Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

such surprising regularity, that it might, with greater In contemplating the varied phenomena of the propriety, be described by minutes, or hours, or days heavenly bodies, the mind is not only filled with than by miles.

wonder, amounting in some cases to incredulity, but The improvements in travelling, and in the con- it is overwhelmed with awe. Who is there, even if veyance of merchandise, by sea and land, which he be possessed of the most gigantic intellect, that have resulted from scientific invention and commer can grasp, in all its details, that wondrous mechanism, cial enterprise, during the last few years, have by which myriads of worlds are kept in their wrought an important change in all the relations of respective places, and are made to pursue, with undesociety. Distant parts of the same country are viating regularity, the courses appointed them. It hereby, in effect, brought closer together ; neigh- we limit our investigations to that part of the universe bouring nations are better enabled to cultivate the to which our own globe more immediately belongs reciprocal interchange of social and mercantile the evidences of design, of order, and of magnitude, advantages; whilst those more remote receive a are so resplendently conspicuous, that, fatigued and corresponding impulse, although its effects may not overpowered by the exertion necessary to such be so immediately apparent.

research, if it be only of brief continuance, we It is not many years since, that a journey of one gladly seek repose from such intense studies, among hundred miles, even in our own country, was looked objects nearer home, and of a less stupendous chaupon as a serious undertaking; occupying, by the racter. But if it be so difficult thus to ascertain most approved modes of conveyance, the larger por what is going on in our immediate vicinity, how tion of a week. By stage-coaches, the same distance greatly must the labour be increased, when, leaving is now regularly performed in about eleven hours, far behind us our own little system, with its beautiful and by a steam-carriage, on a rail-road, in five hours. sun, and his attendant planets, we push our inquiries

The rail-roads in progress on both sides the into the more distant regions of space, where worlds metropolis, and those which are projected in continu- beyond worlds, shining with unborrowed light, crowd ation of them, will have the effect of placing the every interstice of the vast expanse! Few, indeed, provincial towns that skirt their course, at about are there, even amongst the most highly-gifted of half their present distance from London, with respect mankind, who are capable of pursuing, in all its to time. Birmingham is distant from London one length and breadth, this delightful portion of natural hundred and ten miles, the journey thither being science. Enough, however, might be known, by performed by the mail, and other fast-coaches, in those whose means for acquiring knowledge are of something less than eleven and a half hours. The the most ordinary description, to inspire in them length of the rail-road will be one hundred and eleven emotions of deep humility; whilst all, from the and a quarter miles, and supposing no greater speed least to the greatest, from the most ignorant to the to be attained than is now averaged on the Liverpool most learned, may adopt the language of the and Manchester rail-road, the journey will occupy Psalmist, “ Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; five and a half hours. The distance from London it is high, I cannot attain unto it." Psalm cxxxix. 6. to Southampton is eighty miles; the journey occu To understand aright the relative situations of the pying from eight to nine hours. By the rail-road planets, as respects their distances from the sun, and it will average only four hours.

the rates at which they move in their respective Should the rail-road that is contemplated between orbits round that luminary, it is necessary to bear Havre and Paris be constructed, it will be possible to in mind, that the sun is immoveably fixed in the convey passengers and letters between the capitals of centre of the solar system. The rising of the sun in England and France in twenty-four hours; sup- the east, and its setting in the west, is not a real but posing the voyage from Southampton to Havre to an apparent motion. The earth is the moving body, occupy, as it does at present, about twelve hours. and it rotates on an imaginary line passing through

These interesting facts denote that time is essen its centre, and terminating at the poles, in the same tially an element of distance, as respects the inter way that a wheel of a carriage revolves on its axle. course of mankind, whether it be of individuals or The rotatory motion of the earth, is in a direction communities. The only condition that seems neces from west to east, exactly the reverse of that in sary to its more general adoption in the ordinary which the sun appears to move; and operating on affairs of life, is uniformity in the rate of travelling; our senses in a similar way to that of travelling in a an object, that with rail-roads, and steam-packets, is carriage, or a steam-boat, when the objects at the not of very difficult attainment.

