Imágenes de páginas

* Sir,

Drury-lane, March 24, 1710-11. N. B. Any person may agree by the great, and "I saw your friend the Templar this evening in be kept in repair by the year. The doctor draws the pit, and thought he looked very little pleased teeth without pulling off your masque.-R. with the representation of the mad scene of The Pilgrim. I wish, Sir, you would do us the favour to animadvert frequently upon the false taste the town No. 23.) TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1711. is in, with relatiou to plays as well as operas. It Sævit atrox Volscens, nec teli conspicit usquam certainly requires a degree of understanding to play Auctorem, nec quo se ardens immittere possit.

VIRO. Æn. ix, 420 justly : but such is our condition, that we are to suspend our reason to perform our parts. As to

Fierce Volscens foams with rage, and gazing round,

Descry'd not him who gave the fatal wound; scenes of madness, you know, Sir, there are noble

Nor knew to fix revenge.*.

DRYDEN. instances of this kind in Shakspeare: but then it is the disturbance of a noble mind, from generous and There is nothing that more betrays a base unge humane resentments. It is like that grief which nerous spirit than the giving of secret stabs to a we have for the decease of our friends. It is no di. man's reputation; lampoons and satires, that are minution, but a recommendation of human nature, written with wit and spirit, are like poisoned darts, that, in such incidents, passion gets the better of which not only inflict a wound, but make it incurable. reason; and all we can think to combat ourselves, For this reason I am very much troubled when I see is impotent against half what we feel. I will not the talents of humour and ridicule in the possession mention that we had an idjot in the scene, and all the of an ill-natured man. There cannot be a greater sense it is represented to have is that of lust. As gratification to a barbarous and inhuman wit, than to for myself, who have long taken pains in person- stir up sorrow in the heart of a private person, to ating the passions, I have to-night acted only an raise uneasiness among near relations, and to expose appetite. The part I played is Thirst, but it is re-whole families to derision, at the same time that he presented as written rather by a drayman than remains unseen and undiscovered. If besides the poet. I come in with a tub about me, that tub hung accomplishments of being witty and ill-natured, a with quart pots, with a full gallon at my mouth. I man is vicious into the bargain, he is one of the most am ashamed to tell you that I pleased very much, mischievous creatures that can enter into a civil so. and this was introduced as a madness; but sure it ciety. His satire will then chiefly fall upon those was not human madness, for a mule or an ass may who ought to be the most exempt from it. Virtue, have been as dry as ever I was in my life.

merit, and every thing that is praiseworthy, will be “I am, Sir, your most obedient made the subject of ridicule and buffoonery. It is

« and humble servant." impossible to enumerate the evils which arise froin

From the Savoy, in the Strand. these arrows that fly in the dark; and I know no “ MR. SPECTATOR,

other excuse that is or can be made for them, than

that the wounds they give are only imaginary, and "If you can read it with dry eyes, I give you this produce nothing more than a secret shame or sorrow trouble to acquaint you, that I am the unfortunate in the mind of the suffering person. It must indeed King Latinus, and I believe I am the first prince be confessed, that a lampoon or a satire do not carry that dated from this palace since John of Gaunt. in them robbery or murder ; but at the same time Such is the uncertainty of all human greatness, that how many are there that would not rather lose a con1, who lately never moved without a guard, am now siderable sum of money, or even life itself, than be pressed as a common soldier, and am to sail with set up as a mark of infamy and derision ? and in the first fair wind against my brother Louis of this case a man should consider, that an injury is France. It is a very hard thing to put off a cha- not to be measured by the notions of him that gives, racter which one has appeared in with applause. but of him that receives it. This I experienced since the loss of my dialem; for, upon quarrelling with another recruit, I spoke outrages of this nature which are offered them, are

Those who can put the best countenance upon the my indignation out of my part in recitutivo;

not without their secret anguish. I have often obMost audacious slave,

served a passage in Socrates's behaviour at his death, Dar'st thou an angry monarch's fury brave ?

