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adimamus ? Quomodo autem in potestate nostra est videre, si velimus, cum etiam, salva integritate naturae corporis oculorumque nostrorum, nec volentes videre possimus, sive per noctem luminibus quae forinsecus adhibentur ademptis, sive nos quisquam in tenebroso loco aliquo includat? Item si quod audire possumus vel non possumus, in nostra potestate non est, sed in naturae constrictione ; quod vero audimus vel non audimus, hoc est propriae voluntatis : cur non attendit, quanta audiamus inviti, quae penetrant in sensum nostrum etiam auribus obturatis, sicuti est de proximo serrae stridor, vel grunnitus suis ?

(b) Visum est,' inquit, mihi. Potest non soli visum esse, quod visum sibi esse declarat. Non enim voluntate tantum humana visum est, sed sicut placuit ei qui in me, inquit, loquitur Christus, qui ut id quod bonum est, nobis quoque bonum videri possit, operatur. Quem enim miseratur, et vocat. Et ideo qui Christum sequitur potest interrogatus, cur esse voluerit Christianus, respondere, Visum est mihi. Quod cum dicit, non negat Deo visum; a Deo enim praeparatur voluntas hominum: ut enim Deus honorificetur a sancto, Dei gratia est.' Ecce quid iste sapiat, si verbis Ambrosii delectatur, quod a Deo praeparatur voluntas hominum; et nulla, vel non magna quaestio est, quis vel quando perficiatur, dum tamen sine gratia Christi idipsum fieri posse minime dubitetur. Deinde quantum erat, ut attenderet iste unum versum de Ambrosii verbis quae possit. Cum enim ille dixisset, “ Nam cum Ecclesia ex gentibus, hoc est, ex peccatoribus congregata sit, quomodo ex maculatis immaculata potest esse, nisi primo per Christi gratiam, quod abluta delicto sit; deinde, quod per qualitatem non peccandi abstineat a delictis ?' ille addidit, quod iste apparet cur addere noluerit: ait namque ille, .Nec ab initio immaculata ; humanae enim hoc impossibile naturae: sed per Dei gratiam et qualitatem sit, quia jam non peccat, fit ut immaculata videatur.'

(c) Ideo dicit, Ubi est ergo gloriatio tua ? Exclusa est. Per quam legem ? factorum ? Non, sed per legem fidei. Sive gloriationem dixerit laudabilem, quae in Domino est, eamque exclusam, id est, non ut abso deret pulsam, sed ut emineret expressam. Unde et exclusores dicuntur quidam artifices argentarii. Hinc est et illud in Psalmis, Ut excludantur ii qui probati sunt argento : hoc est, ut emineant qui probati sunt eloquio Domini. Nam et alibi dicitur: Eloquia Domini eloquia casta, argentum igne examinatum. Sive gloriationem vitiosam de superbia venientem commemorare voluerit, eorum scilicet, qui cum sibi juste videntur vivere, ita gloriantur, quasi non acceperint: eamque non per legem factorum, sed per legem fidei dicit exclusam, id est, ejectam et abjectam; quia per legem fidei quisque cognoscit, si quid bene vivit, Dei gratia sé habere, et ut perficiatur in dilectione justitiae non se aliunde consecuturum.

2. Against what practically mischievous notion was Pelagius anxious to protest? In what sense was he willing to acknowledge a necessity for the grace of God ?

3. What was the relevance to the controversy of the text, “ The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life” ?

4. “If I with the finger of God cast out devils.” How does Augustine here understand the phrase “ finger of God,” and to what passages does he appeal ?

5. How does Augustine comment on the words “ factores legis justificabuntur”?

6. How does Augustine explain “per unius justitiam in omnes homines in justificationem vitae”? What illustration does he use ?

7. How does Augustine reply to the instances alleged by Pelagius of holy men and women of whom no sin is recorded in Scripture, and who are commended as having lived righteously? His reply bears upon a later controversy ?

8. How does Pelagius argue that in a baptized person the flesh cannot be contrary to the spirit, and how does Augustine answer ?

9. How did Pelagius take occasion to accuse his opponents as being Origenists?

10. What were the propositions which Pelagius anathematized before obtaining his acquittal ?

II. What does Augustine find unsatisfactory in the form of his anathema ?

12. How does Augustine defend the complimentary terms used in his letter to Pelagius ?



כִּי־יָבוֹא כַנָּהָר צֶר רוּחַ יהוה נִסְחָה בוֹ : וּבָא לְצִיוֹן גוֹאֵל וִגו

How is the first clause rendered by the LXX., by Lowth (= Ges.), and by Cheyne, respectively? What rendering is indicated by the accents ?

What are the possible renderings of the rest of the quotation accord

? נססה ing to the meaning assigned to


בְּכָל־צָרָתָם לֹא צָר וּמַלְאַךְ פָּנָיו הוֹשִׁיעָם:

What are the two possible renderings of this reading of the first clause ? What is the Keri? What meaning for 73 was suggested by R. Iona (quoted by Rosenmüller) ?

What connexion and meaning are adopted by the LXX. (approved by Lowth)?

