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you the list of books in which notices of it are to be met I shall be pleased to see any visitor who may wander to with. I, too, shall be very glad if any of your readers will this ultima thule of Kent, and who would like to inspect the kindly send me the name of a typographical work likely to church. contain the best account of its origin, and any facts con

E. C. LUCEY, Vicar. nected with its history. I have looked into a great many, but the accounts given are very meagre.

Fossil QUADRUMANA (Vol. iii. 82).—Having been The details of

pre. the work round the arcades and chancel arch are marvel- sent at the meeting at Sion College, my recollection of what lously clear, and look as fresh as if they had left the was said differs somewhat from the story current in cler

Professor Huxley, having prebuilder's hands only a year or two back. . Upwards of 3000l. viously complained of the opposition of the clergy to scienhas been recently expended on its restoration, the old carving tific discovery, was invited to meet some of them at Sion scarcely being touched, but from the isolated position of St. College, to explain his own views, and give them a bit of Margaret's (on the coast between Dover and Deal, at some his mind;" and accordingly, taking for his text the ring given distance from the main road, and with sea on three sides of by Pharaoh to Joseph, as one among other evidences of a it), the church is not so well known to antiquaries as it high state of civilization among the ancient Egyptians, deserves to be.

which they must have required ages to reach, he proceeded I should very much like to restore the exterior of the to explain that their remote ancestors dwelt over the Delta tower, one angle of which fell down many years ago, and of the Nile, known to be at least 60 feet thick, and which the church restorers (?) of those days, instead of replacing must have taken many years, possibly as much as 100 for the arcade of the clerestory, used the stone to rebuild the each foot of thickness in forming. Below that, again, was tower with. On the south side, the arcade ran (as on the another stratum, also requiring a long period for its deponorth side) to the end of the tower, if not round it. The sition ; how long he did not say, nor can I remember his ugly and clumsy buttress, then erected, stands to this day, mentioning several, or even one hundred thousand years; marked with the initials of the churchwardens of the period, although of course, as every one knows, the learned Proand the date of their handiwork, hieroglyphics which I fessor, with most geologists, believes the world to have have very frequently to explain to visitors and enthusiastic existed much longer. Professor Tyndal, who was present, archæologists. The proper restoration of the tower would scouted the idea of the world having been given over to an cost about 1000l., but the great difficulty that has been ex- evil spirit, but I do not remember any one avowing his perienced in collecting the money already expended, makes belief of such a thing, or that the devil caused the apone rather shrink from a fresh effort, especially as other local

pearances of fossils. A clergyman, who spoke in oppomatters have demanded considerable outlay, Still, if any sition to Huxley's views, was shortly after presented antiquaries will take up the subject, I shall be most happy to a living; certainly not for having spoken on that occato do all in my power towards the completion of so good a sion, but on account of his scientific writings. With work.

reference to Marsh's discovery of quadrumanous fossils During the restoration I dug down under a stone coffin in the Roman formation of the Rocky Mountains, is there lid in the nave, hoping to find the coffin ; about five feet no error, I would ask, in the designation of the formation? from the surface, or rather less, I came upon the skele- Animals, even mammals, existed, as has long been known, ton of a man who had evidently been buried in a wooden in formations preceding the Eocene; and about twenty years coffin, for there was a well-defined dark line of discoloured ago remains of an undoubted quadrumanous animal, proved earth marking the place of the coffin. On taking up the by Professor Owen to belong to a monkey, of the genus skull I found a lock of hair adhering to it, as fresh as mine, Macacus, were found at Kyson, a few miles east of Woodis at this moment. The body must have been buried a very bridge, in a deposit of yellow and white sand underneath a great many years, probably a century or more, but evidently bed of Eocene clay twelve feet thick. Other mammiferous had nothing to do with the stone lid. The whole surface fossils were found in the same bed, as of an opossum, an of the nave had been previously disturbed, and portions of insectivorous bat, &c. The macacus was the first example human remains were scattered over it ; these were carefully of any quadrumanous animal found in strata so old as the collected before the flooring for the pews was put down, and Eocene. It was not until after the year 1836 that the buried with the skeleton above referred to. The flat grave existence of any fossil quadruman was brought to light. stone is now in the vestry, very similar to the sketch given Since that period, they have been discovered in France, in the small edition of “Concise Glossary of Architecture,” India, and Brazil. (Sir C. Lyell's “ Elements of Geology," p. 271. The foot of the stone is much worn, but the head, ch. xvi. ; and see J. Beete Jukes's “Manual of Geology," with the upper part of a cross upon it, is perfect.

p. 656.)