in a light wherein none of the critics have considered The words were no sooner out of my mouth, when it. That excellent man entertaining his friends, a a serjeant knocked me down, and asked me if I had little before he drank the bowl of poison, with a dis. a mind to mutiny, in talking things nobody under-course on the immortality of the soul, at his enterstood. You see, Sir, my unhappy circumstances; ing upon it says that he does not believe any, the and if by your mediation you can procure a subsidy most comic genius, can censure him for talking upon for a prince (who never failed to make all that be such a subject at such a time. This passage, I think, held him merry at bis appearance), you will meri: , evidently glances upon Aristophanes, who writ á the thanks of

Your friend, comerly on purpose to ridicule the discourses of that “The King op Latium.” divine philosopher. It has been observed by many

writers, that Socrates was so little moved at this

piece of buffoonery, that he was several times preFor the good of the Public. Within two doors of the masquerade lives an # The following indorsement at the top of this paper, No. eminent Italian chirurgeon, arrived from the carni- 23. is in a set of the Spectator, in 12mo, of the edition in 1712. val at Venice, of great experience in private cures, Live at the time of the original publication :

which contains some MS, notes by a Spanish merchant, who Accommodations are provided, and persons admitted

· The character of Dr. Swift." in their masquing habits.

This was Mr. Blundell's opinion; and whether it was wellHe bas cured since his coming hither, in less than grounded, ill-grounded, or ungrounded, probably he was not . fortnight, four scaramouches, a mountebank doc- singular in the thought. The intimacy between Swift, Steele, tor, two Turkish bassas, three nuns, and a morris- and Addison. was now over; and that they were about this dancer.

time estranged, appears from Swift's own testimony, dated March 16, 1710 11.


sant at its being acted upon the stage, and never ex- tinguishing themselves by a spirit of raillery and pressed the least resentment of it. But with sub- satire : as if it were not infinitely more honourable mission, I think the remark I have here made shews to be a good-natured man than a wit. Where there us, that this unworthy treatment made an iinpression is this little petulant humour in an author, be is upon his mind, though he had been too wise to dis- often very mischievous without designing to be so. cover it.

For which reason, I always lay it down as a rule, When Julius Cæsar was lampooned by Catullus, that an indiscreet man is more burtful than an ill. he invited him to supper, and treated him with such natured one; for as the latter will only attack his a generous civility, that he made the poet his friend enemies, and those he wishes ill to; the other injures ever after.

Cardinal Mazarine gave the same kind indifferently both friends and foes. I cannot forbear of treatment to the learned Quillet, who had re- on this occasion transcribing a fable out of Sir Roger flected upon his eminence in a famous Latin poem. l'Estrange, which accidentally lies before me. "A The cardinal sent for him, and, after some kind ex-company of waggish boys were watching of frogs at postulations upon what he had written, assured him the side of a pond, and still as any of them put up of his esteem, and dismissed him with a promise of their heads, they would be pelting them down again the next good abbey that should fall, which he ac- with stones. Children,' says one of the frogs, "you cordingly conferred upon him in a few months after. never consider, that though this may be play to you, This had so good an effect upon the author, that he it is death to us.” dedicated the second edition of his book to the car. As this week is in a manner set apart and dedi. dinal, after having expunged the passages which cated to serious thoughts, I shall indulge myself in had given him offence.

such speculations as may not be altogether unsuitSextus Quintus was not of so generous and for- able to the season; and in the mean time, as the giving a temper. Upon his being made pope, the settling in ourselves a charitable frame of mind is a statue of Pasquin was one night dressed in a very work very proper for the time, I have in this paper dirty shirt, with an excuse written under it, that he endeavoured to expose that particular breach of chawas forced to wear foul linen, because his laundress rity which has been generally overlooked by divines, was made a princess. This was a reflection upon because they are but few who can be guilty of it.-C. the Pope's sister, who, before the promotion of her brother, was in those mean circumstances that Pas- No. 24.] WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28, 1711. quin represented her. As this pasquinade made a great noise in Rome, the pope offered a considerable

Accurrit quidam notus mihi nomine tantum :

