agrippa, his grandchild,

The Lord Bishop.

R.

2 Archbishop. R.

3 but I think he is a Detestant: That was, of most of the opinions of Rome. R. 4 such a sea of people. R. present. R.

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frequently. R.

whereof the first two were infamous, and the last otherwise unworthy, would say; That they were not his seed, but some imposthumes that had broken from him.

† 247. Cato said; The best way to keep good acts in memory, was to refresh them with new.

248. (183.) Pompey did consummate the war against Sertorius, when Metellus had brought the enemy somewhat low. He did also consummate the war against the fugitives, whom Crassus had before defeated in a great battle. So when Lucullus had had great and glorious victories against Mithridates and Tigranes, yet Pompey, by means his friends made, was sent to put an end to that war. Whereupon Lucullus, taking indig nation, as a disgrace offered to himself, said; That Pompey was a carrion crow, that when others had strucken down bodies, he came to prey upon them.1

249. (186.) Diogenes, when mice came about him as he was eating, said; I see that even Diogenes nourisheth parasites.

250. (233.) Epictetus used to say; That one of the vulgar, in any ill that happens to him, blames others; a novice in philosophy blames himself; and a philosopher blames neither the one nor the other.

251. (187.) Hiero visited by Pythagoras, asked him; Of what condition he was? Pythagoras answered; Sir, I know you have been at the Olympian games. Yes, saith Hiero. Thither (saith Pythagoras) come some to win the prizes. Some come to sell their merchandize, because it is a kind of mart of all Greece. Some come to meet their friends, and make merry, because of the great confluence of all sorts. Others come only to look on. am one of them that come to look on. Meaning it of philosophy, and the contemplative life.

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252. (107.) Mr. Bettenham 2 used to say; That riches were like much; when it lay upon an heap, it gave but a stench and ill odour; but when it was spread upon the ground, then it was cause of much fruit.

253. (96.) The same Mr. Bettenham said; That virtuous men were like some herbs and spices, that give not3 their sweet smell, till they be broken and crushed.

254. (98.) There was a painter became a physician. Where

I then Pompey came and preyed upon them. R.

2 Reader of Gray's Inn.

R.

give not out. R.

upon one said to him; You have done well; for before the faults of your work were seen, but now they are unseen.1

255. (189.) One of the philosophers was asked; What a wise man differed from a fool? He answered; Send them both naked to those that know them not, and you shall perceive.

256. (234.) Cæsar in his book that he made against Cato (which is lost) did write, to shew the force of opinion and reverence of a man that had once obtained a popular reputation; That there were some that found Cato drunk, and they were ashamed instead of Cato.

257. (191.) Aristippus, sailing in a tempest, shewed signs of fear. One of the seamen said to him, in an insulting manner; We that are plebeians are not troubled; you, that are a philosopher, are afraid. Aristippus answered; There is not the like wager upon it, for me to perish and you.

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258. (192.) There was an orator that defended a cause of Aristippus, and prevailed. Afterwards he asked Aristippus; Now, in your distress, what did Socrates do you good? Aristippus answered; Thus; in making true that good which you said of me. 3

† 259. Aristippus said; He took money of his friends, not so much to use it himself, as to teach them how to bestow their money.

†260. A strumpet said to Aristippus; That she was with child by him. He answered; You know that no more, than if you went through a hedge of thorns, you could say, This thorn pricked me.

261. (15.) The lady Paget, that was very private with Queen Elizabeth, declared herself much against her match with Monsieur. After Monsieur's death, the Queen took extreme grief (at least as she made shew), and kept within her bedchamber and one antechamber for three weeks space, in token of mourning. At last she came forth into her privy chamber, and admitted her ladies to have access unto her; and amongst the rest my lady Paget presented herself, and came to her with a smiling countenance. The Queen bent her brows, and seemed to be highly displeased, and said to her; Mudam, you

Compare Melch. IV. 7. 5., where the remark is represented more gracefully as made by the painter himself.

2 for you to perish and for me. R.

3 in making that which you said of me to be true. R.

the match.

VOL. VII.

R.

M

⚫ kept in. R.

are not ignorant of my extreme grief, and do you come to me with a countenance of joy? My lady Paget answered; Alas, and it please your Majesty, it is impossible for me to be absent from you three weeks, but that when I see you I must look cheerfully. No, no, (said the Queen, not forgetting her former averseness from1 the match), you have some other conceit in it; tell me plainly. My lady answered; I must obey you. It is this. I was thinking how happy your Majesty was, in that you married not Monsieur; for seeing you take such thought for his death, being but your friend, if he had been your husband, sure it would have cost you your life.

is

262. (94.) Sir Edward Dyer, a grave and wise gentleman, did much believe in Kelley the alchymist; that he did indeed the work, and made gold: insomuch as he went himself into Germany, where Kelley then was, to inform himself fully thereof. After his return, he dined with my Lord of Canterbury, where at that time was at the table Dr. Browne, the physician. They fell in talk of Kelley. Sir Edward Dyer, turning to the Archbishop, said; I do assure your Grace, that that I shall tell you truth. I am an eye-witness thereof, and if I had not seen it, I should not have believed it. I saw Master Kelley put of the base metal into the crucible, and after it was set a little upon the fire, and a very small quantity of the medicine put in, and stirred with a stick of wood, it came forth in great proportion perfect gold, to the touch, to the hammer, to the test. Said the Bishop2; You had need take heed what you say, Sir Edward Dyer, for here is an infidel at the board. Sir Edward Dyer said again pleasantly; I would have looked for an infidel sooner in any place than at your Grace's table. What say you, Dr. Browne? saith the Bishop.3 Dr. Browne answered, after his blunt and huddling manner, The gentleman hath spoken enough for me. Why (saith the Bishop') what hath he said? Marry, (saith Dr. Browne) he said he would not have believed it except he had seen it; and no more will I. † 263. Democritus said; That truth did lie in profound pits, and when it was got, it needed much refining.

264. (95.) Doctor Johnson said; That in sickness there were three things that were material; the physician, the disease, and the patient. And if any two of these joined, then they have 5 the victory. For, Ne Hercules quidem contra duos. If the phy

1 to. R.
2 My Lord Archbishop said. R.
• Archbishop. R.

3 said the Archbishop. R. 5 get. R.

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