sides of a road, or on the banks of a river, appear to In France, a rail-road has been some time in be passing us in a contrary direction at a rapid rate. operation, whose length is about 89 miles. Other In addition to what is terined the daily rotation of European nations are adopting similar modes of the earth on its own axis, producing the agreeable communication, and it is probable that at no very alternations of day and night, it moves also with great distant period, a journey from one extremity of velocity, in the performance of its annual circuit Europe to the other will be performed in less time, round the sun ; to which circumstance, and the and with less expense and inconvenience, than for- peculiar direction of its poles, we are indebted for merly attended that from London to Edinburgh, or the variation of seasons, and the difference in the some other equally distant part of the British Empire. duration of light and darkness.

The number of rail-roads in America, already The sun appears to us to be constantly changing completed, is 46, and there are projected, or in its place among the fixed stars, making an entire progress, 137 more. Among the latter, is one line revolution of the canopy of heaven in a year. This of road that will be 330 miles in length, the most is an illusion of our senses, since it is ourseives that difficult and expensive portion of which, extending move; but we are unconscious of it except by about 70 miles, is already finished. Upwards of 100 directing our attention to external objects. In miles of another rail-road is completed, whose entire travelling with great rapidity on a rail-road, the length will be 135 miles.

illusion is so complete, that many persons who are We now turn our attention to distances and strangers to that mode of conveyance, can only with movements of a totally different character from those difficulty be persuaded that they are in motion, unless which exist on this terrestrial globe.

they notice objects external to the carriage. On

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

*

some parts of the Liverpool and Manchester rail-, by the following figure; the road, the motion of the carriages is so slightly felt, sun occupying a fixed point that persons can read and write in them with the called one of the foci, as at s. greatest facility. The following figure will, we hope, The moon is so intimately assist in explaining how it is that the sun appears to associated with us in all our move among the fixed stars, whilst in reality that movements, whether diurnal glorious body is as permanently fixed as they are. or annual, that it is, next to

The earth, at some particular time of the year, the sun, the most important being in that part of its course denoted by A, the of all celestial bodies; and sun, s, will appear to be among the stars at a', since this arises not only from its comparative proximity, those stars will never be seen from the earth at night. its periodical brightness, and its continual changes; As the earth proceeds in its orbit from A to b, the but also from its physical effects upon the tides of the

ocean, and, as we have reasons for concluding, on the atmosphere which encompasses the earth. The mean distance of the moon from the earth; that is, according to the astronomical method of computation, from the centre of one body to the centre of the other, is about 237,000 (two hundred and thirty-seven thousand) miles. This, vast as it is, when viewed in connexion with distances upon our globe, is but " a day's journey," in comparison to the distance that the earth, and some of the other planets, are from the sun. A steam-carriage, on a rail-road, proceeding uninterruptedly at the rate of 25 miles per hour, would run 237,000 miles in 1 year, 4 weeks, and 2 days. This falls within the limits of our conception. We may imagine something analogous to this, supposing a carriage, or rather a succession of carriages, to be kept constantly at work for rather more than 2 years, and working 12 hours per day. But our powers of imagination fail us in estimating a distance equal to that of the earth from the sun, namely, ninety-five millions of miles. Our steam-carriage illustration is here no iünger available,

since it falls far beyond the boundaries of probability. sun will appear also to have moved from a' to B'. Proceeding uninterruptedly at 25 miles per hour, it In three months more the earth will have passed would require 433 years to move over a space equal from b to c, the sun will then appear to have passed to ninety-five millions of miles. from b' to c', and the stars at a', which, in the first Assuming the mean distance that the moon is instance, were invisible, will rise when the sun sets. from the earth, (237,000 miles,) as a comparative Proceeding onwards in its course, the earth will pass, standard in estimating the distances of the planets in succession, from c to D, and from d'to a, the sun, from the sun, we have the following results, namely, at the same time, appearing to move from c' to D' | the mean distance from the sun to and from d' to s', thus completing the circuit of the

Mercury is equal to 152 { timoon from the Earth.

times the distance of the heavens. The other planets participate, in common with the

Venus

286 Earth

400 earth, in the twofold motion already described.

