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noisy, and the Colonel's guard was accordingly doubled. A afternoon, she was returning from Spring Gardens in Char. charge was at last made, and eight of the ringleaders cap. ing Cross, on foot, with one Mrs. Goodbine, and, on their tured and committed to the new gaol at Southwark (Horse arrival at the Asylum in St. George's Fields, some Horse. monger-lane), by two Surrey magistrates—Daniel Ponton Guards passed by at full speed, on which a gentleman, a and Samuel Gillam.

stranger to both, came up to Mrs. Egremont and offered his On the Tuesday the crowd was far greater. The people service to conduct her and Mrs. Goodbine along the road, had come with the full intention of welcoming their favourite, saying it was dangerous walking on account of the crowd and escorting him with full honours to Westminster. When and the Guards coming up; that instantly Mrs. Egremont the gates remained closed, the rough faces grew darker, and heard the discharge of fire-arms, and afterwards, being near the clamour greater. A paper of verses written by a poetical the middle of the New Road, near the Windmill, and Wilkite being torn down from the prison gate, the cry was endeavouring to cross, to avoid the next firing, she heard “Give us the paper," and the people would not be pacified. a second firing, and the gentleman with her desired her to The soldiers (most unfortunately a detachment of the 3rd look across the road, whereupon she discovered a woman Foot Guards, a Scotch regiment, and nearly all hot-blooded lying upon the ground, appearing to be wounded; and, at the Highlanders or Lowland Scots, whom the mob detested as same instant, a ball passed under her left arm, the gentlebeing countrymen of Bute), commenced to push back the man with her having his arm about her waist in order to people with their muskets, and to force them away with protect her. She then cried out she should be killed, and rough threats. The rioters' fists began to close, their sticks to he immediately said he was a dead man; that she fainted brandish. Showers of blinding and stinging gravel were away, and, on coming to herself, found she was bloody, but thrown, and then the rioters took to stones and brickbats. In not wounded; that she desired the people at the sign of vain the Surrey magistrate read the Riot Act as the soldiers the Windmill, a public-house, to let her in, but they refused, advanced, and the people for a time gave way. A young alleging that they were in danger of their own lives, and fellow in a red waistcoat was seen by the soldiers, as they could not open the door, but somebody handed a thought, urging on the stone throwers. Three Scotch sol. tumbler of water to her out of window; that, being diers, breaking from the ranks, made at him, and chased feeble, she went to the second hay-cart in the Haymarket him, as they imagined, into a cow-house, 500 yards distant, there, and sat down upon one of the shafts, where she had in St. George's Fields. In the cow-house they found a man not been above a minute before there was another discharge in a red waistcoat, and he fell from an intentional or acci- of fire-arms, and the deceased William Bridgeman being dental discharge of one of their muskets. He turned out, upon the hay in the same cart where she was sitting, said, however, unfortunately, to be an entirely innocent spectator, They are firing away,' on which the deceased directly the son of Mr. Allan, landlord of the Horse Shoe, an inn in dropped to the ground, saying, 'Lord Jesus Christ !' then, Blackman-street, in the Borough. The ball had passed in a low voice, My wife and children?' and uttered some through his collar bone, and come out at his back. His hand words, but not to be understood. The deceased then put also was pierced.

his hand to his side, where he had received a shot, and a In the meantime, the riot had grown so alarming that the stranger unbuttoned his waistcoat and said the man was soldiers had received orders to fire. At the first volley six shot with a ball; that the people about him, as well as berpersons fell dead, and fourteen or sixteen were seriously self, on account of the danger, left him in a helpless condiwounded. Two pregnant women were trampled to death. tion, and seemingly in great pain; and in about twenty The mob then dispersed, reassembling in different places in minutes afterwards he was carried along the road upon the the Borough to force persons to illuminate their houses ; but shoulders of several men, when he seemed to be dead, and they were by degrees scattered by patrols of light horse. she heard that he died soon after receiving his wound. The next day there was a second attempt at a riot, although The coroner, in summing up his evidence to the jury, the Foot Guards had barracks erected for them in the out. observed, that every unhappy case of this kind was attended houses of the prison.

