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CONVENT IN THE ISLE OF MURANO, viewed it as one of those objects of curiosity, VENICE.

deriving their interest from association or some other It may hardly be necessary to tell our readers, less-definable cause, which deserve the notice of the that the famous city of Venice is built on a traveller, though not registered amongst the wonders cluster of small islands, or rather shoals, in the of a place. midst of a shallow muddy estuary, called the Lagoon, “Having visited the manufactories of Murano and which intervenes between the open sea and the dry Burano,” says that gentleman, “and witnessed such land, at the head of the Adriatic. Besides the a scene of promiscuous misery, as I feel no tempislands which the city, strictly so called, occupies, tation to describe, I prolonged my voyage, and landed there are several smaller ones, which were formerly on the nearly desert island of Torzelo, about six well inhabited, and some of which even now possess miles from Venice. This spot, once the summer a rather thick population.

resort of the Venetian patricians, and covered with To the north-east of the city is the town of their villas and gardens, presented a very different Murano ; a sort of miniature Venice, being built on character of desolation. My eyes were neither several smaller islands in the Lagoon, and intersected pained by the visible progress of ruin, nor disgusted by a number of canals. In former times, it had a by the meanness of the instrument which had separate Podestà (or governor) to itself, and enjoyed wrought it. Time was here the great destroyer, and the privilege of coining money ; fifty years ago it moreover, time had done his work. had 7000 inhabitants, it is now said to have only "I was favoured by one of those delicious days of 4000. It used to possess four parish-churches, six sunshine, common even in a Lombard winter, which monasteries, one convent of regulars, one oratory or in some degree mitigated the melancholy of the private chapel, and two colleges for the education of prospect, and enabled me to saunter and view youth. The churches are not very remarkable for without inconvenience, all the circumstances of the their architecture, but like many others in Venice, scene. Amidst the vestiges of departed grandeur they are curious for the interesting specimens of were left some poor and scattered houses, and mosaic work which they present in their interior. a church, the restoration of which dates, I believe,

Murano is chiefly remarkable for its manufactory from the eleventh century. A broken column of glass, which used in former times to be very much marks the centre of what had been the piazza (or celebrated. “I passed over,” says the celebrated place), and from which had once waved the standard John Evelyn*, to Murano, famous for the best of St. Mark. Amidst these remains glided a few glasses of the world, where having viewed their human beings, the miserable tenants of the place. furnaces and seene their work, I made a collection There was nothing striking in the architecture, of divers curiosities and glasses which I sent for nothing picturesque in the landscape, but the whole England by long sea. 'Tis the white flints which made an impression upon me which no other ruins they have from Pavia, which they pound and sift ever produced. Whilst I was musing upon the exceedingly small, and mix with ashes made of a prospect before me, a clock from a half-ruined tower sea-weede brought out of Syria, and a white sand, tolled twenty. Time only had suffered no change, that causes this manufacture to excell. The Towne together with the monuments he had overthrown. is a Podestaria by itselfe, at some miles distant | He spoke an antiquated language, hardly intelligible on the sea from Venice, and like it built upon to the generation of the day.”. several small islands, In this place are excellent The church here mentioned, was the Cathedral of oysters, small and well tasted like our Colchester, the bishopric of Torcello. According to the Italian and they were the first as I remember that I ever writer before quoted, it was built in the year 1008, could eate, for I had naturally an aversion to them.” | by the then bishop Urso Urseolo, son of the famous At the present day, the glass-manufacture of Murano Doge, Pietro Urseolo the Second, under whose rule possesses a sort of local pre-eminence; it gives em the power of the Republic had so much increased, ployment to a considerable portion of the population and who was the first to add to the title of Duke of of the city.