F. J. LEACHMAN. The columns nearest the tower have a broad stone base ;

TOPOGRAPHICAL QUERIES (Vol. ii. 69).--For the dedicathat on the west side being the larger of the two, and the tion-names of churches in England and Wales, consult font is placed on this. It has been suggested that these Liber Ecclesiasticus (1835), and Ecton's Thesaurus Rer. bases formed the only seats in the church when it was first Eccles. (1763).

ALISON. built, and that if any other seats were in the building, they were placed against the walls. I believe the old saying of

MINSTER CHURCH, KENT (Vol. iii. 78).–Either your “the weakest goes to the wall," has its origin in these seats querist or Mr. John Timbs must be in error with regard

to the tomb of Sir Robert de Shurland. It is Minster so placed in churches. The church is large, 121 feet long; the tower having not Minster, in the Isle of Thanet. Some time since I had

Church, in the Isle of Sheppey, that contains this tomb, and been opened out by the removal of a huge organ gallery the pleasure of paying a visit to this church; and I here. which completely blocked up the fine tower arch. the cap of a column near the chancel are two heads, making with enclose a short account of the building, drawn up partly

W. 'D. wry faces at the devil, and looking towards the west, the from notes made on that occasion. region of darkness; at the opposite corner are two faces

(Our correspondent's "enclosure" will be found under the head

ing of “Notes bowing towards the east, or the altar. The work in

on p. 90.-Ed.) the porch is very rich, the cabling being very perfect. In the

BRACE (Vol. iii. 46).—This word rightly signifies a couple, centre panel is a fleur-de-lis; the third to the left is a Scotch not two, except as coupled ; so with printers it may include thistle; the English rose is clearly met with, and a friend more than two, e.g. :suggested that these emblems marked the nationality of the

So may they fall, and all they that design masons who built the church. I fail to discover a shamrock.

'Gainst the wild life of nature to combine, Can any of your readers kindly tell me if this suggestion

By an unarmed defenceless hand like mine! is worth anything?

Alisov.

Wood ENGRAVING (Vol.iii. 20, 35).—Possibly Mr. Rylands queen, who restored it to her husband, and thereby saved may not be aware that a good authority has decided that her life.” St. Mungo, it is said, attained the patriarchal the date 1423 cannot be that of the “St. Christopher" to age of one hundred and eighty-five years. which it is attached. In Notes and Queries (1868 I think),

D. H. is a number of papers on this subject, in which Mr. H. Holt disposes the existence of any genuine wood engraving prior to the time of Albert Dürer's master, Wohlgemuth, or at

Proceedings of Societies. least prior to 1440.

SOCIETY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF THE FINE ALISON.

ARTS.—On Thursday, the 15th inst., Mr. Wyke Bayliss, ROMPU (Vol. iii. 78). This word is applied in F.S.A., lectured on the “ Message of Art; or, Beauty and heraldry, as broken. Thus in blazon, we term a chevron the Beast," Dr. GLADSTONE, F.R.S., in the chair. Mr. or a bend, rompu, that is, broken, or with an opening near Bayliss said, “That as Beauty in the legend came to the king's the centre. It is the same as the French word rompée, son, awakening him from his debased condition to the rich broken ; as in Latin it would be ruptus, or fractus. The inheritance of his birthright, so the sacred influences of family arms borne by the Sault family, were a chevron Poetry and Art come to us, ennobling us, refining us, lifting rompu, between three mullets.

us from baser pleasures, teaching us that we are indeed the C. G.

