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Artium expertes eo per popellos,
. Omnia complet: -
Dent tibi lætum.' :
The Author of this Ode is too well known to need any recom-, mendation. But we think it a duty owing to his memory to inform the publick, that proposals are just publish'd for printing his Works in one Volume Quarto, for the benefit of a very near relation.
In ANTRUM novem fororibus extrućtum.
n Edite, Parnassi colles et culmina Pindi; i
Musarum in vestris non canit ulla jugis. Hanc voluere sibi meritò facrarier ædem .'.
Pierides, manibus quam posuere suis.
END of the fourth number.
OR THE ' O X FORD MONTHLY MISCELLANY
NUMBER V. May 31, 1750. .
On B E A UT Y.
N A Y design is not to enquire into the nature and effects
V of Beauty, but only to point out such qualifications, as are necessary to make it truly amiable, and without which it is rather a disgracé than an ornament to the per· fon possess'd of it. .
: The first of these is VIRTUE. This, I think, is abfolutely necessary in all persons of every age and condition, to make them agreeable and recommend them to our esteem and approbation. An handsome Courtezan is a very mean and contemptible creature : the beauty of her face, instead
of excusing her folly adds to the deformity of her character ; and whoever is acquainted with the one, can take but little pleasure in the other. If she has receiv'd any advantage's from nature or education, her abuse of these tends to aggravate her guilt, and render her more odious and disagreeable. In short, the most celebrated Peerefs in the land, that has fost her innocênce, will appear no less unamiable in the eyes of a man of sense, than the meanest Orange-Wench in Drury-Lane.
The second necessary qualification is MODESTY; by which I understand, not barely such a modest deportment as becomes all persons of either sex alike, but withal a certain graceful bashfulness, which is the peculiar ornament and characteristiek of the fair sex. There is a degree of boldness very allowable and even comiendable in a man, which is quite unnatural in a woman : in the one it denotes courage, in the other aii impertinent aflurance and haughtiness. The more feminine softness and beauty any one has in her countenarices the more insufferable is her masculine behaviour: her good qualities (if she has any) will be generally unobserved, seldom approved of, and never commended ; and tho” in all other respects she may be compleatly amiable, yet for want of a Becoming MODESTY thë will appear compleatly disagreeable.
The third thing requisite is Good-SENSE. BEAUTY without this is infipid; and however it may raise our compaflion, it can never make us admire the poffe for of it. lier very looks will betray her weakness : her languishing airs and forc'd smiles give us a digul to the most exquisite features and the faireit complexion ; and when once she begins to speak, her charms vanith in an instant. To be pleased with the beauty of a fool is à inaik of the grcateit dolly.
After Good-SENSE comes Goop-NATURE ; which is as graceful to the mind, as BEAUTY is to the body. It makes
VIRTUE appear in the most amiable light, and adds a luftre to every other good quality. "It gives the finishing stroke, if I may so say, to an handsome face, and spreads such an ens gaging sweetness over it, as no art can equal nor any words describe. On the other hand, the frowns of Ill-nature difgrace the finest countenance : not even the wrinkles of old age can make it so homely and deformed. A scold, tho'never so handsome, is universally hated and avoided: the very fight of her is odious, and her company intolerable.'.
I shall mention but one more qualification requisite to. make BEAUTY amiable; and that is Good-BREEDING. As a precious stone, when unpolished, appears rough, so BEAUTy without Good-BREEDING is aukward and unpleasing. Nature indeed is at all times the fame, but does not discover its beauty till refined and improved by art. A genteel behaviour, tho' it cannot alter the shape and complexion of a fine woman, is however necessary to make them agrecable : VỊRTUE, MODESTY, GOOD-SENSE, and Good-NATURÉ* will fignify but little without it. 'Tis not sufficient that a woman has good features and an handsome person, unless the knows how to fhew them off to the best advantage; nor: will the finest accomplishments make her compleatiy agree... able, unless they are properly improved by a good education, and appear conspicuous in a polite behaviour,
Every man of sense and taste will, I believe, allow the necessity of the qualifications abovemention’d to make beauTY truly amiable; and that, notwithstanding they all equally contribute to effect this, yet if one of them only is wanting, the others will have but little power without it.
How inexprcffibly amiable must that person be, in whom all these qualifications unite ! whose countenance bespeaks the most untainted VIRTUE ; whose looks are full of the moít engaging MODESTY; from whose eyes Good-SENSE and Good-NATURE dart their enlivening rays; and whose whole behaviour is a perfe&t pattern of GOOD-BREEDING!
Oxford affords a remarkable instance of the most exquisite BEAUTY, thus adorned with every good quality and defircable accomplishment :
Nil oriturum aliàs, nil ortum tale fatemur.
But here I must stop my pen, and leave it to some abler hand to draw a picture of the matchless Miss
Our Oxford Students will casily know how to fill up this blank: and our other readers may supply it with whatever name they think deserving the character.
A FRAGMENT of N ÆVIUS
CRITICALLY EXPLAINED. · Mr. Student, W H ILE others applaud your wit, give me leave to
commend your judgment: and it is for this; that you are not unwilling fometimes to facrifice a few pages of your monthly productions to dabblers in Critique. A noble fund this, believe me, especially for a young beginner. Every one can't write original pieces, but every one can find fault; and, the lucky discovery once hit upon, there remains no rest to the fagacious head, till it has seen its offspring in print. Hence (if you continue your indulgence, you will never fail of sufficient subsidies: Hence the following animadversions offer themselves to the publick, thro' the vehicle of your Studentship’s lucubrations.
There is a fragment in old NævIUs, which fays thus : Coquus edit Neptunum, Venerem, Cererem : And it is calľd by STRADA an Ænigma. This Riddle NONIUS attempts to unfold, by subftituting for the three last words, pisies, olera, panem. See then the micaning in Englih. A baker (for that is here meant by coqu1!,) eats fil, pot-berhs, and bread. A