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Question 83. Velocity of projection=1 x 321 X, and in the triangle BDC we have the two sides 120=1930 feet.
BC, BD, and the included angle DBC; and the 19302
area of a triangle is equal to the rectangle of two Height attained 42x3276 =57900 feet.
of its sides by half the sine of the included angle.
i. Area of triangle A B C=3600 x 25098-7x} Question 84. In the triangle A B C, we have sin. 96o=449 3017 acres, given the side A B, and the angles at A and B . Area of triangle B 76° and 96° respectively. Also the angle A CB, sin. 57° 30'=1930 8407 acres. = 180°-(76° +96°)=80; and since the sides of a .:. Area of A B D C=449 3017+1930-8407= triangle are in the ratio of the sines of their oppo 2380 1424 acres.
J. S., Dublin. site angles, we have,As Sin. A CB : AB :: sin. BAC:BC.
Exercise XIX., Vol. IV., p. 398. respectively; and the angle B D C=180°-(45°
Senior Division. 10'+57° 30')=77° 20'.
1. Give in your own words a short account of ..As Sin. BDC: BC:: sid. BCD: BD. I the origin of the English language, distinguishing Or, as Sin. 77° 20' : 25098.7 :: sin, 45° 10' : the periods of the Anglo-Saxon, old, middle, and 18243=BD.
modern English. Now, in the triangle ABC we have the two 2. Give six examples each of words of Saxon, sides A B and BC, and the included angle ABC; | Latin, Greek, and French origin.
MODEL EXERCISE, No. XVIII.–Vide Vol. IV. p. 359.
Verbs governing Other Infinitives, and Participles
The Societies' bertion. EXERCISES FOR THE MEETINGS OF MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT SOCIETIES.
Summer with its alluring invitations to rural, voured to give the information which has been walks and open-air exercises is gone, and winter sought, but we fear it has been done in a somewhat with its long nights and in-door occupations is uusatisfactory manner, on account of the great before us. This fact has already bad its influence demaud of other duties upon our time. upon the promoters of various public movements, It must be mainly through the press that we who are now busily engaged in preparing for manifest our in:erest in these societies, and this their“ winter campaigns," and we trust that it is we have not failed constantly to do since the thus with the officers and committees of those establishment of our magazine. The “ Reports societies which are established for promoting the which, month after month, have appeared in our intellectual advancement and mutual improve pages, have been given not as so much mere ment of their men bers. If the work of prepara. intelligence," but as containing many valuable tion has not been commenced by them it ought hints and suggestive examples. We may also not to be delayed a moment longer, for much of here especially refer to the pamphlet which re the success of their societies will depend uport the have recently brought out, containing "an Essay timely and prudent arrangements made for con un Mutual Instruction and Debating Societies, ducting them. But some, we know, are busy an Article on the Laws of Debate, a Model Code with their on-Jooking projects, for we have re. l of Laws for a Literary Society, and a List o ceived numerous letters from different parts of the upucards of Two Hundred Questions suitable country soliciting our advice on various subjects for Discussion."* We commend this little tracconuected with these in valuable associations of young men. In every instance we have ended * Houlston and Stoneman. 32 pp., 8vo., 3d.
tate to the attention of all members of literary present a summary of the crude notions of our societies, and hope that it will be found to supply ancestors, &c.; another member might speak of them with instructive subjects of discussion, and mathematical geography and some of its wonders ; valuable hints for making their discussions really another might treat of physical geography, and profitable.
another of political geography and its great outWe find that there is a want felt in many lines. This would not merely be an improving societies for some exercises additional to discus- exercise to the four essayists,but it rightly managed sious, in order to secure more variety and greater it would be found interesting and profitable to all interest in their meetings; and we would briefly present. But historical and biographical subjects refer to a few such exercises for the guidance of will prove best suited to this kind of treatment. our friends.
The history of great movements, their causes and First. There is an order of discussion adopted effects, may thus be taken up, while the lives, in some societies, in which one of the members characters, and works of our poets, and other reads an essay on some given subject, and the "joen ot' mark," will present never-tailing subjects sentiments thus advanced are made the subject of for thoughtful reading, careful discrimination, the subsequent debate. We must, however, con. and stirring appeal. We think very bighly of fess that we do not greatly admire this plan, as it this as an exercise worthy of occasionally occupy is apt to engender personalities, and it frequently ing the attention of the members of our Mutual depends upon the first speaker whether or not a Iinprovement Societies. subject be fully and fairly considered.
