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EFFECTS OF LIGHTNING ON OAKS, seventeen pounds. Such was the result of a trial

made on some oak of New Forest growth, at the AND THE DISCOVERY OF VARIOUS FIGURES AND

command of the First Commissioner of His Majesty's EXTRANEOUS BODIES BURIED WITHIN THE

Woods; the lightning having, in the storm already SUBSTANCE OF AGED TREES. As far as the very imperfect records that we possess Ytene, and rent out a very long strip, of about two

noticed, struck a fine oak in an elevated part of will allow of generalization, it appears that oaks are more frequently struck with lightning than other inches wide by one in thickness, from its very heart : trees; and this circumstance, it would seem, has nearly one quarter of the tree was forced away from

the body, and several of the massy limbs of the been less observed by naturalists than by poets. Shakspeare expressly alludes to this peculiarity, when he upper part driven, as it were, from the sockets, a

distance of several feet. says,

Trees thus casually struck by lightning have some.. thought-executing fires,

times excited much astonishment, from letters, figures, 'Vaunt couriers to oak-cleaving thunderbolts.' Whether this liability may be owing to their fre- &c, being found engraven in the heart-wood, often at

a foot from the surface, and as much from the quently superior height, or whether, as I suspect, the centre. Crutifixes, images of the virgin, and other inferior conductibility of firs and other resinous woods extraneous matters, have been also found in the like may, in some measure, protect them, whilst the im- situations. In the church of the White Nuns, of perfect conducting power of the dense oak may be the order of St. Augustin, at Maestricht, there is presufficient to attract, but not able to pass off harm- served the figure of a crucifix, said to have been lessly the atmospheric electricity, is not known. found in the heart of a walnut-tree on its being split However this may be, oaks are thus frecuently struck, by lightning. and when

Trees which have been felled for economical purThe dread rattling thunder

poses, often exhibit the same curious circumstances. Rifts Jove's stout oak with his own bolt,

In the year 1816, when some trees were removed on the devastation which the shock occasions is most the enclosure of the waste land at Smallberry-green, surprising.

bordering the footway of the great western road, and A short time after the accident, I saw, at Pinner, nearly opposite the mansion of the late Sir Joseph the ruins of a very fine oak, not arrived at maturity, Banks, a gold ring about the weight of a wedding perfectly sound and of the strongest kind, which ring, rather flat and broad, with the following inscriphad been struck by lightning during a violent tempest tion,

Constancy is a noble vertu, in July, 1828. The shock had entirely severed the whole of its majestic arms, just at their junction in the root of an elm-tree. Sir Hans Sloane also

rudely engraven on the inside, was found embedded with the trunk, and scattered them around. The tree, which was about ten feet in girth, was com

had in his museum a log of wood, brought from the pletely stripped of its bark, and the body shivered East Indies, which, on being split, exhibited these from the cyme into the root. Perpendicular clefts words in Portuguese, Da boa ora, i. e., Det (Deus) passed into the heart-wood, and rent through the bonam horam. Jacobus Jaffarellus, among his unheard trunk in many places, so that splinters of six, eight, of curiosities, tells of a tree found in Holland, “which or ten feet long, by three or four inches thick, might being cut to pieces by a wood-cleaver, had in one be pulled out as billets would be pulled out of a faggot. part of it the figure of a chalice, in another that of The wood of trees sometimes suffers more than the a priest's albe, in another that of a stole, and in a bark; at others the bark is entirely stripped off, with word there were represented very near all the ornalittle comparative injury to the wood. Occasionally ments belonging to a priest. Furthermore, Hayman the branches chiefly suffer, but more frequently they Rooke mentions, that on cutting down some trees in escape, while the trunk (as in this case,) is abso- the Hays of Birkland and Bilhagh in Sherwood lutely shattered, and the whole of its bark rent off, Forest, letters, &c., were found within the wood of that of the boughs, and even the leaves, being wholly several, marking the king's reign; and fac-similes unaffected. In a similar manner we find the clothes his figures are given in our engravings. In one tree of persons consumed by lightning, while their bodies

were found several letters, and among them I. R., for remain unhurt; their bones shivered, while the softer James Rex. The following cut shows the hollow parts are little injured; or the blade of a sword struck, while the scabbard escapes.