Venice, that of Duke of Dalmatia. “Every where,” Among the other islands which are to be found in says our author, in the description of the church as the neighbourhood, one of the most interesting among it existed in the last century, “is seen the utmost the islands belonging to Venice, is that which bears splendour and magnificence. Two rows of columns, the name of Torcello, or Torzelo. In the days of the fashioned of Greek marble, divide the body of the old Venetian Republic, it formed with Burano, and edifice into three portions; its pavement is mosaic, some smaller isles, a separate district, with a Podestà, and the walls also are decorated in the same manner.' or governor of its own; it was also the seat of a Mr. Rose says, that the architecture of the church bishopric, the jurisdiction of which extended over is not very striking, yet the edifice possesses some Murano. The city of Torcello was originally founded interesting features." Its stone-shutters, carrying by the inhabitants of Altino, when they fled from the one's ideas back to days of violence, are, as far as my approach of Attila, in the middle of the fifth century; observation goes, a singular remnant of such an age; and two hundred years afterwards it afforded the and some very curious mosaics in the inside, may same citizens a similar shelter against the attack of vie in beauty and in antiquity with those of St. the Lombards. In the earlier ages of the Republic, Mark.” it was a very flourishing place ; but its prosperity would seem to have flown for many years. ' “ Of the A Duke of Brunswick was once accosted in Venice, by a ancient greatness of this city,” says an Italian writer boy who solicited charity. The duke told him that he had in the year 1787, “and of its wealth, from which it change for a piece of gold. The duke thought this a

no small change; on which the boy offered to get him was called, by the Emperor Constantine, Porphy- ridiculous circumstance, and to rid himself of the applicant, rogenitus, 'the great emporium, Torcello,' there he gave him a ducat, in the certainty that the young scarcely remain the smallest vestiges; it is become beggar would keep it. After a very short time, the lad one of the most deserted islands in the Venetian returned, to his great surprise, with the full change for his Lagoon.” Its present condition is well described in ducat, in the small coin of Venice. The duke, struck with the following passage from the pen of Mr. Rose, who his honesty, not only gave him the gold, but undertook to

provide for him, and afterwards promoted him to honourable • See Saturday Magazine, Vol. Il., p. 68. employment,


that of the fluid within it, to equal or exceed the II.

weight of the air displaced. ANY substance immersed in a heavy fluid, in addition Fluids lighter than the air may be obtained from a to those horizontal pressures which, acting equally in variety of different substances, and in a variety of opposite directions, produce no tendency to hori- different ways. The gas commonly burnt in our zontal motion, sustains also certain vertical pressures, streets is a fluid of this kind; and large silken bags whose effects not being thus neutralized, produce in filled with this gas, displace a quantity of air whose it a tendency to upward motion, equal to the weight weight is greater than their own weight, and are for of fluid it displaces.

that reason made to ascend by the upward pressure Our bodies then being immersed in the air, sustain, of the air. Bags so filled with gas will carry with each, an upward pressure equal to the weight of air them a weight nearly equal to the difference between which they displace. Why then, it may be said, are their own weight and that of the air which they we not conscious of that upward pressure? The displace. answer is obvious; Because the weight of the body Not only, however, can we make artificially other exceeds the weight of the air it displaces. The down- liquids lighter than the air, but we can make any one ward pressure, exceeds the upward pressure ; and portion of the air lighter than the rest. This we we are, therefore, only conscious of weight.

may do by heating it. All bodies expand or increase This, however, is not only true of the aggregate of their dimensions by the application of heat, and of all the upward pressures upon different parts of the bodies the air is probably that which expands most body, but each in particular. If, for instance, we readily, or is most sensitive to the variations of heat. imagine the body to be divided into any number of If we take any portion of the air around us, and expand slender vertical columns, then the upward pressure that air, by the application of heat, over a larger space, upon that portion of its surface which forms the base then will it displace a portion of the surrounding air, of any one of these columns will equal the weight of greater than itself in bulk, and the result will be, a column of air of precisely the same dimensions; that on the principles we have explained, it will be the downward pressure of the column will equal | made to ascend. This expansion of certain portions its weight, and, therefore, will exceed the upward of the air, and their consequent ascent through the pressure; we shall thus be unconscious of any surrounding air, is a process which we observe to be upward pressure upon the surface spoken of; and continually going on around us. The smoke which the same is true of every other portion of the surface ascends through our chimneys, is air rarefied by the of the body.