The last societarian exercise to which we Secondly. Many societies occasionally have would now refer is the delivery of private lectures what may be termed a miscellaneous essay night, by the most experienced and intelligent members. when a number of the members previously en. This practice we consider may with advantage be gaged, read short original essays on any subject greatly extended. The sources of knowledge are not prohibited by the laws, or uncongenial with now so manifold, and the means of illustrating the feelings of the members. The composition lectures so numerous, that no one with ordinary and reading of these essays may be subjected to acquirements need shrink from the preparation kindly criticism, but the sentiments are not to be and delivery of a lecture to his fellow-members canvassed. This is a useful exercise for bringing and friends. Let such a one first make himself out junior or diffident members, and is generally master of a subject by attentive reading and close interesting to others. The experienced may thinking, and he may with confidence, though in a counsel, all may learn.
modest, unassuming manner, present the results Thirdly. There are what, for want of a better to others. We would direct the attention of gen. title, we may designate sectional-essayic meetings. tlemen who purpose carrying out this hint, to the The plan on which these meetings are conducted excellent diagrams prepared for lecturers by the is not much known, though very simple, and “ Working Men's Educational Union." They capable of general adoption. A subject being have already published sets illustrative of the solar fixed upon for a given evening, it is divided into system, the nebulæ, the telescope, the microscope, three or four sections, and these sections allotted human physiology, the mechanical powers, locoto as many members, whose duty it is to read motion, Eastern habitations, Oriental customs, short essays upon them at the meeting. In this Nineveh, Assyria, Australia, &c. Descriptive way many scientific, historical, and biographical catalogues may be had on application. subjects may be taken up with much interest. We must not for the present pursue this subject Suppose, for instance, one evening be devoted any further, but commend the suggestions we to Geography, for the purpose of stimulating the have offered to the test of experience, and express members to study it for themselves; one of the our hope that they may be the means of promoting members might introduce the subject by giving a in some degree the prosperity of those societies brief history of the science, in which he would in which we feel so deep and lively an interest.
REPORTS OF MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT SOCIETIES.
Southampton Mutual Improvement Society. I the outgoing officers for the manner in which The half-yearly meeting of the members of this they had performed their duties. The officers and Society was recently held at the National School. committee for the ensuing half-year were then room, St. Michael's square, when a most en-elected :-President, W. Martin; vice-president, couraging report was read by the corresponding M. Collins; financial secretary, C. Dasb per ; secretary, showing that the sphere of useful- corresponding ditto, R. Tuckerman. ness of the institution had continued to in. Bideford Mutual Improvement Society.-The crease, and that the number of members was annual summer soirée of the members of this
uch greater than at the previous meeting. society took place on the far famed Northam BurClasses for the study of music, elocurion, &c., rows, on Wednesday, July 26th. This extensive had been
been successfully conducted, and notwith- plain of 1000 acres, situated about three miles unding many heavy expenses incurred in the from Bideford, is the resort of all classes iu the aprovement of the library, the committee had summer months, who visit it on account of its
n enabled to discharge the whole of their beautiful promenade of sand, two miles in length, liabilities
bilities, the income during the six months and the advautages it offers for sea-bathing. A being ) ng £27 6s. 2 d., and the expenditure £27 good tea having been partaken, the members en
20., a considerable amount of collectable joyed themselves in various ways, and at dusk arrears du
ears due from the members being also forth. assembled in the room provided for the occasion,
uing to meet future contingencies. The report when, after suitable refreshment, the chair was was received and adopted, and thanks voted to taken by Mr. W. H. Major. Mr. Berry, in a very was received
practical and suggestive speech, pointed out the receiving it with much gratification as an expresadvantages of such societies. He was succeeded sion of esteem and friendship. Tbe remainder of by Mr. Veysey, who, in a most interesting address the evening was spent in a most harmonious on“ Earnestness," urged the members to renewed manner. exertion. He reminded them that he who looked Reading Young Men's Mutual Improvement upon the society as of secondary importance was Society. This society commemorated the second an unworthy member, and ought not to continue year of its existence by a social tea-meeting on as such. He had never done so; and he could Monday, July 17th, in the Auction Rooms, St. say that, during the last seven years of his pro- Mary's Butts, on which occasion upwards of a minent public life, he had received untold benefit hundred sat down to partake of "the cup which from the society. He concluded by exhorting the cheers but not inebriates." Soon