Arreptaque manu, Quid agis, dulcissime rerum ? sum of money to any person that should discover

Hor. I Sat. ix. 3, the author of it. The author relying upon bis holi- Comes up a fop (I knew him but by fame), ness's generosity, as also on some private overtures And seiz'd my hand, and called me by name which he had received from him, made the discovery

My dear-how dost? himself; upon which the pope gave him the reward

There are in this town a great number of insig. he had promised, but at the same time, to disable the nificant people, who are by no means fit for toe betsatirist for the future, ordered his tongue to be cut ter sort of conversation, and yet have an impertiout, and both bis hands to be chopped off. Aretine* nent ambition of appearing with those to whom is too trite an instance. Every one knows that all they are not welcome. If you walk in the park, one the kings of Europe were his tributaries. Nay, of them will certainly join with you, though you are there is a letter of bis extant, in which he makes his in company with ladies; if you drink a bottle, they toast that he laid the Sophi of Persia under contri- will find your haunts. What makes such fellow's bution.

the more burdensome is, that they neither offend Though, in the various examples which I have here nor please so far as to be taken notice of for either. drawn together, these several great men behaved It is, I presume, for this reason, that my correspondthemselves very differently towards the wits of the age ents are willing by my means to be rid of them. who had reproached them; they all of them plainly The two following letters are writ by persons who showed that they were very sensible of their re- suffer by such impertinence. A worthy old bacheproaches, and consequently that they received them lor, who sets in for his dose of claret every night, as very great injuries. For my own part, I would at such an hour, is teased by a swarm of them; who, never trust a man that I thought was capable of because they are sure of room and good fire, have giving these secret wounds; and cannot but think taken it in their heads to keep a sort of club in bis that he would hurt the person whose reputation he company, though the sober gentleman himself is an thus assaults, in his body or in his fortune, could he utter enemy to such meetings. do it with the same security. There is, indeed,

“ MR. SPECTATOR, something very barbarous and inhuman in the ordi

“ The aversion I for some years have had to clubs nary scribblers of lampoons An innocent young in general, gave me a perfect relish for your speculady shall be exposed for an unhappy feature; a lation on that subject; but I have since been exfather of a family turned to ridicule for some domes. tremely mortified by the malicious world's ranking tic calamity; a wife made uneasy all her life for a me amongst the supporters of such impertinent asmisinterpreted word or action; nay, a good, a tem semblies.° I beg leave to state my case fairly; and perale, and a just man shall be put out of counte- that dove, I shall expect redress from your judicious nance by the representation of those qualities that

pen, should do him honour. So pernicious a thing is wit, “ I am, Sir, a bachelor of some standing, and a when it is not tempered with virtue and humanity. traveller; my business, to consult my own good hu

I have indeed heard of heedless, inconsiderate mour, which I gratify without controlling other peowriters, that without any malice have sacrificed the ple's: I have a room and a whole bed to myself: reputation of their friends and acquaintance to a and I have a dog, a fiddle, and a gun: thoy please certain levity of temper, and a silly ambition of dis- me, and injure no creature alive. My chief meal is

a supper, which I always make at a tavern, I am Peter Aretine balamous for his writings, died in 1554 constant to an hour, and not ill-humoured; for


which reasons, though I invite nobody, I have no me any more visils. You come in a literal sense to sooner supped, than I have a crowd about me of that see one, for you have nothing to say. I do not say sort of good company that know not whither else to this, that I would by any means lose your acquaintgo. It is true every man pays his share; yet as ance; but I would keep it up with the strictest forms they are intruders, I have an undoubted right to be of good breeding. Let us pay visits, but never see the only speaker, or at least the loudest; which I one another. If you will be so good as to deny maintain, and that to the great emolument of my yourself always to me, I shall return the obligation audience. I sometimes tell them their own in pretty by giving the same orders to my servants. When free language; and sometimes divert them with accident makes us meet at a third place, we may merry tales, according as I am in humour. I am mutually lament the misfortune of never finding one one of those who live in taverns to a great age, by a another at home go in the same party to a benefit sort of regular intemperance; I never go to bed play, and smile at each other, and put down ylasses drunk, but always tlustered; I wear away very as we pass in our coaches. Thus we may enjoy as gently; am apt to be peevish, but never angry. Mr. much of each other's friendship as we are capable Spectator, if you have kept various company, you of : for there are some people who are to be known know there is in every tavern in town some old hu- only by sight, with which surt of friendship I hope mourist or other, who is master of the house as you will always honour, Madam, much as he that keeps it. The drawers are all in

