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Independently of the high merit which it possesses for book done to ensure accuracy-by careful revision and by the transmission collectors, and gentlemen specially learned in Roman an
of proofs of cach Pedigree to the heads of every respective familytiquities, its contents have an intrinsic interest for students authority;” indeed, we are told that its success has already been so
has been done, so that this work may fairly be accepted as an of other ancient objects, on which the carlier remains complete that the compiler (Mr. Foster) announces volumes for here illustrated throw no little light. The plates of the Yorkshire; Cheshire, and Derbyshire. finished part of the · Archæologia Æliana,' to which Mr. but history or anecdote, where possible, has been introduced ; thus
These Pedigrees arc by no means a mere dry record of genealogy, Clayton is kindly contributing, have not yet been com. rendering the perusal of this work to any one associated with it of pleted, but the printing of another part is proceeding, and almost infinite interest. the issue of both will speedily be effected. Reverting to the but special features would be invidious, but the following are nien • Lapidarium Septentrionale,' to which, after all, our atten. Stang End; Blundell, of Ince Blundell; Bridgeman, of Great Lever; tion must be principally fixed, we have to report that Part Chorley, of Chorley; Cunliffe, of Cunliffe ; Dawes, of Shawe Place; IV. is progressing as rapidly as the careful tests of accuracy Peel, of Peele Fold: Rawlinson, of Greenliead; Sandys, of Graith
Forde, of Forde Green; Kenyon, of Gredington ; Morley, of Morley; permit'; and that it is the intention of the learned author waite; Shuttleworth, of Lancashire, &c. to prefix an introduction, in which he will attempt to grasp The Sheet Pedigrees are, without exception, the most comprea general idea of the state of society of Northern Britain, as hensive of their kind ever published, and contain all the living reprerevealed by the monuments, the minute details of which sentatives of cach family, in addition to including many of the
extinct branches, which often have been the most distinguished. It at present occupy his time.
only remains for us to add that the printing of the work has been The society took active measures, which its noble pre- most admirably executed by Messrs. Head, Hole, Co., of Farring: sident heartily and usefully supplemented, to prevent the don Street, and that the general appearance of the volume does further removal of local records to London. The Duke
great credit to all concerned in its production. of Richmond took charge of our petition to the House been published by Messrs. Hurst & Blackett, has now reached its
Lodge's Peerage and Baronetage, a new edition of which has just of Lords, and considerable public interest was excited by forty-second year of publication; and, judging from the care that has the clauses in the Ecclesiastical Courts and Registries Bill, always been bestowed upon this work, we have no doubt that the which proposed to transfer all episcopal registers and parish present edition will prove equally useful and trustworthy as a book of drawn, but the subject requires the most constant vigilance. published by Mr. Hardwicke, of Piccadilly. This very useful work is registers to the metropolis. They were eventually with reference as its predecessors have been.
A new edition of JIr. Walford's County Families has just been A recent volume of the Surtees Society (which, with the dedicated to the Prince of Wales, and has now made its thirteenth corporation of York, was also energetic in opposing the annual appearance. In the preface the author tells us that about removal of records and the attempted destruction of local 250 new names have been added to the present edition, without low: research) may be mentioned with advantage. It is a full lever increasing its bulk. This, Mr. Walford adds, has been cffected
by the omission or curtailment of redundant matter, which was not summary with frequent copies of the register of Archbishop n strict keeping with the plan of the book. Gray, of York, one of the documents sought to be removed. Under the able editorship of our member, Canon Raine, it has received ample illustration by other documents, and it Notices to Correspondents. is specially mentioned here, because its title might not at first sight lead the Northumbrian inquirer to the valuable Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring to mass of matter connected with the Hexham district which the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To umit it contains, by reason of the liberty of Hexham having slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference belonged to the archbishops. It shows, moreover, that the to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all marriage and hereditary succession of priests, to which previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at Vol, attention, in connection with Hexham, was drawn at one of another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.111.4, 20, 32). our annual meetings, continued in the North of England
