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I shall conclude this paper with a letter from a by reason that plant was not of its own production. university gentleman, occasioned by my last Tues. And since another's child is no more natural to a day's paper, wherein I gave some account of the nurse, than a plant to a strange and different ground, great feuds which happened formerly in those how can it be supposed that the child should thrive: learned bodies, between the modern Greeks and and if it thrives, must it not imbibe the gross huTrojans.
mours and qualities of the nurse, like a plant in a different ground, or like a graft upon a different
stock? Do we not observe, that a lamb sucking a “ This will give you to understand, that there is
goat changes very much its nature, nav even its at present, in the society whereof I am a mem
skin and wool into the goat kind ? The power of ber, a very considerable body of Trojans, who,
a nurse over a child, by infusing into it with her upon a proper occasion, would not fail to declare
milk her qualities and disposition, is sufficiently ourselves. In the mean while we do all we can to
and daily observed. Hence came that old saying annoy our enemies by siratagem, and are resolved
concerning an ill-natured and malicious fellow, by the first opportunity to attack Mr. Joshua that he had imbibed his malice with his purse's Barnes, * whom we look upon as the Achilles of the milk, or that some brute or other had been his opposite party. As for myself, I have had the re- uurse.' Hence Romulus and Remus were said to putation ever since I came from school of being a s have been nursed by a wolf: Telepbus the sun of trusty Trojan, and am resolved never to give quarter Hercules by a hind; Pelias the son of Neptune by to the smallest particle of Greek, wherever I chance a mare ; and Ægisthus by a goat; not that tbey to meet it. It is for this reason I take it very ill had actually sucked such creatures, as some simpleof you, that you sometimes hang out Greek co- tons have imagined, but that their nurses had been lours at the head of your paper, and sometimes give of such a nature and temper, and infused such into a word of the enemy even in the body of it. When them. I meet with any thing of this nature, I throw down 6 Many instances may
“ Many instances may be produced from good auyour speculations upon the table, with that form of
thorities and daily experience, that children actually words which we make use of when we declare war
suck in the several passions and depraved inclinaupon an author,
truns of their nurses, as anger, malice, fear, melanGræcum est, non potest legi.
choly, sadness, desire, and aversion. This Diodorus, I give you this hint, that you may for the future lib. 2. witnesses, when he speaks, saying, that Nero abstain from any such hostilities at your peril. the emperor's nurse had been very much addicted
" TROILUS." to drinking; which habit Nero received from bis
nurse, and was so very particular in this, that the
people took so much notice of it as instead of Ti. No. 246 , WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1711.
berius Nero, they called him Biberius Mero. The No amorous hero ever gave thee birth,
same Diodorus also relates of Caligula, predecessor Nor ever tender goddess brought thee forth:
to Nero, that his nurse used to moisten the nipples Some rugged rock's hard entrails gave thee form, of her breast frequently with blood, to make CaliAnd raying seas produced thee in a storm:
gula take the better hold of them: which, says A soul well suiting thy tempestuous kind. So rough thy manners, so untam'd thy mind.-POPE Diodorus, was the cause that made him so bloud.