heat of the fire, and carrying with it small portions If we could by any means lighten the substance of of unconsumed coal. The operation takes place, our bodies, so as to render them lighter than the air however, on a much more magnificent scale under they displace we should immediately ascend and the influence of the sun. Within the tropics, where float in the air. This seems to be in a great measure | its power is greatest, the air is continually underthe case with birds; their bodies are exceedingly going rarefaction, and is thus rendered lighter than light, probably not much heavier than the air they that on either side of them; it is, therefore, weighed displace, and they have also probably the power of up, and made continually to ascend by the pressure rendering them still lighter in comparison with it by of that air, which as continually occupies the space distending the cavity of the chest, or some other which it leaves. As the heated air ascends, it loses hollow portions of the body, without, at the same its heat, and therefore contracts its dimensions, and time, admitting any portion of the external air *. moving off towards the poles eventually descends to

Birds stand in this respect pretty nearly in the the earth's surface, to return again to the equator in same relation to the air, that fishes do to the water. its turn. Thus, there is a continual circulation of Fishes have the power to expand certain portions of air kept up between the polar and equatorial regions their bodies, so as to cause the quantity of water of the earth; combining with the rotation of the they displace to exceed their own weights, or be earth to constitute that prevailing direction of the less than them, according as they wish to rise to the wind towards the tropics, so well known to sailors surface of the water, or to sink to any required depth under the name of the Trade Wind T. beneath. Some of them would seem to have the Similar effects to these, produced on the surface power of carrying this expansion still further, so as of the earth by local variations of temperature, conto pass from the water into the air, and displace stitute winds. Thus a sudden fall of rain or snow, a quantity thereof, weighing nearly the same with at any particular spot, may there so increase the themselves; these are called Flying-fish. In the weight of the air, as to make it weigh up all the sursame manner, there are certain birds which would rounding air ; high winds will be the result, having seem to be able so to contract their dimensions, as to on the earth's surface a direction from the spot where sink in water to any depth they may wish.

condensation has thus taken place. We may easily construct bodies lighter than the We have shown it to be possible, that the air air they displace; the upward pressure of the air which surrounds us may be a heavy fluid, exercising upon such bodies will then exceed their weight, and great pressure upon the surface of our bodies, atthey will ascend in it.

tended by all the phenomena observable in other It is upon this principle that balloons are made. cases of fluid pressure, and yet we ourselves be Certain fluids may be artificially produced which are altogether unconscious of that pressure. We may greatly lighter than the air they displace. These fluids be living in a fluid at the bottom of an ocean, as we are of the kind called gases, or elastic fluids. If a see fish to be living in the sea, receiving large quanlight vessel, capable of containing one of these fluids tities of it at every instant into our bodies, and exas, for instance, a bag of glazed paper, or of thin haling it, as we observe a current of water to pass silk--be filled with that fluid, and then left to itself, through the gills of fishes, and yet perceive but few it will immediately begin to ascend, provided the of its properties, scarcely even be maile aware of weight of the vessel be not such, as, together with its existence. Accordingly, philosophers reasoned

and speculated for two thousand years on the subject Which if they did, the air so admitted would increase the of the atmosphere before they discovered that it was weight of the whole by precisely the same quantity by which the air externally displaced was increased.

+ See Saturday Magazine, Vol. IV., p. 6.


material, a fluid, and had weight. This is easily ex treme accuracy of its indications, or the remarkable
plained; there are no direct observations which lead simplicity of its construction, deserves to be ranked
us to the conclusion that air has weight. There is, among the most perfect of our instruments.
indeed, little or nothing in the phenomena which

[Abridged from Moseley on Mechanics applied to the Arts.]
establish that conclusion, to guide us to the con-
nexion between those phenomena and the question Many persons have been injured by the imposing name
of atmospheric pressure. A link is wanting. The of Philosophy. Philosophy, when it is employed in
theory of hydrostatic pressure establishes that link. promoting good morals, in cultivating liberal arts, in
Thus a man, ignorant of the principles of hydro- strengthening social union, in contemplating the works of
statics, can perceive no relation between the ascent of creation, and thus leading man to acknowledge and adore
water in a tube by suction, and the weight of external the Supreme Being, is a noble science: it is noble, because
air. But let him acquire a knowledge of the prin- the nature of man, and with the relations he bears to his
ciple, that a heavy fluid cannot rest until the pressure fellow-creatures, and to his Maker. But that which
upon every point in the same horizontal plane is the

assumes the name of Philosophy, and under this mask same, and this connexion is at once cstablished. injures morals, dissuades from mental improvement, dis

