Imágenes de páginas

Near this spot


which are inscribed those splendid verses :Are deposited the remains of one

Start not, -nor deem my spirit led, etc.
Who possessed beauty without vanity,
Strength without insolence,

People often suppose, from the name, that the
Courage without ferocity,
And all the virtues of man witbout his vices. cup retains all the terrific appearances of a death's
Ilis praise, which would be unmeaning Pattery head, and imagine that they could
If inscribed over buman ashes,

Behold through each lack-lustre, eyeless hole,
Is bat a just tribute to the memory of

The guy recess of wisdom and of wil :
Who was born at Newfoundland, May, 1803, not at all, there is nothing whatever startling in
And died at Newstead, November 18th, 1808.

it. It is well polished; its edge is bound by a broad

rim of silver; and it is set in a neat staud of the The whole edifice is a quadrangle, enclosing a same metal, which serves as a bandle, and upon couri, with a reservoir and jet d'eau in the middle, the four sides of which, and not upon the skull and the cloister, still entire, running round the itself, the verses are engraved. It is in short, in four sides. The south, now the principal front, appearance, a very handsome utensil, and one looks over a pleasure garden to a small lake, which from which the most fastidious person might has been opened from the upper one since Byron's

(in my opinion) drink without scruple. It was time. The entrance door is on the west, in a ' always produced after dinner when Byron bad. 1 small vestíbule, and has nothing remarkable in it. Oo entering, I came into a large stone hall, and company at the Abbey, and a bottle of claret

poured into it. An elegant round library table turning to the left, went through it to a smaller, is the only article of furniture in this room that beyond which is the staircase. The whole of belonged to Byron, and this he constantly used. this part has been almost entirely rebuilt by Co. Beyond the refectory, on the same floor, is By

lone! Wildman : indeed, during Byrou's occuparon's study, now used as a temporary diving-room, tion, the only habitable rooms were some small the entire furniture of which is the same that vnes in the south-east angle. Over the cloister, was used by him : it is all very plain--indeed, on the four sides of the building, ruus the gallery, ordinary. A good painting of a battle, over the i from which doors open into various apartments, sideboard, was also his. This apartment, perI now huted up with taste and elegance for the ac- haps beyond all others, deserves the attention commodation of a family, but then empty, and of the pilgrim to Newstead, as inore intimately fast going to decay. In one of the galleries hang connected with the poetical existence of Byron. two oil paintings of dogs, as large as life : one a It was here that he prepared for the press those red woll-duy, and the other a black Newfound-first effusions of his genius, which were published

land with white legs — the celebrated Boatswain. at Newark under the title of « Hours of idleness." į Ibey both died at Newstead. Of the latter By- It was here that he meditated, planned, and for

son felt the loss as of a dear friend. These are the most part wrote, that splendid retort to the aliuosi the only paintings of Byron's that re

severe critique they had called down, which main at the Abbey.-- From the gallery I entered stamped him as the keepest satirist of the day. the refectory, now the grand drawing-room- and it was here that his tender and beautiful an apartident of great dimensions, facing south, verses to Mary, and many of those sweet picces with a fine vaulted root and polished oak fouud among his iniscellaneous poems, were comdoor, and splendidly furnished in the modern posed. His bed-room is small, and still remains style. The walls are covered with full-length in the same state as when he occupied it. It conportraits, of the old school. As this room has tains little worthy of notice besides the bell, been made fit for use entirely since the days of which is of common size, with gilt posts, surmounByron, there are not those associations connected ted by coronets. Over the fire-place is a picture with it which are to be found in many of the of Murray the old family servant, who accompanied others, though of inferior appearance. Two ob- Byron to Gibraltar when he first went abroad. jects there are, however, which demand obser- A picture of Henry VIII, and another portrait { vation. The first that caught my attention was in this room, complete the enumeration of all the the portrait of Byron, by Phillips, over the fire- furniture or paintings of Byron's remaining at the place, upon which I gazed with strong feelings : Abbey. In some of the rooms are very cuit is certainly the handsomest and most pleasing riously carved mantel-pieces with grotesque filikeness of him I have seen. The other is a thing gures, evidently of old date. In a corner of one about which every body has heard, and of which of the galleries there still remained the tencingfeu have any just idea. In a cabinet at the end foils, gloves, masks, and single-sticks, he used in of the room, carefully preserved and concealed his youth; and in a corner of the cloister lies a in a sliding-case, is kept the celebrated skull cup, stone coffin taken from the burial-ground of the