thirsty and cruel all his lifetime after, that he not “ Mr. SPECTATOR,
only committed frequent murder by his own hand, “As your paper is part of the equipage of the but likewise wished that all human kind wore but tea-table, I conjure you to print what I now write to one neck, that he might have the pleasure to cut it vou; for I have no other way to communicate what off. Such-like degeneracies astonish the parents, I have to say to the fair sex on the inost important who not knowing after whom the child can take, see circumstances of life, even the care of children.' I one incline to stealing, another to drinking, cruelty, do not understand that you profess your paper is al- stupidity; yet all these are not minded. Nay, it is ways to consist of matters which are only to enter-easy to demonstrate, that a child, although it be tain the learned and polite, but that it may agree born from the best of parents, inay be corrupted by with your design to publish some which may tend an ill-tempered nurse. How many children do we to the information of mankind in general: and when see daily brought into fits, consumptions, rickets, it does so, you do more than writing wit and hu- &c. merely by sucking their nurses when in a pasmour. Give me leave then to tell you, that of all sion or fury ? but indeed almost any disorder of the the abuses that ever you have as yet endeavoured nurse is a disorder to the child, and few nurses can to reform, certainly not one wanted so much your be found in this town but what labour under some assistance as the abuse in the nursing of children. distemper or other. The first question that is geneIt is unmerciful to sme, that a woman endowed with rally asked a young woman that wants to be a nurse, all the perfektions and blessings of nature can, as why she should be a nurse to other people's children, 800n as she is delivered, turn off her innocent, ten. is answered, by her having an ill husband, and that der, and helpless infant, and give it up to a woman she must make shift to live. I think now this very that is (ten thousand to ope) neither in health nor answer is enough to give any body a shock, if duly good condition, neither sound in mind nor body, considered; for an ill husband may, or ten to one that has neither honour nor reputation, neither love if he does not, bring home to his wife an ill dispor pity for the poor babe, but more regard for the temper, or at least vexation and disturbance. Bemoney than for the whole child, and never will take sides, as she takes the child out of mere necessity, further care of it than what by all the encourage. her food will be accordingly, or else very coarse at ment of money and presents she is forced to; like best; whence proceeds an ill-concocted and coarse Æsop's earth, which would not nurse the plant of food for the child; for as the blood, so is the milk ; another ground, although never so much improved, and hence I am very well assured proceeds the
---- scurvy, the evil, and many other distempers. I beg • The noted Greek professor of the university of Cambridge of you, for the sake of the many poor infants that may and will be saved by weighing this case seriousiy cature, I am pe-- aed they would carry the eloto exhort the people with the utmost vehemence, to quence of the bar to greater heights than it has yet let the cbildren suck their own mothers, both for the arrived at. If any one doubt this, let him but be benefit of mother and child. For the general argu. present at those debates which frequently arise ment, that a mother is weakened by giving suck to among the ladies of the British fishery. ber children, is vain and simple. I will maintain The first kind, therefore, of female orators which that the inother grows stronger by it, and will have I shall take notice of, are those who are employed her health better than she would have otherwise. in stirring up the passions ; a part of rhetoric in She will find it the greatest cure and preservative which Socrates' wife had perhaps made a greater for the vapours and Auture miscarriages, much be- proficiency than his above-mentioned teacher. yond any other remedy whatsoever. Her children. The second kind of female orators are those who will be like giants, - whereas otherwise they are but deal in invectives, and who are commonly known living shadows, and like unripe fruit; and certainly by the name of the censorious. The imagination if a woman is strong enough to bring forth a child, and elocution of this set of rhetoricians is wondershe is beyond all doubt strong enough to nurse it ful. With what a fuency of invention, and copiousafterward. It grieves me to observe and consider ness of expression, will they enlarge upon every how many poor children are daily ruined by care- little slip in the behaviour of another! With how less nurses; and yet how tender ought they to be many different circumstances, and with what variety to a poor infant, since the least hurt or blow, es- of phrases, will they tell over the same story! I pecially upon the head, may make it senseless, have known an old lady make an unhappy marriage stupid, or otherwise miserable for ever!