Mars

600 The nearer a body is to the sun, the greater the

Jupiter

2046 velocity with which it moves in its orbit. The diurnal

Saturn

3755 motions of the planets are very dissimilar. Thus, Uranus

7595 the time occupied by the earth in making an entire

R. R. revolution on its axis is 23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds, which, properly speaking, constitutes a day. Jupiter, which is more than twelve hundred times

PHENOMENON OF THE BLACK WATERS. larger than our globe, performs its diurnal revolution in the upper part of the region of this river, (the Oronoko, in 9 hours, 55 minutes, and 33 seconds. The moon,

in South America) between the third and fourth north (a secondary planet, or satellite,) on the contrary, parallels (of latitude), nature has several times displayed moves so slowly on its axis, that it takes 27 days, 7ine singular phenomenon which has been named black hours, 43 minutes, and 5 seconds, to perform one

waters. The water of the Atabaco, Temi, Tuameni, and revolution. In the length of what we term a year, woods of the palm-tree, their colour becomes of a deep

Guainia, is of a coffee-colour. Under the shade of the that is the time occupied in passing round the sun,

black, but, in transparent vessels, it becomes of a golden there is a remarkable difference as respects different yellow colour; the images of the southern constellations planets. This revolution is performed by

are reflected in it with singular brilliancy. The absence

of crocodiles, and of fish, a greater degree of coolness, a Mercury in 0 years, 87 days, 23 hours, 14 min., 33 sec. Venus

smaller number of musquitoes, and a healthier air, 224 16 41 27

distinguish the region of the black rivers. They probably Earth 1 0

48

derive their coloair from a solution of carburet of hydrogen, Mars .. 321

18 27 Jupiter . 11

resulting from (the decomposition of) the multitudes of 315 14 Saturn .. 29 161 19

16

plants that cover the soil through which they flow. — 15 MALTE Brux.

0. N. Uranus 83 52

4

0 The path of a planet, in its revolution round the He that waits for an opportunity to do much at once, may sun, is not circular, having the sun for its centre; breathie out his life in idle wishes; and regret, in the last but it describes a figure, termed an ellipse, as denoted ( hour, his useless intentions, and barren zeal.-- Idler

[ocr errors]

3

48

1

22

39

0

.

BY MILKMAIDS.

INSTANCE OF LONG ABSTINENCE,

MANNER OF MAKING PERSONS FREE AT ALNWICK,

IN NORTHUMBERLAND. A YOUNG man, of a studious and melancholy turn of mind, troubled with some symptoms of indigestion and internal Those who are to be made free, or, as the phrase is, leap complaints, and aided, perhaps, by the strength of imagina- the well, assemble in the market-place, very early in the tion, and by some mistaken notions about religion, resolved morning, on the 25th of April, being St. Mark's day. to cure himself by abstinence. He withdrew himself sud- They appear on horseback, dressed in white, with white denly from his business and friends, took lodgings in nightcaps, and every man a sword by his side, attended an obscure street, and resolved to abstain from all solid by the four chamberlains, and the castle-bailiff, mounted food, and only to moisten his mouth from time to time with and armed in the same manner. They then proceed, with water, slightly tlavoured with the juice of oranges. After music playing before them, to a large dirty pool, called throe days' abstinence, the craving for food subsided, and Freeman's-Well

, where they dismount, draw up in a body, he pursued his studies without further inconvenience. He then rush in all at once, and scramble through the mud as used no exercise, slept but little, and spent the greater fast as they can. After this, they take a dram, put on dry part of the night in reading. The quantity of water used clothes, remount their horses, gallop round the confines each day was from half a pint to a pint, and the juice only of the district, and then ro-enter the town, sword in hand, of two oranges, to flavour the water, served him a week. and are met by women, dressed in ribands, with bells and

He persisted in his regimen for sixty days, without garlands, dancing and singing. These are called Timbervariation. During the last ten days of it, his strength wastes.