“ Your most obedient bumble servant, awe of him; and all the customers who frequent his

“ Mary Tuesday. company, yield him a sort of comical obedience. I “ P.S. I subscribe myself by the name of the day do not know but I may be such a fellow as this my. I keep, that my supernumerary friends may know self.

But I appeal to you, whether this is to be who I am." called a club, because so many impertinents will break in upon me, and come without appointment? Clinch of Barnet has a nightly meeting, and shows

To prevent all mistakes that may happen among to every one that will come in and pay; but then he gentlemen of the other end of the town, who come is the only actor. Why should people miscall

but once a week to St. James's coffee-house, either things? If his is allowed to be a concert, why may from them as are not properly within their respective

by miscalling the servants, or requiring such things nol mine be a lecture? However, Sir, I subinit it to you, and am, Sir, your most obedient servant, &c. provinces; this is to give notice, that Kidney, keeper

“ Thomas KIMBow."

of the book-debts of the outlying customers, and

observer of those who go off without paying, having “Good SIR,

resigned that employment, is succeeded by Johu “ You and I were pressed against each other last Sowton; to whose place of enterer of messages and winter in a crowd, in which uneasy posture we suf- first coffee-grinder, William Bird is promoted ; and fered together for almost half an hour. I thank you Samuel Burdock comes as shoe-cleaner in the room for all your civilities ever since, in being of my ac. of the said Bird.-R. quaintance wherever you meet me. But the otber day you pulled your hat off to me in the Park, when I was walking with my mistress. She did not like

No. 25.1 THURSDAY, MARCH 29, 1711. your air, and said she wondered what strange fel. lows I was acquainted with. Dear Sir, consider it

Ægrescitque modendo.-VIRG. Æn. xii. 46 as much as my life is worth, if she should think we

And sickens by the very means of health. were intimate: therefore I earnestly intreat you for The following letter will explain itself, and needs the future to take no manner of notice of,

no apology “Sir, your obliged humble servant,

“Sir, “ Will FASHION."

“I am one of that sickly tribe who are commonly A like impertinence is also very troublesome to known by the name of valetudinarians; and do con. the superior and more intelligent part of the fair fess to you, that I first contracted this ill habit of sex. It is, it seems, a great inconvenience, that body, or rather of mind, by the study of physic. I those of the meanest capacities will pretend to make no sooner began to peruse books of this nature, but visits, though indeed they are qualified rather to add I found my pulse was irregular; and scarce ever read to the furniture of the house (by filling an empty the account of any disease that I did not fancy mychair,) than to the conversation they enter into when self afflicted with. Dr. Sydenham's learned treatise they visit. A friend of mine hopes for redress in of fevers threw me into a lingering hectic, which this case, by the publication of her letter in my hung upon me all the while I was reading that expaper; which she thinks those she would be rid of cellent piece. I then applied myself to the study will take to themselves. It seems to be written witb of several authors who have written upon phthisical an eye to one of thosc pert, giddy, unthinking girls, distempers, and by that means fell into a consumpwho, upon the recommendation only of an agreeable tion; till at lengih, growing very fat, I was in a person and a fashionable air, take themselves to be manner shamed out of that imagination. Not long upon a level with women of the greatest merit: after this I found in myself all the symptoms of the “ MADAM,

gout, except pain; but was cured of it by a treatise "I take this way to acquaint you with what com- upon the gravel

, written by a very ingenious author, mon rules and forms would never permit me to tell who (as it is usual for physicians to convert one disyou otherwise ; to wit, that you and I, though temper into another) eased me of the gout by giving equals in quality and fortune, are by no means suit.

me the stone. I at length studied myself into a comable companions. You are, it is true, very pretty, plication of distempers ; but, accidentally taking can dance, and make a very good figure in a public into my hand that ingenious discourse written by assembly; but, alas, Madam, you must go no farther; distance and silence are your best recommen

* Mr. Tickoll, in his preface to Addison's Works, says, that dations; therefore let me beg of you never to make in his dedication of The Drummer to Mr. Cougruve.