Of the force required to produce such destruction in less than a second of time, and to scatter fragments of wood of several pounds' weight each, to the distance of sixty, or even of eighty yards, some faint idea may be conceived, when it is known that a strip of good oak, three feet long, and only one inch square, will support a weight, suspended at the central point, of 330 pounds. Part of one of the splinters of the Pinner oak just mentioned, which the letters originally formed, and the next the cohesion of which was much diminished, and its the same letters reversed and in relief, being the strength, of course, much lessened, by the force of the layers of new wood which covered the old, and filled thunder-shock, two feet long, and one and a quarter feet between the fulcral points, only one inch and a half by half an inch thick, and two and a half inches deep, easily supported 686 lbs.; 7 cwt. bent it slightly, and by adding three quarters more to the 7 cwt. it curved, though without fracture, about an inch downwards. To break a piece five inches square, and seven feet long, between the fulcral points, demanded a force of four tons, three quarters, and



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up the depressions which the knife had made. In | foresters in the respective monarchs' reigns; and the another tree there was found a crown with W. M., W. and M. being found only nine inches within the for William and Mary, and in a third. I., with a tree, and the I. eighteen, confirms this conjecture.

Rings, crucifixes, images, &c., &c., found in similar situations, have been enclosed in the like manner, after having been engraven in, or fixed to the trees from love, folly, or devotion.

The writer has several specimens showing wounds thus enclosed, and cavities formed, and often dead branches of trees, when small, are included in a similar manner, and grown over by the parent trunk. Queen Anne's and Queen Charlotte's oaks in Windsor forest, both of which have had brass plates, with commemorative inscriptions thereon, fixed to them,

might be given as further illustrations; over the crown like the old crown, in prints of King John. edges of the plates, the yearly increasing bark has The tree containing W. M. was cut down in 1785; the already made considerable encroachments, and in due letters were nine inches within the tree, and three course of time will progressively enclose the whole. feet three inches from the centre: the letter I. was To this process do we owe that more knotted and eighteen inches within the surface, and above a foot variegated texture of the central parts of planks, on from the centre.

which much of the beauty of heart-wood depends; These circumstances, which at first were thought for the abortive buds and nodes of young trees which astonishing, and by many deemed miraculous, will had not energy sufficient to evolve themselves as admit of ready explanation if we consider the manner branches, form knurls, and their relics or rudiments, in which the annual growth of wood in most in a variety of contortions, are thus enclosed and European trees takes place, and the relative situations buried in the hearts of aged trees. Dr. Plot mentions in which the successive strata are deposited. All our an instance of this kind, but more extraordinary, in native trees, and, indeed, a vast variety of vegetables which a living shrub was in part enclosed by an are what botanists name erogena, or outside growing ancient oak at Drayton Basset: the thorn, he plants; i. e., the leaves and rootlets, both of which says, seems to pass through it in several places. last but a year, and are annually reproduced, com Several examples are likewise on record, in which municate with each other by a double series of vessels birds' nests containing eggs, and even living animals, extending through the whole plant, and forming, in such as toads, have been, like Ariel, imprisoned in the fact, its wood and bark. In plants of one year old solid substance of various trees. there is only a single layer of each ; but in perennial One of the most extraordinary instances of such woody plants, although the leaves are shed yearly, enclosures of foreign bodies, is that recorded by Sir the layers of wood and bark remain, and form a case John Clarke, who thus writes :and mould, between which a similar double series of “Being lately in Cumberland, I there observed new vessels are seated, which establish a similar three curiosities in Wingfield Park, belonging to the communication from the roots to the leaves of the Earl of Thanet; the first was a huge oak, at least succeeding year. This process is continually going sixty feet high, and four feet in diameter, on which the on, each successive crop of leaves having a successive last great thunder had made a very odd impression; double series of vessels running to and from the for a piece was cut out of the tree, about three inches rootlets, forming what is called the new wood and broad, and two inches thick, in a straight line from new bark; and always deposited outside the old top to bottom. The second was, that in another tree wood-vessels, which form the duramen, i. c., the old or of the same height, the thunder had cut out a piece heart-wood, and within the old bark vessels which of the same breadth and thickness, from top to botform the volumen, i. e., the old or outer bark. These tom, in a spiral line, making three turns about the successive layers, which increase the diametric bulk tree, and entering into the ground about six feet deep. of trees, are well seen in transverse sections of wood, The third was, the horn of a large deer found in the forming many concentric circles, and from counting heart of an oak, which was discovered on cutting the number, a shrewd guess may be ventured as to down the tree; it was found fixed in the timber by the age of a tree: there are, however, exceptions and large iron cramps: it seems, therefore, that it had sources of error in such a computation.

