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&KULL OF THE ANIMAL WHEN VERY YOUNG.

marked ridge is formed on the top of the head for nected with the Zoological Society of London. The their insertion; this alteration in its organization Ourang here described was very young, and this agrees well with the altered disposition of the Qurang. accounts for the gentleness of its manners; at the

same time, the partiality of its historian is apparent in the account of the wonderful feats of his favourite.

On its return from India, the vessel which conveyed the poor little Ourang to a climate always fatal to its race, stopped some time at the Isle of France to take in fresh provisions. The Ourang accompanied the sailors in their daily visits to the shore, and in their calls upon the keepers of taverns and shups. To one of these, kept by an old woman who sold coffee, &c. for breakfast, the Ourang was accustomed to go, unattended, every morning ; and by signs, which were easily interpreted, demanded his usual breakfast, which was duly delivered. The charge was scored up to the captain's account, which he paid before his departure.

There was but one person on board the ship of whom the poor Ourang seemed at all afraid. This man was the butcher. The Ourang had seen him kill sheep and oxen in the exercise of his duty, and probably anticipated from his hands a fate similar to that of his equally dumb, but not so intelligent companions. However, in order to conciliate the friendship of this dreaded dispenser of death, he made every advance, although in a very singular manner. He would, for instance, approach him with great caution, examine his hands minutely, finger by finger, and finding no weapon, proceed by every little artifice to attract his notice. With the rest of the sailors he was on terms of intimate friendship, and no doubt felt himself entitled to all the attendant privileges, not unfrequently to the annoyance of his companions from whose hammocks he took such portions of bedding as he deemed necessary for his own comfort, and which he would by no means resign without a hard contest.

His conduct at table, to which he was familiarly Some idea may be formed of their wonderful strength, by the following well-authenticated account hended the use of knives and forks, but preferred

admitted, was always decorous. He soon compreof the death of one of this genus ; it is extracted from the Transactions of the Asiatic Society.

a spoon, which he handled with as much ease as

The occurrence took place on the coast of the Island of arrival in England, he soon began to sicken. During

almost any child of seven or eight years old. On his Sumatra, on a spot where there were but few trees. his illness, he was removed to Bruton Street, where A gigantic animal of the monkey tribe was dis

one of his favourites, I believe the cook, attended covered. On the approach of the party, he came

as his nurse. He would raise his head from his down from the tree on which he was seated, and sought refuge in another at a small distance; he pillow, turn his eyes on his attendant, with an exhad the appearance of a tall figure, covered with his relief. He would at the same time utter a plain

pression as if entreating him to do something for shining brown hair, walking crect

, with a waddling tive cry, but he evinced nothing like impatience or gait, but sometimes helping himself forward with his Hands, and at others with the bough of a tree; but it him. He lingered on a few days, and gradually grew

ill temper, and was compassionated by all who saw was evident that movement on the ground was not

worse and worse till he died, not without the regret natural to him. He passed with such rapidity from

of his nurse, and indeed of us all. tree to tree, that it was difficult to take a steady aim

After receiving five musket-balls, the animal became exhausted, and lying on the branch of a tree vomited a quantity of blood. Believing that he would In no part of creation are the POWER, WISDOM, and GOOD

NESS, of its beneficent and Almighty Author, more signally now be easily taken, his pursuers began to cut down conspicuous than in the various animals that inhabit and the tree, but as it was in the act of falling, he began enliven our globe. The infinite diversity of their forms and his retreat again with great activity, and it was not organs; the nice adaptation of these to their several functill the few trees on the spot were felled, that he could | tions; the beauty and elegance of a large number of them; be brought to the ground. When in a dying state, the singularity of others; the variety of their motions; their the creature seized a spear, and with a force greater, geographical distribution; but, above all, their pre-eminent apparently, than that of the strongest man, shivered utility to mankind, in every state and stage of life, render

them objects of the deepest interest both to rich and poor, it to pieces.

high and low, wise and unlearned, so that arguments in The Leyden Museum contains no less than six proof of these primary attributes of the Godhead, drawn stuffed specimens, namely, two adult males, two adult from the habits, instincts, and other adjuncts of the animal females, a male not quite full grown, and a young creation, are likely to meet with more universal attention, female: they were all killed on the Island of Borneo, to be more generally comprehended, to make a deeper and by a party of nearly a hundred men, who surrounded

more lasting impression upon the mind, to direct the heart

more fervently and devotedly to the Maker and Giver of that portion of the forest in which they were found.

these interesting beings, than those which are drawn from The following characteristic anecdote of one of

mere abstruse sources though really more elevated and these animals was furnished by a gentleman con sublime.KIRBY.