** Addison never had a regular pul:e," which Steele questions Sanctorius, I was resolved to direct myself by a a battle; and may be applied to those multitudes of scheme of rules, which I had collected from his ob- imaginary sick persons that break their constitutions servations. The learned world are very well ac- by physic, and throw themselves into the arms of quainted with that gentleman's invention; who, for death by endeavouring to escape it. This method is the better carrying on his experiments, contrived a not only dangerous, but below the practice of a certain mathematical chair, which was so artificially reasonable creature. To consult the preservation of hung upon springs, that it would weigh any thing as life, as the only end of it-to make our health our well as a pair of scales. By this means he dis- business to engage in no action that is not part of a covered how many ounces of his food passed by per- regimen, or course of physic-are purposes so abject, spiration, what quantity of it was turned into nou- so mean, so unworthy human nature, that a generous rishment, and how much went away by the other soul would rather die than submit to them. Besides, channels and distributions of nature.

that a continual anxiety for life vitiates all the re“ Having provided myself with this chair, I used lishes of it, and casts a gloon over the whole face of to study, eat, drink, and sleep in it ; insomuch that nature; as it is impossible we should take delight in I may be said, for these last three years, to have lived any do not mean, by what I have here said, that I

that we are afraid of . in a pair of scales. I compute myself, when I am in full health, to be precisely two hundred weight, think any one to blame for taking due care of their falling short of it about a pound after a day's fast, health. On the contrary, as cheerfulness of mind, and exceeding it as much after a very full meal; so and capacity for business, are in a great measure that it is my continual employment to triun the ba- the effects of a well-tempered constitution, a man lance between these two volatile pounds in my con- cannot be at too much pains to cultivate and prestitution. In my ordinary meals I fetch myself up serve it. But this care, which we are prompted to, to two hundred' weight and half a pound; and it, not only by common sense, but by duty and instinct, after having dined, I find myself fall short of it, I should never engage us in groundless fears, melanarink so much small beer, or eat such a quantity of choly apprehensions, and imaginary distempers, bread, as is sufficient to make me weight. In my which are natural to every man who is more anxious greatest excesses, I do not transgress more than the to live, than how to live. In short, the preservation other half-pound; which, for my health's sake, I do of life should be only a secondary concern, and the the first Monday in every month. As soon as I find direction of it our principal. If we have this frame myself duly poised after dinner, I walk till I have of mind, we shall take the best means to preserve perspired five ounces and four scruples; and when life, without being over-solicitous about the event; I discover, by my chair, that I am so far reduced, I and shall arrive at that point of felicity which Mar. fall to my books, and study away three ounces more. tial has mentioned as the perfection of happiness, of As for the remaining parts of the pound, I keep no neither fearing nor wishing for death. account of them. I do not dine and sup by the In answer to the gentleman, who tempers his clock, but by my chair; for when that informs me health by ounces and by scruples, and instead of my pound of food is exhausted, I conclude myself to complying with those natural solicitations of hunger be hungry, and lay in another with all diligence. In and thirst, drowsiness, or love of exercise, governs my days of abstinence I lose a pound and a half, and himself by the prescriptions of his chair, I shall on soleinn fasts am two pounds lighter than on the tell him a short table." Jupiter, says the mytholoother days of the year.

gist, to reward the piety of a certain countryman, “I allow myself

, one night with another, a quarter promised to give him whatever he would ask.' The of a pound of sleep, within a few grains more or less; countryman desired that he might have the manageand if