King's children, and that Beauty is his messenger. For not The term rompu is applied to a chevron when the upper the divine alone or the philosopher is charged with a part is taken off, and remains above it, as in the shield here message, but the poet and the painter also, whose message given.

is about the Beautiful. There are lilies by every river side, T. H. there is poetry in every phase of life, and what the lilies and

the other flowers are to the margin of the stream, such should
Poetry and Art be to our lives-
“O flower-de-luce, bloom on and let the river

Linger to kiss thy feet,
O flower of Song, bloom on and make for ever

The world more fair and sweet.
This Message of Art is always and everywhere for our good.

He that is not better for looking upon the splendour of the Wedding Customs, CRANBROOK, KENT (Vol. iii. 66). — Creation would not be better for looking upon the face of Referring to these wedding customs, I recollect, about ten the Creator ; he would only shrink blasted from His presence years ago, when curate of Biddenden, the adjoining parish by the excess of light. Is there evil in the world ? then the to Cranbrook, a dealer in poultry-higglers they are called Message of Art is always and everywhere a protest against in that part-having feathers scattered in his path as he it-against the raging fire of sensualism and the dead ashes left the church.

of materialism alike. Greek Art gave its protest in the pas

E. C. L. sionless splendour of ideal beauty. Against the brutish FORMULA OF LL.D. (Vol. iii. 69); --The LL" repre-soft hand uplifted, weak, it may be, physically, as the gentle

law of force, every gentle legend of the North was like a sents Legum, just as "SS. Patres” does Sancti Patres, hand of a woman, but with another kind of strength, and “SS.” Saints.

A.

mightier than the hammer of Thor. Was there an evil in

the cruel and stern dogmatism of the Mediæval Church ? St. Mungo (Vol. iii. 78). --This is the popular name then every sweet picture of the Holy Child or the Virgin given to St. Kentigern, one of the three great missionaries Mother was a message to stay the fire and sword and rack of the Christian faith in Scotland. He was born early in the of the Inquisition. And yet, once more, is there an evil sixth century, and is said to have been so beloved by his still existing in the hard, grinding, pitiless competition of monastic brethren that his baptismal name of Kentigern our own times? then Poetry and Art give their perpetual became by common consent exchanged to Mungo, which protest against it, in every delicate rendering of Nature signifies “dear friend.” He is said to have performed many by the painter, in every refined thought or noble aspiramiracles, and to one of them the device in the arms of|tion of the poet. But the Message of Art must always be Glasgow appears to owe its origin. Dr. Gordon, in his about the Beautiful. I know that, in taking man for its recently published “History of Glasgow,” in describing the theme, it must take him with all his passions, good and evil. arms of the city, which, by the way, is represented as an oak But the good and evil must not stand as co-ordinates, If tree with a bird on the top, a salmon with a ring in its mouth, Art is to be the King's messenger, it must show the mastery and a bell, quotes the following legend from the “ Aberdeen of evil, the ultimate triumph of the right; it must riseBreviary,” in which the miracle above alluded to is thus set

“ In ever-highering eagle-circles, up forth :-“The Queen of Cadzow was suspected by her hus

To the great sun of glory, and thence swoop band, King Roderick, of being too intimate with a knight

Down upon all things base, and dash them dead." whom he had asked to hunt with him. The king waited his at the close of the lecture Dr. Gladston

made a few approopportunity to abstract from the satchel of the knight, when priate remarks, characterizing the lecture as a poem in asleep, a ring which Queen Cadzow had presented to him. itself; and after a vote of thanks, proposed by Mr. George king Roderick, in furious jealousy, threw it into the Clyde. Browning (hon. secretary) and seconded by Mr. Dicksee, to When they returned to the palace at Cadzow from the day's the Lecturer, and the thanks of the meeting had been hunting, the king, in the course of the evening, asked her cordially given to the Chairman, the proceedings terminated. where her ring was. It could not be produced. Death was threatened if it were not forthcoming. The queen sent one of her maids to the knight for the unfortunate ring; and