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Abbey. The ground floor contains some spacious, which he afterwards advanced. All men should halls, and divers apartments for domestic offices; imavel at one time or another, he thonglit, and he and there is a neat little private chapel in the had then no connexions to prevent bim; when he cloister, where service is performed on Sundays. returned he might enter into political life, for Byron's sole recreation here was his boat and dogs, which travelling would not incapacitate him, and and boxing and fencing for exercise, and 10 he wished to judge of men by experience. prevent a tendency to obesity, which he dreaded. At length, in July, 1809, in company with John

His constant employment was writing, for Cam Hobhouse, Esq. (with whom his acquaintwhich he used to sit up as late as two or three ance commenced at Cambridge), Lord Byron o'clock in the morning. His lite here was an en- embarked at Falmouth for Lisbon, and thence tire seclusion, devoted to poetry.”

proceeded, by the southern provinces of Spain, Lord Byron showed, even in his earliest years,

to the Mediterranean. The objects that he met that nature had added to the advantages of high with as far as Gibraltar seem to have occupied descent the richest gifts of genius and of fancy.

his mind, to the temporary exclusion of his Bis own tale is partly told in two lines of Lara : gloomy and inisanthropic thoughts; for a letter

which he wrote to his mother from thence conLeft by his sire, too young such loss to know,

tains much playful description of the scenes Lord of himself, that heritage of woc.

through which he had passed. At Seville, Lord His first literary adventure and its fate are well Byron lodyed in the house of two ladies, one of remembered. The poems which he published in whom was about to be married, and who, though his minority bail, indeed, those faults of conception de remained there only three days, paid him the and diction which are inseparable from juvenile most particular attention. At parting, she emattempts, and may rather be considered as imi- braced him with great tenderness, cutting off a tative of what liad caught the ear and fancy of lock of his hair, and presenting him with oure of the youthful author, than as exhibiting origina- her owo). With this specimen of Sp.inish female lity of conception and expression. Yet though manners

, he proceeded to Carliz, where various there were many, and those not the worst incidents occurred to coufirm the opinion he had judges, who discerned in his « Hours of Illeness» formed at Seville of the Andalusian belles, and some depth of thought and felicity of expression, which made bim leave with regret, but with the work did not escape the critical lash of the a determination to return to it. He wrote to his « Scoich lieviewers, " who could not resist the mother from Malta, announcing liis safety, and opportunity of pouncing upon a titled poet, and again from Previsa, in November. l'pon arof seeking to entertain their readers with a flip- riving at Yanina, he found that Ali Pacha was with pant article, without much respect to the feci- his troops in Illyrium, besieging Ibrahim Pacha ings of the author, or even to the indications of in Berat; but the vizier, having heard that an merit which the work displayed. The review English nobleman was in his country, had given was read, and excited mirth ; the poems were oriers at Yanina to supply bim with every neglected, the author was irritated, and took his kind of accommodation free of expense. From revenge in keen iambics, which at once proved Yanina Lord Byron went to Tepaleen. Here lie the injustice of the critic and the ripening ta- was lodged in the palace, and the next day intro. Jents of the bard. Having thus vented his indig- duced to Ali Pacha, who declared that he knew nation against the reviewers and their readers, him to be a man of rank from the smallness of and drawn all the laughers to his side, Lord By- bis ears, his curling bair, and his white hands. ron went abroad, and the controversy was for Jo going in a Turkish ship of war, provided some years forgotten.

by Ali Pacha, from Previsa, intending to sail for It was at Newstead, just before his coming of Patras, Lord Byron was very nearly lost in a moage, that he planned his future travels; and his derate gale of wind, from the ignorance of the original intention includeil a much larger portion Turkish officers avd sailors, and was driven on of the world than that which he afterwards via the coast of suli, where an instance of disintersited. He first thought of Persia, to which idea ested hospitality in the chief of a Suliote village indeed he for ng time adhered. le after- occurred. The honest Albanian, after assisting wards ineant to sail for ludia ; and had so far doim in his distress, supplying his wants, and contemplated this project as to write for infor- lodging him and his suite, refused to receive any mation in the Arabic professor at Cambridge, remuneration. When Lord Byron pressed him and to ask his mother to inquire of a friend who io accept some money, he said, « I wish you to had lived in India , what things would be veces- love me, not to pay me! 1 - At Yanina, on his sary for his voyage. He formed his plan of tra- return, he was introduced to Dussein Bey and velling "pon very different grounds from those Mahnout Pacha , two young children of ali Pa

cha. He afterwards visited Smyrua, whence Le , be also bought a new boat for a fisherman who went in the Salsette frigate to Constantinople. hai lost his own in a gale, and he often gave