, upon my rising, I find that I have not con- ment of the weather in his own estate. He obtained sumed my whole quantity, I take out the rest in my his request, and immediately distributed rain, snow, chair. Upon an exact calculation of what I expend- and sunshine, among his several fields, as he thought ed and received the last year, which I always register the nature of the soil required. At the end of the in a book, I find the medium to be two hundred year, when he expected to see a more than ordinary weight, so that I cannot discover that I am impaired crop, his harvest" fell infinitely short of that of his one cunce in my health during a whole twelvemonth. neighbours. Upon which (says the fable) he desired And yet, Sir, notwithstanding this my great care to Jupiter to take the weather again into his own ballast myself equally every day, and to keep my hands, or that otherwise he should utterly ruin him. body in its proper poise, so it is, that I find myself self.-C. in a sick and languishing condition. My complexion is grown very sallow, my pulse low, and my body hyuropical. Let me therefore beg you, Sir, to con- No. 26.) FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1711. sider ine as your patient, and to give me more cer

Pallida mors æquo pulsat pede pauperum tabernas tain rules to walk by than those I have already ob

Regumque turres. O beate Sexu, 82.ved, and you will very much oblige

Vitæ summa brevis spem nos vetat inchoare longam. ** Your bumble servant."

Jam te premet nox, fabulæque manes, This letter puts me in mind of an Italian epitaph

With equal foot, rich friend, in partial fate written on the monument of a valetudinarian: “Stavo Knocks at the cottage and the palace gate : ben, ma per star meyliv, sto qui :” which it is impos- Life's span forbids thee to extend thy cares, sible to translate.* The fear of deatb often proves

And stretch thy hopes beyond thy years;

Night soon will seize, and you must quickly go mortal, and sets people on methods to save their lives

To storied ghosts, and Pluto's house below.-CREECH. which infallibly destroy them. This is a reflection made by some historiaus, upon observing that there

When I am in a serious humour, I very often are many more thousands killed in a fight, than in walk by myself in Westminster-abbey: where the

gloominess of the place, and the use to which it is • The following translation, however, may give an English applied, with the solemnity of the building, and the reader some idea of the Italian epitaph: “ I was well, but try

condition of the people who lie in it, are apt to fill irg to be botter, I am bero."

the mind with a kind of melancholy, or rather

Et domus exilis Plutonia.

Hor. I Od. iv. 13.

thoughtfulaess that is not disagreeable. I yesterday figure of a beau, aressed in a long periwing, and 10. passed a whole afternoon in the church-yard, the posing himself upon velvet cushions, under a canopy cloisters, and the church, amusing myself with the of state. The inscriptiou is answerable to the monu tombstones and inscriptions that I met with in those ment; for instead of celebrating the many remarkseveral regions of the dead. Most of them recorded able actions he had performed in the service of his nothing else of the buried person, but that he was country, it acquaints us only with the manner of his born upon one day, and died upon another; the death, in which it was impossible for him to reap any whole history of his life being comprehended in honour. The Dutch, whom we are apt to despise for those two circumstances that are common to all want of genius, show an infinitely greater taste of mankind. I could not but look upon these registers antiquity and politeness in their buildings and works of existence, whether of brasa or' marble, as a kind of this nature than what we meet with in those of of satire upon the departed persons; who had left our own country. The monuments of their admirals, no other memorial of them, but that they were born, wbich have been erected at the public expense, rcand that they died. They put me in mind of seve- present them like themselves, and are adorned with ral persons mentioned in ihe battles of heroic poems, rostral crowns and naval ornaments, with beautiful who have sounding names given them, for no other festoons of sea-weed, shells, and coral. reason but that they may be killed, and are cele- But to return to our subject. I have left the re brated for nothing but being knocked on the head. pository of our English kings for the contemplation

of another day, when I shall fud my mind disposed Glaucumque, Medontaque, Thersilochumque.-VIRO

for so serious an amusement. I know that cncer. Glaucus, and Melon, and Thersilochus.

