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day. And having a great work to do (meaning his preparation to eternity) faids he would be stirring much earlier than he used. . For some hours his majesty slept very soundly : for my part, I was so full of anguish and grief, that I took little rest. The king, some hours before day, drew his bed-curtain to awaken me, and could by the light of a wax-lamp perceive me troubled in my sleep; the king rofe forthwith, and as I was making him ready, HERBERT (faid the king) I would know why you were disquieted in your sleep? I replied, may it please your majesty, I was in a dream. What was your dream, said the king, I would hear it? May it please your majesty, said I, I dreamed, that as you were making ready, one knock'd at the bed-chamber-door, which your majesty took no notice of, nor was I willing to acquaint you with it, apprehending it might be Colonel HACKER. But knocking the second time, your majesty ask'd me, if I heard it not? I said, I did, but did not use to go without his order. Why then go, know who it is, and his business. Whereupon I opened the door, and perceived that it was the ford archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. LAWD, in his pontifical habit, as worn at court; I knew him, having seen him often. The archbishop desired he might enter, having something to say to the king. I acquainted your majesty with his desire; so you bad me let him in; being in, he made his obeysance to your majesty in the middle of the room, doing the like also when he came near your person, and falling on his knees, your majesty gave him your hand to kiss, and took him aside to the window, where some discourse pass'd between your majesty and him, and I kept a becoming distance, not hearing any thing that was said, yet could perceive your majesty pensive by your looks, and that the archbishop gave a figh; who after a short stay, again killing your hand, returned, but with face all the way towards your majesty, and making his usual reverences, the third being so fubmifs, as he fell prostrate on his face on the ground, and I immediately
stept stept to him to help him up, which I was then acting, when your majesty law me troubled in my sleep. The impression was so lively, that I look'd about, verily thinking it was no dream. · The king said, my dream was remarkable, but he is dead; get had we conferred together during life, 'tis very likely (albeit I loved him well) I should have said something to him, might have occasioned his sigh.. · Soon after I had told my dream, Dr. Juxon, then Bishop of London, came to the king, as I relate in that narrative I sent Sir WILLIAM DUGDALE, which I have a tranfcript of here, nor know whether it rests with his grace the archbishop of Canterbury, or Sir WILLIAM, or be disposed of in Sir
John Cotton's library neer Westminster-Hall; but wish you had the perusal of it, before you return into the North. And this being not communicated to any but your self, you may shew it to his grace and none else, as you promised.
Your very affectioned friend and servant, Y [ork] 28. Aug. 80.
On the PLEASURES and ADVANTAGES of - ASTRONOMICAL STUDIES.
In a letter to the STUDEN T.
Os homini sublime dedit; coelumque tueri
Jufit, erectos ad sidera tollere vultus. Ovid. IN my opinion there is no science more useful, and at the
I same time more delightful than astronomy. It fills the foul with beautiful as well as magnificent ideas. It has a certain tendency to open and enlarge every avenue of know
ledge ; ledge; and puts our nobfer part upon exerting its highest powers. It has an admirable efficacy to fix the attention, and enable the mind to sustain the fatigue of laborious ftudies. It likewise gives us the most exalted conceptions of that infinite power and wisdom, which are so gloriously exhibited throughout the whole creation. It raises in us the highest, and consequently the worthieft, notions of the great author of nature. The soul of man is naturally delighted with what is grand and sublime. She hates restraint, and loves an enlarged sphere of action. Here then she is at full liberty to expatiate. Here she may elegantly employ her noblest faculties. Unbounded space surrounds her, and a scene of infinite wisdom is displayed before her. He can never want a companion who has cultivated an acquaintance with those glorious objects, which adorn the canopy of heaven. Neither can heftand in need of a book to fill up the vacant space of his leisure hours, when the magnificent volume of nature is always open to his view. Nor is he ever at a loss for profitable, as well as pleasing, topics of conversation, who has furnished his mind with that rich variety of ideas, which this noble science affords.