the subject of a month's conversation. She blamed « But I cannot well leave this subject as yet; for the bride in one place; pitied her in another; it seems to me very unnatural, that a woman that laughed at her in a third; wondered at her in a has fed a child as part of herself for nine months, fourth; was angry with her in a fifth; and, in should have no desire to nurse it further, when short, wore out a pair of coach-horses in expressing brought to light and before her eyes, and when by her concern for her. At length, after having quite its cry it implores her assistance and the office of a 'exhausted the subject on this side, she made a visit mother. Do not the very cruellest of bruites tend to the new-married pair, praised the wife for the their young ones with all the care and delight ima- i prudent choice she had made, told her the unreason. ginable ! How can she be called a mother that will able reflections which some malicious peor le had not nurse her young ones? The earth is called the cast upou her, and desired that they might be better mother of all things, not because she produces, but acquainted. The censure and approbation of this because she maintains and nurses what she pro- kind of women are therefore only to be considered duces. The generation of the infant is the effect of as helps to discourse desire, but the care of it argues virtue and choice. A third kind of female orators may be compreI am not ignorant but that there are some cases of bended under the word gossips. Mrs. Fiddlenecessity, where a mother cannot give suck, and Fadıle is perfectly accomplished in this sort of then vut of two evils the least must be chosen ; but eloquence; she launches out into descriptions of there are so very few, that I am sure in a thousand christenings, runs divisions upon a head-dress, there is hardly one real instance; for if a woman knows every dish of meat that is served up in our does but know that her husband can spare about neighbourhood, and entertains her eompany a whole three or six shillings a week extraordinary (although afternoon together with the wit of her little boy, this is but seldom considered), she certainly, with before he is able to speak. the assistance of her gossips, will soon persuade the The coquette may lie looked upon as a fourth good man to send the child to nurse, and easily im. kind of female orator. To give herself the larger pose upon him by pretending indisposition. This field for discourse, she hates and loves in the same cruelty is supported by fashion, aud nature gives breath, talks to her lap-dog or parrot, is uneasy ip place to custom.
all kinds of weather, and in every part of the room. T. “ Sir, your humble Servant.” She has false quarrels and feigned obligations to all
the men of her acquaintance; sighs when she is
not sad, and laughs when she is not merry, The No. 247.1 THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1711. coquette is in particular a great mistress of that
part of oratory which is called action, and indeed Their untir'd lips a wordy torrent pour.—Hesiod
seems to speak for no other purpose, but as it gives We are told by some ancient authors, that So- her an opportunity of stirring a limb, or varying a cates was instructed in eloquence by a woman, feature, of glancing her eyes, or playing with whose name, if I am not mistaken, was Aspasia. I her fan. have indeed very often looked upon that art as the As for newsmongers, politicians, mimics, storymost proper for the female sex, and I think the tellers, with other characters of that nature which universities would do well to consider whether gave birth to loquacity, they are as commorly found they should not till the rhetoric chairs with she among the men as the women : for which reason I professors.
shall pass them over in silence. It has been said in the praise of some men, that I have often been puzzled to assign a cause why they could talk whole hours together upon any women should have this talent of a ready utterance thing; but it must be owned to the honour of the in so much greater perfection than men. I have other sex, that there are many among them who sumetimes fancied that they have not a retentive can talk whole hours together upon nothing. I power, or the faculty of suppressing their thoughts, havo known a woman branch out into a long extem- as men have, but that they are necessitated to pore dissertation upon the edging of a petticoat, and speak every thing they think; and if so, it would chide her servant for breaking a china cup, in all perhaps furnish a very strong argument to the Car. che figures of rhetoric.