7. S. (Ipswich).-Sir Robert de Septvans died in 1306. The more extensively and at a much later period than we then brass" which you allude to is in Chartham Church, Kent, and has supposed. There seems to have been a doubt as to the been often engraved. The arms of the family were Azure, three validity of the title of new incumbents of the livings when winnowing fans, or. Mr. Planché, however, in his “ Corner of the system was brought to an end; and we find Pope Honorius, Kent;" is of, opinion that the fans were at first seven in number, for as late as 1226, ordering Archbishop Gray not to eject one of 1. 2.--The lines on King Arthur's Round Table will be found in the hereditary priests until he had provided him with some Drayton's “ Polyolbion.' other competent benefice. In conclusion, we have to announce Holy Roman Empire, was conferred on the Duke of Marlborough
T. Spencer.- The title of Prince of Mindelheim in Suabia, of the the opinion of Canon Greenwell that, while our collection of in 1708. British antiquities comprises many objects of great interest '. 2.-The lines on Netley Abbey, which you quote, were written and value, its condition and the means afforded for its study by the Rev. Canon Bowles. are unsatisfactory. He suggests the immediate publication
F. T. (York). -The Venerable Bede lived in the second half of the
seventh century. of the catalogue of our British remains, which it is under A.R. (Vaidstone).-The Barony of Le Despencer was conferred stood has been prepared by Dr. Charlton, and volunteers tc by writ in 1264. Any good peerage will give you the other informa have them properly cleaned, joined, and arranged at his
tion you seek
SL. (IPallingford).--The legend of Herne the Hunter occurs in own cost. Another offer has been made, which we will shakspeare's " Merry Wives of Windsor.”! The period when Herz thankfully accept. Mr. Bates, of Wolsingham, has deter- lived-it, indeed, such a personage ever existed at all-is unknown. mined to procure a copy of, and to print, the Common
R. M. E.---The author of the poem you allude to was King James 1.; wealth survey of the Durham benefices, similar to that of in it his Majesty tells the story of his love for Jane Beaufort, daughier the Northumberland ones already given by Mr. Hodgson, Invicta.-Malling Abbey, Kent, is supposed to have been built and to present to us sufficient copies to form an appendix about the same time as Rochester Cathedral. Bishop Gundulpli was to the current volume of · Archæologia Æliana.'
1. F, E-Basing House, which forms the subject of one of Land. seer's most popular pictures, is about a mile from Basingstoke, in
We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and Pedigrees of Lancashire Families. Compiled by Joseph Foster. capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in arch.colors, This work is a companion volume to Baines's " Lancashire,” and bids and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession fair to inaugurate a new feature in Pedigrees. From the list of of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interes.. families which it embraces, the work must be of undoubtedly great To all communications should be affixed the name and udress of interest to every one connected with the Palatinate, and might, the sender; not necessarily for publication but as a guarantee of indeed, pass as the Visitation of Lancashire in 1872. Many of the good faith. more important Pedigrees have been revised and corrected, and, as is Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pub. stated in the preface to the work, “ cverything that could have been I lishing Office, It, Ave Maria-lane, E.C.
of the Duke of Somerset.
the builder of both.
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1873.
pedlar removed to Haddon, laid in the hall, and covered with a sheet. He then sent for the cottager to come im
mediately, and, on his arrival, at once questioned him as to CONTENTS.-No. 51.
where the pedlar was who was seen to enter his house the
night before. The man denied having seen him, or knowTHE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR HOUSES OF ENGLAND, 85.
ing anything about him ; when Sir George uncovered the MISCELLANEA:-Lockit Buik of the Burgesses of Dundee, 88-A Pro- touch the body in succession, at the same time declaring their
body before him, ordering that all persons present should clamation of Queen Mary, 89. Notes:-Churches in Kent, 90–St. Valentine's Day.
innocence of the murder. The suspected man, when his QUERIES :- Glastonbury Church,, 92—St. Pancras-“ The Cruel out of the hall, and made his way, “as fast as his legs could
turn came, declined to touch the body, and instantly rushed Mother"-Grant Cross at, Lucca-Captain William Hooper-Nobility-- The carry him,' through Bakewell and towards hashford. Sir Mourner”-Swakeley House, Middlesex--Kentish Churches George instantly ordered his men to mount and follow him, Henchman-Essex Head Club-Mary, Queen of Scots-Mayors' and to hang him wherever they caught him. The murderer Official Prefix-Alexandrian Codex-Whimsical Epitaph-Garth, was caught in a field opposite the present toll-bar at Ash
the Poet. Replies:-St. Margaret-at-Cliffe, near Dover, 23--Fossil Quadru- of the gallows acre,' or 'galley acre.'
ford, and at once hanged, and the field still bears the name mana-Topographical Queries-Minster Church, Kent-Brace
Sir George is said to -Wood Engraving-Rompu-Wedding Customs, Cranbrook, have been cited to London for this extraordinary piece of Kent-Formula of LL.D.-St. Mungo.