On this day, the houses of the new freemen are failed rapidly; and, finding himself unable to rise from his distinguished by a holly-bush, as a signal for their friends bed, he began to be alarmed. He had hitherto flattered to come and make merry with them on their return. himself that his support was preternatural, and had in This manner of making free is peculiar to Alnwick, dulged his imagination with the prospect of some great according to a clause in the charter given them by King event, which he expected would follow this remarkable John, who, travelling this way, stuck fast in a hole, and abstinence. But his delusion vanished, and he gradually thus punished the town, for neglecting to mend the roads. found himself wasting, and sinking to the grave.

About this time, his friends found out his retreat, and THE CITY OF DORT, IN HOLLAND, PRESERVED prevailed upon him to admit the visit of a respectable clergyman, who convinced him of the fallacy of his visionary During the wars in the Low Countries, the Spaniards ideas; and succeeded, finally, in obtaining his consent to intended to besiege the city of Dort, in Holland, and any plan that might be conducive to his recovery.. Dr. accordingly planted some thousands of soldiers in amWillan, a respectable physician, was then called in for bush, to be ready for the attack when opportunity might advice, and visited him on the 23d of March, 1786, and on offer. On the confines of the city lived a rich farmer, the sixty-first of his fast. The doctor found him reduced who kept a number of cows in his grounds, to furnish to the last stage of existence, and he states, that “ his the city with butter and milk. His milkmaids, at this. whole appearance suggested the idea of a skeleton, pre- time, coming to milk their cows, saw under the hedges pared for drying the muscles upon it in their natural the soldiers lying in ambush, but seemed to take no situation. His eyes were not deficient of lustre ; his voice notice; and having milked their cows, went away singwas sound and clear, notwithstanding lis general weak-ing merrily. On coming to their master's house, they ness, but attended with great imbecility of mind." He had told him what they had seen; who, astonished at the undertaken in his retirement io copy the Bible in short relation, took one of the maids with him to a burgomaster hand, which he showed the doctor ; executed nearly as far at Dort, who immediately sent a spy to ascertain the truin as the second book of Kings : he had also ma:le some im of the story. Finding the report correct, he began to provements in short-hand writing. From the 23d to the

prepare for safety, and instantly sent to the States, who 28th of March, he was so much recovered, under a proper ordered soldiers into the city, and commanded the river to regimen, that he could easily walk across the room; but on be let in by a certain sluice, which would instantly lay that the 29th, he lost his recollection, and ultimateiy died on the part of the country under water where the besiegers lay in 9th of April, nature being quite exhausted.

ambush. This was forthwith done, and a great number Dr. Willan believes that this young man's case of fasting of the Spaniards were drowned ; the rest, being disapis longer than any recorded in the annals of physic; and pointed in their design, escaped, and the town was thus that he could scarcely have supported himself through it, providentially saved. The States, to commemorate the except from an enthusiastic turn of min:), nearly bordering memory of the merry milkmaid's good service to the upon insanity, the effect of which, in fortifying the body country, ordered the farmer a large revenue for ever, to against cold and hunger, is so well known.

recompense him for the loss of his house, land, and cattle;

and caused the coin of the city to have a milkmaid, milkThe intellectual powers of man are not given merely for ing a cow, to be engraven thereon, which is to be seen at self; they are not intended to aid his own cunning, and

this day, upon the Dort dollars, stivers, and doights; and craft, and intrigues, and conspiracies, and enrichment.

similar figures were also set up on the water-gate of the They will do nothing for these base purposes. The instinct

Dort: and the milkmaid was allowed for her own life, and of a tiger, a vulture, or a fox will do better. Genius and

her heirs for ever, a very handsome annuity. abilities are given as lamps to the world, not to self.-SIR EGERTON BRYDGES.