been first fastened on the outside of the tree which If an injury be done to the bark and wood of any in growing afterwards, had enclosed the horn." certain year, say in a tree of a foot in girth, the This last is, indeed, one of the most astonishing cirlayers of each succeeding year will cover in the cumstances of the kind known; it is, with only one wound of the wood, and stretch wider the wound in exception the largest extraneous body ever disthe bark, and in the course of ten or a dozen seasons, covered thus buried, as it were, in the living substance if the injury has not been very extensive, there will of a tree. be a series of ten or twelve layers of wood over the The other case to which allusion is made, is a first injured stratum, and by the same time the old specimen now in the museum at Berlin, (and of bark will have cracked, or more or less peeled off, or which an account was given to the writer by a Polish have so much widened by the increase of the trunk nobleman who had seen it,) of a stag's head with within it, as to have obliterated the external injury. horns, &c., enclosed in the same way in the body of These gradations may be seen in almost every copse, a tree which grew in Poland. for love, mischief, or rustic ambition will cut initials If these things had been seen by those persons and many devices upon trees, which, when afterwards who imagined the letters, figures, &c., referred to discovered, excite much village wonder.

above, the “ sport of nature,” they must rather have The letters and figures referred to, owed their origin, confessed them to be the sport of some idle hand; without doubt, to such causes. The initials and and still less ground would there have been left for crowns of John, and William and Mary, discovered the superstitious credulity of those who ascribed their in the oaks of Sherwood, were probably cut by the origin to a still higher cause,

G, T, B.



early lesson to their children: "The vicious man should date his destruction from the first temptation. How justly

do I fall a sacrifice to sloth and luxury, in the place where HACHO, a king of Lapland, was in his youth the most I first yielded to those allurements which seduced me to renowed of the northern warriors. His martial achieve- deviate from temperance and innocence ! The honey ments remain engraved on a pillar of flint, in the rocks of which I tasted in this forest, and not the hand of the King Hanga, and are to this day, solemnly carolled to the harp of Norway, conquers Hacho." by the Laplanders, at the fires with which they celebrate

[Tuomas Warton, in the Idler] their nightly festivities. Such was his intrepid spirit, that he ventured to pass the lake Vether to the Isle of Wizards, where he descended alone into the dreary vault in which à To pardon those absurdities in ourselves which we cannot magician had been kept bound for six ages, and read the suffer in others, is neither better nor worse than to be more Gothic characters inscribed on his brazen mace. His eye willing to be fools ourselves, than to have others so. was so piercing, that, as ancient chronicles report, he could Swift. blunt the weapons of his enemies only by looking at them. At twelve years of age, he carried an iron vessel of a prodi- rational, we should, in every great enterprise we take in

To make our reliance upon Providence both pious and gious weight, for the length of five furlongs, in the presence hand, prepare all things with that care, diligence, and acof all the chiefs of his father's castle.