with its particular circumstances, which were to be the imOn May 17th two inquests were held in the Borough, the mediate subjects of their attention and enquiry: that young evidence in which enables us to describe the details of the Allen's case was in no manner to bias them, nor were they riot with more minuteness.

to regard any reports; that they were to lay aside ali

popular resentment or prejudice, and to give a verdict ac"The first was at the parish of St. Saviour, on the body cording to the evidence, without any fear, favour, affection, of Mary, the wife of William Jeffs. It appeared that last hatred, or ill-will ; in doing which they would act consistent Tuesday, about eleven in the forenoon, the deceased and with their oaths, and discharge their consciences. her daughter were attending close to the Haymarket, in St. “The jury, after some time consulting, brought in their George's Fields, with a double-handled basket, with oranges, verdict, chance medley, in which they confirmed the verdict in order to sell them; that about two that afternoon they of the jury at St. Saviour's, Southwark.” heard that the soldiers were going to fire, upon which they and several other persons were removing to avoid the danger; of wilful murder against Donald Maclean, the Scotch soldies

The jury at the inquest on poor Allen returned a verdict and as the deceased and her daughter were carrying away who fired the shot, and his companion Donald Maclaury, as the basket between them, some of the soldiers fired, and the an accessory. Ensign Murray, the commanding officer, was deceased fell down directly, and when taken up said she was also arrested for aiding and abetting. As for Maclean be only frightened, but not hurt; that she was soon after narrowly escaped being torn in pieces by the enraged speechless, was let blood immediately, and then carried to Wilkites. As usual in these street riots, the innocent St. Thomas's Hospital, where she expired about an hour after the firing. On her being undressed at the hospital, a spectators suffered most. Allen was attended to the grave largę gun-shot wound was discovered a little below her by 50,000 mourners, and on his monument in Newingtoa navel, which she received about two hours after the procla. Churchyard the following patriotic epitaph was engraved :mation had been read. The jury brought in their verdict,

SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF that she was accidentally and by misfortune killed by a soldier unknown, in endeavouring to suppress the rioters.

WILLIAM ALLEN, “ The second inquisition was taken at the parish of St. An Englishman of unspotted life and amiable George the Martyr, on the body of William Bridgeman.

Disposition : Mrs. Elizabeth Egremont, the wife of a surveyor, living in who was inhumanly murdered near St. George's Weston Stre in St. Olave's ish, appeared as a witness, Fields by an officer and two soldiers, on the roth and swore that last Tuesday, a little before three in the day of May, 1768, at a massacre of several of his

countrymen by Scottish detachments from the

way across, when the moat was cleared out in 1822, there army, on the pretence of supporting the civil appeared to be a small island, the waier being very shallow power, which he never insulted, but had through and the bottom hard. It is the part of the bridge between life obeyed and respected.

this island and the building that is presumed to have been His disconsolate parents caused this stone to be movable. The staircase was probably constructed by Henry erected to an only son, lost to them and to the VIII, in a more peaceful age than that in which the fortress world in his twentieth year, as a monument of his was first erected. From this staircase a door leads into a virtues and their affection,

kind of cellar or store. In the corner, on the left of the en(To be continued.)

trance, was a spacious room, with a handsome chimney-piece, now destroyed, of the period of Henry VIII., carved with the arms of Sir Henry Guldeford, at that time constable of the

castle, quartering those of Colepeper. The principal floor THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR of the keep contains three good fireplaces, with the arms of HOUSES OF ENGLAND.

Henry VIII. in the spandrels. The rose and pomegranate

also occur in them, together with the castle of Castille, by LEEDS CASTLE, KENT.

which it would seem they were executed before Katharine

of Aragon fell into disfavour. The interior wall, as left by (Continued from page 41.)

Henry VII. and VIII., was of timber and plaster, and the Just by the drawbridge leading to the keep was a kitchen oak or chestnut cornices were richly moulded. In the alterconstructed of timber, from which it is probable that the hallation and repairs that were affected in this part of the castle may have been over, or nearly over, the cellar. This is the in 1822, much of the old material was made use of in the more probable as there was in this kitchen an ancient new walls. The interior of the keep. prior to the above date, oven, built in the thickness of the wall, part of which pro- mains of it, for nine of the rooms were burnt by some Dutch

consisted of Sir Henry Guldeford's work, or rather the rejected from the outside on a bold corbel, still remaining.