Notices of Books. being unsuccessful, a bearer was sent to Cathures (Glasgow) | The Indian Antiquary. Vol. I. Bombay ; 1872. London: Trubner to St. Mungo, making a full confession of all. The Apostle of Strathclyde commiserated the queen. Forthwith he sent The first volume of the “Indian Antiquary,” edited by Mr. Burgess, one of his monks to the river to angle, instructing him to issued from the Bombay press in the course of last year, consists of bring home alive first fish he should take. This was done. St. Mungo (dear friend), found the annulet in the by 8, and Messrs. Trubner and Co., the London agents for the work,

have announced the successful continuation of this useful Magazine. mouth of the miraculous fish, and speedily sent it to the | The illustrations, on large folding double pages, have all been litho.

and Co.

graphed with wonderful accuracy, at the Bombay Government Press, Astronomicus.-Sir Isaac Newton, the distinguished mathema. and they give fac-similes of ancient inscriptions in various parts of tician, was a native of Colsterworth, Lincolnshire. He was born in India, copies of grants, inscriptions on temples, and ancient alpha- 1642, the same year in which Galileo died. bets. The papers which accompany and 'describe these ancient F.-Boutell's Book on Heraldry we would recommend. Mr. Elvin documents give translations in English.

has written a very useful book, called "A Synopsis of Heraldry," The editor has undoubtedly succeeded in obtaining the co-operation published by Hardwicke, in Piccadilly. of eminent scholars and collectors of folk-lore, as may be seen from the fact that, among the numerous contributors to this volume are the discovered about the year 1740 by Vitus Behring (or Beering), a Dane,

F. Jenkins.—Behring's Island, in the North Pacific Ocean, was following professors :-A. Weber, of Berlin: S. Sastre, of Madras; and an officer in the Russian service. Mitchell, of Calcutta ; Banerjea, of Calcutta ; G. Bhaudarkar, of Bombay; and Blochmann, of Calcutta The main portion of the work, 7. G.-Hieronymus Amati was the name of a celebrated maker of however, consists in the marvellous collection of folk-lore and popular violins. He was a native of Cremona, in Italy, and lived about the rhymes, which has been brought together chiefly by members of the year 1600. Civil Service in all parts of India and Ceylon. These stories cannot R. (Lichfield).-Sir Dudley Rider was Lord Chief Justice of the fail to be of interest to all oducated Englishmen who have a taste for Court of King's Bench in 1754. A patent was signed by the king, such studies. They are supplied, among a great many others, by the for his elevation to the peerage, but he died before its completion; following learned members of H.M.E.I.C.S.:-Jessrs. Beames, of his son was, however, created Lord Harrowby by letters patent Balasore; Benett, Oudh; Burnell, of Mangalor; Caldwell, of Ma-1 in 1776. dras: Damant, of Dinajpur ; Davids, in Ceylon; Fleet, of Belgium; X. Y. 2.-The lines you quote occur in Eliza Cook's poem, entitled Gower, of Madras: Growse, of Mathura ; Ramsay, of Bombay; " The King's Old Hall." Sinclair, Bombay; V. Westmacott, Bengal; and White, of Fathypur. One of the most interesting papers, which we observe is about to be

T.S. (Taunton).-Sir James Edward Smith, celebrated as the purused as a separate work, consists of a translation of Weler's " Trea

chaser of the collections and library of Linnæus, and founder of the tise on the Ramayana," by the Rev Mr. Boyd, of Bombas. There Linnean Society, was born at Norwich in 1759. are also papers by the editor, Mr. Fergusson, D.C.L. ; Mr. Ball, F. Allen.-The “ Defence of Poesie," the great work of Algernon Geol. Sur., Babu; R. Bose, of Banka; Dr Buhler, of Gujarat; Mr. Sidney, and upon which his tame as an author mainly rests, was pubHyde Clarke, C.E., and other dis guished writers.

lished in 1593. The field chosen is a wide and rich one, and the results obtained L. 1.- Egidius Alvarez Carrillo Albornoz was born at Cuenca are well worth being treasured in this, as “A Journel that might about the beginning of the 14th century; He was Archbishop of Toserve as an adequate medium of communication between Orientalists ledo, and afterwards created a Cardinal by Pope Clement VI. and archaeologists in the different provinces of India, and in Europe and America; in which all that relates to the history, geography, rising of 1745. The present Lord Lovat acquired the barony of the