Lynch law, and when he appeared in court he was summoned PROCEEDINGS OF Societies:-Society for the Encouragement of the twice to surrender as 'the King of the Peak.' To these he Fine Arts, 95.
inade no reply, and the third time he was called on as Sir Notices of Books, 95.
George Vernon, when he stepped forward and acknowledged ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS, 96.
himself, Here am I!' Having been summoned as the
King of the Peak,' the indictment fell through, and Sir George was admonished and discharged.” At the time of
his death, in 1567, Sir George Vernon was possessed of no THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR less than thirty manors in Derbyshire alone. He was twice HOUSES OF ENGLAND.
married, and left issue by his first wife, two daughters, co
| heiresses, Margaret and Dorothy, who conveyed his immense HADDON HALL, DERBYSHIRE.
possessions to their respective husbands Margaret Vernon
became the wife of Sir Thomas Stanley, second son of The noble mansion which forms the subject of this paper Edward, third Earl of Derby; and Dorothy, of whom we is situated near Bakewell, and occupies a position of great shall have occasion to speak hereafter, married Sir John beauty on a natural elevation formed by a mass lime Manners, second son of Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and stone, at the base of which flows the river Wye, spanned by direct ancestor of the Duke of Rutland, the present noble a pretty but venerable bridge. Viewed from a short dis- owner of Haddon Hall. tance, Haddon Hall, with its towers and battlements, has The approach to Haddon Hall, for foot passengers, is somewhat the appearance of a fortress; but a closer inspec- over the bridge before mentioned, which leads direct to the tion will show that it is little fitted for the purposes of defence cottage where dwells the custodian of the keys. Having -indeed, the greater part of the present building is said to gained admittance into the garden, the visitor passes the have been erected at a period “ when moral force and law old stables, the walls of which are supported by several had superseded the tenure by which property was main- substantial buttresses. A steep hill leads up to the great tained in earlier times, and, unlike most of our ancient arched gateway that forms the entrance.
This archway, baronial halls, its history from the first may be said to have with its nail-studded door, is directly under a high tower been one of peace and hospitality.”
of Gothic architecture, decorated with heraldic bearings. At a very early period, Haddon, it is recorded, was held Beneath the entrance archway on the right is the guard by tenure of knight's service by William Avenell, who re- room, with its original fire-place, "peep-hole,' and the sided there, and held much land in the neighbourhood. framework of an iron bedstead used by the “sturdy porter' From the Avenells, the manor and estate of Haddon passed in olden times. by marriage into the family of the Vernons. For upwards After mounting the inner steps, rendered necessary by the of three centuries and a half Haddon remained in the pos- unevenness of the ground on which Haddon is built, the session of this family, many of whom, we are told, held visitor passes into the first or lower court-yard ; and here it is situations of great trust and importance, including that of at once perceptible that Haddon consists of two court-yards or Constable of England. Sir George Vernon, the last of this quadrangles, with buildings surrounding each. After crossing branch of the family, succeeded to the estates on the death the court-yard, a second fight of steps leads to the state apartof his father, in 1515, and lived at Haddon in such a style of ments. On the right is the chapel, and on the left appears the princely magnificence and hospitality as to earn for himself banqueting hall, with its minstrels' gallery, and other objects the title of "King of the Peak.” It is said of him that he of interest. Here, as the authors of the work before referred was not only generous and hospitable, but also one of the to tell us, the visitor “will see around him the chief features most just and strict of men, which latter quality, perhaps, of this once gay but now deserted mansion-grand in its he exercised to too great an extent, as will be seen from the solitude, and attractive in its very loneliness; and as he passes following anecdote, narrated by the authors of a very in. from court to court, from room to room, from chamber to teresting and useful account of Haddon Hall,* which has chamber, or from tower to tower, and peoples them in his been recently published :-" It is related that a pedlar imagination with the beings who have lived and moved and who had been hawking his wares in the neighbourhood was had their being 'there, he is ready to say :found murdered in a lonely spot. He had been seen the “ Pleasant to see is this English Hall evening before to enter a cottage, and never afterwards seen
Of the olden time, on a summer's day, alive. As soon as Sir George became aware of the fact of
Turret and tower, and buttress and wall the crime having been committed, he had the body of the
Shining and shadowed in green and grey.