Nor was he less celebrated for his prudence and wisdom. tivity, as if there were no such thing as Providence for us Two of his proverbs are yet remembered and respected

to depend upon; and again, when we have done all this,

we should as wholly and humbly rely upon it, as if we had among Laplanders. To express the vigilance of the Supreme Being, he was wont to say, Odin's belt is always made no preparations at all. And this is a rule of practice buckled. To show that the most prosperous condition of which will never fail, or shame any who shall venture all life is often hazardous, his lesson was, Il'hen you slide on that they have or are upon it,-for, as a man, by exerting the smoothest ice, beware of pits beneath. He consoled his his utmost force in any action or business, has all that hucountrymen, when they were once preparing to leave the

man strength can do for him therein, so, in the next place, frozen deserts of Lapland, and resolved to seek some warmer

by quitting his confidence in the same, and placing it only climate, by telling them, that the eastern nations, not- in God, he is sure of all that Omnipotence can do in his withstanding their boasted fertility, passed every night

behalf.-South. amidst the horrors of anxious apprehension, and were inexpressibly affrighted, and almost stunned, every morning, The DownwARD Tendency of Bad Men.-If a man is with the noise of the sun while he was rising.

not rising upwards to be an angel, depend upon it he is His temperance and severity of manners were his chief sinking downwards to be a devil. He cannot stop at the praise. In his early years he never tasted wine; nor beast. The most savage men are not beasts; they are would he drink out of a painted cup. He constantly slept worse, a great deal worse.-COLERIDGE. in his armour, with his spear in his hand ; nor would he use a battle-axe whose handle was inlaid with brass. He The pure, the simple, the rational enjoyments of man, did not, however, persevere in this contempt of luxury; finds so much to admire in the works of the Creator, how

seems to be one great end in the creation; and if man nor did he close his days with honour.

One evening, after hunting the gulos, or wild-dog, being much more must those beings find who can understand bewildered in a solitary forest, and having passed the

them better than he. Increased knowledge must be infatigues of the day without any interval of refreshment, he

crease of admiration.—DanBY. discovered a large store of honey in the hollow of a pine. This was a dainty which he had never tasted before; and A CONTENTED mind is the greatest blessing a man can being at once faint and hungry, he fed greedily upon it. enjoy in this world; and if in the present life his hapFrom this unusual and delicious repast, he received so i

piness arises from the subduing of his desires, it will arise much satisfaction, that, at his return home, he commanded

in the next from the gratification of them. honey to be served up at his table every day. His palate. A great Author says, “ Is there a God to swear by, and is by degrees, became refined and vitiated ; he began to lose his native relish for simple fare, and contracted a habit of there none to believe in, none to trust to?" indulging himself in delicacies; he ordered the delightful gardens of his castle to be thrown open, in which the most

THE YEARLY MEETING OF THE luscious fruits had been suffered to ripen and decay, unoh

CHILDREN IN ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. served and untouched, for many revolving Autumns, and gratified his appetite with luxurious desserts. At length he The writer of the following lines has endeavoured to embody in found it expedient to introduce wine, as an agreeable im verse the thoughts which suggested inemselves to his own mind, provement, or a necessary ingredient, to his new way of

and probably to the minds of others, on the last occasion of the living; and having once tasted it, he was tempted, by little

meeting of the Charity Schools in St. Paul's Cathedral. It is

calculated that about eighteen thousand persons (including the and little, to give a loose to the excesses of intoxication.

six thousand children) were present. And who that listened to His general simplicity of life was changed; he perfumed the chorus of praise ascending from so large a multitude of infant his apartments by burning the wood of the most aromatic voices, could be unmoved by the impressive and affecting scere ! fir, and commanded his helmet to be ornamented with beautiful rows of the teeth of the rein-deer. Indolence

BENEATH the spacious Dome I stood: and effeminacy stole upon him by pleasing and imper

Ten thousand tongues were telling ceptible gradations, relaxed the sinews of his resolution,

God's praises; and methought 'twas good and extinguished his thirst of military glory.