F. G.–Lord Lovat was executed in 1747, for participation in the ethnography, mythology, literature, religion, manners, customs, folk-lore, arts and sciences, natural history, &c. &c., of India and the

United Kingdom by patent in 1837, and established his right to the neighbouring countries might find a record, indexed and casy of ancient Scottish peerage of Lovat, in the House of Lords, in 1857. reference

7. H.(Winiisor).—The Yeomen of the Guard, or Body Guard of The Journal is well worthy the support, not only of scholars, but of the Queen, is the oldest corps in her Majesty's service. The corps all who take a rational interest in our Indian empire.

was instituted by Henry VII. in 1485.

A. B. (Fairford).-The see of Gloucester was erected in 1541, and The Rock Temples of Elephanta, or Gharapuri. Described and

was formerly part of the diocese of Worcester. It was united to the illustrated with plans and drawings. By James Burgess, M.R.A.S., Bishopric of Bristol in 1836. F.R.G.S. With thirteen photographs by D. H. Sykes. Bombay:

Erin. You will find some account of the honourable order of the Thacker & Co. London: Trübner & Co. The author of this work-the editor of the Indian Antiquary-re. Vol. II. p. 161.

Brotherhood of St. Georg in “ D'Alton's Hist of Drogheda," cently published a historical and descriptive introduction to Mr. Sykes's splendid album of “ The Temples of Shatrun-zaya, the cele.

7. T. (Bedford).-Milton was born in London in 1608, and died in brated Jaina place of pilgrimage, near Palitana, in Kathiawar." It 1674. He was buried in the parish church of St. Giles's, Cripplegate furnishes a very full account of the Jains, their religion, and history, 7. R. (Glussop).-According to Mr. J. H. Parker, the earliest No. and a description of all the buildings of note on the sacred hill, man keep known is the tower commonly called St Leonard's, at while the forty-five large photographs illustrate very fully the West Malling, in Kent. splendid city of temples which the Shráwaks have reared in the

R.S.---The subject you suggest is one scarcely suitable for otr course of centuries at such enormous cost.

pages. This work-measuring 17 by 21 inches-must have been produced at much risk; yet it was soon followed by another, nearly as large,

J. T. (Romsey).—The first recorded inundation of Old Winchelsea entitled, “ Forty-one Large Photograplis, from Somanath, Girnar,

occurred in 1236. The town was wholly destroyed about fitty years

later. Junagadh, and other places in Kathiawar, with descriptive introduction by J. Burgess. Both these works display much research on H. R. S. (Dover).-“ London Stone," the Roman milliaris, of the part of the editor, and absolute perfection of skill and taste on stone from which distances were measured, is alluded to in State the part of the artist.

speare's play of “Henry VI." It is preserved in a recess in the wall In the case the ELEPHANTA Album now issued the editor's of St. Swithin's Church, Cannon-street work predominates in importance over that of the artist. The

L. L. (Leeds.)—The appointments of officers, &c., at the Heralds thirteen photographs of the famous groups of sculpture which sur

College are in the gift of the Duke of Norfolk, as hereditary Earl round the cave were obtained by admitting sufficient light by a com Marshal. plicated system of reflectors, devised on purpose by Mr. Sykes. The photographs measure ten' inches by eight, and are handsomely

Curious.-Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate-street, was restored by pullo mounted in large oblong quarto leaves.

subscription in 1836. The building is now used as a public dining

room and luncheon-bar. The introductory eighty pages give a description of the structure and sculptures, elucidating their meaning, from the works of Kali 7.7. (Hackney).-St. Bartholomew's Hospital was founded in 1ea. dasa and other Sanskrit writers; and, in fact, constitutes a complete A. H.(Dundee).-The dates of these battles were as follows: body of mythology connected with the distinctly phallic traditions of rathon, B.C. 490 ; Salamis, B.C. 480 ; Platæa, B.C. 479 the Shaiva sect, of which this was a temple. These elucidations are

D. C.-- Mark Akenside, the poet, was born November 9, 1721. drawn from all available sources, ancient and modern. The discus

He was the son of a butcher, at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. sion of minutiæ and references are relegated to the notes, which are, we may say, entirely exhaustive of the subject at the present time.

