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tance; fervent appeals are made, not to the that the Union was a popular union at the patriotism of Great Britain, but to that of time; we are ill-advised men who aim at Scotland; our history is searched in order to changing it. And the other point is, that if evoke the names of those heroes who fought you change a union of that description, it is against England in foriner times; and, a union like that of matrimony, for better or lastly, the combination consists, amongst for worse." Again, “ The bishops, if it were others, of a number of persons who never necessary, have a majority of eight over our have shown any desire to remove abuses, sixteen peers. That is not a position for a and do not now render any substantial great country like Scotland, where you have assistance to the cause of reform—who a peerage older than any in Europe (applause) expend their strength in vain acclamation -a peerage which, at the time of the Union, and irritating appeals. Are we not justfied had 154 peers, and had as much right to be in maintaining that the movement, as well represented to the full in the peerage of as the particular language employed, is Great Britain as those of England had; and "extravagant, bombastic, and inflammatory?” | they were degraded by being told to send Looking to the addresses and resolutions of sixteen peers to represent them (applause)." the party alone, it is easy to see that these “A Thomac" tells us there is no danger of a are calculated to foment sedition. But we rupture between the two countries. We are not bound to be guided only by these. have shown that there is such danger. Any one versed in the history of revolutions Such appeals as our opponents make are is aware that the resolutions of public bodies perilous, amongst any people. A very few are often calm and moderate, while the years ago, our national church, then one of language and spirit of the great majority of the strongest of the reformation, was rent, those who compose them point to yet bolder and nearly destroyed by the declamation of changes, when the opportunity occurs; but men who appealed to the bigotry of the by falling back on official declarations their population, and invoked the historical real designs are veiled, and their attacks are recollections of presbyterianism. Would it protected. The fact that while pursuing be a matter for wonder that the present their evil course a casual protestation is agitation, stimulated by false appeals to occasionally made that there is no intention patriotism, and an artful use of our history

, of alienating the two nations, cannot alter might eventually dissolve the Union, and our opinion. What faith can be put in men dismember the Crown?

Connect this who have been parties to all the political movement with the anti-papal agitation maneuvring of the present century against here which opposes the moderation and the the people, and who began the agitation toleration of the Government, and it would referred to as if its only design were to receive an impetus which would still farther remedy a heraldic grievance? The tenden- alienate Scotland from England, and lead to cies of the movement are bad. The argu- the severance of the Union and the overments our opponents use, as to particular throw of religious freedom in Scotland. We questions, might be plausibly advanced for a are bound, then, to exercise the precaution of separate parliament, so as to secure a proper affording no encouragement whatever to the attention to Scotch interests; for the Queen Scottish Rights agitation. and court residing periodically in the three In answer to “ Douglas,” we remark that capitals; or, for a revisal of the Union. there is no real heraldic grievance, the These views would assimilate the agitation matter being left by the Act of Union to the to the repeal movement in Ireland. We do determination of the Crown. We contend not affirm that all our opponents go this that if, as we think, Government grants are length, but the tendencies of their movement improperly given for hospitals in London are all in this direction. At the Glasgow and Dablin, it is a sound argument that the meeting one of the leaders urged the pro- evil should not be extended to Scotland. priety of a local parliament in Scotland. From the recent discussions in Parliament, At the great Edinburgh meeting, Mr. we have little doubt that those grants will Alexander Baillie Cochrane said—“There be withdrawn. Our army is stationed at are only two points on which the present the places where it is most needed, and to system can be be supported. The one is, ask more troops for our manufacturing towns is to require an increase of taxation. As we made the statement which “A Thomac" for the use made of Holyrood Palace, we do refers to, and also alluded to the growing not consider the election of Scottish repre- prosperity of Scotland, to show the folly of sentative peers as requiring it to be kept an agitation which would deprive Scotland of up at a great expense, still less do we think all the advantages of the Union. While we extensive accommodation for the public on do not object to Holyrood Palace being kept such occasions to be indispensable. There is up, yet we think too much money has been neither “ignorance" nor duplicity on our expended upon it, and, if so, matters of part. A considerable sum was recently public utility proportionally neglected. expended, so as to fit the palace for the In conclusion, while “ Douglas” attempted residence of the Queen, and if not exactly to review our observations on certain of suitable, no repairs could make it so. Since the grievances alleged, he did not reply to " Douglas' is so wise, and since we are so those examples which we afforded of the ignorant, of Edinburgh, we should be obliged " gross fallacies”