And of those who lived there--only a tale,
Doub gly, dimly, guessed and told, F.S.A. 1871.
Of Châtelaines fair and of knights in mail,
Though the place remains where they lived and died,
Seen, as they saw it, by you and me;
Telling its tale unmistakably.
As it shone to them, and the shadowed door
of the wine they spill'd on the daïs floor. The river that runs by the old Hall's walls
Murmured to them as it murmurs now; The golden glow of the sunset falls
As it fell for them, on glade, river, and bough;
aisle leading up to the rood-loft and turret. The font is of Norman workmanship, and the altar stone still bears upon it the five crosses pattée, which denote its consecration in Roman Catholic times. The east window, of five lights, has some good stained glass, and on the walls are some remains of mural decoration, chiefly representing scenes in the early life of our Saviour. Of the interior of this chapel we here give an illustration.
In crossing the court-yard from the chapel to the banqueting hall, a flight of steps will be noticed near the doorway of the ante-chapel leading up to the state apartments; and entering the open doorway of the advanced porch, which,
The hall where they seasted, the church where they pray'd, with a wide passage adjoining, conducts to the upper or
Their cradles, and chambers, and gravestones, stay ; second court-yard, the visitor will observe a very interesting While lord and vassal, youth and maid,
relic of bygone times, which we are told, was dug up near Knight and lady have passed away.
Bakewell many years ago; this is none other than a veritable
Roman altar, bearing upon it an inscription, setting forth The first room usually shown to visitors is the so-called that it was dedicated to Mars, the god of war. Chaplain's Room, the first door on the right, after mounting To the left of the passage four arched doorways give acthe steps into the lower court. The chapel, which comes cess respectively to the buttery, the great kitchen, and other next in order, stands at the south-west corner of the building, domestic offices, and also to a staircase leading to a long is of the Perpendicular period, and consequently dates from suite of chambers on the north side of the building; whilst the fifteenth century. It consists at preseni of a nave, with to the right is a massive oaken screen, with two open doorside aisles, and a chancel; a staircase at the east end of north ways, dividing the banqueting hall from the passage.
*The banqueting hall is about 35 feet in length, and about quisitely designed geometrical tracery. From near the 25 in width, and has a modern timber roof. There are, how-upper end of the long gallery, a doorway opens into the ever, some remains of the original roof, which appears to ante-room, or Lord's Parlour; it is a small room, hung with have been adorned with pen dants, &c. The screen before paintings, and embellished with the crests of the Vernon's mentioned forms the front of the minstrels' gallery, over the and Manners' families. The chief interest attaching to this passage. On a raised daïs, at the opposite end of the hall, room is in the strongly barred door, which opens from it to is one of the tables used in ages long gone by, said to be one a flight of stone steps leading down to the terrace and garof the finest examples of its kind anywhere to be found. A den, and commonly known as “ Dorothy Vernon's Door.” gigantic fireplace, with its huge open chimney, is seen to the Passing through the ante-room, the visitor enters the state right on entering the hall, and at the end next the high table bed-room, of which we give an engraving. a flight of steps leads up to the state apartments.