King George the Third one day walking up the street at

Cheltenham, the common crier (then a woman) concluded Who is there that can afford to compare what he has done, good and venerable monarch turned round, and emphati

a public notice by exclaiming “ God save the King !" The with what it was once his ambition and his hope to do?

cally replied, “ God save the crier, and the people !" Gray hairs bring with them little wisdom, if they do not bring this sense of humiliation.--SouthEY.

The story of the great eastern monarch, who, when he

surveyed his innumerable army from an eminence, wept O YE, whom, struggling on life's craggy road,

at the reflection that in less than a hundred years not one With obstacles and dangers, secret foes

of all that multitude would remain, has been often menSupplant, false friends betray, disastrous rage

tioned; because the particular circumstances, in which Of elements, of war, of civil broil

that remark occurred, naturally claim the thought, and Brings down to Poverty's cold floor, while grief

strike the imagination; but every man that places his Preys on the heart, and dims the sinking eye;

happiness in external objects, may every day with equal Faint not! There is, who rules the storm, whose hand propriety make the same observations. Though he does Feeds the young ravens, nor permits blind chance not lead armies, or govern kingdoms, he may reflect, whenTo close one sparrow's flagging wing in death.

ever he finds his heart swelling with any present advanTrust in the Rock of Ages. Now, even now

tage, that he must, in a very short time, lose what he so He speaks, and all is calm. Or if, to prove

much esteems; that in a year, a month, a day, or an hour, Your inmost soul, the hurricane still spread

he may be struck out from the book of life, and placed in Its licensed ravages, He whispers hope,

a state where wealth or honour shall have no residence, Earnest of comfort; and through blackest night

and where all those distinctions shall be for ever obliteBids keen-eyed Faith on heaven's pure sunshine gaze, rated, which now engross his thoughts, and exalt his pride And learn the glories of her future home.--GISBORNE, -Dr. JOHNSON,

ment.

THE GYPSIES IN FRANCE.

on her back, and she was come to live as near her By the Rev. EMILIEN B. D. FROSSARD, Protestant Chaplain husband, as walls and guards would allow her; there and Pasteur Catechiste at Nismes.

she waited, counting the days for his deliverance: THE Gypsies have borne a prominent part in the

she lived upon charity, and as soon as the compasromantic literature of our age, and no one can forget sionate stranger threw her some pence, she might be Sir Walter Scott's great and mysterious character of

seen running with joy to the grating, entreating the Meg Merrilies. But what many people seem to porter to give the poor prisoner the scanty pittance forget, and some, perhaps, are really ignorant of, is of public charity. On the day of his liberation, the part which these wandering tribes still actually several members of the tribe were seen coming perform in real life. France has not escaped their joyfully to welcome their brother, and take his family incursions. They are often met with under the side

far away, to seek a country where the laws were less arches of the bridges, in deserted Mayets *, and in strict, and men less vigilant. every place where they can pitch their tents without

Philanthropists of France, are you ignorant of the being driven from it by suspicious owners. They fact that ten thousand human creatures, vagrants may often be seen grouped round a fire in the open and degraded, overrun the face of your country, and air, over which boils a kettle filled with bones and that in the midst of so many benevolent projects, so other scraps thrown away by the butchers, or

many schools and asylums supported by public snatched from the mouths of their dogs.

charity, the Gypsies have hitherto been forgotten ! The men sleep all day, and roam about at night; These wandering tribes seem, it is true, to escape the wretched ragged women beg, and the children from our civilization; a horror of subjection and of amuse the passengers by clacking their teeth in labour is their ruling passion; but we must not cadence. All are distinguished by misery, by dirt t, allow ourselves to be discouraged by the idea, and by a love of wandering. À copper-coloured received before-hand, that all efforts are in vain. The skin, perfectly black hair, peculiar and marked task is a difficult one, but it is because it is difficult, features, proclaim them all to spring from a distant that it is delightful, and the philanthropist has for and foreign origin; they live without fire or fixed his encouragement the establishments of Friedrichshabitation, without faith or form of worship; their lohra, in Germany, and that of Southampton in almost incomprehensible dialect seems a mixture of England *, before his eyes. different languages, from which they have gleaned