Thus it was that philosophers endeavoured in vain, unites society, discerns not the wisdom of God, either in for some two thousand years, to account for the the earth or the heavens, and discourages men from paying ascent of fluids by suction, until, hopeless of a solu

the tribute of gratitude to their universal Father, such a tion, they pronounced it to be an anomalya freak of system of doctrines is detestable, because false,—and false, Nature-an unaccountable antipathy which she had tions to society and God. Real Philosophy we should

because contrary to the nature of man, and his several relataken to an empty space. They asserted, for instance, cherish and love; it is the friend of man, being the source of that when the air was removed from a tube, one end wisdom, the origin of many comforts, and the handmaid of of which was immersed in water, Nature, abhorrent religion. That which comes under its borrowed name, which of a vacuum, thrust the water immediately into it, to puts on a semblance of what in fact it is not, and which if fill up the vacant space; and that she did this, not

we are compelled to call Philosophy, we must, if we would withstanding the opposite tendency of the water to against which we are to guard, that the credulous and

speak properly, term false Philosophy; that is the evil descend by reason of its weight.

innocent may not be betrayed by the deceits, the forIt having, however, happened to some engineers geries, and enchantments of this visored impostor. — at Florence to discover that water could not be raised Bishop HUNTINGFORD. in a pump, suck out the air as much as you would, above the height of thirty-two feet, this principle of There is in the very taste and feeling of moral qualities, the utter abhorrence of Nature for a vacuum was

a pleasure or a pain; and the argument is greatly found to require some qualification ; and its limits strengthened by the adaptation to that constitution of were accordingly fixed by Galileo *, at 32 feet.

external nature, more especially as exemplified in the

reciprocal influences which take place between mind and One Torricelli, a pupil of Galileo, doubting the ex- mind in society. The first, the original pleasure, is that planation of his master, reasoned upon the question which is felt by the virtuous man himself; as, for example, somewhat in this way. Since by the absolute re- by the benevolent, in the very sense and feeling of that moval of the air above it, a column of water can be kindness whereby his heart is actuated. The second is felt supported at the height of thirty-two feet, and no

by him who is the object of this kindness; for merely in the higher, it would seem that the force, whatever it may and distinct enjoyment. And then the manifested kind

conscious possession of another's good-will, there is a great be which supports it, should be precisely equal to

ness of the former awakens gratitude in the bosom of the the weight of such a column; and that, therefore, latter; and this

, too, is a highly-pleasurable emotion. that force would not probably have supported so And lastly, gratitude sends back a delicious incense to the high a column, had the liquid been some other, benefactor who awakened it. By the purely mental interheavier than water, so that the abhorrence of Nature change of these affections, there is generated a prodigious would not in the case of a heavier liquid extend so amount of happiness; and that, altogether independent of high as thirty-two feet. He tried mercury; and he liberality on the one hand, or by the material services of found that, however perfect the vacuum made above gratitude on the other. Insomuch, that we have only to its surface, it would not stand at above twenty- imagine a reign of perfect virtue; and then, in spite of the eight or thirty inches. This column of mercury, he physical ills which essentially and inevitably attach to our then ascertained to be precisely of the same weight condition we should feel as if we had approximated very with a column of thirty-two feet of water, of the nearly to a state of perfect enjoyment among men; or, in

other words, that the bliss of Paradise would be almost same diameter.

fully realized upon earth, were but the moral graces and Hence, therefore, it became apparent to him, that charities of Paradise firmly established there, and in full the cause, whatever it was, was subject to this law, operation. Let there be honest and universal good-will in that it should always develop a force equal to the every bosom, and this be responded to from all who are the weight of the liquid supported, whatever that liquid objects of it, by an honest gratitude back again ; let kindmight be. This abhorrence of nature for a vacuum

ness, in all its various effects and manifestations, pass and

repass from one heart and countenance to another, let was therefore no freak, but like every other deve

there be a universal courteousness in our streets, and let lopement of her energies in unorganized matter, the fidelity and affection in all the domestic virtues take up subject of a fixed and invariable law. Reasoning their secure and lasting abode in every family; let the further upon his experiment, and applying to it cer succour and sympathy of a willing neighbourhood be ever tain principles of hydrostatics, which had by that in readiness to meet and to overpass all the want and time become known, he at length perceived its con

