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language whatever. The three quiescent vowels with their. several canons may at first startle and perplex the learner, Hoc opus, hic labor, but they may be mastered by time and industry. And tho' the attaining what is called a perfect knowledge of it may be attended with some trouble and difficulty, yet that should not deter us entirely from applying ourselves to the study of it.
In magnis voluisse fat eft.
Every one cannot expect to be a second Pococke. Enough: may easily be attained to illustrate and explain the Hebrew : and he has little pretensions to the name of a scholar, who will not be at some pains to acquire that character.
Far be that character from those, who thro' the affectation of mere polite learning despise others, who think it worth their while to employ themselves in these studies. To such. censurers one may answer in the words of the learned Relande: An ergo nulla est utilitas linguæ Arabicæ, ut multi opinantur ? Non, dicam. Ergo stultiffimi fuerunt illi viri, qui ei addiscendæ & promovendæ tam sedulam navarunt operam Pocockius, Bochartus, Erpenius, Golius, Hottingerus et alii.
Many of the ancient Latin and Greek authors, which are loft to us, are preserved in the books and libraries of the Arabians. Several of our medicinal and chemical terms, as Elixir, Syrup, Rob, Julap, and others, together with that common expression Adept, are derivable from the same words in Arabick. *
The copiousness of this language is another no small recommendation of it, one word being often so full and expreffive as to denote a whole sentence. But it would exceed the bounds of our Miscellany to enlarge upon every favourable circumstance.
* Vide Hunt de Antiquitate, &c. Linguæ Arabicæ,
We of this University have the greatest encouragement to encite in us a love for this study. We have the benefit of a most learned Professor to apply to, who is as willing as. he is able to instruct us. We have besides the advantage of a noble collection of Arabick books and manuscripts given us by our great patron and benefactor Archbishop Laud and others.
I shall conclude with those well known words of Dr. Pococke.
Meritò vobis commendatum reddat linguæ Arabicæ studium vel unus hic ejus ufus, quo Hebraicæ tam feliciter ancillatur.' Quam latè pateat per totam humanioris literatură Encyclopædiam ejus ufus, fatebuntur multi, qui quid ullâ ex parte Theologie studiosis conferat, planè dubitant. Ego verò, fi quid fentiam, Theologo adeò utilem existimo, ut fi textum Hebraicum aliquando penitiùs excutere necessarium ducat, eâ fine manifesto veritatis præjudicio, ne dicam dispendio, carere non poflit.
Oxon. February, 1750
RELIGION the Basis of TRUE HONOUR.
TTONOUR, like Happiness, tho' universally discoursed 11 of, has never yet been justly defined. It is a kind of Chameleon, which assumes a different colour in different fituations. In a woman it is chastity, and in a soldier valour. While we endeavour to ascertain its properties, it rises in a new shape : we are going perhaps to draw its picture from the heart of an hero, and it catches our eyes in the delicacy of a Clarisa : till at last wearied with observing its operations thro' so many characters, we give up the pursuit without ever losing sight of the game.
I own it an arduous undertaking to attempt fixing this voJatile spirit; to venture upon a subject where so many have
been bewildered ; and to attempt in an effay the nature of a science which is the darling of the polite and gay, and has, been long an ænigma to the learned and contemplative. . How much shall I disappoint the men of gallantry with qut reason, of daring without courage, of nice punctilia without common, decency, the women of exactness in their play-debts without charity to their neighbours,—and all the other votaries of false Honour, when I presume. to, affirm, that the principle of true HỌNQUR is RELIGION.
When Honour is established upon this foundation, it strikes its root into the very centre, and extends its branches to heaven. Its ornaments are intrinsically valuable, and its essential properties lovely and engaging. The solid exce! lencies of virtue, are adorned with all the graces that affability and true politeness can bestow; and those graces of affability and politeness are confirmed and made durable by the more important excellencies of virtug. ...
To prove that real Honour has its rise from RELIGION, we need only consider those points in which the nicety of it is allowed to be more particularly confpicuous: and if these are all naturally contained in RELIGION .when, improved to their highest perfection, it must necessarily follow, that RELIGION certainly comprehends Honour in its most refined state; or in other words, that Honour is then most real and illustrigus, when it has RELIGION for, its bafis,
Among the efforts of HONOUR there is none more unia versally admired than the noble fortitude of the hero, who maintains his post against the united force and artifice of his enemy; who prefers his character of intrepidity to the preservation of his life; and tho' many opportunities might offer of retaining the one by abandoning the other, chules, rather to fall valiantly in the station where his military duty has placed him, than to lengthen out a life without glory, and gradually fall into oblivion, even sooner than into his.gravc., Such a behaviour is undoubtedly brave; it has Honour for
its constituent, and justly exalts the name of the person who han exert it.
But how mean does even this behaviour appear, when laid in the scale against the resolved and uniform Christian, firm against persecution, wary against temptation, and superiour to contempt! who maintains the post his Creator has given him, not against men, spears, chariots, and horses, not against human policy and perishable weapons, (for these are scarce worthy of being mentioned as important circumstances in His warfare) but against thrones, dominations, and powers; against á vicious world, and the legionis led forth by the prince of darkness; against lusts and passions, against pleasures more formidable than danger, and more insinuating than the wiles of the most refined statesman. How much greater is his Foro titude; how much more exalted his principles of Honour.
Is it justly believed that Honour is amiably and nobly exerted, when the innocent and beautiful virgin preserves by unshaken resolution the native innocence of her heart ; when neither persuasion nor deceit, neither forcë nor negligence can influence her to violate the unspotted temple of her bofom ?-More, much more justly should that principle of Religion be applauded, which preserves that original purity of the soul in which she delights ; which flourishes against more than a lover or a ravisher ; against every corrupt inclination, against the depraved appetites which nature herself implants ; against even the appearances of vice' } and which is itself the parent and cause of every virtue which she defends.
Is AÞicius esteemed a man of friet Honour, because he is punctual to his promises ; because he is scrupulous in paying his debts, and rigorously just in discharging the duties of his station ?--The pious man certairily has a much greater claim to that character in fo diligently acting the part he owes to creation, and in the most refined sense paying his debts to nature, while he considers that the universe has a claim to the industry of each individual, and that he was sent into the world to advance the felicity of it.
The duke DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULT calls Honour the good sense of pride. But it surely is giving it a much higher encomium to say it is the picture of RELIGION; a transcript of her excellencies without her name äffixed, and whose value is alone derived from its resemblance to that original ;-a beam of Her light which will penetrate into hearts not purified enough to imbibe all het rays; a polish which prepares the human breast for reflecting her power more strongly when it shall be more enlarged. That Honour in a word is a well cut jewel which exhibits different dyes, but all beautiful, in different positions ; but that RELIGION is the sun which gives every one of them its colour and radiancy:
Neto Experiments concerning the TORPEDO:
To the STUDENT: SIR, THE various and contradictory accounts, which authors
I have given of the Torpedo or Cramp-Fish, induce mer to send you a faithful description of this animal, with the wonderful effects it has on humari bodies. I had an opportunity of trying the experiments at Surinám, a colony once belonging to the English, but exchanged with the Dutch some years since for New York, situated in South America about fix degrees north latitude:
İN the mohth of Januiry 1745, I arrived at Surinami; I being sent for by his Excellency Mr. J. J. MAURICIUS from Barbadoes ; his lady and himself at that time labouring under a disorder, which required my affiftance as a furgeon