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quired thereto by any in his name ; and that this treaty, having been signed by the States, was sent to London, from whence it had returned but yesterday morning, and totally finished yesternight betwixt him and a private committee of the States. He represented his master's intelligence to be so good, that a discovery would be made even to himself (DOWNING) of his Majesty's being there ; and if he neglected to apply to have him seized, his master would resent it to the highest, which would infallibly cost him his head, and deprive his Majesty of a faithful servant. And being desirous to prevent the miserable consequences of what would follow, if his being here was discovered, he resolved to communicate the danger he was in, and for fear of a future difcovery he had disguised himself, being resolved to trust no person with the secret. He then proposed that his Majesty would immediately mount his horses, and make all the difpatch imaginable out of the States' territories. That he himself would return home, and under pretence of fickness, lye longer in bed than usual ; and that when he thought his Majesty was so far off, as, to be out of danger to be overtaken, he would go to the States and acquaint them that he understood his Majesty was in town, and require his being seized in the terms of the late treaty. That he knew they would comply, and send to the place directed: but on finding that his Majesty was gone off so far as to be safe, he would propose to make no farther noise about it, left it should difcover the treaty, and prevent his Majesty's afterwards falling into their hands. The King immediately followed his advice, and he returning home, every thing was acted and happened, as he proposed and foretold. .
| The King having thus escaped this imminent danger, most religiously performed what he had promised, never mentioning any part of this story, till after his restoration, and not then defiring to know how DOWNING's intelligence came, (which he never discovered) tho' he (the King) often faid it was a mystery, for no person knew of his design till
he was on horseback, and that he could not think FlemING went and discovered him to DownING. Besides he To foon returned from his sister, he could not have time, DOWNING having come much about the time FLEMING returned.
I have heard this story told by several, who frequented King CHARLES's court after the restoration ; particularly by the Earl of Cromartie, who said, that next year after the restoration he, with the Duke of Rothes and several other Scots Quality, being one night with the King over a bottle, they all complained of an impertinent speech DOWNING had made in parliament, reflecting on the Scots nation, which they thought his Majesty should resent so as to discard him from court, and withdraw his favour from him. The King replied, he did not approve what he had said, and would reprove him for it; but to go farther he could not well do, because of this story, which he reported in the terms here narrated, which made such an impression on all present, that they freely forgave what had pass’d, and Rothes asked liberty to begin his health in a bumper.
Two Passages in ȚULLY's Tusculanæ Disputationes
T TT enim corporis temperatio, cum ea congruunt inter fe,
U e quibus coNSTAMUS, sanitas : Sic animi dicitur, cum ejus judicia opinionesque concordant.
Tusculan. Disputation. L. iv. C. 13. Edit. Davis.
Tully is here giving a distinct description of what he calls sanitas corporis and sanitas animi. The former, (says he) is, Cum ea congruunt inter fe, e quibus- What ? Not surely CO:STAMUS, for that includes the whole man, whereas Tully, in this branch of the sentence, evidently confines himself to the body only. The true reading therefore seems to have been CONSTAT, and so I am inclined to think Dr.
Davies Davies would have printed it, had any of his MSS. warranted the alteration. For the quotations from Stobæus and Plato, which he gives us in his note upon the place, do, I conceive, very clearly point out the necessity of such alteration. But be that as it will, the reading now offered is supported by a very valuable MS. of the Tusculanæ Disputationes lately in the possession of Dr. Shippen Principal of Braze-nose college, in which the whole sentence runs thus : Șicut enim coro poris temperatio, cum ea congruunt inter se, ex quibus conSTAT, sanitas : Sic animi dicitur, cum ejus judicia opinionesque concordant.
In Olivet's edition the sentence is thus read and pointed; Ut corporis est temperatio, cum ea congruunt inter fe, e quibus constamus : Sanitas fic animi dicitur, cum ejus judicia opinionesque concordant. But constamus will as little agree with this text as with that above.
In the fame Book C. 37. we have the following paffage : Cum multa in conventu vitia collegisset in eum Zopyrus, qui se naturam cujusque ex forma perspicere profitebatur ; derisus est a cæteris, qui illa in Socrate vitia non agnoscerent : ab ipfo auten Socrate sublevatus, cum illa fibi figna, fed ratione a se dejecta diceret.
The latter part of this passage is manifestly corrupt; and various have been the conjectures of the critics, in order to restore it. Some, instead of signa read ingenita, others innata, a third sort infita, or infita naturâ. Each of these alterations, it is confessed, is perfectly agreeable to the sense of Cicero, but then they all of them depart too far from the MS. Copies, to be haftily admitted. That which comes the nearest to them is the conjecture of Monsieur Bouhier ;--Cum illa, fibi fi qua inessent, ratione a se dejecta diceret. But this emendation is exceptionable on another account, as it puts an evafive answer into the mouth of Socrates, instead of a plain ac- knowledgment of his natural propensity to the vices charged upon him. For that some such acknowledgment was made,
is evident from Cicero's affirming of Zopyrus, that he was ab ipfo Socrate fublevatus. • If the foregoing corrections be deem'd unsatisfactory, the following one is fubmitted to the reader's consideration. Some of the MSS. in this place read vitia inesse, 'others figna inesse, others figna only, without inesse. From whence it seems to be no forced or improbable conjecture, that Tully really wrote, Cum illa sibi figna ineffe, fed vitia ratione a la dejeéta diceret. In favour of this reading it may be observed, that every word of it may be found in fome MS, and that the whole yields a sense perfectly clear and consistent. It is, I think, necessary, in order to avoid obscurity, to read figna and vitia in the latter part of the sentence, as they answer to forma and vitia going before, tho' there is no single MS, that I know of, which has both the words.
REMARK on a passage in HO RA C E.
To the STUDEN T. SIR, X. S none of the commentators seem to have done justice, 61 to one of the most delicate passages in HORACE, give me leave to offer my sentiments.
In the 26th ode of his third book, the poet intreats Vermis to chastife Chloe for her arrogance:
0, quæ beatam, Diva, tenes Cyprum et
Regina, SUBLIMI FLAGELLO--
TANGE Chloen SEMEL arrogantem.
O Goddess, &c. raise thy scourGE ALOFT, and give the haughty Chloe W hat? ---ONE gentle TOUCH.
The conduct of this strophe is admirable. He folemnly invokes a Goddess, and vows severe revenge. The elevated stroke is
impending, and we are in pain for the fair criminal ; when by an unexpected but natural turn, the relenting lover drops his vengeance, and desires to have her- tenderly treated.
A modern translator (a gentleman of the birch) renders it:
On scornful Chloe lift thy ward,
But HORACE was a man of too much gallantry, ever to be guilty of such a piece of barbarity to a lady.
I. am, &c.
To the STUDEN T.
SIR, V OU will be able to judge by this of my following letters;
1 which, being upon a subject of the highest concernment to man in all his pursuits and engagements, will not, I hope, be unacceptable to the generality of your readers, to whose improvement in useful and polite knowledge you leem to have genercully devoted your labours.
The prevailing Iniquity of the times is upon record, as what has been a general observation in almost every age of, the world, of which we have hitherto had any accounts. But that the present generation should (as we are told it does) very far surpass all preceding ones in this, is, I think, not strictly true ; at least common appearances are againit it, and do strongly declare the contrary. I can easily conceive, and as readily acknowledge, that certain circumftances may conspire in accelerating this pernicious deitructive progress more under one period than another; yet to fuy, that Vice should have fo infected all orders of men, and was Numb. III. ; M