SKULL OF THE ANIMAL WHEN AGED.

HEALTH AND DISEASE.

ducements can any one require to give him an interest So far from the rational care of health being justly in the “study and observance of Nature's institachargeable with the imputation of selfishness, so tions," seeing that they are the means by which the often ignorantly thrown out against it, there is nothing beloved ends and wished-for enjoyments

" can be which tends so much to relieve society from the attained, and that we “ may as likely keep, or acquire burden of miseries not its own, as each individual riches by prodigality, as preserve health, and obtain taking such care of his constitution as shall enable long life by intemperance, inordinate passions, a him to cope successfully with the duties and diffi- noxious air, and such like injurious customs, ways, calties of the situation in which he is placed. No and manner of living."-Combe's Physiology. man is so thoroughly selfish as he who, in the ardent pursuit of pleasure or of profit, heedlessly exposes ANECDOTE OF WEST, LATE PRESIDENT OF THE his life to the hazard of a die, regardless of the

ROYAL ACADEMY. suffering which he may entail upon those who depend When Benjamin West was some eight years old, a party on him for support. In the abstract, we all admit of roaming Indians paid their summer visit to Springfield, that the enjoyment of health is the first of earthly (Pennsylvania,) and were much pleased with the rude blessings, and that without it all others may bc sketches which the boy had made of birds, and fruits, and lavished in vain; and yet it has been quaintly asked, flowers, for in such drawings many of the wild Americans “Who is he that values health at the rate it is worth? have both taste and skill. They showed him some of their

own workmanship, and taught him how to prepare the red Not he that hath it; he reckons it among the common

and yellow colours with which they stained their weapons ; ordinary enjoyments, and takes as little notice of it, to these his mother added indigo, and thus he was possessed or less regards it, than his long-worn clothes; perhaps of the three primary colours. The Indians, unwilling to more careful of his garments, remembering their price; leave such a boy in ignorance of their other acquirements, but thinks his health costs him nothing, and coming taught him archery, in which he became expert enough to to him at so easy a rate, values it accordingly, and shoot refractory birds, which refused to come on milder hath little regard to keep it: is never truly sensible terms for their likenesses. The future President of the

British Academy, taking lessons in painting and in archery, of what he enjoyed until he finds the want of it by from a tribe of Cherokees, might be a subject worthy of sickness; then health, above all things, is earnestly the pencil. desired and wished for.”

The wants of West increased with his knowledge. He In proportion, however, as we consider the matter could draw, and he had obtained colours, but how to lay with that attention which its importance really those colours skilfully on, he could not well conceive. Á - deserves, we shall become anxious rather to take care formed of camels

' hair; there were no camels in America,

neighbour informed him that this was done with brushes of health when we have it, than first to lose and then and he had recourse to the cat, from whose back and tail he axert ourselves to recover it. Such was evidently supplied his wants. The cat was a favourite, and the the feeling which elicited the following remarks from altered condition of her fur was imputed to disease, till the the same clear-sighted author *.