To be thus within His dwelling. While Hacho was thus immersed in pleasure and in

And high above me, and around, repose, it was reported to him, one morning, that the pre

In their appointed station, ceding night, a disastrous omen had been discovered, and

Thick ranks of little children crown'd that bats and hideous birds had drunk up the oil which

That goodly congregation. nourished the perpetual lamp in the temple of Odin.

'Twas CHRISTIAN ENGLAND's CHARITY, About the same time, a messenger arrived to tell him that

With her throng of sons and daughters, the King of Norway had invaded his kingdom with a for

Whose mingled voices came to me midable army. Hacho, terrified as he was with the omen

Like the sound of many waters ! of the night, and enervated with indulgence, roused himself from his voluptuous lethargy, and re-collecting some

And whilst they hymn'd the glorious truth, faint and few sparks of veteran valour, marched forward to

That which alike remaineth meet him. Both armies joined battle in the forest where

The covenant of age and youth Hacho had been lost after hunting; and it so happened,

“ The LORD, the SaviouR REIGNETA,” that the King of Norway challenged him to single combat

It seem'd as though each infant tongue near the place where he had tasted the honey. The Lap

Made there its first endeavour land chief, languid and long disused to arms, was soon

To sing th' undying song, that's sung overpowered; he fell to the ground; and before his in

Before the Throne for ever ! sulting adversary struck his head from the body, uttered June 4, 1835.

M. this exclamation, which the Laplanders still use as an HALLELUJAH! FOR THE LORD God OMNIPOTENT BEIGNETH.

support of


the purposes whereunto they were consecrated; and in no II.

instance was this opinion nuore accredited than in that of

the Protector Somerset §. An account has been already given of the rise and

The foundation plot upon which this vast fabric prosperous days of the Abbey of Glastonbury. We have now to view a different picture. The last abbot, cluded a space of not less than sixty acres, and was

and its immense range of offices were erected, inas was before noted, was Richard Whiting. lived in those unhappy days when the accumulated surrounded on all sides by a lofty wall of wrought

freestone. The principal building, the great Abbeytreasures of ages, which had been derived to the church, consisted of a nave of 220 feet in length, church from the bounty of kings and nobles, were

and 45 in breadth; a choir of 155 feet; and a appropriated to secular purposes, being made to transept of nearly 160 feet; and with the chapel of gratify the cupidity of rapacious courtiers. It appears that at that period, many abbots, influenced by 110 feet in length by 24 in breadth, its extreme

St. Joseph of Arimathea, which stood at its west end, motives of personal hope or fear, tendered their resignations. But this was not the course pursued length measured the vast extent of 530 feet. Adjoinby Whiting. He refused to surrender his abbey to ing the church on the south side, was a noble cloister,

forming a square of 220 feet. The church contained King Henry the Eighth, and would not lend an ear

five chapels, -St. Edgar's, St. Mary's, St. Andrew's, to any of the solicitations offered him. He was con

the chapel of Our Lady of Loretto, and the chapel sequently seized, on a false pretence, and without of the Holy Sepulchre. Under the body of the much formal process as to law or equity, was dragged church were three large crypts, supported by two on a hurdle to the Tor Hill, where, without the least regard to his age, his sanctity, or his entreaties to be remains of many of the most illustrious personages,

rows of massive pillars, in which lay entombed the allowed to revisit his abbey, he was hanged, and his and under St. Joseph's Chapel was another large and head set upon the abbey gate, and the four quarters handsome crypt, having, in one of its angles, an of his body sent to Wells, Bath, Ilchester, and arched passage, which is said to have been traced Bridgewater. Like several of his brother abbots, he seems to have been accused of having appropriated have led to the Tor. Of this vast range of buildings,

for a considerable distance, and supposed by some to portions of the conventual plate to the

sc the rebels who were then making head against the

ely a vestige is now to be seen, except some fragking in the north of the country *, and consequently ments of the Great Church, of St. Joseph's Chapel,

and of the abbot's kitchen. was attainted of treason. The Abbey itself, as might be supposed, did not part of the arch, and a few fragments of the south