on which the Scottish by being informed at what private hotel her Rights movement is based. These remain Majesty resides when she visits this city? unanswered. We may say again, that We humbly think she dwells on such occa- England and Scotland being one nation, and sions in Holyrood Palace, and if so, accord- the grievances put forth being English as ing to the argument of “ Douglas," it must well as Scotch, a purely Scottish agitation is be “in a state fit for her reception.” We did uncalled for, is improper, and injurious. It not assert that if additional members were is true our enlightened opponents in this allowed to Scotland, the majority would be periodical ate any accusation of injusTories, but that such addition would intro- tice against the English people. But if duce into the House of Commons a greater | Parliament has been so partial towards number of “ obstructive Tories, and nameless England and so unjust towards Scotland, its and incapable Liberals;” and “A Thomac" procedure must be considered as tacitly may blush as he likes, but this would be a approved of by the English, and had space fact. The great majority of our present allowed we could have shown by the referrepresentatives belong to either of these ences of the Scottish Rights advocates to the classes. This is acknowledged by our conduct of our poets in eulogising England, opponents themselves, and what with religi- and to certain prejudices existing against ous intolerance and national animosity, could Scotchmen in England, that the agitation is we expect better of the additional members? directed against the English people. Such In reply to “ A Thomac,” we contend that evils as Scotland can complain of are being those who have originated the movement, gradually remedied. Our clear course is to and who take a very active part in it, are a support " that great national Liberal party, few agitators. While the leaders are chiefly whose principle and desire it is to remove Tories; while we miss those generally who every political abuse.” That party gave us are known for their advocacy of liberal an adequate parliamentary representation, opinions; while the movement is obstructive rescuing the burghs from the grasp of a few to the Liberal party, and essentially reaction- self-elected town councils, and the country ary, we admit that a variety of individuals, from the rule of the Dundee's family. It is holding different political views, are asso- from the reformers, and not from a small ciated in the movement, yet it is not the number of men whose antecedents are not less a party scheme, tending to alienate the favourable, that we can expect any good in two kingdoms. We admit that Scotchmen the future which lies before us. are raised to high offices in England on

T. U. ascount of their industry and ability. But Edinburgh.

AFFIRMATIVE REPLY.

The Scottish Rights movement is just suffer themselves to be systematically wronged such as the English members of the Imperial without remonstrance, or without an effort Legislature might have expected. Was it to being made to stay the injustice and have be imagined that an entire people would future legislation placed upon a broad basis of equality. The people of Scotland are community, by station, talent, and acquireneither so impassioned nor imaginative as to ment, are spoken of, in the choice diction of rise unitedly against fancied evils. Theirs T. U., as a few individuals who have united is a more dignified object,—to resist the par- to stir up animosities. They have not even tiality that would accord her only a provincial the merit of originality in their attempts eminence,—to save unsullied the national (which he is pleased to censure as criminal); reputation,--to protect her honoured institu- but, according to him, must “imitate the tions from designed neglect, and covert and Repeal agitation.” He is not sparing in the open violation. This sense of injustice has use of either rhetoric or sophistry, and his united together all ranks of the community, vocabulary is a perfect Thesaurus of abuse. and will be a stimulus to the most persistent After looking into the future with both eyes and unwearied efforts to obtain redress. open, he sees the tremendous result of this Almost every shade of religious belief and agitation to be "treason,” “the awakening political opinion have been laid aside, and of national hatred;" calls us to “ witness a their differences forgotten, in the demand for groundless agitation;" fears the “ alienation" justice to Scotland. A movement which is of the English people as a consequence of yet in its infancy, and already numbers the idle declamation of a few designing deamong its adherents and supporters many of magogues; and, in the very language of prothe ancient nobility of the country, and the phecy, exclaims, “We may, if this tumult major part of the magistracy and civic dig- be allowed to increase, be drawing swords nitaries of every town in Scotland—that has against each other!" He must know little much of the practical intellect and business of human nature, and less of our paternal mind of the land—that has drawn towards Government, who talks of alienation from it men of every shade of politics and creed, England, or the danger of it, while she is men of great legal attainments, of historical annually in receipt of nearly six millions reputation, and poetic fame; and, more than sterling of surplus or free revenue from this all, a movement that has commended itself country. to the general mind of the community as That those who feel an interest in the essentially just; such a movement, supported question may have more reliable data to aid by such men, cannot be sneered at with im- them in the formation of a correct judgment punity.