And as it inspires us with the most exalted sentiments of the deity, so at the same time it suggests to us the most becoming notions of ourselves. For as it moft clearly discovers the perfection of the creator, so it as evidently demonstrates the imperfection of the creature ; I mean in point of intrisic worth, and real excellency, when compared with the first, greatest and best of beings. And therefore it has a natural tendency to mortify pride, and extinguish every spark of arrogance and self-conceit. For tho' the astronomer's knowledge is vastly more extensive than another's, yet he is, upon that very account, more sensible of his ignorance and imperfection.
The contemplation also of these sublime and heavenly objests lifts up the soul above every thing that is human. Erigimur, says Tully, altiores fieri videmur; humana defpicimus; cogitantesque supera atque cæleftia, hæc roftra, ut exigna & Numb. IX.
Triinuta, minuta, contemnimus. Whilst the is employed in these sublime exercises, she looks with an eye of contempt upon all sublunary things. All earthly objects seem beneath her notice. Their vanity and emptiness are conspicuously display'd: nay, they almost vanish and disappear upon the comparison. She pities the turbulent princes of this earth, whose restless and ambitious souls are continually waging war for an inconsiderable part of this little ball, when the whole bears no proportion to the objects of her meditation.
It must be a noble entertainment, indeed, and something wonderfully engaging to the human mind, to contemplate the glorious theatre of nature; where the divine geometer, as Plato calls him, has observed the exacteft rules of symmetry and proportion. The regular viciffitudes of the seasons, and the constant and invariable returns of day and night; the revolutions of the planetary orbs, and the various phænomena of the heavens must be beautiful spectacles indeed; but to know the causes of these appearances is fomething inexpressibly agreeable to the mind of man; as it, in some measure, satisfies that restless desire of knowledge, which is inherent in human nature.
The advantages which arise from this noble science are too many to be here enumerated. Every one knows that navigation and geography are indebted to astronomy for all the valuable improvements that have been lately made in those useful sciences. What an high opinion the ancients had of astronomy may be learnt from PLATO, STRABO, CICERO, PLUTARCH, and others. Cicero himself had no small skill in this divine science; as we may learn from all his philosophical works, but more particularly from his second book of the nature of the gods. Homer had some acquaintance with it: and VIRGIL, if I am not mistaken, a much greater. It is with inimitable beauty and propriety, he introduces the astronomer Jopas, at that elegant entertainment prepared by Dido for Æneas, making known the principles of his art.
- Citharâ crinitus Jopas Personat aurata, docuit quæ maximus Atlas. Hic canit errantem lunam, solisque labores : Unde hominum genus, & pecudes : unde imber, & ignes: Arcturum, pluviasque hyadas, geminosque trionés : Quid tantum oceano properent se tingere soles Hyberni, vel quæ tardis mora noctibus obstet. Æn. 1.
It is generally, I think, agreed that the Egyptians and Babylonians, by their constant observations, laid the first foundations of astronomy; and that the Greeks improved them into a science, by the application of geometry. This was, indeed, the infancy of astronomy. Then it just began to dawn: but now it is arrived at its meridian glory, by the exquisite fagacity, and unwearied diligence of NEWTON, FLAMSTIEAD, HALLEY, BRADLEY, and other exalted geniuses, who have done honour to the British nation : men, who will enjoy a kind of immortality upon earth, and be reading lectures to future generations !
I could wish our country 'squires, and other rural gentlemen, would employ a little of their time in adorning their minds with studies of this kind. Rural conversation would then be a little diversified ; five-bar gates, deep ditches, and high walls would be no longer its constant topics. But the principal design of this essay is to recommend astronomical studies to the younger part of my fellowstudents of the universities. In my opinion, it is no finall additional ornament to the other branches of polite literature. And, I believe, there is none amongst them all more entertaining. I fancy they will find it no inelegant transition from a chapter in SMIGLETIUS to a lecture in KEIL. • What I have advanced here is by way of exhortation only. I may possibly, in a future number, insert something in the astronomical way, in order to excite in my fellow-students a spirit of emulation. I assure you, I should be infinitely U 1 2