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theless, such shall have tribulation in his heart, to keep his virgin, of the flesh. But 1 spare you.

doth well. 29 This therefore I say, brethren: 38 Therefore both he that giveth the time is short : it remaineth, his virgin in marriage, doth well : that they also who have wives, be and he that giveth her not, doth as if they had none :

better. 30 And they that weep, as though 39 A woman is bound by the law they wept not : and they that re- as long as her husband liveth: but Oiceas if they rejoiced not; and if her husband die, she at liberty: they that buy, as tnougn tney pos-; let her marry to whom she will: onsessed not :

ly in the Lord. 31 And they that use this world, 40 But more blessed shall she be, as if "they used it not: for the if she so remain, according to my fashion of this world passeth away. counsel: and I think that I also

32 But I would have you to be have the spirit of God. without solicitude. He that is with

CHAP. VIII. that belong to the Lord, how he N that are sacrificed to idols, we out a wife, is solicitous for the things Things offered toidols not to be eaten. may please God.

33 But he that is with a wife, is know that we all have knowledge. solicitous for the things of the Knowledge puffeth up; but charity world, how he may please his wife: edifieth. and he is divided.

2 And if any man think that he 34 And the unmarried woman knoweth any thing, he hath not yet and the virgin thinketh on the known as he ought to know. things of the Lord : that she may 3 But if any man love God, the be holy both in body and in spirit. same is known by him. But she that is married thinketh on 4 But as for the meats that are the things of the world, how she sacrificed to idols, we know that an may please her husband.

idol is nothing in the world, and 35 And this I speak for your pro- that there is no God, but one. fit: not to cast a snare upon you, 5 For although there be that are but for that which is decent, and called gods, either in heaven, or on which may give you power, to at- earth (for there be gods many, and tend upon the Lord, without impe- lords many :) diment.

6 Yet to us there is but one God, 36 But if any man think that he the Father of whom are all things, seemeth dishonoured with regard and we unto him : and one Lord to his virgin, for that she is above JESUS CHRIST, by whom are all the

age, and it must so be : let him things, and we by him. do what he will : he sinneth not, if 7 But there is not knowledge in she marry;

every one. For some until this 37 For he that hath determined present with conscience of the idol, being steadfast in his heart, having eat as a thing sacrificed to an idol : no necessity, but having power of and their conscience, being weak, his own will; and hath judged this is defiled.


Ver. 36. Let him do what he will, he sinneth not, &c. The meaning is not, as libertines would have it, that persons may do what they wilí, and not sin ; provided they afterwards marry : but that the father with regard to the giving his virgin in marriage, may do as he pleaseth ; and that it will be no sin to him if she marry.

Ver. 1. Knowledge puffeth up, &c. Knowledge, without charity and humility, serveth only to puff persons up.

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8 But meat doth not commend a flock, and eateth not of the milk us to God. For neither, if we eat, of the flock ? shall we have the more: nor if we 8 Speak I these things according eat not, shall we have the less. to man? Or doth not the law also

9 But take heed lest perhaps this say these things ? your liberty become a stumbling 9 For it is written in the law of block to the weak.

Moses: Thou shalt not muzzle the 10 For if a man see him that hath mouth of the ox that treadeth out the knowledge, sit at meat in the idol's corn. Doth God take care for oxen ? temple; shall not his conscience,be- 10 Or doth he say this indeed for ing weak, be emboldened to eat our sakes ? For these things are those things which are sacrificed written for our sakes : that he that to idols ?

plougheth should plough in hope : 11 And through thy knowledge and he that thresheth, in hope to shall the weak brother perish, for receive fruit. whom Christ hath died?

11 If we have sown unto you 12 Now when you sin thus against spiritual things, is it a great matter the brethren, and wound their weak if we reap your carnal things ? consciences, you sin against Christ. 12 If others be partakers of this

13 Wherefore if meat scandalize power over you ; why not we ramy brother, I will never eat flesh, ther? Nevertheless we have not lest I should scandalize my brother. used this power : but we bear all CHAP. IX.

things, lest we should give any hinRunning in race, &c. drance to the gospel of Christ. M not I free ? Am I not an 13 Know you not, that they who

apostle ? Have not 1 seen work in the holy place, eat the CHRIST JEsus our Lord ? Are not things that are of the holy place : you my work in the Lord ? and they that serve the altar, par