than that furnished by T. U., we shall now The present question is one in which is state several of the grievances of which we involved, to a large extent, the welfare of complain, and in doing so we shall at the Scotland and the prosperity of England. We same time strengthen the position taken up feel a deep personal interest in the question and ably defended by our colleagues. as a national one; yet we are ready to examine The first grievance complained of is that the whole matter in dispute with impartiality of inadequate representation; and this is and fairness; we deprecate, however, that really so inadequate in point of numbers, spirit of partizanship which indulges in mis- that it is literally impossible to win or comrepresentation. Unfortunately, T. U. has mand the attention of Parliament to Scottish allowed himself the greatest liberties that affairs: these are uniformly treated with incan well be conceived, both with facts and difference and neglect. Whether population, language. We have perused his paper with taxation, or both, are made the basis of the considerable care; and, honestly speaking, allocation, Scotland has not her proportional it is doing him no injustice to say, that his share of the representation. Our representaarticle is deficient in candour, and shows tives are too few to cope successfully with him, if a Scotchman, to be unworthy of the unjust and overwhelming majority of the name and of the country. We have no English members. These carry all before desire to speak harshly; but our first duty is them—legislate for themselves, and insult to truth. Perversion must not be met with us, by taking our surplus revenue to aid smoothfaced courtesies; we, therefore, un- them in effectuating measures for the enrichequivocally say, that T. U.’s “ Negative” is ment of England exclusively. This cannot characterized by a pre-determination to mis- be borne for ever. There is a point beron construe the ground of difference between the which endurance is criminal; that point two countries. The men most exalted in the well-nigh reached. Scotland can never be

satisfied with her present measure of repre- unendowed, while those of London and Dublin sentation. It is intolerable to think that have large annual grants made to them from thirty English boroughs, with a population the national treasury. As an instance in inferior in point of numbers to that of Edin- point of the parsimony of Government where burgh, should return sixty representatives, the interests of the North are concerned, we while seventy-three towns in Scotland, with may mention that the House of Refuge in an intelligent and industrious population, Edinburgh is not only unendowed, but they have no representative.

have actually, for years past, exacted a rent Since the office of Secretary of State for of £80 per annum for the premises, in which Scotland has fallen into desuetude, numerous the benevolent have given the destitute, irrepolitical evils have crept into the administra- spective of country, temporary sustenance tion of our affairs, and numerous encroach- and shelter; and latterly, regardless of the ments have been made, all having a covert general indignation, put the building up to tendency to the denationalizing of Scotland; public sale. Do away with the disgrace of and that, too, in direct violation of the spirit this at once, and place us on the same level of the Union, a union founded in terms of the as England and Ireland. most perfect equality, and never to be coupled The indirect hostility of Government to with the indignities which conquerors might the progress of learning in Scotland, is certhrust upon å vanquished people. Had the tainly not creditable to men of liberal and secretaryship still existed, should we have enlightened sentiments. In England espehad the humiliation of making “the acci- cially, and also in Ireland, the endowments, dental discovery in an ish Law Reform grants, and annual payments to colleges and Bill (which by its title no one could have educational institutions present so many supposed to apply to Scotland) of a clause bounties there for the development of talent. inserted by the Attorney General, placing all Scotland, in this respect, is comparatively Scotland under the jurisdiction of the English neglected; her students are even taxed, and law courts?” This is proof sufficient that power is granted to a "lean and hungry” our national interests stand somewhat in need company of " apothecaries” to extort from of protection; and in view of this mal-admi-them still further should they venture to nistration it is, surely, not unreasonable to practise there. If the arts and sciences do insist on the re-establishment of the secre- not flourish in England and Ireland, it is not taryship, that Scottish affairs may be seen for want of patronage. Much has been done, to with as keen an eye as those of England. and is doing, to foster such institutions as T. U. vainly endeavours to parry the force of the National Gallery, the British and Geothe arguments adduced in favour of an in- logical Museums, Colleges, and Royal Socreased representation by asserting that it is cieties. With this we do not quarrel. Our the efficiency, and not the number, of the English and Irish brethren deserve all they representatives that is to be considered; now, receive at the hands of Government; but why if our English neighbours will reduce the should we not share in this munificence? number of their representatives to correspond English influence and avarice are being with ours, and be satisfied with the efficiency felt everywhere; our local boards, for the of the remainder, we will not differ further transaction of purely local business, are filled upon this point. But, no sooner are we with pensioners and placemen who have agreed, than a new cause of difference sug- already had too much to do with the admigests itself. Why should the universities of nistration of Scottish affairs. It must be this northern portion of the kingdom be an- admitted that our business would be conrepresented ? "It is, surely, needless at this ducted with more economy and despatch by time to enumerate the names of the distin- men practically acquainted with the country guished Scotchmen who have added their full and her manufactures than by strangers, and share to the literature of Europe - to show that men whose interests would be affected that our students, the future great men of by the general prosperity of the country our country, are as much entitled by their would feel more nearly concerned in its proper merits to be represented as their brethren of management. Is it possible to look tamely England or Ireland.