iesians for the supporting of their doctrine that the Were women permitted to plead in courts of judi. soul always thiuks. But as several are of opinion that the fair sex are not altogether strangers to the No. 248.1 FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 171. art of dissembling and concealing their thoughts, I
Hoc maxime officii est, ut quisque maxime opis indigeat, ita have been forced to relinquish that opinion, and ei putissimum opitulari.–Tuli. Oil. i 16. have therefore endeavoured to seek after some
It is a principal point of duty, to assist another most when he better reason. In order to it, a friend of mine, who stands most in need of assistance. is an excellent anatomist, has promised me by the first opportunity to dissect a woman's tongue, and to
There are none who deserve superiority over examine whether there may not be in it certain others in the esteem of mankind, who do not make juices which render it so wonderfully voluble or it their endeavour to be beneficial to society; and flippant, or whether the fibres of it may not be made who upon all occasions which their circumstances of un of a finer or more pliant thread; or whether life can administer, do not take a certain unfeigned there are not in it some particular muscles which pleasure in conferring benefits of one kind or other. dart it up and down by such sudden glances and Those whose great talents and high birth have vibrations: or whether, in the last place, there inay placed them in conspicuous stations of life are in. not be certain undiscovered channels running from dispensably obliged to exert some poble iuclinations the head and the heart to this little instrument of for the service of the world, or else such advantages loquacity, and conveying into it a perpetual afflu- become misfortunes, and shade and privacy are a ency of animal spirits. Nor must I omit the reason more eligible portion. Where opportunities and which Hudibras has given, why those who can talk inclinations are given to the same person, we someon trifles speak with the greatest fluency; namely,
. pamely times see sublime instances of virtue, which so dazzle that the tongue is like a race-horse, which runs the
que is like a parehorse. which runs the our imaginations, that we look with scorn on all faster the lesser weight it carries.
which in lower scenes of life we may ourselves be Which of these reasons soever may be looked
able to practise. But this is a vicious way of thinking upon as the most probable. I think the Irishman's and it bears some spice of romantic madness, for a thought was very natural, who, after some hours' man to imagine that he must grow ambitious, or seek conversation with a female orator, told her, that he adventures, to be able
d her that he adventures, to be able to do great actions. It is in believed her tongue was very glad when she was
every man's power in the world who is above mere
very asleep, for that it had not a moment's rest all the poverty, not only
poverty, not only to do things worthy, but heroic. while she was awake.
The great foundation of civil virtue is seli-denial; That excellent old ballad of The Wanton Wife of and there is no one above the necessities of life, but Bath has the following remarkable lines:
has opportunities of exercising that noble quality,
and doing as much as his circumstances will bear I think, quoth Thomas, women's tongues
for the ease and convenience of other men; and Os aspen leaves are made.
he who does more than ordinary men practise upon And Ovid, though in the description of a very such occasions as occur in his life, deserves the barbarous circumstance, tells us, that when the value of nis friends, as if he had done enterprises tongue of a beautiful female was cut out, and thrown which are usually attended with the highest glory. upon the ground, it could not fo:bear muttering Men of public spirit differ rather in their circum. even in that posture :
stances than their virtue; and the man who does all Comprensam forcire linguam
he can, in a low station, is more a hero than he who Abstulit ense fero, radix micat ultima lingua.
omits any worthy action he is able to accomplish in Ipsu jacet, terræque tremeps immurmurat atræ ;
a great one. It is not many years ago since Lapi-
rius, in wrong of his elder brother, came to a great
estate by gift of his father, by reason of the dissolute - The hlade had cut
behaviour of the first-born. Her tongue sheer off. close to the trembling root,
Shame and contrition The mangled part still quiver'd on the ground,
reformed the life of the disinherited youth, and he Murmuring with a faint imperfect sound;
became as remarkable for his good qualities as forAnd as a serpent writhes his wounded train.
| merly for his errors. Lapirius, who observed his Uneasy, panting, and possessed with pain.-CRUXAIJ.
brother's amendment, sent him on a new-year's day If a tongue would be talking without a mouth, in the morning the following letter : what could it have done when it had all its organs of speech, and accomplices of sound about it? I “ HONOURED BRUTHER, might here mention the story of the Pippin Woman, “I enclose to you the deeds whereby my father had I not some reason to look upon it as fabulous,* gave me this house and land. Had he lived till
I must confess I am so wonderfully charmed with now, he would not have bestowed it in that manner; the music of this little instrument, that I would by he took it from the man you were, and I restore it to no means discourage it. All that I aim at by this the man you are. dissertation is, to cure it of several disagreeable “ I am, Sir, your affectionate Brother, notes, and in particular of those little jarrings and
and humble Servant, dissonances which arise from anger, censoriousness,
"P.T." gossiping and coquetry. In short, I would always As great and exalted spirits undertake the pursuit bave it tuned by good-nature, truth, discretion, and of hazardous actions for the good of others, at the sincerity.-C.