Two of the pillars that supported the tower, with long survive the fate of its spirited superior. It met part of the arch, and a few fragments of the south

wails of the choir, are the whole of the conventual the same doom which fell on other similar institutions. church now standing. There is, however, a sufficient That the monastic establishments, with all their faults, specimen of the workmanship remaining in the and they were neither few nor inconsiderable, were, arches of the windows, to authorize a belief that this even in their latest and worst days, the sources of edifice was in the best style of the later Norman. “It great benefits to society, cannot well be denied t. It

is wonderful,” observes Dr. Maton, that so stuis certain also that they might even then have been made still to yield to the community at large most pendous a mass of building should have suffered such essential blessings, could they have been preserved, depredation and diminution within a period which

innumerable others of inferior magnitude have surbut properly reformed. “ Latimer," indeed,

vived almost unmolested.” his honest earnestness entreated that two or three in every shire might be continued, not in monkery, he roof and floor, and must be admired for the richness

St. Joseph's Chapel is pretty entire, excepting the said, but as establishments for learned men, and of the finishing, as well as for the great elegance of such as would go about preaching and giving religious the design. The communication with the church was instruction to the people, and for the sake of hospi- by a spacious portal. There are doors also to the talityt." But the rapacity of the king's favourites north and south; one is ornamented with flowerwas to be gratified, and consequently, the monasteries and their property were devoted to their fate. work, the other with very elaborate flourishes and Amongst others the estates of this noble establish: figures. The arches of the windows are semicircular, ment were either granted or sold away.

and adorned with the lozenge, zigzag, and embattled

mouldings; underneath appear a series of compartThe merciless destruction (observes Mr. Southey,) with ments of interlaced semicircular arches, springing which this violent transfer of property was accompanied, from slender shafts, and also ornamented with zigzag remains a lasting and ineffaceable reproach upon those who partook the plunder, or permitted it. Who can call to mouldings, and in their spandrils are roses, crescents,

and stars. mind, without grief and indignation, how many magnificent

The style of the architecture seems to fix edifices were overthrown in this undistinguishing havoc, the date of its erection to the end of the eleventh, or the noblest works of architecture, and the most venerable the early part of the twelfth century. monuments of antiquity, each the blessing of the sur The Abbot's kitchen is an octagonal building, four rounding country, and collectively the glory of the land ! | of its sides being filled by fire-places, each of which Glastonbury, which was the most venerable of all, even less

measures sixteen feet in length, and was surmounted for its undoubted age, than for the circumstances connected with its history, and which in beauty and sublimity of by a chimney. Of the other four sides, two opposite structure was equalled by few, surpassed by none, was

to each other, are each occupied by a window, and converted by Somerset, after it had been stript and dila- the remaining two by doorways leading into it. The pidated, into a manufactory, where refugee weavers, chietly whole building with its pyramidal roof, is surmounted French and Walloons, were to set up their trade. He had by a lantern. This curious structure is said to have obtained it from the crown by one of those exchanges been erected in the time of Henry the Eighth. which were little less advantageous than a grant. By North-eastward of Glastonbury, on a very high pious protestants, as well as papists, the abbey-lands were believed to carry with them the curse which their first hill, (that on which Abbot Whiting suffered.) donors imprecated upon all who should divert them from stands the Tor, or Tower of St. Michael, probably

crected in the fourteenth century, on the spot This rising was named by some of its leaders “ the holy alliance previously occupied by a more ancient building; and blessed pilgrimage of grace."-Souther.