after six the members pot to be discouraged by difficulty, but chair was taken hy Mr. W. H. Lance, who, after to make their watch word, “Onward, ever on!" giving a few introductory remarks, called upon The members returned to their homes shortly after the members who had previously volunteered to Il o'clock, p m. We are sorry to state that busi. entertain their friends, for recitations. Amongst ness arrangem-nts necessitate Mr. Veysey's re others particularly deserving of note were "The moval from Bideford. That removal will be felt Conscience Stricken" (Hudson), and “The Capto be a severe loss, by this society, of which tive" (Lewis) which were admirably given by Mr. be has ever been a firm, active, and influential | Edwd. Gladden; also“ Perhasscus" (Willis), and member. His name will ever be gratefully remem- “ Dream of Darkness" (Byron), were recited with bered by his co-members, and by his fellow-towns- good effect by Mr. E.House. 'Mr. Tyrrell's conmen generally. In a town like Bideford, which certed piece, “ The Most Miserable Man upon is ever sending forth young men into the world, Earth," was also deserving of notice. The recitathe importance of the Mutual Improvement tions were interspersed with singing and numerSociety can scarcely be overrated. Young men ous evolutions upon the sax-horns, which kept up have gone forth from Bideford to Australia, South the conviviality of the meeting until 10 o'clock, Africa. India, the Brazils, United States, and the when the assembly dispersed with an apparent Canadas, as well as to nearly every town of im- good flow of spirits.-H. M., Hon. Sec. portance in England, and a great many have been East Retford Mutual Improvement Society. members of this society. May it long be, as it -The Early Closing Movement has lately been has been in days that have gone, a blessing to extended in this town, and its first-fruits is the society, and an ornament to the town.-F. S., formation of a Mutual Improvement Society. Hon. Sec.
On the 28th June, the writer, in conjunction with Northern Literary and Discussion Society. two of his friends who thought the time favourOn Friday evening, the 28th July, several of the able for the formation of a society, called a meetmembers of this society assembled in Simpson's ing of the young men for the purpose of organizTemperance Hotel, to present to Mr. Robert H. ing one, at which eleven young men attended. N. Cooke (a member of the council), previous to and enrolled their names as members, and pledged his leaving Newcastle for London, a handsome themselves to use their best endeavours in admassive silver pencil-case, accompanied by a neat vancing its interests. The result of our labour and appropriate aldress. The latter was signed has been very satisfactory. The society now by as many of the members as could be commu. numbers 30 members, amongst whom are several nicated with in the short lapse of time between of the leading men of the borough, iucluding the the announcement of Mr. Cooke's departure and vicar (who kindly accepted the presidency), which the presentation. The early part of the evening will give the society a local standing we could was occupied by a short and animated debate on not otherwise have obtained. The code of model the Sunday closing of public-houses ; Mr. T.J. rules in the British Controversialist of February, Bell acting as chairman. This being concluded, 1851, were adopted, with a few slight alterations. Mr. J.D. Cariss, secretary, was elected to preside On July 25th, the president delivered to the mem over the presentation, with Mr. T. J. Bell as his bers an inaugural address, in which he dwelt at a vice-chairinau. After a few appropriate remarks considerable length on the advantages that would from the latter gentleman, Mr. Cariss, on behalf accrue from the society. It is established on a of the members, in a brilliant and highly eulogis. wide and liberal basis, entirely unsectarian. Altic oration, presented the testimonial. Messrs. though the vicar is the president, there are several Dempsey aud Young spoke shortly reiterating leading Dissenters in the society. The following the sentiments contained in the address and in are elected office-bearers :-President, The Rer. the remarks of the chairman. After which Mr. A. Brook ; vice-president, Mr. John Plant ; tresKenney, in an eloquent and affecting speech, after surer, Mr. John White; secretary, Mr. J. ad verting to the loss they were about to sustain, Tiney; committee-the Rev. C. Hodge, Mr. G. and to Mr. Cooke's past exertions for the wellare Golland, Mr. Mager, Mr. W. Hutchinson, Mr. of the society, proposed that he be enrolled ou Johu Clark, and Mr. H. Hall; five to form a quothe list of honorary members of the society ; add- rum. The ordinary meetings are held weekly, on ing, that though second on the list, he could con Tuesday evenings. I have mentioned your valufidently predict that Mr. Cooke would be worthy | able periodical to the members, and shall not of that high position. Mr. F. Carr, in a very cease drawing their attention to it, knowing that brief but appropriate manner, seconded the pro- they will be able to acquire a vast amount of position, which was carried nem. diss Mr. Cook valuable information and mental culture from its respon led in very feeling terms, declining to pages.-J. T., Sec. consider the testimonial a reward of merit, but Warwick and Leamington Church School
masters' Association.-This society was formed * Our talented townsman, George Crawshay, I in May, 1848, under the patronage of the bishop Esq., being the first.