boy's confession explained the cause, much to the amuse

ment of his father, who nevertheless rebuked him, but “ You that have health," says he, “and know not how to prize it, I'll tell you what it is, that you may love it better; One Pennington, a merchant, was so much pleased with

more in affection than in anger. Better help was at hand. put a higher value upon it, and endeavour to preserve it the sketches of his cousin Benjamin, that he sent him a with a more serious, stricter observance and tuition. Health luox of paints and pencils, with canvass prepared for the is that which makes your meat and drink both savoury and easel, and six engravings by Greoling. West placed the pleasant, else Nature's injunction of eating and drinking box on a chair at his bedside, and was unable to sleep. were a hard task and a slavish custom. Health is that He rose with the dawn, carried his canvass and colours to which makes your bed easy and your sleep refreshing; the garret, hung up the engravings, prepared a palette, and that revives your strength with the rising sun, and makes you cheerful at the light of another day; 'tis that which

commenced copying. So completely was he under the fills up the hollow and uneven places of your carcase, and himself from school, laboured secretly and incessantly, and

control of this species of enchantment, that he absented makes your body plump and comely; 'tis that which dress without interruption, for several days, when the anxious eth you up in Nature's richest attire, and adorns your face inquiries of the schoolmaster introduced his mother into with her choicest colours. Tis that which makes exercise bis studio with no pleasure in her looks. But her a sport, and walking abroad the enjoyment of your liberty. subsided as she looked upon his performance. le hau

anger 'Tis that which makes fertile, and increaseth the natural endowments of your mind, and proserves them long from decay, the engravings, telling a new story, and coloured with a

avoided copyism, and made a picture composed from two of makes your wit acute, and your memory retentive. 'Tis skill and effect which was in her sight surprising: “She that which supports the fragility of a corruptible body, and kissed him," says Galt, who had the story from the artist, preserves the verdure, vigour, and beauty of youth. 'Tis that which makes the soul take delight in her mansion, would not only intercede with his father to pardon bim for

" with transports of affection, and assured him that she sporting herself at the casements of your eyes... Tis that having absented himself from school

, but would go herself which makes pleasure to be pleasure, and delights delight to the master and beg that he might not be punished. ful, without which you can solace yourself in nothing of Sixty-seven years afterwards, the writer of these memoirs terrene felicities or enjoyments. “ But now take a view of yourself when health has turned with the sublime painting of Christ Rejected, on which

had the gratification to sec this piece in the same room its back upon you, and deserts your company; see then how the scene is changed, how you are robbed and spoiled tive touches of art in his first and juvenile essay, which,

occasion the painter declared to him that ihere were invenof all your comforts and enjoy ments. Sleep that was stretcht

with all his subsequent knowledge and experience, he had out from evening to the fair bright day, is now broken into pieces, and subdivided, not worth the accounting; the Canova ;—he visited his native place after having risen into

not been able to surpass." A similar story is related of night that before seemed short is now too long, and the downy bed presseth hard against the bones. Exercise is eminence, looked earnestly on the performances of his now toiling, and walking abroad the carrying of a burden. youth, and said sorrowfully, “I have been walking but not The eye that flasht as lightning is now like the

climbing."Lives of Painters.

opacous body of a thick cloud, that rolled from east to west, swifter Men are very seldom disappointed, except when their than a celestial orb, is now tired and weary with standing still --that penetrated the centre of another microcosm, hatħ lost desires are immoderate, or when they suffer their passions its planetary influence, and is become obtuse and dull," &c.

to overpower their reason, and dwell upon delightful scenes

of future honours, power, or riches, till they mistake probaIf such, then, be a true picture of the opposite bilities for certainties, or wild wishes for rational expeco conditions of health and disease, what stronger in tations. If such men, when they awake from these rolun

tary dreams, find the pleasing pliantom vanish away; what * MAYNWARINGE on the Method and Means of Health. can they blame but their own folly ?DR. JOHNSON

EAST INDIA STATIONS. No. VII. building amongst them is the monument to Lord GHAZEEPORE.-The Indian Rose-Rose Water. It has been, evidently," says Bishop Heber, "a very

Cornwallis, who died here on his way up the country. GHAZEXPORB, or, as it is sometimes spelt, Gazypoor, costly building; its materials are excellent, being of long celebrated for its rose-water, is the capital of a the finest freestone I ever saw, and it is an imitation circar or province of Hindostan, of the same name. of the celebrated Sibyl's Temple, of large proporIt is situated on the left bank of the river Ganges, tions, solid masonry, and raised above the ground 41 miles north-east of Benares, and 92 miles east of on a lofty and striking basement; but the building is Allahabad. It is described by Bishop Heber as a utterly unmeaning; it is neither a temple nor a tomb, large town or city, and when viewed from the river, neither has altar, statue, or inscription; and it is as presenting a very striking appearance, though on a vexatious to think that a church might have been nearer inspection, its noblest buildings are, as is too built, and a handsome marble monument to Lord often the case in Indian towns, found to be in a Cornwallis placed in its interior, for little more money. miserable state of ruin,