An archway of freestone led to the drawbridge which prisoners confined there in the reign of Charles II. The originally supplied the means of communication between of them had been hung with tapestry, and on the doors were

remaining rooms formed three sides of a quadrangle; some the keep and the other part of the building;. The quadrant, carved chess-boards, probably the work of the Dutch carefully executed in the stonework, in which it traversed, when raised or lowered, is still perfect, under the openings

prisoners. of the stone arch erected in 1822. This drawbridge was

Quitting the keep, the visitor ascends the winding stairlong ago replaced by a timber erection of two stories boarded case of the clock-tower. The bell which this tower contains oper, and the passages enclosed by side walls of lath and is one on which the curfew has been rung for many generaplaster; and this again, at the date just mentioned, was tions, the custom being kept up to this day: it bears date superseded by the stone bridge of two stories as it now stands. 1435. There is also an ancient clock, supposed to be of the In the ministers accounts, temp. Edward III., the ancient same date, which strikes on the same bell, but which has no drawbridge is called the Pons Glorietta, from the fact of its dial or hands. A pendu'um has been substituted for the leading to the tower called the "gloriette,” which now con- original balance, and within the last few years some new tains the clock, &c. The entrance to the lower story of the wheels have been added to facilitate the work of winding it keep is a flat trefoil or shouldered arch, similar to the one up. noticed in the gate house ; above the arch is part of the Retracing our steps over the bridge which connects the keep work of Henry VIII., who restored the whole of the upper to the central island, we enter the principal domestic apart. story. On the left of the entrance was the chapel. Three of ments. In this portion of the castle, which was erected by

the original windows remain, together with the arch which the grandfather of the present owner in 1822, some of the old F' contained the rich tracery of a fourth. These windows are work has been introduced, especially a handsome oak

of the period of Edward I., about 1280, as is also the outer chimney-piece in the dining room of the time of James I., arch of the richer one; but new tracery was put in about several of the oak spandrels of Henry VIII.'s time, and a 1314-15, as the survey then taken states that the original curious chimney-back (brought from an old manor house on tracery was destroyed by a hurricane. The design of this the estate), which appears to have been cast at the latter window is of that peculiar geometrical kind called termination of the Wars of the Roses. It is divided “ Kentish tracery,” examples of which are to be found only into two compartments by a pattern in the shape of two

in that county and in a small part of Sussex. The interior arches; each arch contains a crown, of the period of Henry $ subdivision of the keep is modern; but it is evident that the VII., with a rose beneath it, and the two panels are united

chapel, when used as such, was divided into two stories at by what seems intended for a cord. The andirons or fire. the end opposite to the altar. The step to the raised altar dogs in the same fireplace were found in the room used as is indicated by a difference in the level of the bases of the the withdrawing-room over the banqueting-room of Henry shafts with which the jambs of the windows are em- VIII. already mentioned and have also the rose and crown bellished. The chapel, which has for many years served and fleur-de-lis among their decorations. From this it is for domestic purposes, is now (1873) in process of restora- almost certain that they belonged to the king. tion, in order to be converted to its original use. A little The whole of the rooms in this part of the castle are very beyond the chapel, Henry VIII. seems to have pulled down lofty and imposing, and admirably adapted for comfort and a part of the outer wall, for the purpose of inserting two convenience. Amongst the paintings ihat adorn the walls large windows; one of them a bay-window, of octagonal may be mentioned : Thomas, second Lord Colepeper, by character, is in what was probably his banqueting-room, Hanneman; Margaret, his lady, daughter and heiress of Over the banqueting room was a withdrawing-room, and Prince Jean de Hesse; the Prince of Hesse Bergen, her beyond it, where the larder is now situated, was probably a father ; two portraits of Thomas, third Lord Fairfax, the second kitchen, as there is an unusually large opening for a celebrated Parliamentary General (several MSS. of his are chimney without any carving or hearth, and the flue divides also preserved here, together with his doublet and sho:s); itself into two in the upper story.