1 of the diocese; and the sixth annual meeting
was recently held at the National School, Lea 1 Cameron, G. Staunton, &c. The chairman then mington, on which occasion & sermon was delivered the prizes to the successful candidates preached at the parish church, Leamioglon, by in the essays written during the past year-Dr. the Rev. J. Boudier, M.A., Vicar of St. Mary's, Hook's “Church Dictionary" being awarded to Warwick. After service, the members of the so- Mr. W. G. Fretton, schoolmaster, of Southam ciety, together with a number of the clergy of the (who obtained the first prize for a catechetical district, adjourned to the Crown hotel, and Jined lecture last year), for the best essay on the “ Emtogether, to the number of about fifty. When the ployment of Schoolmasters' Leisure Hours ;" and cloth was withdrawn, the usual toasts of the day Dr. Nixon's " Lectures on the Catechism" to Mr. were proposed by the chairman, the Rev. Canon J. E. Baker, schoolmaster, of Sniiterfield, for the Pelkington, Rector of Stockton, and the meeting best catechetical lecture on the Duty towards our was addressed by the Revs. Canon Hillyard, D. neighbours." The meeting soon after separated.
rwick. After service: 1;: Vicar of St. Mary's in the essays written dühe successful cau
ber with a number of the cof the so- Mr. W. G. rh Dictionary" being a year-Dr.
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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. Literary Pensions of the Year.-The £1200 in consideration of the many valuable contribuannually appropriated for literary pensions bas tions made by her late husband to the historical been allotted this year as follows:-£50 a year to and antiquarian literature of this country, and the Mrs. Glen (widow of the late Dr. Glen, missionary limited circumstances in which bis family were to the East for nearly 30 years), in consideration left at his death; £80 a year to the daughters of of Dr. Glen's services to biblical literature by his the late Dr. M'Gillivray, in consideration of their translation of the Old Testament into Persian, and late father's contributions to the service of natural the distressed condition in which his widow is history, and the destitute condition in which bis placed by his decease; £100 a-year to Sir Francis family are placed at his decease; £50 a-year to Bond Head, in consideration of the contributions Mrs. Hogg, the widow of the Ettrick Shepherd, he has made to the literature of this country; £100 in consideration of her late husband's poetical a-year to Mrs. Moir (widow of tbe late Mr. David talent; £100 a-year to the sister and two daughMoir, surgeon), in consideration of her late hus. ters of the late Mr James Simpson, in considera. band's literary and scientific works, in connection tion of his eminent services in the cause of educawith his profession, bis poetical talents, and the tion, and the distressed circumstances in which, destitute condition of his widow and eight chil- owing to the expenditure of his own means in the dren; £80 a year to the Rev. William Hickey, in furtheravce of this object, his family are left at his consideration of the service which his writings, decease; £40 a-year to the daughters of the late published under the siguature of Martin Doyle," Mr. James Kenney, in consideration of his rary have rendered to the cause of agricultural and talent; £100 a year to Mr. Alaric Alexander social improvement among the people of Ireland; | Watts, in consideration of his services to literature £100 a-year to Mrs. Lang, in consideration of the and to art; £100 a year to the daughters of the eminent services rendered for a period of upwards late Mr. Joseph Tucker, in consideration of their of 50 years by the late Mr. Oliver Lang, master late father's services as surveyor of the nary for shipwright at the Woolwich Dockyard, of bis eighteen years, and the distressed condition to numerous valuable inventions and improvemenis which they are reduced ; £100 a-year to Dr. for the advancement of naval architecture, and / Hincks, in consideration of the eminent services the straitened circumstances in which Mrs. Lang he has rendered to history and literature by his is placed; £50 a-year to the widow and daughter antiquarian researches, and especially in con of the late Mr. Joseph Train, in consideration of nection with the Assyrian and other Eastern lanhis personal services to literature, and the valu-guages; and £50 a-year to Mrs. Lee, widow of able aid derived by the late Sir Walter Scott from Mr. Bowditch, the celebrated African traveller, Mr. Train's antiquarian and literary researches, in consideration of her contributions to literature, prosecuted under Sir Walter's directions ; £100 and the straitened circumstances to which she is a-year to the widow of the late Sir Harris Nicolas
W or the late sir Harris Nicolas, now reduced.
his pers derived hy the latend literary researches and the strait Mr. Trains under Sir Walter's directs Nicolas, now reduced.