1. H.-Olympias was daughter of Neophtolemus, King of Epiros The plans and architectural illustrations are interesting, and drawn and mother of Alexander the Great. with care. The book will be prized by old Indians, and by all who are versed,

NOTICES. or wish to become skilled, in the old arts and religion of India.

Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring the volume and page where such queries are to be found. 70 % this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents of slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the referen

to the qucry itself, but that such reference should also incisi 4.2.-Sir Roger Newdigate, the founder of the Newdigate Prize previous replies., Zhus a reply given to a query pro pounded wtle at Oxford, was some time Member for Middlesex, and afterwards for

11l., page 4, to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, 6 the University of Oxford. He died in 1806.

another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.inl. 4, 20, 32). L. R. (Gravesend).- The term “ Perpendicular," as applied to

We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent ani architecture, denotes the style which was prevalent from about the capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archæolun. end of the 14th to the middle of the 16th centuries, and is chiefly and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possess 45 distinguishable by its stiff and rectilinear lines. The very elegant

of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interes:. vaulting known as “fan-tracery" belongs to this period.

To all communications should be affixed the name and address

the sender ; not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee i 7. Laud (Rochester):-Sir John Oldcastle, once popularly known good faith. good Lord Cobham,'' lived in the reign of Edward III., and

Communications for the Editor should be addressed to tbe Puke we believe resided some time at Cowling Castle.

lishing Office, 11, Ave Maria-lane, E.C.

Auswers to

Correspondcuts.

as the "

Use?

LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1873.

well-known loyalty of the Comptons has led to the surmise that the demolition of the house took place during their

tenure; and in one of the skirmishes in the civil war, CONTENTS.-No. 52.

Brambletye is reported to have been attacked and taken by

the Roundheads, who forced an entrance through the gateTHE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR HOUSES OF ENGLAND:-Brambletye House, Sussex, 97.

way, and arranged their forces in the courtyard, which is now MISCELLANEA:-A Zealous Mayor, 100.

ploughed up. The destruction of the mansion house can

hardly have taken place during that period, for John, the Notes:-Kentish Churches, 102–Mounts Sinai and Horeb-Co

operation in the Last Century-St. Valentine's Day--Curious son of Sir Henry Compton, is recorded to have died at Enigraatical Epitaph-Popular Rhymes: “The Minister and the Brambletye, in July, 1659. Dominie," &c.

From the caurt-rolls of the manor it does not appear who Queries :- Gloucestershire Relics, 103-On one of Van Dyck's Por- succeeded this family in the possession of the mansion ; but

traits of Charles I.-Arms of the Isle of Man-What is Gothic it is certain that it was occupied during the reign of Charles Architecture ?- The Earldom of Warwick-Lorley, in Warwick. II. by Sir James Richards, a gentleman of French extracThe Fitz-Eudo Family in Essex-Robert Fitzharding-Stainsby, tion, whose father had come to this country with Queen Dear Heath, Derbyshire-Pensioners—The Mottoes of Edward Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I. Being knighted for an the Black Prince-What was a Lychnoscope, and what was its act of bravery in the sea-service, he was afterwards advanced

to the dignity of a baronet-his patent of baronetcy, dated Replies:-Arms of the Isle of Man, 106-Devoashire Customs-26th February, 1683-4, describing him as “ of Brambletye

Irish Cannibalism-Unpublished Letter of Dr. Samuel Johnson
-Tirling at the Pin-Alexandrian Codex-Claudii Ptolomei

House." This gentleman is traditionally credited with Cosmographia-St. Mungo-Burnsiana--St. Valentine's Day, being the cause of the premature decay and desolation of The Duketom of Roussillon--Grant to wear Hats at Court, Brambletye House. It is recorded that on a suspicion of Minster Church, Kent.

treasonable practices against a proprietor of this house, Proceedings of SOCIETIES :-Royal Historical Society, 108–Socioty officers of justice were despatched to search the premises, of Biblical Archæology.

when large supplies of arms and other military stores were ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDBXTS, 108.

discovered. Intimation of these circumstances being quickly conveyed to the owner of the house, who was at that time

engaged in the diversions of the chase in the neighbouring THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR

Forest of Ashdown, he deemed it prudent not to return to HOUSES OF ENGLAND.