In 1830, the Christians of Naumbourg, a little during their wanderings, and when the curious stranger Prussian town in the vicinity of Friedrichslohra, questions them, they reply that their pilgrimage is not sent thither Mr. Blankenbourg, with a mission to yet finished.

attempt the religious instruction of the Gypsies, We have often heard of several savage virtues and consequently their social and moral improvewhich distinguish the Gypsies; I much fear that these virtues exist only in the imaginations of novel

Mr. Blankenbourg has fixed his residente, during ists, and that if we follow these wandering tribes the last three years, in the midst of these Parias of more closely, they will only afford us a sad spectacle Europe. He had at first much difficulty in gaining of the lowest degradation. Nevertheless, they cannot their confidence, because he had been represented to have entirely escaped the influence of the law of them as charged by the Prussian government with conscience written in the hearts of all men; nor

the design of throwing them into a house of correcthat of Christianity which surrounds and protects tion, where they would be obliged to work. They them.

avoided him with care; the very children fled when During several months, I observed a poor Gypsy they saw him approaching. But he at last succeeded woman who had fixed her abode at the foot of the in persuading the heads of them, that it was solely rampart of the citadel of Nismes. Every time I

out of charity towards them that he had settled went to the county gaol, in the exercise of my

himself in their village. One of them burst into ministry, a little boy of seven years, old, who seemed

tears of joy on hearing this, and said that he had to belong to her, endeavoured to attract my attention thought there was no longer any one in the world by his absurd contortions, and almost unintelligible that loved them. They promised to induce their language. The mother remained by her fire-side, companions to listen to his advice, and they kept half-extinguished, shivering with cold, half-naked, their word. Their chief continues to testify much concealing so young an infant in a cloth, that it is friendship towards him; he is an old man, who well most probable these ruins saw its birth.

knows how to keep up order among his people. This woman was still young, with all the charac

Mr. Blankenbourg has provided work for the teristic features and dress of her race. Her husband, Gypsies, he employs them to dig ditches in the forest, for it appears that notwithstanding the customs of which is a work that cannot be completed under two this people , they were married, had been condemned years. It would never have been possible to have to prison; she had followed him from a great distance made them undertake it by force; their friend's on foot, spent with fatigue, carrying her eldest child kindness to them, decided their acceptance of it, and

every day fresh Gypsies arrive, asking for employ* A kind of summer-house in the vineyards, to which the citizens ment. of Nisines and other towns in the south of France, repair in the encourage them by his example, as well as by his

Mr. Blankenbourg works with them, to summer on Sunday evenings, with their families; they are generally painted green and yellow.

advice; this constant communication which he keeps the case of a family, the mother of whom experienced an long and up with them, makes it more easy for him to seize most suffering illness. She refused to leave

the tent for a comfort- every opportunity of speaking to them of their eternal able house, provided for her by some charitable friends, saying, that interests. as she bad never slept under a roof, she was convinced she should

Mrs. Blankenbourg assists her husband with a die of suffocation, if she tried the experiment. During several months which she lingered on, confined to her bed, the devoted charity that equals his own, She has already sucattentiou of her family to her was exemplary, and the cleanliness ceeded, by patient endeavours, in teaching twelve palace. These particulars were related by the clergyman of the girls to knit. She dedicates a great part of her parish in which they had pitched their tent, who, with his sisters, time to cutting out and making clothes for the were unwearied in their attendance on her, and also by the medical children. man who visited her. $ In England, marriage is general among the Gypsies.

* See Saturday Magazine, Vol. I., p. 246.

