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of greater activity and more determin’d force in stemming that torrent of evils which flow from lawless tyranny and licentious faction. What these persons mean by honour, whence its rise, and how it came to be introduc'd into man's frame, and to make one of his supreme governing principles, I probably may give fome account of, at another time and place. At present, the only reply fhall be in the words of the author of the poem entitled Creation.
If honour lays “ a man under any obligation to perform or forbear any ac“ tion, then it is evident, honour is a law or rule, and " the transgreffion of it makes us guilty and obnoxious to " punishment. And if it be a law, it must be the declara“ tion of some legislator's will. For this is the definition of
a law, that it regulates the manners of a moral agent. « Now I would ask a man of honour, who denies reli“ gion, what or whose law he breaks, if he deviates from “ what he imagines to be a point of honour ? 'Tis plain “ there can be no transgression where there is no law,
no regularity where there is no rule, nor can a man do a “ base or dishonourable thing, if he is under no obligation “ to the contrary. Honour therefore abstracted from the “ notion of religion which enjoins it, is a mere chimera, “ which can have little power over any man that does not « believe a divine legislator, whose authority must enforce
The following truths flow in the nature of consectaries from what has been said.
1. That as mandkind can have no dependence upon, nor consequently safely place any confidence in, the words and declarations of an atheist, it greatly concerns them to avoid all manner of commerce with him. Accordingly Mr. LOCKE, in his incomparable Letters concerning Toleration, says, " they « who deny the existence of a God should not be tolerated; “ because promises, contracts, oaths, and faith, which are “ the principle bonds of society, are no tie upon an atheist to keep his word; and becaufe, thould the belief of a
6 deity & deity be banished the world, nothidg but a general con6 fusion and diforder must inevitably be introduced,
2. Whoever propagates notions against the reality of religion, such as those which represent it to be the inven tion of priests, the more easily to enslave and bring others under their power, or that it was the trick of fome artful projecting statesman, to supply the defects of laws, and to take in such things as human policy was oblig'd to pass by, and could make no provision for ; whoever, I say, advances such doctrines as these ipfo facto affects the vitals of magistracy, and, in this view, ought to be treated as one of the greatest pests to its peace and happiness, in short, as the common enemy of mankind.
3. Since the state of a community depends on the notions its members entertain of an over-ruling providence, the jufter and more agreeable to truth those are, the higher is its credit, and the more extensive conveniencies it abounds with. And whoever looks into the accounts history gives us of the condition of mankind in every age of the world, will find fact fully and incontestibly confirming our reasoning above.
And if civil benefits do result from religious impressions, and hold proportion with the nature, quality, and intenseness of them, it is evident, the entire absence of all religion must be the privation of each kind and degree of happiness, or pure absolute misery.
[ To be continued. ] R
A new System of CASTLE-BUILDING.
CHAP. II. Wherein is shewn that this science, tho' of a comic nature ir general, may
very serious effects, and be subfervient to the purposes of humanity and good-nature,
Hoever is a CASTLE-BUILDER of any fort of emi
nence, is possefs’d of a Talisman, by virtue of which he may transform himself into what shape, fize, or cond Tt 2
ţion he pleases. If he has but wit enough to forget himself, he may be considered as a ductile piece of matter, which his imagination can mould and diversify, as much, and as often as the listeth. Hence it is that I account for my having often met a self-created monarch in rags; and I have seen a PANTILE-PeG-MAKER at work with an air of as much importance, as if the administration of Europe had depended upon every individual peg he made--and with reason might he assume this air ; for tho' his outward-man was at work for Billy Tiplington, the dust-man, at the third house of your thumb-hand in Blow-Bladder-Street, yet his mind doubtlefs was busied in erecting fabricks more superb than those of Venice, and furnishing them with laws very little inferior to to those of Solon or Lycurgus.
I have often heard a story of a taylor, who by the use of the abovemention's Talisman imagined himself a great general, and actually engaged with his yard-wand a very numerous and formidable army of nettles, menacing devastation to both horse and foot, and by turns making use of all the terms of the art military; and it is most certain he would have put his threats in execution, had not a flight of geese (like the ancient defenders of the Roman capitol) deterr'd him from his enterprize, and saved the major part of the stinging vegetables from destruction.
I do not know how it is with the readers of romances in general, but for my own part I declare, I have killed many a giant ; on the perusal of an action I have been in the midst of it, and always complimented myself with being the hero of the day.--But let me not run away too far from my thesis, which promises to shew, that CastleBUILDING may be apply'd to the purposes of humanity. If then, by this art, one may lifț one's self above one's degree in life, and enjoy fuperior dignities by the forgeries of the imagination, we may a fortiori fink o’rselves to an humbler condition ; for to go down stairs is much easier than to ascend. I would have therefore, those people, who are in
affluence, affluence, and whom providence has appointed the treasurers of the poor, conceive for a few moments, that they are diítress'd themselves, and level their Castle to the humility of the Cottage. This is the only infallible method of making them observe that best of rules, viz. of doing as they would be done by; and by putting themselves to a short imaginary pain, they will be induced, if not enforc'd, to do a great deal of real good,
, Let the penfion’d driveler that struts in the Mall, and enjoys the unmerited freedom of the air, imagine that he is confin'd in Newgate, devoid, not only of the comforts, but the new cessaries of life, and if he then does not go and immediately relieve some of the worthier felons, and infinitely more innocent debtors, I shall not, for the future, hear with par tience his long-winded periods on a free nation and Christian country.
Lastly, let the well-fed pluralists, that batten in the sunshine of prosperity, and indulge in the luxury of Cathedral magnificence, on some fast-day or other reflect on the miseries and hardships of the inferiour Clergy, on their sons who are reduced to beggary to avoid theft, and on their daughters who must submit to prostitution to keep them from starving ; let them weigh well these calamities, let them make (as is vulgarly said) the case their own, or consider it may be the case of their own flesh and blood, and then most certainly they will readily concur with the generous, noble, and Chriftian scheme, communicated to the publick in the fourth number of this work, and the pious endeavours of a set of great and good men, who with incredible diligence, and confiderable expence, have united their efforts to pro
Е с р с т Е
Communicated by Dr. RAWLINSON,
Concerning a most remarkable dream of Mr. HERBERT, af.
terwards Sir THOMAS HERBERT, groom of the bedchamber to King CHARLES I. the night before the martyrdom of that prince, mentioned by Mr. Wood in the Athen. Oxon.
S the anecdote contained in the following letter, com
municated to us by Dr. RAWLINSON, will supply an omiffion in the Oxford Hiftoriographer, and render more complete the account he has given us of the last days of King CHARLES I. of ever-bleffed memory, it cannot prove unacceptable to the curious. Our readers, therefore, will think themselves highly obliged to us, for preserving so valuable a piece, not elfewhere to be met with, by allowing it a place in this collection.
Copy of a letter from Sir THOMAS HERBERT to Dr.
SAMWAYS, and by him fent to the Archbishop of CANTERBURY, Dr. SANDCROFT, referr'd to in page 524, line
73, of Vol. II. of Athenæ Oxonienses, Edit. 1692; and in page 70r, line 39, of the same volume, Edit. 1721; found in a copy of that book, lately in the hands of the Lord Viscount PRESTON,
James's, albeit according to the duty of my place, I lay in the next room to the bed-chamber, the king then commanded me to bring my pallate into his chamber, which I accordingly did, the night before that sorrowful day. He or, dered what cloaths he would wear, intending that day to be as neat as could be, it being (as he called it) his wedding