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tended consort to leave the providing one entirely to his honour, and flatter myself Mr. Savecharges has, in the articles made previous to our marriage, agreed to keep me a coach ; but, lest I should be mistaken, or the attorney should not have done me justice in methodizing or legalizing these half-dozen words, I will set about and transcribe that part of the agreement, which will explain the matter to you much better than can be done by one who is so deeply interested in the event; and show on what foundation I build my hopes of being soon under the transporting, delightful denomination of a fashionable lady, who, enjoys the exalted and much-envied felicity of bowling about in her own coach. “And further the said Solomon Savecharges, for divers good causes and considerations him hereunto moving, hath agreed, and doth hereby agree, that the said Solomon Savecharges shall and will, so soon as conveniently may be after the solemnization of the said intended marriage, at his own proper cost and charges, find and provide a certain vehicle or four-wheel carriage, commonly called or known by the name of a coach ; which said vehicle or wheel-carriage, so called or known by the name of a coach, shall be used and enjoyed by the said Sukey Modish, “his intended wife,” [pray mind that, Mr. Idler, “at such times and in such manner as she the said Sukey Modish shall think fit and convenient.” Such, Mr. Idler, is the agreement my fiassionate admirer entered into ; and what the dear frugal has band calls a performance of it remains to be described. Soon after the ceremony of signing and sealing was over, our wedding-clothes being sent home, and, in short, every thing in readiness except the coach, my own

shadow was scarcely more constant than my passionate lover in his attendance on me: wearied by his perpetual importunities for what he called a completion of his bliss, I consented to make him happy; in a few days I gave him my hand, and, attended by Hymen in his saffron robes, retired to a country-seat of my husband’s where the honey-moon flew over our heads ere we had time to recollect ourselves, or think of our engagements in town. Well, to town we came, and you may be sure, Sir, expected to step into my coach on my arrival here; but, what was my surprise and disappointment, when, instead of this, he began to sound in my ears, “ that the interest of money was low, very low; and what a terrible thing it was to be incumbered with a little regiment of servants in these hard times l’” I could easily perceive what all this tended to, bht would not seem to understand him; which made it highly necessary for Mr. Savecharges to explain himself more intelligibly; to harp upon and protest he dreaded the expense of keeping a coach. And truly, for his part, he could not conceive how the pleasure resulting from such a convenience could be any way adequate to the heavy expense attending it. I now thought it high time to speak with equal plainness, and told him, as the fortune I brought fairly entitled me to ride in my own coach, and as I was sensible his circumstances would very well afford it, he must pardon me if I insisted on a performance of his agreement. I appeal to you, Mr. Idler, whether any thing could be more civil, more complaisant, than this? And, would you believe it, the creature in return, a few days after, accosted me, in an offended tone, with, “ Madam, I can now tell you your coach is ready; and, since you are so passionately fond of one, I intend you the honour

of keeping a pair of horses.—You insisted upon having an article of pin-money, and horses are no part of my agreement.” Base, designing wretch —I beg your pardon, Mr. Idler, the very recital of such mean, ungentleman-like behaviour fires my blood, and lights up a flame within me. But hence, thou worst of monsters, ill-timed Rage! and let me not spoil my cause for want of temper. Now, though I am convinced I might make a worse use of part of the pin-money, than by extending my bounty towards the support of so useful a part of the brute creation; yet, like a true-born Englishwoman, I am so tenacious of my rights and privileges, and moreover so good a friend to the gentlemen of the law, that I protest, Mr. Idler, sooner than tamely give up the point, and be quibbled out of my right, I will receive my pin-money, as it were, with one hand, and pay it to them with the other; provided they will give me, or, which is the same thing, my trustees, encouragement to commence a suit against this dear, frugal husband of mine. And of this I can’t have the least shadow of doubt, inasmuch as I have been told by very good authority, it is some way or other laid down as a rule, “*That whenever the law doth give any thing to one, it giveth impliedly whatever is necessary for taking and enjoying the same.” Now, I would gladly know what enjoyment I, or any lady in the kingdom, can have of a coach without horses : The answer is obvious—None at all! For, as serj. Catylyne very wisely observes, “Though a coach has wheels, to the end it may thereby and by virtue thereof be enabled to move; yet, in point of utility, it may as well have none, if they are not put in motion by means of its vital parts, that is, the horses.”

* Coke on Littleton. WOL. V. I.1. s

And therefore, Sir, I humbly hope you and the learned in the law will be of opinion, that two certain animals, or quadruped creatures, commonly called or known by the name of horses, ought to be annexed to, and go along with, the coach.


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I HAVE taken the liberty of laying before you my complaint, and of desiring advice or consolation with the greater confidence, because I believe many other writers have suffered the same indignities with myself, and hope my quarrel will be regarded by you and your readers as the common cause of literature. Having been long a student, I thought myself qualified in time to become an author. My inquiries have been much diversified, and far extended; and not finding my genius directing me by irresistible impulse to any particular subject, I deliberated three years which part of knowledge to illustrate by my labours. Choice is more often determined by accident than by reason: I walked abroad one morning with a curious lady, and, by her inquiries and observations, was incited to write the natural history of the county in which I reside. Natural history is no work for one that loves his chair or his bed. Speculation may be pursued on a a soft couch, but nature must be observed in the open air. I have collected materials with indefatigable pertinacity. I have gathered glow-worms in the evening, and snails in the morning; I have seen the daisy close and open; I have heard the owl shriek at midnight, and hunted insects in the heat of noon. Seven years I was employed in collecting animals and vegetables, and then found that my design was yet imperfect. The subterranean treasures of the place had been passed unobserved, and another year was passed to be spent in mines and coalpits. What I had already done supplied a sufficient motive to do more. I acquainted myself with the black inhabitants of metallic caverns, and, in defiance of damps and floods, wandered through the gloomy labyrinths, and gathered fossils from every fissure. At last I began to write; and, as I finished any section of my book, read it to such of my friends as were most skilful in the matter which it treated. None of them were satisfied ; one disliked the disposition of the parts, another the colours of the style; one advised me to enlarge, another to abridge. I resolved to read no more, but to take my own way and write on, for by consultation I only perplexed my thoughts and retarded my work. The book was at last finished, and I did not doubt but my labour would be repaid by profit, and my ambi

* An unknown correspondent.

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