wretchedness to which humanity is liable; let truth, and nexion with the external pressure and weight of the banish'all treachery and injustice from the world ; in the

honour, and inviolable friendship between man and man, atmosphere, arrived at its true explanation, and

walks of merchandise, let an unfailing integrity on the constructed the Barometert, by which we are enabled one side, have the homage done to it of unbounded confito measure, at any time, the exact pressure of the dence on the other, insomuch, that each man, reposing atmosphere upon a given surface at the place where with conscious safety on the rightness and attachment we make our observations; and which, whether we of his fellow, and withal rejoicing as much in the proconsider it in reference to the importance, and ex. sperity of an acquaintance, as he should in bis own, there

would come to be no place for the harassments and the . See Saturday Magazine, Vol. II., p. 59.

hcart-burnings of mutual suspicion, or resentment, or + See Saturday Magazine, Vol. IV., pp. 12, 13; 63, 64.




was sent for the purpose of ascertaining the nature of (Nautilus pompilius.)

the floating object. The inhabitant of this singular shell had long been

“On approaching near, it was observed to be the sought after with eagerness by naturalists, and it is Nautilus; it was captured and brought on board, but

shell-fish commonly known by the name of the Pearly only within these few years that its true nature has been ascertained. We are indebted for this know

the shell was shattered from having been struck with ledge to the researches of Mr. Bennet, who, while when the boat approached, and had it not been so

the boat-hook in taking it, as the animal was sinking engaged in a voyage among the Polynesian Islands, damaged, it would have escaped. 1 extracted the captured a specimen containing a living animal

, fish in a perfect state, which was firmly attached to which was brought to England, and is now deposited each side of the cavity of the shell." The hood has in the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in been stated by Dr. Shaw, as being “ of a pale, London. The Nautilus, although an inhabitant of a shell, belongs to that order of molluscous (soft-bodied) reddish-purple colour, with deeper spots and varieinvertebral animals, to which the name of Cephalo- gations,” the colour, however

, as it appeared in this head and foot, because their organ of motion, or foot, itself having been brought to this country, there is poda has been given, from two Greek words, meaning recent specimen, was of a dark reddish brown.

Although this is the only instance of the animal is attached to the head.

but little doubt of its having been frequently taken,

but as the shell was the object of the captors and not its inhabitant, the latter has been thrown away as useless. An officer in his Majesty's Navy, found a Nautilus in a hole in a reef of rocks, near an island on the eastern coast

of Africa; the mantle of the fish, BEAK OF THE NAUTILUS. like a thin membrane, covered the shell, which was drawn in as soon as it was touched, and the elegant shell was then displayed. “I and others,” says the same informant, “when it was first seen, did not notice it, regarding the animal, as the membrane enveloped the shell, merely as a piece of blubber, but having touched it by accident, the membranous covering was drawn in, and we soon

secured our beautiful prize." Showing the Animal, and a Section of its Shell. We have already* described two species of this order, namely, the Cuttle-fish, and the Argonaut. The Nautilus, although in its general conformation agreeing sufficiently with these to be placed in the same order, still differs in many material points. In the case of the Cuttle-fish, the shell is completely hidden by the fleshy portions of the animal; and although the Argonaut possesses an external shell, it is simple in its formation, not being formed into chambers like that of the Nautilus. The use of these cells to the animal we are now describing is at present not well understood, but they are supposed to be employed by their inhabitant for the purpose of rising or

Rumphius, a German naturalist, appears to have

“ When he sinking in the water at will. The body of this been acquainted with its habits; he says, Cephalopode, it will be seen, only occupies the outer thus floats upon the water, he puts out his head, cell of its habitation, its increased size having and all his barbs, and spreads them on the water, rendered it too large to remain in that preceding it. with the poop of the shell above water: but at the If, as the animal deserted its smaller tenements, one

bottom he creeps in a reverse position, with his boat after the other, they had been filled up with solid above him, and with his head and harbs upon the

He matter, the shell would have become too cumbersome ground, making a tolerably quick progress. for its owner; so that we here have another proof of the keeps himself chiefly on the ground, creeping someproviding care of the Creator. We shall describe, in times also into the nets of the fishermen : but after a Mr. Bennet's own words, the capture of this interest- storm, as the weather becomes calm, they are seen in ing object.

troops floating on the water, being driven up by the

Whence one may infer that " It was on the twenty-fourth of August, 1829, agitation of the waves.

