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since it is the same as to say, he should prefer another's faq tisfaction to his own; that is, that a real or apprehended good is not the fundamental end of action ; contrary both to reason and fact.
The argument rests here: As there can be no action with out a motive, so man in being reasonable ought to act in a manner becoming such a creature. But that will ever be esteemed the most reasonable motive, which is best adapted in its nature to make him moft exquisitely and durably happy; because, being born for happiness, the larger aggregate of this he acquires, or the further his progress in it, the more judiciously and compleatly he gains his end. Hence were there no principle capable of influencing men in the dark, or restraining them upon such conjunctures of time and place as afforded them opportunities of practising roguery with success, it is scarce possible they should fubfift. From A's situation in life, or thro' his superior skill in the arts of tricking and diffimulation, arise a thousand ways by which he
may build his own ease upon B's ruin: and his own intereft, the ground and measure of all the obligation he knows or can know, would certainly compel him to it.
To conclude, the various wants men labour under, from their first entrance into the world to the time they leave it, will, on their coming to plan out a scheme of life, unavoidably produce an oppofition of engagements and pursuits. Hence A's misery will appear at certain feasons to be B's happiness; or, the producing this will necessarily occasion that. And if they be not firmly persuaded in their minds of the reality of a first great cause, that will treat every one here or hereafter suitably to his deserts ; each man's private pleasure will certainly be accounted his real happiness; and what he judges fo, will ever be the motive of his actions. And nothing can reconcile or make compatible views which look such different and contrary ways, but the sense of a Being who will make it the ultimate interest of all particulars, under the various circumkances in which they may
happen happen to be plac'd, to observe those ways of acting with regard to one another, as will most effectually promote the general happiness,
The reasoning in this letter will perhaps Aartle such of our readers, as are not used to abstract speculations. All that follow will be under a more popular form.
On FEMALE PATRIOTISM.
Nescio quâ natale solum dulcedine captos
S I have engag'd myself a voluntier in the service of the
future speculations to recommend and promote such virtues as tend to make them more agreeable ; and to decry and paint in their proper
colours such vices or follies as blot over their beauties and render* them ridiculous. But as it is much more noble to commend than censure, I have chosen for my present subject the recommendation of a virtue which seems not to have had due honour done to it, and yet is one of those which most eminently adorn the fair species.
PATRIOTISM is acknowledged a virtue of all others the nobleft, and most becoming human nature: and I think a very good reason may be assigned why it is so: because in so noble and unlimited an affection all inferiour friendly and social affections must necessarily be included. Yet tho' this is acknowledged so rare and noble a virtue, 'tis a very common, and I fear, a very true complaint, that there is little of it extant in the world. If then PATRIOTISM, which seems a virtue peculiarly appropriated to the male sex, is so feldom
to be found in its proper place, one would expect to find nothing of a nature so heroic in soft female bosoms.
In them 'tis graceful to diffolve at woes
Yet how great a paradox foever it may seem, I'll venture to affirm, that this virtue is not only most productive of that agreeable softness and tender delicacy the poet mentions, but also, whatever the fons of the camp may think of the matter, more truly poffeft by the Ladies than by two parts in three of those heroic gallants ; who too commonly decry this affection as madness, and looking fuperficially on the outside of their actions, condemn as frantic and absurd those great spirits of old Greece and Rome.
History would supply us with very numerous instances of PATRIOT affection in female characturs : but I chuse not to swell my paper with instances from antiquity; when every man's daily experience must furnish him with living exam ples of Fair and British Patriots. There surely can be no man of spirit, but has been elevated with the warm and charming PATRIOT ardour of the fair-sex display'd op every proper occafion in their discourses : for it is the softness of the sex only that permits them not to display it in a noble manner. I have frequently observ’d, during our late wars, with what tender zeal they have been follicitous after the success of our arms; and how nice and delicate in their care after their country's honour, joining at the same time the most sympathetic concern for the sufferings of the poor
foldiers, and the miseries of such as are involv'd in the calamities of war.
A charming young Lady, whose particular affection for her country gain'd her the name of the PATRIOT amongst her acquaintance, had, I am assur’d, on account of her regard and generous concern for the good of the common-wealth, more admirers than even for the sake of her beauty, though that was of the first rank. And happening, in the time of our last campaign, to be charming the wrapt audience with her usual grace where a gentleman of very superiour fortune was present, he could not help bursting out in this paffionate exclamation, “ Gods ! how happy a man must that
be, who is bless’d with fo foft, so generous, so noblecc hearted a creature !” In short, he was ravilh’d, paid his addresses, and finds in that excellent LADY every virtue he fancied, and enjoys a life of the inoft confummate felicity.
And whose heart but must be fired at the fight of so sweet a creature, with such elevated passions struggling in her breast? When her looks, her eyes, her words all speak the noblest affections, who but mult burn with true PATRIOTISM? And when with soft concern the commiserates the unfortunate, who but must melt with her forrows, and feel the growing tenderness in his bosom? The LADIES who cultivate fo noble an affection can never fail of admirers, and the happy man never want a friend, a companion, and a heaven in one so nobly tender-hearted, so delicately heroic.
I might expatiate much more largely on this virtue, but the limits of my paper forbid it; however possibly I may take some future occasion. In the mean time I would by all means recommend my fair Patriot's example to the consideration of all my female, and her prudent lover's, to that of my male readers : and by the bye I could be glad, all our warriours, who in the times of tranquility recompense their labours with the sweet converse of the LADIES, would improve from thence as much as they can of this no
ble ardour, and learn from the fair less of their softness, more of their elevated heroism : for I would by all means believe, they are so great favourites of the Ladies, only because they expect to find in them that true love of their country, which they themselves possess in fo refined, fo exálted a manner:
S I am determin'd to preserve a constant impartiality,
I shall give the following letter a place in this number: thó' I believe all my readers are convinced, that the Ejay una FIDDLING inserted in our last was designed, not to decry Mufick in general, but to ridicule an abuse and too great practice of it in an University.
To the S T U DEN T.
Good Mr. STUDENT,
N your last number I find some invectives
of our's against FIDDLING; which gave rise to the following remarks. He levels his indeed against fiddling in particular, but as they seem equally applicable to mufick in general, I shall chiefly consider them in that light, and am, from the banks of Cam to those of Ilis,
Your affectionate kinsman,
C. C. C. Cambridge
April 5, 1750.