same time gratifying their passion for glory; so do
worthy minds in the domestic way of life dens The crackling crystal yields, she sinks, she dier; Her head chopt off from her lost shoulders fies:
theniselves many advantages, to satisfy a generous Pippins she cried, but death her voice consounds,
benevolence, which they bear to their friends on. And pip-tip-pip along the ice resounds,
pressed with distresses and calamities. Such natures one may call stories of Providence, which are ac tuated by a secret celestial influence to undervalue the ordinary gratifications of wealth, to give comfort to a heart loaded with affliction, to save a falling family, to preserve a branch of trade in their neigh
bourhood, to give work to the industrious, preserveflections on it without any order or method, so that the portion of the helpless infant, and raise the they may appear rather in the looseness and freedom head of the mourning father. People whose hearts of an essay, than in the regularity of a set discourse. are wholly bent towards pleasure, or intent upon | It is after this manner that I shall consider laughter gain, never hear of the noble occurrences among and ridicule in my present paper. men of industry and humanity. It would look like Man is the merriest species of the creation; all a city romance, to tell them of the generous merchant, above and below him are serious. He sees things who the other day sent his billet to an eminent trader, in a different light from other beings, and finds his under difficulties to support himself, in whose fall mirth arising froin objects that perhaps cause somnemany hundreds besides himself had perisbed; but thing like pity or displeasure in higher data res. because I think there is more spirit and true gal. Laughter is indeed a very good counterpoise to the lantry in it than in any letter I have ever read from spleen; and it seems but reasonable that we should Strephon to Phillis, I shall insert it even in the mer- | be capable of receiving joy from what is no real cantile honest style in which it was sent:
good to us, since we ca2 receive grief from what is “Sir,
no real evil. “ I have heard of the casualties which have in
| I have in my forty-seventh paper raised a specuvolved you in extreme distress at this time, and lation on the notion of a modern philosopher. who knowing you to be a man of great good-nature, in.
| describes the first motive of laughter to be a secret dustry, and probity, have resolved to stand by you. comparison which
comparison which we make between ourselves and Be of good cheer; the bearer brings with him five the persons we laugh at; or, in other words, that thousand pounds, and has my order to answer your satisfaction which we receive from the opinion of drawing as much more on my account. I did this some pre-eminence in ourselves, when we see the in haste, for fear I should come too late for your re
absurdities of another, or when we reflect on any lief; but you may value yourself with me to the sum past absurdities of our own. This seems to hold in of fifty thousand pounds; for I can very cheerfully
inds for I can very cheerfully most cases, aud we may observe that the raidest run the bazard of being so much less rich than I am
ing so much less rich than I am part of mankind are the most addicted to this now, to save an honest man whom I love.
passion. “ Your Friend and Servant,
I have read a sermon of a conventual in the “ W. S.”
church of Rome, on those words of the wise man, I think there is somewhere in Montaigne mention
“ I said of Laughter, it is mad; and of mirth, what
does it?" Upon which he laid it down as a point made of a family-book, wherein all the occurrences
of doctrine, that laughter was the effect of original that happened trum one generation of that house to
sin, and that Adam could not laugh before the all. another were recorded. Were there such a method
Laughter, while it lasts, slackens and unbraces in the families which are concerned in this gene
the mind, weakens the faculties, and causes a kiad rosity, it would be a hard task for the greatest in
of remissness and dissolution in all the powers of Europe to give in their own, an instance of a benefit
| the soul; and thus far it may be looked upon as a better placed, or conferred with a more graceful
weakness in the composition of human nature. But air. It has been heretofore urged how barbarous
if we consider the frequent reliefs we receive from and inhuman is any unjust step made to the dis- |
it, and how often it breaks the gloom which is apt advantage of a trader; and by how much such an
to depress the mind and damp our spirits, with act towards him is detestable, by so much an act of kindness towards himn is laudable. I remember to
transient unexpected gleams of joy, one would take have heard a bencher of the Temple tell a story of a
care not to grow too wise for so great a pleasure
of life. tradition in their house, where they had formerly a
| The talent of turning men into ridicule, and es custom of choosing kings for such a season, and al
i posing to laughter those one converses with, is the lowing him his expenses at the charge of the society. U
qualification of little ungenerous tempers. A young One of our kings, t said my friend, carried his royal |
man with this cast of mind cuts himself off from mil inclination a little too far, and there was a committee
manner of improvement. Every one has bis tiars ordered to look into the management of his treasury.