The walls of this chamber are hung with Gobelins Leaving the banqueting ball, we next enter the dining tapestry, and it is lighted by a large bay window, overlookroom, the end of which, opposite to the entrance, is entirely ing the upper court-yard. The state bed is 14 feet 6 inches taken up by an elaborate Gothic window of eight lights ; this in height, and is furnished with green silk velvet and room is wainscotted throughout, and the upper part richly white satin richly embroidered with needlework; it is supcarved with tracery, armorial bearings, &c. Passing up a posed to date from the fifteenth century. A doorway
stone staircase, we now proceed to what are called the “ state behind the tapestry leads from this apartment to the.“ anapartments." The first room entered is the drawing room ; cient state room," which, two centuries ago, was distinguished it is a charming apartment, hung with tapestry, and among as the “best lodging room." A short fight of steps from the other objects in it worthy of notice are a pair of ex- this apartment leads into a passage, or small room, where quisitely beautiful fire-dogs. From this room, a doorway there is still preserved a remarkable wooden frame for the opens into what is called the Earl's Dressing-room, which stringing of bows and cross-bows. Passing on through immediately communicates with the Earl's Bed-chamber; several other old and cheerless-looking rooms, a spiral stair. both these apartments are hung with tapestry, as also is the case is reached, which leads to the top of the Eagle Tower, room we next enter, known as the Lady's Dressing-room. or, as it is variously called, King John's or Peverel Tower.
Retracing our steps to the landing at the top of the flight The gateway of this tower formed the only entrance for of stairs by which we ascended from the banqueting hall, we horsemen and carriages, and communicated with Rowsley pass on to the long gallery, or ball-room. This superb and Bakewell by an old road which still exists The room is fog feet in length and 18 in width, and the whole of view from the summit is one that will well repay the trouble the flooring is said to have been obtained from a single oak- of ascending it. tree grown in the park of Haddon. The walls of this gallery From this point the visitor returns into the ante-room, are panelled, and the coved ceiling is covered with ex. and then passes through “Dorothy Vernons Door" out into
of the Earl of zeirlie
the grounds. Besides the apartments alluded to above, the to Haddon Hall,” to which we are indebted for much of the kitchen and other domestic offices are very large and exten- information contained in this notice of the building, and also sive, and, as our guide tells us, “show more strikingly for the illustrations that accompany it. than any description, the marvellous amount of cooking that
W. D. must have been carried on, and the more than princely hospitality observed by its owners in its palmy days.". We have already introduced to the notice of the reader,
Miscellanca. Dorothy Vernon, the youngest daughter and coheiress of Sir George, who became, in 1567, the wise of Sir John LOCKIT BUIK OF THE BURGESSES OF Manners. The little love episode that passed between
DUNDEE. them is thus given in Mr. Llewellyn Jewiti's very interesting work :-“It is said that she was one of the most
(Continued from page 76.) beautiful of all beautiful women, and possessed of so sweet (100) Item furth of ye land of Richard Dauidsoun foirsaid a temper, that she was idolized by all who knew her. If it havand on ye east the land of Robert Drumond to ye were so, however, the monument at Bakewell does not
Twentie ss fairly represent her, for it exhibits her with an expression (101) Item furth of ye said Robert Drūmondis land foir. of countenance far from either amiable or attractive. said havand on ye east ye land of Patrik Mathisoun to the The story of her life, according to popular belief, is, Choristaris zeirlie threttene ssiid that while her elder sister, fortunate in an open attach- and furth of ye samy land to Sanct Johne of ye sklethewhis ment to Sir Thomas Stanley, the son
Twentie sex s viiid Derby, and, becoming his affianced bride, was petted (102). Item furth of ye land of ye airis of vmqle Robert and made much of, she, the younger, was kept in Clayhillis lyand on the north syid of ye murray gaitt betuix the background, having formed a secret attachment to John ye land of James Andersounis 'airis on ye east and ye land Manners, son of the Earl of Rutland-an attachment which of Alex' wedderburne on ye west pairtis, to ye choristaris was opposed by her fa: her, sister, and stepmother; she
Sex ss vid