Mary, his only daughter and heiress, Duchess of BuckingOn the eastern side of the keep is a newel staircase, ham, which, in the eyes of Walpole, when he visited Leeds which leads to a postern, opening on the moat. It has Castle in 1752, was “the only recompense for all the fatigue been conjectured that there was formerly a wooden foot. he had undergone " in getting there ; George Villiers, Duke bridge across the moat at this of which the

tion of

ackingham, her husband, and a series of portraits of the next the building, at the least, was movable. About half Fairfax family. There are also several interesting curiosities,

ncluding a valuable casket formerly belonging to the un. France, he settled them, with other premises, as part of her ortunate Anne Boleyn, several ancient stone cannon-balls, dower. She survived the king, her husband, who died in and a very curious key.

1307; and in the fifth year of the next reign, namely, that of Concerning the history of this interesting structure, we Edward II., by the recommendation of the crown, appointed learn from Hasted, and other Kentish historians, that Leeds Bartholomew de Badlesmere, a nobleman of considerable was part of the possessions given by William the Conqueror power and eminence, and steward of the king's household, to Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, by whom it was subsequently as governor of this castle. Upon her demise, five years confiscated ihe crown. The family of the Crevequers, or later, the estates again reverted to the crown, when the Crevecæur, soon afterwards had a grant of Leeds from the manor of Leeds, together with the advowson of the priory, Conqueror; and by one Robert of that name, the castle were granted to Lord Badlesmere, in fee, in exchange for the appears to have been erected. In conjunction with Adam, manor of Adderley, in Shropshire. The ambition of this his son, he founded a priory dedicated to St. Mary and St. nobleman, combined with his immense wealth—for he was Nicholas, at a short distance west of the castle. He had possessed of great estates, more especially in Kent, from previously fitted up a chapel in the fortress, and in it had which circumstance he was invariably styled the “rich Lord

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placed three priests, whom he removed thither upon his Badlesmere of Leeds "-led him to forget his allegiance, and jounding the priory. Leeds continued in the possession ot be joined with the Earl of Lancaster and the discontented the Cievequeis until the filty.second year o. ihe reign of barons who had taken up arms against the king's gies: Hei ry m., when the manor was exchanged wiih Roger de favourite, Piers de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall. Upon this Leylurne for the manors of Trottesclyve and Fiete. the king resolved, if possible, to gain possession of this At his death, Roger left a son and heir, William de strong tortress, and in 1321 a somewhat curious stratagem is Leyburne, who, in the reign of Edward I., had possession said to have been adopted to effect that purpose, for its granted him of the manor of Leeds; as well as of the rest of recorded how, under the pretence of the queen's performing the inheritance of which his step-mother, Eleanor, Countess a pilgrimage to Canterbury, she set forward, accompanied by of Winchester, was not endowed. However, it is said that, a large train of attendants, and, with the secret intention ci finding the king regarded the strength of this fortress with surprising the castle, sent her marshal, with others of her great jealousy, William de Leyburne reinstated the Crown suite, to order lodgings for herself and her servants. Lad in the possession of both the manor and castle ; and on the Badlesmere, her son, and four daughters, were at that time king's marriage with Margaret, sister of Philip, King of in the fortress under the care of Sir Thomas Colepeper, ths