This (calm and fine weather, thermometer at noon 79°) they congregate in troops at the bottom. in the evening, when the ship Sophia was lying at sailing, however, is not of long continuance, for anchor in Marakini Bay, on the south-west side of having taken in all their tentacles, they upset their the island of Erromanga, one of the New Hebrides boat, and so return to the bottom.” group, Southern Pacific Ocean, that something was

Wouldst thou know the lawfulness of the action which seen floating on the surface of the water, at some

thou desirest to undertake, let thy devotion recommend it distance from the ship; to many it appeared like a to Divine blessing: if it be lawful thou shalt perceive thy small dead tortoise-shell cat, which would have been heart encouraged by thy prayer; if unlawful, thou shalt such an unusual object in this part of the world, that find thy prayer discouraged by thy heart. That action is the boat which was alongside of the ship at the time, not warrantable which either blushes to beg a blessing, or

having succeeded, dares not present a thanksgiving.– • See Saturday Magazine, Vol. I., pp. 232 and 236.





PERSEVERING INDUSTRY. The following singular anecdote is preserved in the family A BRICKLAYER in the neighbourhood of Cambridge, of the late justly-celebrated Dr. Sharp, archbishop of York, named Joseph Austin, had often looked with a longing eye and grandfather of that highly-benevolent, useful, learned, upon a bit of waste ground by the road-side. He used to and eminent man, the late Granville Sharp, Esq.

think what a nice place it would be for a house; and as It was his lordship's custom to have a saddle-horse attend soon as he fell asleep at night, he dreamt that he was his carriage, that, in case of fatigue from sitting, he might at work there, with his bricks and trowel. At length take the refreshment of a ride. As he was thus going to he applied to the manor court, and obtained permission his episcopal residence, and was got a mile or two before to build on the spot, upon paying a quit-rent to the his carriage, a decent well-looking young man came up lord of the manor, of six-pence a year. Austin was at with him; and, with a trembling hand and a faltering this time forty-two years of age; he had a wife and four tongue, presented a pistol to his lordship's breast, and de- children, and his whole stock of worldly riches amounted to manded his money. The archbishop, with great com fourteen shillings: But men who really deserve friends are posure, turned about, and looking stedfastly at him, desired seldom long without them; and a master for whom he he would remove that dangerous weapon, and tell him usually worked at harvest, sold him an old cottage for nine fairly his condition. “ Sir! Sir!" with great agitation guineas, which he was to work out. cried the youth,“ no words, 'tis not a time, your money Austin had for some time, in his leisure hours, been instantly." Hear me, young man," said the archbishop, preparing bats, a sort of bricks, made of clay and straw

you see I am an old inan, and my life is of very little well beaten together, and not burnt, but dried in the sun. consequence; yours seems far otherwise. I am named | He went to work with these bats and the materials of the Sharp, and am archbishop of York; my carriage and old cottage. As he had to support himself and his family by servants are behind. Tell me what money you want, and his daily labour, this building could only be carried on who you are, and I will not injure you, but prove a friend. when his regular day's work was done: he often continued it Here, take this, and now ingenuously tell me how much you by moonlight, and heard the clock strike twelve, before he want to make you independent of so destructive a business ! desisted from an occupation in which his heart was enas you are now engaged in." “ Oh sir," replied the man, i gaged; this too, when he had to rise at four the next “I detest the business as much as you. I am-but-but morning, to walk to Cambridge, nearly four miles distant, -at home there are creditors who will not stay; fifty pounds, to his work, and return in the evening. If his constitution my lord, indeed, would do what no tongue besides my own had not been unusually strong, he must have sunk under can tell."