tainments of this nature are apt to raise dark and The life of these men is finely described in holy dismal thoughts in timorous minds and gloomy imawrit by “the path of an arrow,” which is imme- ginations; but for my own part, though I am always diately closed up and lost.

serious, I do not know what it is to be melancholy ; Upon my going into the church, I entertained my- and can therefore take a view of nature in her deep self with the digging of a grave; and saw in every and solemn scenes with the same pleasure as in her shovel-full of it that was thrown up, the fragment of most gay and delightful ones. By this means I can 2 bone or skull intermixed with a kind of fresh improve myself with those objects which others conmouldering earth that some time or other had a place sider with terror. When I look upon the tombs of in the composition of a human body. Upou this 1 the great, every motion of envy dies in me; when I began to consider with myself what innumerable read the epitaphs of the beautiful, every inordinate multitudes of people lay confused together under the desire goes out; when I meet with the grief of papavement of that ancient cathedral; how men and rents upon a tombstone, my heart melts with compaswonen, friends and enemies, priests and soldiers, sion; when I see the tomb of the parents themmonks and prebendaries, were crumbled amongst selves, I consider the vanity of grieving for those oce another, and blended together in the same com- whom we must quickly follow. When I see kings mon mass; how beauty, strength, and youth, with lying by those who deposed them, when I consider old age, weakness, and deformity, lay undistinguished rival wits placed side by side, or the holy men that in the same promiscuous heap of matter.

divided the world with their contests and disputes, I After having thus surveyed the great magazine of reflect with sorrow and astonishment on the little mortality, as it were, in the lump, I examined it competitions, factions, and debates of mankind. more particularly by the accounts which I found on When I read the several dates of the tombs, of some several of the monuments which are raised in every that died yesterday, and some six hundred years ago, quarter of that ancient fabric. Some of them were I consider that great day when we shall all of us be covered with such extravagant epitaphs, that if it contemporaries, and make our appearance together. were possible for the dead person to be acquainted

C. with them, he would blush at the praises which his friends have bestowed upon him. There are others No. 27.] SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1711. 80 excessively modest, that they deliver the character of the person departed in Greek or Hebrew, and by

Ut nox longa quibus mentitur amica, diesque

Longa videtur opus debentibus ; ut piger amus that means are not understood once in a twelve.

Pupillis, quos dura premit custodia niatrum : month. In the poetical quarter, I found there were Sie mihi tarda fiuunt ingrataque tempora, quae spem poets who had no monuinents, and monuments which Consiliumque morantur agendi guaviter id, quod had no poets. I observed, indeed, that the present

Aque pauperibus prodest, locupletibus eque,

Aque neglectum pueris senibusque nocebit. war has filled the church with many of these uninha

Hon. I Ep. I. 20. bited monuments, which had been erected to the memory of persons wbose bodies were perhaps buried Long as to him, who works for debt, the day; in the plains of Blenheim, or in the busuin of the Long as the night to her, whose love's away;

Long as the year's dull circle scems to run

When the brisk minor pants for twenty-one : I could not but be very much delighted with seve- So slow th' umprofitable moinents roll, ral modern epitaphs, which are written with great That lock up all the functions of my soul; elegance of expression and justness of thought, and

Tbat keep me from inyself, and stil delay therefore do honour to the living as well as the dead.

Life's insiant business to a future day:

That task, which as we follow, or de spise, as a foreigner is very apt to conceive an idea of the The eldest is a fool, the youngest wise: ignorance or politeness of a nation from the turn of

Which done, the pooresi can no wants endure, their public monuments and inscriptions, they should

And which not done the richest must be poor.-Pope. be submitted to the perusal of men of learning and

There is scarce a thinking man in the world, who genius before they are put in execution. Sir Cloudes- is involved in the business of it, but lives under a ly Shovel's monument has very often given me great secret impatience of the hurry and fatigue he suffers, offence. Instead of the brave rough English admiral, and has formed a resolution to fix himself

, one time which was the distinguishing character of that plain or other, in such a state as is suitable to the end of gallant man, he is represented on his tomb by the bis being. You hear meu every day in conversation




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