castellan, who was directed to refuse the queen's servants land during the civil wars. The castle remained in the admittance, which, upon the arrival of the queen in person, Fairfax family until the death of Robert, last Lord Fairfax, he still peremptorily persisted in, without having received in 1793, when it devolved on his nephew, the Rev. Denny express orders to that effect. Force was thereupon resorted Martin, D.D., who, before his uncle's death, had taken the to, and in the skirmish which ensued several of the queen's name and arms of Fairfax. On the death of Dr. Martin-Fairattendants were slain, and, being thus repulsed, she re- fax the estate passed to his brother, General Philip Martin, linquished her design, and was compelled to seek a lodging R.A. It subsequently passed by bequest to Fiennes Wykeelsewhere.* To resent the indignity thus offered to the ham, Esq., grandfather of the present owner, who, in 1821, queen, a force was despatched, under the Earls of Pembroke assumed, by royal licence, the additional surname of Martin. and Richmond, to take the castle by storm ; when those He died in 1840, and was succeeded by his eldest son within, finding no hopes of relief, were soon compelled to Charles, some time M.P. for West Kent and for Newsurrender. A scene of great confusion quickly followed : port, in the Isle of Wight, and who died in 1870, Lady Badlesmere, with her children, were sent as prisoners leaving by his first wife, Lady Jemima Isabella, daughter of to the Tower of London ; Sir Thomas Colepeper, the castel- the fifth and last Earl of Cornwallis, a son and heir, Philip, lan, was hanged on the chain of the drawbridge, and the king M.P. for Rochester, who has inherited the estate of Leeds took possession of the castle and all the treasures it con- Castle, and other property belonging to this ancient family. tained. Lord Badlesmere was subsequently taken prisoner Within the last fifty years, in fact, since the accession of in Yorkshire, and being sent to Canterbury, was there Mr. Fiennes Wykeham-Martin, great care has been taken executed, and his head set on a pole on Burgate in that to preserve, as far as possible, all that remains of the original city.

fabric from the unavoidable ravages of time; and thus to Leeds Castle was now suffered to fall into a mo ruinous

hand down to posterity one of the most perfect examples of condition, continuing, meantime, in the possession of the the military architecture of our ancestors to be met with in Crown till 1359, when Edward III. constituted that eminent this kingdom. architect, William de Wykeham (afterwards Bishop of Win.

W. D. chester), its chief warden and surveyor, and invested him with power to appoint workmen, provide materials, and order everything requisite for building and reparations. ANCIENT NEEDLEWORK AT TÆE SOUTH Under his direction the castle is said to have been restored

KENSINGTON MUSEUM. in a very skilful manner. Richard II. was induced to visit the place on several occasions, more particularly in his nine

(Continued from page 47.) teenth year, at which period many of his public documents The most ancient specimens of embroidery in this extensive were dated" from his castle of Leeds.” The building was collection are the two small pieces contained in frame 51, also the residence of Henry IV. during the month of April, and dating from the ninth century. in the second year of his reign (1406), when he retired thither indeed a pedigree of sanctity, as it is said to be a portion of

One of these has on account of the plague which was then raging in London. the cushion-cover upon which was laid the finger of St. Towards the close of the fourteenth century, Archbishop Luke, presented by Charlemagne to Archbishop Magnus Arundel procured a grant of Leeds Castle ; he frequently of Sens. It is a small square of red silk, embroidered with resided there, and on his death, in 1413, it again reverted to heraldic lions in gold. The other is also an embroidery of the crown. From this date many of the principal gentry | gold on red silk, and represents St. Martin sharing his cloak of Kent have been at different periods entrusted with its with a beggar. These examples are marked as probably custody.