On the 3d of May, 1810, while the salseite was Greek testaments to the poor children. lying at anchor in the Dardanelles, Lord Byron, It was not until after Lord Byrou arrived at accompanied by Lieutenant Ekeuhead, swam Constantinople that he decided on not going to across the Hellespont from the European shore Persia, but to pass the following summer in the to the Asiatic-about two miles wide. The tide Morea. At Constantinople, Mr Hobhouse lett of the Dardanelles runs so strong, that it is im- him to return to England. On losing his compossible either to swin: or to sail to any given panion, Lord Byron went alone, to many of the point. Lord Byron went from the castle to Aby- places which he had already visited, and studied dos, landing full three miles below his meditated scenery and manners, especially those of Greece, idace of approach. He had a boat in attendance with the searching eye of a poet. His mind ap- i all the way; so that no danger could be appre-peared occasionally to have some tendency tobended, even if his strength had failed. His lord- wards a recovery from the morbid state of apathy

ship records, in one of his minor poems, that which it had previously evinced; and the grati. | he got the ague by the voyage; but it was well fication he manifested ou observing the superi

known, that after landing, he was so much ority of England over other countries, proved that erhansted, that he gladly accepted the offer of a patriotism was far from being extinct in his boTorkish fisherman, and reposed in his hut for se- som. The embarrassed state of his affairs at veral hours. He was then very ill, and as Lieute- length induced him to return home; and he arnant Ekenhead was compelled to go on board his rived in the Volage frigate on the ad of July, frigate, he was left alone. The Turk had no idea 1811, having been absent two years. His health of the rank or consequence of his inmate, but had not suffered by bis travels, although it had paid hin most marked attention. His wife was been interrupted by two sharp fevers, in consehis purse, and, at the end of five days, he left this quence of which he put himself ou a vegetable asylum, completely recovered. When about to diet, and drank no wine. embark, the Turk gave him a large loaf, a Soon after bis arrival, the serious illness of bis cheese, a skin filled with wine, and a few paras mother sammoned hina to Newstead; but on reach(about a penny each), prayed Allah to bless him, ing the Abbey, he found that she bad breathed and wished him safe home. When his lordslip her last. He suffered much from this loos, arrived at Abydos, he sent over his man Stefano and from the disappointment of not seeing her to the Turk, with an assortment of fishing-nets, before her death; and while his teelings on the a fowling - piece, a brace of pistols, and twelve subject were still acute , he received the intelliyards of silk to make gowns for his wife. The gence that a friend, whom he highly esteemed, poor Turk was astonished. « What a noble return, had been drowned in the Cam. Not long before said he, - for an act of humanity!» He then formed he had heard of the death, at Coimbra, of a the resolution of crossing the Hellespont, in order school-fellow, to whom he was much attached. to thank his lordship in person. His wife ap- 'i hese three melancholy events, occurring within proved of the plan; and he had sailed about half the space of a month, had a powerful effect on way across, when a sudulen squall upset his boat, Lord Byron's feelings. and the poor Turkish fisherman found a watery Towards the termination of his . English Bards grave. Lord Byron was much distressed on hear- and Scotch Reviewers,» the noble author had deing of the catastrophe, and, with all that kind-clared, that it was his intention to break off, from ness of heart which was natural to him, he sent that period, his newly-formed connexion with the widow fifty dollars, and told her he would the Muses, and that, should be return in safety ever be her friend. 'I his anecdote, so highly ho- from the • minarets • of Constantinople, the nourable to his lordship's memory, is very little - maidens » of Georgia, and the « sublime snows » known. Lieutenant Hare, who was on the spot of Mount Caucasus, nothing on earth should at the time, furnished the particulars ; and added tempt him to resume the pen. Such resolutions that, in the year 1817, Lord Byron, then pro- are seldom maintained. iv February, 1812, the ceeding to Constantinople, landed at the same first two cantos of « Childe Harold's Pilgrimage » spot, and made a handsome present to the widow (with the manuscript of which he had presented and ber son.

