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as soon as the Oak had done speaking, he order'd his workmen to proceed. When immediately, as VIRGIL has it,
ferro accisam crebrisque bipennibus instant
Æneid. II. 627.
It is hewn
To overturn it: oft it nods, and shakes
TT is observed in the life of the famous Dr. More,
I that by a constant adherence to one temperate and regular. course of diet and exercise, he fitted and prepared his body to be an assistant to his mind in contemplative studies : 'till at length the evil tendency of nature was almost entirely subdued, and his appetites were no otherwise perceived by him, than by their admonitions for his necessary corporal refreshment, and their aslistance of his elevated conceptions. His paffions were refined by his virtues, his virtues were strengthened by his passions : the vivacity of his imagination: gave life to the folidity of his judgment, and in the fame manner, his corporal functions coincided fo willingly with the rectitude of his thoughts, that the body neves led the
mind astray, nor did the mind need to exert a painful fovereignty over the body:
Perhaps the author of this account may have carried the point too far : but tho' such an union of intellectual and sensual pleafure may not be found in extreme perfection, it is certainly probable and even actual in a degree. So close an union must have been designed by providence for wife purposes and happy effects : and even in this life the energy of religion, the prevalence of custom; and the watchfulness of a well-disposed mind may produce such an harmony in the human frame, as may soften the cares of this life, and lift both foul and body into most delightful foretastes of a better. Our bodies are no other than temples of the Divine Grace, where, if good thoughts and pious intentions be the assistant priests, and the fire of devotion still kept alive, (tho? perhaps not always vigorously burning) the Almighty Being will condescend to inhabit, corruption and carnal affection shall vanish in the brightness of his presence, and the body purified and illuminated fhall assist the soul in her sublime speculations and righteous dealings: and if the body must be thought an incumbrance by that spark of divinity still longing for releasement, it will be such an one, as wiil by the weight it adds to the zealous travellor encfease his merit and double his reward.
Intellectual Pleasure is in vain pursued, 'till the passions and appetites are brought under proper restraints: The thinking faculty can have no true fatisfaction in examining, comparing, and surveying her own attainments; 'till the prospect within is cleared from the disagreeable views which vice and depravity rajse: 'till these are removed, the flies from her own reflections : science but enereases her dismay, and folitude (the nurse and parent of true speculative felicity) but gives light to the ShockIng fcene.
To look on our bodies as enemies to our peace, would be ingratitude to the wife and good author of themi : to cherith them as friends or indulge them as favourites, would be destructive of our own fpiritual advantage. They are in short such as we ourselves make them : it is in the power of temperance; attention, and resolution to correct them into promoters, and of luxury; negligence, and instability to footh them into destroyers of our real happiness.
The senses are the wings of contemplation : we see the present operations of providence, we hear the mighty works of God to them who lived in the days before us, we feel his mercies to ourselves, and the very means by which we observe his goodness are the immediate gifts of it. :)
In pursuance of this union of fenfe and understanding we are to take proper care of our health, in justice to both these faculties ; but particularly that we may enjoy the contemplations of the latter in their full perfection. Sickness and pain disturb and cloud their beauty, and diftract the fobriety of reflection. If God should see fit to affli&t us with weakness and anguish of body, he will undoubtedly miake allowances for the disturbance they occasion; but we have additional guilt to aceount for; if by our own debaucheries or want of care, we throw ourselves into a ftate of torment or difpiritedness, and consequently into an incapacity for religious duties ; embittering with pain of our own procuring those last moments in which we have the greatest occasion for tranquillity, to call to our fober and serious reflection the things in which we have offendedi
The AUTHOR of this is desired to favour 35 with bis further correspondence.
A LETTER to a YOUNG GENTLEMAN : on his entrance at the UNIVERSITY.
DEAR SIR, I Am very glad to find by your father that you are lo I agreeably settled at - College ; and that you have there made so good an acquaintance. All your friends, I assure you, observe with great pleasure, what unusual instances of favour your merit and good behaviour at Westminster have already entitled you to : they don't doubt but you'll thereby be animated and encouraged to persevere and advance as much as possible in your new and feverer studies, by which you will obtain fresh laurels, and answer their ample and juft expectations.
Your known good disposition, and the careful hands you are put into, make it, I dare say, unnecessary for me to offer you any advice : and yet from my regard for your welfare I cannot forbear fuggesting a caution or two at your first setting out; which indeed were in my time much wanting among the more fprightly young gentlemen, especially of your college.
From the superior figure such make at their first admiffion, from the facility they find in themselves above their cotemporaries in reading and relishing the classics as well as in composing politer exercises ; from thence they are too apt to conclude themselves compleat scholars; and either to give up all future application towards further attain ments, or at least to employ the greatest part of their time upon pleasure, reserving only such a short portion of it for study, as will be sufficient to save common appearances, and make them merely keep pace with the less quick but more plodding youth of their own standing.
The former of these errors has often prov'd fatal to many a fine genius at his firft setting out in the Univer
sity; who has had the mortification to find himself outdone by such as at first he infinitely surpassed and even despised. But this I beleive seldom happens at present ; at least I am sure it betrays too much self-sufficiency for me to suspect it can ever be your case.
. The latter false step, tho' somewhat less pernicious, is however more common, and has hindered many bright youths from making a figure in the learned world, and from being of eminent use to themselves as well as their country. Instead of employing their singular talents closely to their studies, and in making progressive advances in the spacious field of useful knowledge, they meanly content themselves with vulgar attainments, and making only a common figure in life. And so they devote the chief part of their time (that might have turned to so glorious an advantage) to nothing but indolence or pleasure, to trifling amusements, or perhaps (which is worse) to a loose conversation. . But no present pursuits . I persuade myself either of ease or pleasure will draw you into fuch inglorious and groveling sentiments. Your laudable, ambition and industry will, I hope, ever keep pace with the quickness of your parts ; and you never will suffer others to outdo or even equal you in any branch of study, who are known to be your inferiors in apprehension and capacity.
To be eminent in any of the learned professions requires a close application as well as strong sense : and as you are blessed with a happy share of the latter, we trust you will never be wanting in a due cultivation of the former qualification.
To pass for a good middling scholar at OxFORD is too mean a character for one of your spirit to be satisfied with. You must aspire to a much higher title, which will give you a claim to the favour of your friends, and reflect a credit on them for their well-placed affection and confidence. But besides the certain pleasure and profit of it to yourself, this C 2