Ugly, however, as it is, it may yet be made a good The native city itself is, however, better built, and use of, by making it serve the purpose of a detached better kept, than many other places of more import bell-tower to the new church which is required for the ance. The bazaars are neat and well supplied, and station. The times are, I fear, unpropitious for any Bishop Heber, describing the place, says, “ One of the grants of this nature from the Indian government, yet streets was so wide, one might have supposed oneself in the wants of this station are so urgent-for when they an English country town." But he adds, “ the town have European soldiers here again, they will have no has no large houses except one, the property of a building of any kind to receive them for worship,--and wealthy Mussulman, which is extremely like some of the representation which the principal civil and milithe old houses in Scotland, as represented in prints, tary servants have made to me is so strong, that it is and described by the Author of Waverley. Like all absolutely my duty to urge the case, and I will cerother native buildings, it looks dingy and neglected, tainly do so. The place an old riding-house,) which but appears in good substantial repair, and is a had been used as a church before the station lost its striking object, more so, perhaps, than most of the chaplain, the quarter-master had reported, some time Corinthian verandahs at Calcutta. There are, more since, to government, as unsafe for any persons to over, the remains of an old castle here, now reduced assemble in. A tradesman, however, offered his long to little more than a high green mound, scattered room, (generally used for auctions, and sometimes for with ruins, and overhung with some fine trees.” assemblies,) which, now that the European regiment

Although the neighbouring population is chiefly was absent, and the probable congregation less numeHindoo, a very considerable portion of the inhabitants rous than it otherwise would have been, answered the of the town are Mussulmans. Their mosques here, purpose extremely well, being large, airy, and furnished are more numerous, or at least more remarkable, than both with seats and punkahs. Mr. Corrie read the pagodas. Indeed, although, taking the whole prayers, and I preached and administered the Sacraprovince together, they form but barely an eleventh ment of the Lord's Supper to a small, but very attenpart of the population, and amongst the remainder, tive congregation, almost exclusively of the higher Hindooism exists in all its strength and bigotry, yet class.” as it is in the large towns that the Mussulmans It is really melancholy to read such accounts as chiefly abound, they sometimes appear here in such this of Bishop Heber, respecting the deplorable want of numbers, in the shops and streets, as to lead persons Christian churches and ministers amongst the Christian to believe that they bear a more considerable propor- | inhabitants of India! What must be the effect on tion to their Hindoo brethren.

the religious principles and practice of the Christians " At the eastern extremity of the town," the themselves, coming as they do from this land of Bishop relates, “is a very handsome, though ruined spiritual abundance! What, also, must be the fatal palace, built by the Nawab, Cossim Ali Khan, the influence on the minds, both of Mohammedans and most airy and best contrived, so far as can be per- Hindoos, when they contrast the number and state of ceived from its outward appearance, of any of the their mosques and pagodas with the unworthy characeastern buildings I have seen. Its verandahs are ter of the places of worship in which our clergy are really magnificent, but its desolation is so recent, that compelled to officiate in many of the Mofussil stations ! it is very far from being a pleasing object on ap- If we would make any effectual religious impresproaching near enough to perceive its decay. It sion on our unbelieving fellow-subjects in India, we is approached from the land through a fine stone must first make our holy religion appear respectable gateway, which, though differing in a few particulars in their eyes. from the English Gothic, certainly belongs to the same Ghazeepore is celebrated throughout India for the style of architecture. This is in good repair, and has wholesomeness of its air, and the beauty and extent still its massive teak folding-doors clenched with iron of its rose-gardens. Perhaps these, in a good degree, studs, and with the low-browed wicket in the middle, arise from the same cause,-the elevated level on like an English castle or college.