Well, sir, I take it on your word; and, upon these extraordinary exertions. In fact, his frame of body my honour, if you will, in a day or two, call on me at appears to have been as invincible as his spirit. When the what I have now given you shall be made up that sum." building was one story high, and the beams were to be laid The highwayman looked at him, was silent, and went off; on, the carpenter discovered that the timber from the old and, at the time appointed, actually waited on the archbishop, cottage would not serve for so large a place. This was a and assured his lordship his words had left impressions severe disappointment: but not discouraged by it, he which nothing could ever destroy."

immediately covered the walls with a few loads of haulm, to Nothing further transpired for a year and a half or more, protect them from the weather, and began to build a when one morning a person knocked at his grace's gate, smaller place, in the same manner, at the end ; working and with a peculiar earnestve: - tlesired to see him. The at it with such perseverance, that he could get his family archbishop ordered the stranger to be brought in. He into it within four months after the foundations were laid. entered the room where his lordship was, but had scarce This great object being accomplished he went on leisurely advanced a few steps before his countenance changed, his with the rest, as he could save money for what was

tottered, and he sank almost breathless on the floor. wanting: aft five years, he raised the second story, and On recovering, he requested an audience in private. The in ten, the house was tiled and coated. apartment being cleared, “ My lord," said he, “ you cannot In this manner did Joseph Austin, with singular indushave forgotten the circumstance at such a time and place; try and economy, build himself a house, which he began gratitude will never suffer them to be obliterated from my with only fourteen shillings in his pocket. During that mind. In me, my lord, you now behold that once most time, he buried four children, and had a wife and four more wretched of mankind; but now, by your inexpressible to maintain. The money that it cost him was about fifty humanity, rendered equal, perhaps superior, in happiness pounds, the whole of which was saved from the earnings of to millions. Oh, my lord,“ tears for a while preventing his daily labour. utterance, “ 'tis you, 'tis you that have saved me, body and soul; 'tis you that have saved a dear and much-loved wife, EXTRACT FROM AN EPISCOPAL ADDRESS OF Bishop and a little brood of children, whom I tendered dearer

DOANE, OF NEW JERSEY, AMERICA. than my life. Here are the fifty pounds, but never Shall I find language to testify what I feel. Your God is your institutions, too little reference to Him who is the only

I VENTURE to say that there is, in our political and civil witness; your deed itself is your glory; and may heaven and all its blessings be your present and everlasting into no discussion of the causes of this deficiency, or of the

source and security of whatever is good in them. I enter reward ! I was the younger son of a wealthy man; your apologies for it. The fault exists, and is to be regretted. lordship knows him; his name was — alienated his affection, and my brother withdrew his love,

What is still more to the purpose, it is, so far as may be to and left me to sorrow and penury. A month since, my

be obviated. “Righteousness exalteth a nation, but sin is brother died a bachelor and intestate. What was his is the reproach," and will be the destruction “ of any people." become mine, and by your astonishing goodness, I am now

Already it begins to be felt that, from the want of a pervading at once the most penitent, the most grateful, and the religious principle, the institutions which have cost so much, happiest of my species.”

0. N.

and promised so well, fail of their expected result; and wise and good men of all parties, and of every name, unite in

the conviction, that, unless, as a nation, we seek the blessing Let not the quietness of any man's temper, much less the of the Holiest, the best hopes of humanity must suffer confidence he has in thy honesty and goodness, tempt thee disappointment. There is but one escape from this result; to contrive any mischief against him ; for the more securely in national repentance, national humiliation, national subhe relies on thy virtue, and the less mistrust he has of any mission to Christ. As individuals we ourselves must do harm from thee, the greater wickedness will it be to enter our part, by turning truly to the Lord. A public Christian tain even the thought of doing him an injury.--Bishop recognition of our dependence on Him as a nation, and of PATRICK

our duty, as a nation, towards Him, will have its weight with

others; and may prevail, if we pour out our hearts before THERE are some vices which carry a sword in their hands, Him, in winning, through the intercession of the divine and cut a man off before his time.--JEREMY TAYLOR. Saviour, that blessing, without which all we do is vain.

Ir is among the wicked maxims of bold and disloyal unIt is a great consolation to the true Christian under the dertakers, that bad actions must always be seconded with assaults and indignities of his enemies, that he has thus / worse, and rather not be begun than not carried on, for they an opportunity given him of bestowing that forgiveness on think the retreat more dangerous than the assault, and hate his fellow-creatures, which is the pledge and condition of repentance more than perseverance in a fault.--Icon his own pardon from his Creator.


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