"Y: and weaknesses; nay, the greatest blemishes are Among other things it appeared, that his majesty often found in the most shining character, but walking incog. in the cloister, had overheard a poor
what an absurd thing is it to pass over all the valu man say to another, “ Such a small sum would
*able parts of a man, and tix our attention on his make me the happiest man in the world.” The 1:
infirmities? to observe his imperfections more than king, out of his royal compassion, preveny mquired his virtues ? and to make use of bim for the sport of into his character, and finding him a proper object
others, rather than for our own improvements of charity, sent him the money. When the com.
We therefore very often find, that persons the mittee read the report, the house passed bis accounts
most accomplished in ridicule are those that are with a plaudite without further examination, upon
very shrewd at hitting a blot, without exerting aav the recital of this article in thein : For making a man happy
thing masterly in themselves. As there are maar . . £10 0 £10 0 0
eminent critics who never urit a good line, there T.
are many admirable buffoons that animadvert ung No. 2 19.1 SATURDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1711.
every single defect in another, without ever din
vering the least beauty of their own. By 13 Mirth out of season is a grievous ill.-Frag. Vet. Puet.
meaus, these unlucky lule wits often fire WHEN I make c
ke choice of a subject that has not putation in the esteem of vulgar minds, and rar been treated on by others, I throw together my re themselves above persons of much mure lacus. • The merchant involved in distress by casualties was one
characters. Mr. Moreton, a linen-draper; and the generous merchant, here If the talent of ridicule were employed to b e 80 jastly celebrated, was Sir William Scawen.
men out of voice and tolly, it might be of summe † This king, it is said, was beau Sash, director of the public diversions at Bath, who was iu King William's time a student o the Temple.
Sport that wrinkled Care derides, to the world; but instead of this, we find that it
And Laughter holding both his sides. is generally made use of to laugh men out of virtue
Come, and trip it as you go, and good sense, by attacking every thing that is
Ou the light fantastic toe. solemn and serious, decent and praiseworthy in
And in thy right hand lead with thee
The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty: human life.
And if I give thee honour due, We may observe that in the first ages of the
Mirth, admit me of thy crew, world, when the great souls and master-pieces of
To live with her, and live with thee,
In unreproved pleasures, free. human nature were produced, men shined by a
L'ALLEGRO, v. 11, te. noble simplicity of behaviour, and were strangers to those little embellishments which are so fashion
No. 250.] MONDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1711. able in our present conversation. And it is very remarkable, that notwithstanding we fall short at Disce docendus adhuc, quæ censet amiculus. ut si
Cæcus iter monstrare velit; tamen aspice si quid present of the ancients in poetry, painting, oratory,
Et nos, quod cures proprium fecisse, loquamur. history, architecture, and all the noble arts and
Hor. Ep. 1. xvii. 3. sciences which depend more upon genius than ex
Yet hear what an unskilful friend can say. perience, we exceed them as much in doggrel hu As is a blind man should direct your way: mour, burlesque, and all the trivial arts of ridicule. So I myself, though wanting to be taught,
May yet impart a hint that's worth your thought. We meet with more raillery among the moderns, but more good sense among the ancients.