which it stands and the dryness of its soil, which At the other extremity of the town, and sepa never retains the moisture, and after the heaviest rated from it by gardens and scattered cottages, are showers is in a very few hours fit to walk on with the houses of the civil servants of the Company, comfort. The English regiments removed hither from mostly with ground-floors only, but large and hand the other stations, have, it is said. always found some. They are surrounded by good gardens, and the number of their deaths diminish from the Indian occupy picturesque situations amidst tame but luxu. to the European proportion. riant scenery, where the green lanes, flowering hedge The precious incense of the rose, the atta-gool, so rows, and receding glades, bring to mind some of celebrated throughout all the civilized parts of the the most cultivated portions of England. Beyond world, is produced in considerable quantities in the these is the military cantonment, ugly low bungalows, gardens round Ghazeepore. A paradise with sloping roofs of red tile, but deriving some ad- veys enchanting ideas to the mind. Fancy decks the vantage from the trees with which they are sur scene in bright and glowing colours; sober reality, rounded and intermingled, The most conspicuous however, dispels these gay illusions; the cultivation

of roses at Ghazeepore is a mere matter of business, | during the night. The narnes, or jars, are skimmed and the extensive fields, though planted with roses, occasionally, the essential oil floating on the surface do not appear so beautiful and attractive as might at being the precious concentration of aroma, which is first be imagined. The fact is, the Indian rose, though so highly prized. It takes 200,000 well-grown roses its very name seems to imply distinction, can only to produce the weight of a rupee of atta. The price sustain a comparison with its European sisters in the even on the spot is extravagant, a rupee's weight fragrance which it yields. It is beautiful, for could being sold in the bazaar, where it is often adulterated a rose be otherwise? But excepting at Agra, it does with sandal-wood, for eighty rupees, (about eight not attain to the magnificent size common in England, pounds of our money,) and at the English warehouse, nor does it present the infinite varieties which adorn where it is warranted genuine, at a hundred rupees, our gardens.

or ten pounds. England is not the land of romance, but her hop Rose-water which has been skimmed is reckoned grounds have been considered as far more beautiful inferior to that which retains its essential oil, and is than the vine-wreathed valleys of France, or the rose- sold at Ghazeepore at a lower price than that which gardens which bloom in the East. The rose of an is warranted with its cream entire; though accordEnglish cottage, clambering from lattice to lattice, ing to the opinion of many, there is scarcely any and mounting over the rustic porch in bright re- perceptible difference in the quality. A seer, a full dundance, is infinitely more attractive than its Indian quart of the best, may be obtained for eight anas, namesake. The roses of eastern climes bloom which is about one shilling. Rose-water enters into sparingly upon a low shrub, which is kept to a almost every part of the domestic economy of the dwarfish size by the gardener's knife, and the full natives of India: it is used for ablutions, in medicine, blown flowers being gathered every morning, the trees and in cookery. Before the abolition of presents, it rarely present the luxuriance of loaded boughs, droop- made a part of the offerings of persons who were not ing beneath the weight of their silken treasures. rich enough to load the

trays with gifts of greater The roses of Ghazeepore are planted formally, in value; it is poured over the hands after their meals, large fields, occupying many hundred acres in the and at the festival of the Hoolee, all the guests are neighbourhood. The Alush of their flowers, when profusely sprinkled with it. Europeans suffering opening to the morning ray, and enamelling the under attacks of prickly fever, find the use of roseverdant carpet of green spread over a sun-lit plain, water a great alleviation; natives take it internally for cannot, however, fail to delight the eye. The gather. all sorts of complaints ; they consider it to be a soveing of the roses is performed systematically by a reign remedy for an inward bruise; and, in fact, Eau multitude of poor labourers, who carefully secure de Cologne cannot be more popular in France than every full-blown flower. The first process which rose-water is in India. these undergo is that of distillation. The goolāābee

D. I. E. pāānee, rose-water, thus obtained is poured into large vessels, which are exposed uncovered to the open air

[From Bishop Heber's Journal and the Asiatic Journal.]

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TOMBS AT GHAZEE PORE,

LONDON : Published by ,JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND; and sold by all Booksellens.

THE

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{ONE BENNY.

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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