Mr Dallas) made their appearance, and produced When residing at Mitylene he portioned eight an eftect on the poblic equal 10 that of any work young girls very liberally, and even danced with which has been published within this or the last them at the marriage feast; he gave a cow to one century. man, horses to another, and cotton and silk to The indications of a powerful and original several girls who lived by weaving these materials: mind which glance through every line of Childe

llarold electrified the mass of readers, and placed on various occasions of rest and emotion, knew at once upon Lord Byron's head the garland for that their proper language was that of melanwhich other men of genius have toiled long and choly, which sometimes interrupted even his obtained late. He became pre-eminent among / gayest and most happy moments. The following the literary men of his country by general accla- verses are said to have dropped from his pen, to mation. Those who had so mercilessly censured his excuse a transient expression of melancholy which juvenile essays were the first to pay homage to his overclouded the general gaiety: more matured efforts; while others, who saw in the sentiments of Childe Harold much to regret When from the heart whicre Sorrow sits, and censure, did not with hold their tribute of Her dusky shador morints too high, applause to the depth of thought and force of

And o'er the changing aspert llits,

And clouds ilic brow, or fills the eveexpression which animated the « Pilgrimage. »

Heed not the gloom that soon shall sink,
Thus, as all admired the

, all were prepareil

My thoughes their dungeon know too well; to greet the author with that fame which is the Back to my breast the caprises sbrink, poet's best reward. It was amidst such feelings

And bleed within their silent cell. of admiration that Lord Byron fully entered on that public stage where, to the close of his life, he It was impossible to notice a dejection belongmale so distinguished a figure.

ing neither to the rauk, the age, vor the success Every thing in his manner, person, and con- of this young nobleinan, without feeling :mn indeversation tended to maintain the charm which finable curiosity to ascertain whether it had a his genius had flung around him; and those ad-leeper cause than habit or constitutional temperamitted to his conversation, far from finding that ment. But, howsoever derived, this appearance of the inspired poet sunk into ordinary mortality, melaucholy, ailed to his mingling in amusements felt themselves attached to him by many noble qua- and sports as if he contemned then, while he felt lities, and by the interest of a mysterious and that his sphere was far above the fashionable and almost painful curiosity.

frivolouscrowd iliat surrounded him, gavea strong It is well known low wide the doors of society effect of colouring tv a character whose tints were are opened in London to literary merit very in- otherwise decidedly romantic. Noble and far ferior to Lord Byron's, and that it is only neces

descended, the pilgrim of distant and savage sary to be honourably distinguished by the public countries, eminent as a poet, and having cast voice to move as a denizen in the first circles. J around him a mysterious charm by the sombre This passport was not necessary to Lord Byron, tone of his poetry and the occasional melancholy who possessed the hereditary claims of birth and of his deportment, Lord Byron occupied the eyes rank. But the interest which his genius attached and interested the feelings of all. The enthuto his presence and conversation, was of a nature siastic looked on him to admire, the serious with far beyond what these hereditary claims could of a wish to admonish, and the gentle with a desire themselves have conferred, and his reception was to console. Even literary envy, a base sensation, enthusiastic beyond any thing imaginable. Lord from which perhaps this age is more free than Byron was not one of those literary men of whom any other, forgave the man whose splendour ; it

may be said, minuit praesentia famam. A counte- dimmed the fame of his competitors. The genenance, exquisitely modeled for the expression of rosity of Lord Byron's disposition, his readiness 10 feeling and passion, and exhibiting the remark- assist merit in distress, and to bring it forward able contrast of very dark hair and eye-brows, where unknown, deserved and obtained general with light eyes, presented to the physiognomist regard ; while his poetical effusions, poured! an interesting subject for the exercise of his art. forth with equal force and fertility, showed ai The predominating expression was that of deep lonce a daring confidence in his own powers, and and habitual thought, which, when engaged in a determination to maintain, by continued ettori, interesting discussion, gave way to so rapid a the high place he had attained in British literaplay of features, that a brother poet compared ture. them to the sculpture of a beautiful alabaster At one of the fashionable parties to which the vase, seen only to perfection when lighted up noble bard was invited, His Majesty, then Priure from within. The flashes of mirib, gaiety, indig- Regent, happened to be present. Lord Byron was nation, or satirical dislike which frequently ani- at some distance when he entered the room, but, mated his countenance, might, during an even- on learning, who he was, His Royal Highness sent ing's conversation, Le mistaken by a stranger for a gentleman to desire that he would be preseniits habitual expression, so happily was it formed ed. Of course the presentation took place; the

for them all; but those who had an opportunity Regent expressed his admiration of a Chille liiI of studying his teatures for a lengele of time, and vold's Pilgrimage," and entered into a contes -

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tion which so fascinated the poet, that had it not purpose. On this occasion Byron composed the been for an accident which deferred a levee intend-, following epigram : ed to have been held the next day, he would have gone to court. Soon after, however, an unfor.