Brambletye House, but made his escape forth with, and is

said to have quitted England and settled in Spain, where BRAMBLETYE HOUSE, SUSSEX.

some of his descendants ultimately occupied high positions Bram bletye House-mor, rather, what is left of it-stands in the Spanish army. in the midst of some very charming scenery, about three Sir James Richards is stated to have died about the year miles from East Grinstead, in Sussex, and thirteen miles 1705, and to have been succeeded in the title by his sons, from Tunbridge Wells. It is situated in a pleasant and John, Joseph, and Philip respectively; but since the death fertile valley, watered by the river Medway, which having of the last-named holder of the title all trace of the family risen at a short distance to the west of East Grinstead seems to have been lost, and the title is therefore now con. church, flows languidly along through the verdant meads ; sidered dormant. whilst in its immediate vicinity is the celebrated Forest of Brambletye House being thus left uninhabited, was sufAshdown, the scenery from which, in every direction, is offered gradually to fall into decay. From the fact of Sir the most romantic description.

James Richards being the last known resident there, it is The remains of the house are of the time of James I., and more than probable that the destruction of the house, attri. consist of the principal entrance, one square turret, and a buted by some to the rebellious propensities of its owner, portion of another, the upper part of which, together with ought to date from the time of Sir James Richards quitting it. much of the building, has at different times been taken away A writer in the Patrician some years ago remarked that, by the tenants on the manor, and used for building purposes. no period of English history receives more welcome from Underneath the ruins are traces of the domestic apartments, an English reader than thatof the great civil war. The contest which appear to have been extensive; they display pointed so vitally momentous between popular freedom and kingly arches, and the entrance to them is under an arched passage privilege, which, whatever were its immediate results, led to at the end of the building: The entrance tower is square, our present limited and happy monarchy; the contest where and has within it two niches for the reception of figures. appeared both for prince and parliament such display of This part seems to have been highly ornamented, and mind and heart, genius and valour; the contest, in fine, apparently led to the principal apartments. Both inside and which brought into action the whole muscle and nerve of outside of the doorway, at some few feet from the ground, England; that contest rests as fresh now as ever on the there is a large acorn and an oak leaf carved in stone. memory; men dispute about it to-day no less keenly and Brambletye House was built, from an Italian model, by Sir interestedly than they have done for years upon years gone Henry Compton, who held the manor at the commencement by, and it will doubtless form the main topic of English of the reign of James I. This gentleman was twice married : story and conversation until this fair realm be no more. To. first to Lady Cicely, daughter of Robert, Earl of Dorset, wards the recollection of that era, there is one attraction and secondly to Mary, daughter of Sir George Browne, predominantly pleasing; one which never fails to create Kt. From the armorial bearings of Compton impaling general sympathy and admiration--we mean the loyalty Browne, which appear carved in stone over the principal of the Cavaliers. Their devotion to the king was of a nature entrance, it seems that the house was erected during the so gallant and generous, so romantic and chivalrous, that we lifetime of Sir Henry's second wife, and this supposition is look back upon them through it as through an encircling further strengthened by the initials and date (C.H.M., 1631) halo. For that loyalty the faults of the Cavaliers are by which appear on a lozenge-shaped stone on the upper story. their friends forgotten; for that loyalty, sincere and staunch

From the beginning of the reign of Edward I., to that of even to deprivation and death, the sternest Republican feels Edward III., the manor of Brambletye was held by a family some indulgence; for that loyalty, too, England owes a of the name of Audehame; in the latter reign, however, we debt of gratitude, since it was that which eventually beread that John, son of John de St. Clare, was seised of the coming combined with the purifying spirit of independence lordship. The property continued in the possession of this ushered into life by the Roundheads, saved the constitu. family for many years. As above shown, the manor was tion. With such remembrance, then, of the plumed sol. the hands of the Comptons in the reign of James I. The diers of King Charles, most people naturally view with friendly

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