zeirlie was, therefore, closely watched, and kept almost a prisoner. (103) Item furth of ye land of ye airis of vmąle James Her lover is said to have disguised himself as a woodman, Andersoun lyand on ye north syid of ye murray gaitt betuix or forester, and to have remained in hiding in the woods ye land of William Duncan on ye east and the land of Robert around Haddon for several weeks, in order to obtain stolen Clayhillis airis on ye west pairiis to
zeirlie fyve ss glances of, and occasional brief meetings with, Dorothy. (104) Item furth of ye land of ye airis of vmqle James At length, on a festive night at Haddon-tradition states it Ademan lyand on ye north syid of ye murray gaitt betuix to have been on one of the 'merry meetings, consequent ye land of William D uncan on the east and the land of on the marriage of her sister Margaret-Dorothy is said to Robert Clayhillis airis on ye west paintis to zeirlie twa ss vid have stolen away unobserved in the midst of the merriment,
Sūma huius pagine vi lb vii ss id and to have quietly passed out of the door of the ante-room (105) Item furth of ye land of ye airis of vmqle Thomas on to the terrace, which she crossed, and, having ascended Nicoll Lyand on ye north syid of ye murray gaitt Betuix ye the steps on the other side, or, as is also asserted, ran down land of Jhone Duncan at ye west and ye land of Thomas the steps from the terrace, across the lawn, and so down to Dauidsoun at ye east pairtis to ye chaiplanrie of Saint the footbridge, her lover's arms received her; horses were
Twenty ss in waiting, and they rode off in the moonlight all through (106) Item furth of ye said Thomas Dauidsonis land foirthe night, and were married in Leicestershire the next said haveand on ye east the land of Thomas Stewart to morning.” The love and elopement of this noble pair a ye Greyfrieris zeirlie
fyve ss modern writer has thus charmingly rendered in verse :
(107) 'Item furth of ye land of Patrik Mathesoun Lyand
on ye south syid of the murray gaitt Betuix the land of ye “ The green old turrets, all ivy-thatch,
airis of Johne Wallace at ye east and ye land of Robert Above the cedars that girdle them, rise,
Drummond at ye west pairtis to ye hospitall zeirlie Twa ss The pleasant glow of the sunshine catch
and furth of ye samy land to ye Chaiplanrie of Sanct And outline sharp of the bluest of skies. Clement zeirlie
Sex ss “ All is silent within and around;
(108) Item furth of ye land of James findlausoun qubilk The ghostly house and the ghostly trees
pertenit to vmqlo Johne Wallace Callit ye Easter land lyand Sleep in the heat, with never a sound
on ye south syid of ye murray gaitt Betuix ye land of of human voices or freshening breeze,
Robert Carma nowis airis at ye east and the land of Patrik
nyne ss " It is a night with never a star,
(109) Item furth of ye land of ye airis of vmqle Robert And the hall with revelry throbs and gleams; Carma now Lyand on the south syd of ye murray gaitt There grates a hinge--the door is ajar
Betuix ye land of ye airis of Alex" Grene at ye east and ye And a shaft of light in the darkness streams.
land of Johne Wallace airis at ye west pairtis To ye “ A faint sweet face, a glimmering gem,
Ten ss And then two figures steal into light;
(110) Item furth of ye land of Andrew Stewinestone lyand A flash and dark ness has swallowed them
on the south syid of ye murray gaitt sumtyme pertening to So sudden is Dorothy Vernon's flight!”
Alexr Grene Betuix ye land of ye ladie Claverhous on ye
east and ve land of Robert Carma now on the west pairtis This romantic elopement and marriage, we need hardly To ye Hospitall zeirlie
Sewine ss via state, resulted in bringing the grand old hall of Haddon (111) Item furth of ye land of William Cathrow Lyand on and the other Derbyshire property of the King of the the north syid of ye Murray gaitt Betuix ye land of Thomas Peak” into the possession of the family of Manners, from Davidsoun on the west and the land of Alex Browne on whom the present noble owner is descended. The last of ye east pairtis to ye Hospitall zeirlie
Ten ss this family who made Haddon Hall a residence was John, Quhilk wes bocht be william man Mr of ye Hospitall fra third Duke of Rutland. This nobleman died in 1779. Robert Barrie and furth of ye samy land to ye Choristaris In conclusion we can only add that as Haddon is easily zerlie
Ten ss accessible, and its rooms at all times open to the public, we (112) Item furth of ye said Thomas Stewarts Laud foirsaid cannot do better than recommend to the notice of visitors Lyand on ye nort syid of ye Murray gaitt Betuix ye land of Mr. Llewellyn Jewitt's very elaborately illustrated “Guide Thomas Davidsoun on ye west and ye land of Alex Browne