Carlisle subscribes a thousand pound

Out of his rich domains; tunate influence counteracted the effect of royal

And for a sixpence circles round 1 praise, and Byron permitted himself to write and

The proluce of bis brains : I speak disrespectfully of the prince.

'Tis thus the difference you may hit The whole of Byron's political career may be

Between his fortune and bis wit. summed up in the following anecdotes : The Earl of Carlisle having declined to intro- relative. On reading some lines addressed to Lady

Byron retained to tl.e last his antipathy to this duce him to the House of Peers, he resolved 10 Holland by the Earl of Carlisle, persuading her to

introduce himself, and accordingly went there a reject the snuff-box bequeathed to her by Napo1 little before the usual hour, when he knew few

leon, beginning of the lords would be present. On entering he appeared rather abashed and looked very pale,

Lady, reject the gift, etc. bat, passing the woolsack, where the Chancellor

He immediately wrote the following parody: | 'Lyrd Eldon) was engaged in some of the ordi| nary routine of the house, he went directly to the

Lady, accept the gift a hero wore, table, where the oaths were administered to him.

In spite of all this elegiac stuff.

Let not seven stanzas written by a bore The Lord Chancellor then approached, and of

Prevent your ladyship from taking souff. | fered his hand in the most open friendly manner, congratulating him on his taking possession of

On Byron's return from his first tour, Mr Dallas his seat. Lord Byron only placed the tips of his called upon him, and, after the usual salutations i fingers in the Chancellor's hand : the latter re-inquired if he was prepared with any other work turned to his seat, and Byron, after lounging a to support the fame which he had already acfew minutes on one of the opposition benches, quired. Byron in reply delivered to him a poem, retired. To Mr Dallas, who foilowed him out, entitled allints from llorace," being a paraphrase he gave as a reason for not entering into the spirit of the Art of Poetry. Mr Dallas promised to suof the Chancellor, a that it might have been sup- perintend its publication as he had done that of posed be would join the court party, whereas he the satire; and, accordingly, it was carried to Cawintended to have nothing at all to do with po- thorn the bookseller, and matters arrangerl; but litics.

Mr D. not thinking the poem likely to increase ke only addressed the house three times: the his lorship's reputation, allowed it to linger in first of his speeches was on the Frame-work the press. It began thus : Bill; the second in favour of the Catholic claims,

Who would not laugh if Laurence, hired to grace which gave good hopes of his becoming an ora

His costly canvas with each flatter'd face, tor; and the other related to a petition from

Abused his art, till Nature with a blush Major Cartwright. Byron bimself says, the Lords Saw cits grow centaurs underneath his brush? told him his manner was not dignified enough

Or should some limner join, for show or sale, for them, and would better suit the lower house;

A maid of honour to a mermaids tail;

Or low D*** (as once the world has seen) others say, they gathered round him while

Degrade God's creatures in his pobie spleenspeaking, listening with the greatest attention--a

Not all that forced politeness which defends sign at any rate that he was interesting. He Fools in their faults, could car his grinning friends. I always voted with the opposition, but evinced no

Believe me, Mosebus, like that picture seems likelihood of becoming the blind partisan of either

The book which, sillier than a sick man's dreams,

Displays a crowd of figures incomplete, side.

Poctic nightmares, without head or feet. 1 The enmity that Byron entertained towards the

Earl of Carlisle was owing to two causes: the earl Mr Dallas having expressed his sorrow that his had spoken rather irreverently of the allours of lordship had written nothing else, Byron told him Idleness, and had also refused to introduce his that he had occasionally composed some verses

kipsman to the House of Lords, even, it is said, in the Spenserean measure, relative to the countries | doubting his right to a seat in that honourable he had visited. «They are not worth troubling | house. The Earl was a great admirer of the you with,» said his lordship, « but you shall have

classic drama, and once published a pamphlet, in them all with you. He then handed him «Childe ! | which he strenuously argued in behalf of the ilarold's Pilgrimage. When Mr Dallas had read

propriety and necessity of small theatres : the the poem, he was in raptures with it, and resolved i same day that this weighty publication appeared, to do his utmost to suppress the allints from

he subscribed a thousand pounds for some public llorace," and bring out Childe Harolu. lie urged

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