“MR. SPECTATOR, The two great branches of ridicule in writing are “ You see the nature of my request by the Latin comedy and burlesque. The first ridicules persons motto which I address to you. I am very sensible by drawing them in their proper characters, the I ought not to use many words to you, who are one other by drawing them quite unlike themselves. of but few; but the following piece, as it relates to Burlesque is therefore of two kinds; the first repre- speculation, in propriety of speech, being a curiosity sents mean persons in the accoutrements of heroes; in its kind, begs your patience. It was found in a the other describes great persons acting and speak- poetical virtuoso's closet among his rarities; and ing like the basest among the people. Don Quixo since the several treatises of thumbs, cars, and ote is an instance of the first, and Lucian's gods of noses, have obliged the world, this of eyes is at the second. It is a dispute among the critics, your service. whether burlesque poetry runs best in heroic verse, “ The first eye of consequence (under the invilike that of the Dispensary; or in doygrel, like sible Author of all) is the visible luminary of the that of Hudibras. I thirk where the low character universe. This glorious Spectator is said never to is to be raised, the heroic is the proper measure; open his eyes at his rising in a morning, without but when a hero is to be pulled down and degraded, having a whole kingdom of adorers in Persian silk it is done best in doggrel.
waiting at his levee. Millions of creatures derive If Hudibras had been set out with as much wit their sight from this original, who besides his being and humour in heroic verse as he is in doggrel, he the great director of optics, is the surest test whether would have made a much more agrecable figure than eyes be of the same species with that of an eagle, he does; though the generality of his readers are or that of an owl. The one he emboldens with a so wonderfully pleased with the double rhymes, that manly assurance to look, speak, act, or plead, bcI do not expect many will be of my opinion in this fore the faces of a numerous assembly; the other particular.
| he dazzles out o: countenance into a sheepish deI shall conclude this essay upon laughter with jectedness. The sun-proof eye dares lead up a observing that the metaphor of laughing, applied to dance in a full court: and without blinking at the fields and mea,inws when they are in Hower, or to lustre of beauty, can distribute an eye of proper trees when they are in blossom, runs through all complaisance to a room crowded with company, languages; which I have not observed of any other each of which deserves particular regard; wbile the metaphor, excepting that of fire and burning when other sneaks from conversation, like a fearful debtor they are applied to love. This shows that we na who never dares to look out, but when he can see turally regard laughter, as what is in itself both nobody, and nobody him. amiable and beautiful. For this reason likewise “ The next instance of optics is the famous ArVenus has gained the title of Philomydes “the laugh-gus, who (to speak in the language of Cambridge) ter-loving dame," as Waller has translated it, and was one of a hundred; and being used as a spy in is represented by Horace as the goddess who de- the affairs of jealousy, was obliged to have all his lights in laughter. Milton, in a joyous assembly of eyes about himn. We have no account of the par. inaginary persons, has given us a very poetical' ticular colours, casts, and turns, of this body of figure of Laughter. His whole band of mirth is so eyes; but as he was pimp for his mistress Juno, it finely described, that I shall set down the passage is probable he used all the modern leers, sly glances, at length:
and other ocular activities, to serve his purpose,
Some look upon him as the then king at arms
to the heathenish deities: and make no more of And by men, heart-easing inirth,
his eyes than of so many spangles of his herald's Whom lovely Venus at a birth
coat. With two sister Graces more,
“ The next upon the optic list is old Janus, who To ivy-crownedi Bacchus hore. Haste thee, nymph, and bring with theo
stood in a double-sighted capacity, like a person Jest and youthful jollity,
placed betwixt two opposite looking-glasses, and so Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles,
took a sort of retrospective cast at one view. Copies Nody, and becks, and wreathed smiles, Such as hany on Hebe's cheek,
of this double-faced way are not yet out of fashion and love to live in dimple sleek;
with many professions, and the ingenious artists
pretend to keep up this species by double-headed 1. called Euphrosyne is the nanie of one of the canes and spoons; but there is no mark of this Graco
I faculty, except in the emblematical way, of a wise