French, and are lent by Mons. Henry Esminger. The In the seventh year of Henry V., Joan of Navarre, the astonishing age of these relics of antiquity is indeed a fit second queen of his predecessor, was committed as a prisoner subject for wonderment, and it could only be the purity of to Leeds Castle for having conspired against the life of the the gold used in their fabrication, which has enabled it to king, but was afterwards delivered into the custody of Sir stand the test of a thousand years and retain much of its John Pelham, and was by him conveyed to Pevensey Castle, brilliancy even in the present day. The gold used anciently in Sussex. In 1440, Archbishop Chichele presided at Leeds in instances of this kind was the genuine metal beaten out Castle over the process instituted against Eleanor, Duchess into thin strips, which were then worked into the material of Gloucester, for alleged sorcery and witchcraft. During the with which the precious substance was to be combined. reign of Henry VIII. a great portion of the fortress was re- The work next most remarkable in point of antiquity is a built at the king's expense, by Sir Henry Guldeford, who "Band of Linen,” embroidered in silk by the Countess at that time held the office of constable of Leeds Castle and Ghilsa, wife of Guisred, Comte de Cerdagne. It is, accordranger of the park. The manor and castle remained in the ing to Mons. Jubinal's description, French, and dates from possession of the Crown till the reign of Edward VI., when the 11th century. But there is nothing in its style in the they were granted to Sir Anthony St. Leger, lord deputy least approaching French art; and not only the arabesque of Ireland, to hold in capite by knight's service. The castle inscriptions, but the remainder of the design denotes equally was subsequently alienated to Sir Richard Smyth, who a Moorish or Oriental origin. Either the Countess had rebuilt the southern portion of the edifice, and died possessed borrowed her pattern from an Arab or Moorish source, or of it in 1628, and on the death of his son and successor in she was possibly herself of such extraction. It is so rich and 1632, it passed by sale into the hands of Sir Thomas Cole- beautiful in its gem-like kaleidoscope effect, so different peper, of Hollingbourne. During the exile of Charles II., from, and superior to the European handicraft of the kind, Leeds Castle seems to have been in the possession of the that the Prophet must enlist the gratitude of all lovers of usurping powers, and to have been used by them for as- true art in design for having, by his religious ordinances, sembling the committee men and sequestrators, and also as instituted regulations which have had so admirable an a prison for the ejected ministers. From the Colepepers the effect upon the artistic productions of his followers. It was estate passed, by marriage, to Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, a with a view to prevent the possibility of a recurrence to relative of the famous general of that name so noted in Eng. idolatry that the founder of Islam forbade the representa

tion of animated beings. Thus, in most Oriental ornamenta

tions, we are spared the hideous attempts at the portraiture * During the alterations which were made at the castle in 1822, the of living things by the art of the needle. In no Turkish or skeletons of several of the soldiers slain in this conflict were dug up; Moorish divan is there any danger of walking into the open sal proportions, for it measured no less than six feet two inches, not jaws of a lion or tiger; no fear of an uneasy seat upon garmerely without its shoes, but without its feet.

lands of fruit or flowers. Natural objects are submitted to

scientific rules of decoration, and the results are beauty, either “net-work" or what ladies understand under the title moderation, and adaption to the uses intended ; while por- of needlework, except such as was patiently constructed by traiture, whether of animated or still life, is left to the the good old-fashioned knitting-needles of our grandprofessed picture-maker or sculptor. This special example, mothers, a specimen of which sort of industry the jacket we are told, belonged to the Abbaye de St. Martin de undoubtedly is, with the gold knitted into the fabric in the Canigon, and a fragment of an altar-cloth, the other part, ordinary fashion when silk or thread of two or more different has been offered to the Musée de Cluny by Mons. Achille colours is employed. A gallant Indian officer, whom we Jubinal, the lender of that exhibited in the present instance. once knew, and boasting the manly stature of six feet with

There is no example of the embroidery of the twelfth breadth to correspond, would have detected the inaccuracy century, and the only one given of the thirteenth is eccle- of description with a glance as sharp as that of even a siastical, and in a state of great dilapidation. It consists of feminine critic, for having been taught as a child to knit, by a velvet chasuble with orphreys, nine panels complete, and his mother, a lady of title, but of exceptionally domestic apparently represents Biblical scenes. The Marquis of habits, when a storm, on one of his voyages to the Peninsula, Bute, Baron Davillier, Mons. Spitzer, the Fishmongers' carried away his woollen vest, he immediately set to work Company, and Mr. Frederick Leighton, R.A., appear to be and knitted a new one, to the immense entertainment and the only contributors of needlework of the fourteenth edification of his brother officers, who expected nothing less century. The example belonging to Lord Bute is an than such an accomplishment from the military Adonis of or: hrey recently mounted on a church vestment of white their regiment. The jaunty little jacket from which we have satin. and bearing the “arms of John Grandison, who died digressed, is certainly picturesque and artistic, but it is not Bishop of Exeter, in 1369." The embroidery, which is possessed of any specially distinguishing characteristics of specified as English, has been partially restored, and is en- the fourteenth century, and might have been produced in closed in a series of medallions, containing portraits of holy the Germany of to-day, or any day since the quaint art was personages worked in silk and gold. The faces of these invented. Otherwise is it with the works involving more figures are executed in a similar manner to the other ex- deliberate consideration and preparation, and where the real amples of the fourteenth century, but they display consider. embroidery needle has essayed to imitate the results of the ably less skill. Part of an ecclesiastical vestment, lent by painter's brush, or draughtsman's pencil. In such cases, the Baron Davillier, represents eight saints, and is particularized style indicative of each age may be distinctly traced. as a rare specimen. It is of German nationality, as indeed, from its strongly marked Teutonic style, would be at once inferred. Apparently, the work is executed upon coarse linen or canvas, covered over with crimson silk, or possibly