on and witness this wholesale patronage of The charitable institutions of Scotland are Englishmen, to the exclusion of native merit

to witness the withdrawal of our local reason to complain, however, that GovernBoards of Customs and Excise, for the pur- ment has by positive acts of legislation fospose of carrying out a centralizing policy, tered the trade of England at the expense of the consequent delay of business, the loss that of Scotland. All the Government dockincurred, the enterprise and commercial yards and arsenals are in England, where growth of the country impeded, the entire thousands of her industrial population are control usurped and engrossed by Southerns? engaged in every variety of mechanical labour; These are promoted—nay, pushed into every whole towns increase in prosperity from the well-paid official situation, to the humiliation wealth circulated there by the Government. and impoverishment of our people. The The evil is particularly glaring in this incommercial and shipping interests of the stance from the fact that the Scotch are country are subjected to enormous loss, loss famous throughout the world for their skill of property and loss of life, through the ex- in shipbuilding of every description; yet not clusiveness of Government in wilfully neg- one of the vessels of the naval force has been lecting to erect suitable harbours of refuge, built by them. Has this been done without although these are imperatively needed, in sectional legislation? The army is stationed order that our dangerous and stormy coasts mainly in England and Ireland; and, as a may no longer be strewed with the wrecked matter of course, victualled and paid there; and scattered fortunes of our merchants, and so that these countries respectively are benethe lifeless remains of our seamen (a class of fited by these necessary disbursements, which men who, recollecting our naval and mercan- cannot fail to augment their imports and give tile relations with the world, and irrespective a stimulus to trade. The same statement of higher considerations, surely deserve better equally applies to our naval armament. Naat the hands of Government). When these tional facilities are overlooked when Governharbours are wanted for England, there is no ment has a purpose to serve. The iron ore lack of funds to complete the works, as wit- of England is not equal to that of Scotland, ness the vast sums spent and being spent. and the forges of the latter are the finest in What think our readers of grants to the ex- Europe; yet the whole of the cannon belong. tent of upwards of £2,400,000 being made for ing to the Crown, the land and field batteries, these works, whilst the geographical survey the shot, shell, cannon, and mortars, are all of Scotland is not even now completed? The made in England, notwithstanding the sapeconsequences of this parsimony are just what rior facilities for the like manufacture posmight have been foreseen: navigation is ren- sessed by Scotland. Not content with this dered more hazardous than it need be; in- swinging patronage of English labour, they deed, so wretchedly is our country mapped, descend to pettinesses quite ridiculons, that various of our promontories are inaccu- Fancy them bringing the stationery required rately set down to the extent of several miles. for the Government offices all the way from

It is surely evident, from the foregoing the Thames ! Even the uniforms of the statements, that the Scottish people owe to Edinburgh letter carriers are contracted and the Government a very small debt of gratitude paid for in London, as if it were impossible indeed, and that they are in reality aggrieved. to find a tailor in Scotland equal to the task The progress of the country since the Union of making them. In the matter of the inis not, as has been asserted, the result of its come tax we have just reason to feel ago connexion with England, but the result of the grieved. It is high time to call attention to cessation of international feuds, and the con- this “distinctive” manner of legislating. sequent leisure and opportunity left for the Scottish landlords are charged upon the cultivation of the industrial arts, arts which gross rental, whereas the landlords of the have been carried to a high degree of excel- other two countries pay only upon the nett lence by the indomitable perseverance and rental. This shows clearly that the notions capacity of her sons. England, too, has been which our legislators have of justice to Scotbenefited by the same causes; and we might land are lamentably confused. with equal propriety ascribe her wealth and These are merely a few instances of a prosperity to the Union; but this would be as system of mal-legislation which has been fallacious as the statement hazarded by T. U. carried on by our rulers, who, it must be and reiterated by " Benjamin.” We have evident, have adopted a foolish and centra

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