[graphic]

THE FRENCH GYPSIES. A school has just been opened, by the efforts of of Italy and Spain seem to have forgotten their own this couple, for these poor little wretches, in a house language, and have formed for themselves a factitious one, which was bought in the village of Friedrichslohra, called “Gerizonza," or " Ziriguenza," composed of some by means of a subscription.

words which they have invented, and others which they The children live

have borrowed from the Spanish and Italian languages, there; it would have been impossible, indeed, to but of which they have altered the meaning, and inverted have exercised any lasting influence over them, if the syllables, that it might be intelligible only to themthey had returned every evening to their familes, selves. where they could only receive bad examples. They It is calculated that there are more than 100.000 Gypsies were often seen, during the first months, before the dispersed over Europe; they are most numerous in Turkey, school-house was built, coming in the morning to which 3000 are in Alsace. They have a sort of preference

in Russia, and in Austria; there are 10,000 in France, of beg for bread, their mothers having left them, without for animals who have died of disease, therefore they witness any food, to go out begging for the whole day. It the arrival of an epidemic with pleasure. was impossible to allow them to carry away their The Gypsies seem indifferent to all religions; they new clothes with them, as they would return the change their modes of worship as often as they change next day, filthy and covered with vermin. Their their adoptive country, and several have been alternately continual residence in the school-house, often remedies circumcised among the Mohammedans, and baptized among

Christians. these difficulties.

At the time of their first appearance in Europe, they These are the beginnings of a work undertaken gave themselves out to be Christians from Egypt, and with a spirit of perseverance and charity; it will not related that their ancestors, not being willing to receive be lost, we hope; and we shall esteem ourselves Jesus Christ, when he fled into Egypt with his parents, happy, if we have succeeded in exciting in the minds they had been condemned, for this sin, to seven years of a of our readers some feeling of compassion and pity belief to this

fable; they even obtained safe-conducts, and

The ignorance of those times gained for the poor Gypsie s.

were received every where with hospitality. But the falseWe borrow the following details from an excellent hood was discovered, and their conduct rendering them French periodical, Le Sémeur, -The Sower.

unworthy of the toleration which had at first been shown This migratory population is known'br the names of them, they were banished from most of the countries into

which they had penetrated. Bohémiens, or Egyptiens, in France; of Zigueners, in Germany; of Gypsies, in England; of Gitanos, in Spain; manded that they should be exterminated“ with sword

A regulation of the states of Orléans, in 1561, comand of Zingari, in Italy. The origin of this people is involved and fire," if they did not quit the French dominions. It in mystery. Mr. Balbi, in his Ethnographical Atlas, con

was ever found impossible to effect their complete expulsion. siders it as clearly demonstrated that they descend from the Zinganes of Sindy*, to whom belong the Indians [Translated from a little work, published in Penny Numbers, known by the names of Bazigours, of Pantchipiri, and

at Nismes, in France. of Correwas. He thinks that about four centuries ago, they left the neighbourhood of the Delta of the Indus. CHEERFULNESS and a festival spirit fills the soul full of Their idiom is subdivided, according to him, into several harmony; it composes music for churches and hearts; it dialects, which differ much from each other, in consequence makes and publishes glorifications of God, it produces of the foreign words which they have borrowed from the thankfulness, and serves the ends of charity; and when languages of the people among whom they reside. Those the oil of gladness runs over, it makes bright and tall

It is a singular fact, that the cast in India from which the emissions of light and holy fires, reaching up to a cloud, Gypsies are supposed originally to have emigrated, are in that and making joy round about: and therefore, since it is so country as completely different from any other natives, as the innocent, and may be so pious, and full of holy advantage, Gypsies are amongst ourselves ; their wandering and predatory habits

, whatsoever can innocently minister to this holy joy does and peculiar features, are precisely the same as those of the Gypsies, set forward the work of religion and charity. -JEREMY and differing completely from other Hindoos; they also follow in

TAYLOR. . India, to a great extent, the trades of tinkering and begging. They are universal in Bengal, and speak an inflexion of Malay peculiar to themselves, which some few of the old Gypsies in England still

LONDON relain, though hardly any of the younger ones understand it. The JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. prevailing opinion in India as to their origin is, that they are one of | PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTALS PORTS, the ten lost iribes of Israel. But there seems to be very little foun

PRICE SIXPENCE, AND dation for such a supposition,

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsvenders in the Kingdom.

« AnteriorContinuar »