Queries. upon the silk itself; but being in a very ruinous state, patches of the ground or lining are everywhere visible

SIR WILLIAM HAWKSWORTH.-The following singular through the embroidery. Monsieur Spitzer's rich and elaborate cover for a cloister desk, in embroidery on red story was quoted by Dr. Kenealy, towards the close of his

address for the Tichborne defence : velvet, displays on one side a large “ mystical bird with out. spread wings, the Trinity worked in silk on its chest, and

“There is a singular thing related by Lord Chief Justice the inscription In principio erat verbum, &c," on scrolls at Hale in the records of the Crown. He relates the case of each side. A border of gold and silk, ornamented with Sir William Hawksworth, who being weary of his life, small convex metal studs in imitation of pearls, encloses the wanted to get rid of it by another hand. He blamed his work and the central portion of crimson velvet and gold park-keeper for losing his deer, and told him to shoot the filagree. On the other side is the representation of an

man who refused to stand and speak. Sir William came in apostle, worked in gold and coloured silks, and holding a the park at night, and refusing to stand or speak, was shot scroll upon which the same inscription is traced, while a and killed. That is about as astonishing a thing as ever vision of the Virgin and Child appears in part of the picture. happened in the course of human life.” (Vide Daily The faces are executed in the finest silk embroidery, the Telegraph, August 22.) original tracing of the lineaments being in some instances In Foss's " Judges of England” (Vol. iv. 325) I find the apparent beneath the subsequently-added needlework. This following related of Chief Justice Sir William Hankford embroidery is stated to be French, and was a present from the successor of Sir William Gascoigne) who died DeCharles V. to the Monastery of Yuste, in which he passed cember 20. 1422 :the latter days of his life.

“A very improbable account of his death is given by his The interesting antique pall belonging to the Fishmongers' biographer. He is stated to have become weary of his life, Company, and illustrating English work of the fourteenth and, with an intention of getting out of it, to have given century, consists of embroidery in silk and gold on coarse strict orders to his keeper to shoot any person found at linen.' We learn that it was used at the funeral of Sir night in his park who would not stand when challenged; William Walworth, in the time of Richard II., 1381. The and then to have thrown himself in his keeper's way, and to head and foot of the covering are ornamented with a design have been shot dead in pursuance of his own commands. representing St. Peter on a throne; an angel with the tradi- The cause of this suicidal conduct is represented to have tional, fair, gold-coloured hair assigned to feminine saints, been his diresul apprehensions of dangerous approaching and with wings of peacock's plumage kneels at each side. evils ;' which could only have arisen from a diseased The faces of these groups possess considerable expression imagination, as there was nothing at that time in the and are treated in the same manner as the last example, the political horizon to portend the disasters of thirty years' use of gold being very profuse. The sides of the pall are distance. Holinshed introduces this event as happening in decorated with scriptural subjects alternating with the arms 1470, very nearly fifty years after the death of the Chief of the Fishmongers’ Company.

Justice. The story, however, was long believed in the The remaining example of the industry of the fourteenth neighbourhood of his seat at Annery, in Monkleigh, and an century is in a very different style of needlework from that of old oak bearing his name was shown in the park, where it the grand and stately ecclesiastical robes. It is a girl's was said he had fallen.” jacket, such as some Esmeralda or Preciosa might be I assume " Sir William Hawksworth" to be identical imagined to have worn, and is specified as of “green silk with " Sir William Hankford.” If not, who was the former? network, golden embroideries worked into it in arabesques.” Is this “ astounding" and improbable story related of any. This designation, however, upon nearer examination, ap- one else besides the Chief Justice ? pears to be a misnomer, for the work is not by any means

W. D. PINK

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