In the early period of their history they were almost invaluable. It serves as a landmark to sailors in the Bristol SOUTHEY's Book of the Church,

SOUTHEY's Book of the Churche

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RUINS OF GLASTONBURY ABBEY-THE ABBOT'S KITCHEN. Channel; and is seen in clear weather to a very great traffic of them, in exporting them to foreign parts. distance in all directions.

In the Great Rebellion, during the time of Charles Even but now

the First, the remaining trunk of this tree was also I saw the hoary pile cresting the top

cut down, but others derived from it then existed. Of that north-western hill; and in this now

Absurd as is the account of the origin of this A cloud hath pass'd on it, and its dim bulk

thorn, still there can be no doubt that it really has Becomes annihilate-or if not, a spot

much the same extraordinary property as that posWhich the strained vision tires itself to find. And even so fares it with the things of earth

sessed by the oak at Cadenbam, in the New Forest, Which seem most constant: there will come the cloud of which a notice has been already given f. Dr. That shall infold them up, and leave their plaeo

Maton says,A seat for emptiness. Our narrow ken

I have never seen the Glastonbury Thorn in fructification, Reaches too far, when all that we behold

but all the botanists who have examined it in that state, Is but the havoc of wide-wasting Time,

agree that it is no other than the common Cratægus monoOr what he soon shall spoil. His outspread wings

gyna. It is a fact, however, that the shrub here flowers (Which bear him like an eagle o'er the earth,)

two or three months before the ordinary time, and someAre plumed in front so downy soft, they seem

times as early as Christmas-day, O.S., whence I conjecTo foster what they touch, and mortal fools

ture it must be at least a variety of the abore species, Rejoice beneath their hovering: woe the while !

which may have been introduced originally by some pilgrim For in that indefatigable flight

or other from the East. The multitudinous strokes incessantly Bruise all beneath their cope, and mark on all

An intelligent correspondent of the Gardeners' His secret injury; on the front of man

Magazine thus writes on this subject :Gray hairs and wrinkles; still as Time speeds on

The unsatisfactory, and even contradictory, statements Hard and more hard his iron pennons beat

which occur in various works, both on systematic botany With careless violence; nor overpass,

and on horticulture, respecting the Glastonbury Tborn, Till all the creatures of this nether world

induce me to trouble you with this communication. Not Are one wide quarry: following dark behind,

that I consider myself able to give you full and satisfactory The cormorant Oblivion swallows up

information on the subject, but I hope, at least, to be enabled, The carcases that time has made his prey*.

from very long residence in the neighbourhood, to describe On the south-west side of Glastonbury may be seen with accuracy whatever is known with certainty at GlastonWeary-all Hill, which is supposed to have taken its bury about the plant in question. The popish legend about name from a belief instilled into the minds of the

the staff of Joseph of Arimathea, I may be permitted to

pass over in silence, and, therefore, come at once to the ignorant in former days, that here St. Joseph and

thorn-tree now standing within the precincts of the ancient his companions sat down, all weary with their journey, Abbey of Glastonbury; for there can be no doubt, that From the stick also which Joseph stuck in the ground from ihis tree and its forefathers, (the present one being on that occasion, though then only a dry hawthorn of great age,) all others of the kind har? been propagated staff, they say sprang the famous Glastonbury by budding or grafting. The most remarkable peculiarity Thorn, which blossoms every year at Christmas.

of this tree, and in those descended from the same stock, The tree, which was considered the original stock, blossom, and I transmit you a specimen for examination;

is the time of towering: it is now (December 31, 1832,) in had, in the time of Queen Elizabeth, two trunks, or it will again blossom in the month of May, and from these bodies, when a puritan exterminated one of them, latter flowers fruit will be produced. The other, which was of the size of a common man,

+ See Saturday Magazine, Vol. III., p. 238. was still an object of wonder and attraction, and the blossoms were esteemed such curiosities by people

LONDON of all nations, that the Bristol merchants made a JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. Loweadon Hill, by the Røv, William Crowe



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