? מאלד פניו Comment on the phrase וְיִזְכֹּר יְמֵי עוֹלָם משֶׁה עַמוֹ הַמַּעֲלֶם מִיָּם אֵת 3 רעֶה צאנוֹ אַיֵּה הַשָׂם בְּקִרְבּוֹ אֶת־רוּחַ קָדְשׁוֹ :

4. Write a note on this passage. What words in it are read differently in some MSS. ? What are the

-of Gesenius and Weir respec עמו and משה suggestions respecting

tively ?

.5 וּמְקַטְרִיס על־הַלְבֵנִיס : וּבְחִים בַּגַּנּוֹת וּמְקַטְרִיס הַיֹּשְׁבִים בַּקְבָרִים וּבַנְצוּרִים יָלִינוּ הָאֹכְלִים בְּשׂר הַחֲזִיר וּפְרַק פִּנָּלִים כְּלֵיהֶם: הָאֹמְרִים קְרַב אֵלֶיךְ אַל־תִּגַּשׁ־בִּי כִּי קְדַשְׁתִּיךְ :

Translate and explain. What light has been thrown on this passage by recent researches ? What other passage in Isaiah refers to the same matter? How does Geiger read and render the last word ?

הָעֹרְבִים לַבַּד שֶׁלְחָן וְהַמְמַלְאים לַמִנִי מִמְסָךְ .6

How are the significations of 7) and ascertained ? What traces are there of these names elsewhere ?

What is the play on the words in the following context ?
Is there any other allusion to “ lectisternia" in the Bible ?


לַמִּצְעָר יָרְשׁוּ עַם־קָדְשֶׁךְ

What is the reading for DV of the LXX. (= Lowth, Cheyne, &c.)? What is Dr. Weir's suggestion ?

What are the renderings of the text given by Delitzsch and by Luz

? (ירשו zatto (the latter adopting a different sense for

פָּגַעְתָּ, אֶת-שָׂשׂ וְעֹשֶׂה צֶדֶק בִּדְרָכֶיךָ יִזְכְּרוּךְ .8 הֵן־אַתָּה קָצַפְתָּ וַיָּחֶטָא בָּהֶם עולם וְנִיָשֵׁעַ:

Write a note on the interpretations of this.

? Is the E. V. admissible ? בהם עולם What is the difficulty in

What was Jerome's explanation? What the Targum, and how was its interpretation elicited from the words ?

What have the LXX. for the last word, and what corresponding reading is adopted by Lowth, &c. ? What is the change suggested by

? (ונושע Delitzsch (for

9. Quote the passage cited in Acts xiii. 24, thus :

δώσω υμίν τα όσια Δαυείδ τα πιστά.

10. What light is thrown by inscriptions on the religious position of Cyrus ?

11. Translate into Hebrew :

Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money ; come ye buy and eat; yea come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread, and your labour for that which satisfieth not ? hearken diligently unto me and eat ye that which is good and let your soul delight itself in fatness.



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1. Give an account of the origin and development of Roman Equity.

2. Trace the origin and progress of the idea of “Territorial Sovereignty.”

3. Explain the phrases, Emptor familia, Jus Tripertitum, Usucapio, Bonorum possessio.

4. State the principal conclusions arrived at by the Brussels Conference in 1874 as to the regulation of the conduct of Belligerents.

5. In the case of a Civil War, state the advantages derived by both parties from a recognition of their Belligerency by Foreign Powers.

6. State the provisions of the Declaration of Paris, and of the Geneva and St. Petersburg Conventions.

7. State the object and effect of the Statute De Donis Conditionalibus.

8. Write a note upon the legislation of the reign of Henry VIII. with respect to real property.

9. Point out the distinction between contingent remainders and executory interests, and state the rules against perpetuity with reference to each of these kinds of estates.

10. State the principal changes introduced by the Wills Act, 7 Will. IV., and i Vict. c. 26.

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1. Many kinds of pleasure exist without the corresponding pains ?

2. The better to understand the advantages of Law, we must form a clear idea of Property. Explain this.

3. The power of making a Will is advantageous to the public in many respects ?

4. Give some examples of what Bentham means by attacks on Security.

5. What is the present state of the law with respect to marriages with a deceased wife's sister ? State the principle established by the House of Lords in Brooks v. Brooks.

6. State the outlines of the Law of Rome as to Corporations. 7. Give an account of Superficies and Emphytensis. 8. State the Roman Law of Intestate Succession. 9. Give an account of the doctrine of Equity as to Separate Estate. 10. What is meant by Marshalling assets ? 11. What are the principles of Equity as to Penalties and Forfeitures ? 12. What is meant by Conversion and Reconversion ?




1. State precisely the position of the "Island of Reil,” or the central lobe of the brain. How can it best be displayed, and from whence does it receive its blood-supply ?

2. Name the structures which would require to be removed in order to expose the entire length of the internal mammary artery.

3. Name the constituent parts of the spermatic cord in the male.

4. What movements can be performed at the radio-carpal joint? Name the muscles which act primarily in producing each of these movements.

5. Give the dissection necessary to expose the anterior aspect of the capsule of the hip-joint.



1. Describe the relations of the Common Iliac Arteries, contrasting those of the right and left sides.

2. Enumerate the muscles attached to the Scapula, mentioning the nervous supply of each.

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