2 And if unto others I be not an take with the altar? apostle, but yet to you I am. For 14 So also the Lord ordained you are the seal of my apostleship that they who preach the gospel, in the Lord :

should live by the gospel. 3 My defence with them that do 15 But I have used none of these examine me is this.

things. Neither have I written 4 Have not we power to eat and these things, that they should be so to drink?

done unto me; for it is good for me 5 Have we not power to carry to die, rather than any man should about a woman a sister, as well as make my glory void. the rest of the apostles, and the 16 For if I preach the gospel : it brethren of the Lord, and Cephas ? is no glory to me : for a necessity

6 Or 1 only and Barnabas have lieth upon me: for wo is unto me if not we power to do this?

I preach not the gospel. 7 Who serveth as a soldier at


17 For if I do this thing willingly, time, at his own charges ? Who I have a reward: but if against my planteth a vineyard, and cateth not will. a dispensation is committed of the fruit thereof? Who feedeth to me.

A M not

Ver. 13. If meat scandalize. That is, if my eating cause my brother to sin.

Ver. 5. A woman, a sister. Protestants have not fairly translated this text, by render ing it, a sister, a wife: whereas, it is certain, St. Paul had no wife, (Chap. vii. 7, 8.) and that he only speaks of such devout women as, according to the custom of the Jewish nation waited upon the preachers of the gospel.

Ver. 16. It is no glory. That is, I have nothing to glory of

18 What is my reward then? That

CHAP. X. preaching the gospel, I may deliver We are to fly from the service of idols. the gospel without charge, that I

NOR I would not have you igno

FO abuse not my power in the gospel. rant, brethren, that our fathers

19 For whereas I was free as to were all under the cloud, and all all, I made myself the servant of passed through the sea. all: that I might gain the more. 2 And all in Moses were bapti

20 And I became to the Jews a zed, in the cloud, and in the sea : Jew, that I might gain the Jews. 3 And did all eat the same spi

21 To them that are under the ritual food. law, as if I were under the law 4 And all drank the same spi(whereas myself was not under the ritual drink (and they drank of the law) that I might gain them that spiritual rock that followed them, were under the law. To them that and the rock was Christ,). were without the law, as if I were 5 But with the most of them God without the law (whereas I was not was not well pleased : for they were without the law of God, but was in overthrown in the desert. the law of Christ) that I might gain 6 Now these things were done in a them that were without the law. figure of us, that we should not co

22 To the weak I became weak, vet evil things, as they also coveted. that I might gain the weak. I be- 7 Neither become


idolators, came all things to all men, that I as some of them: as it is written: might save all.

The people sat down to eat and 23 And 1 do all things for the drink, and rose up to play. gospel's sake: that I may be made 8 Neither let us commit fornicapartaker thereof.

tion, as some of them committed 24 Know you not that they that fornication, and there fell in one run in the race, all run indeed, but day three and twenty thousand. one receiveth the prize ? So run 9 Neither let us tempt Christ : that you may obtain.

as some of them tempted, and pe25 And every one that striveth for rished by the serpents. the mastery, refraineth himself from 10 Neither do you murmur: as all things: and they indeed that they some of them murmured, and were may receive a corruptible crown : destroyed by the destroyer. but we an incorruptible one. 11 Now all these things happened

26 I therefore so run, not as at to them in figure: and they are writan uncertainty : I so fight, not as ten for our correction, upon whom one beating the air :

the ends of the world are come. 27 But I chastise my body, and 12 Wherefore he that thinketh bring it into subjection: Iest perhaps, himself to stand, let him take heed when I have preached to others, I lest ne fall. myself should become a cast-away. 13 Let no temptation take hold

Ver. 27. I chastise, &c. What will our new sectaries say to this, with all their presumptuous security ? Let them open their eyes now at least, and see that their faith, which excludes all fear, is not the faith of St. Paul. See chap. x. 12.

Ver. 2. In Moses. Under the conduct of Moses, they received baptism in figure, by passing under the cloud, and through the sea : and they partook of the body and blood of Christ in figure, by eating of the manna, (called here a spiritual food, because it was a figure of the true bread, which comes down from heaven,) and drinking the water, miraculously brought out of the rock, called here a spiritual rock'; because it was also a figure of Christ.

Ver. 11. The ends of the world. That is, the last ages.

Ver. 13. Or, no temptation hath taken hold of you, or come upon you as yet, but what is human, or incident to man. Ver. 13. Issue, or a way to escape.

on you, but such as is human. And shambles, eat: asking no question God is faithful, who will not suffer for conscience sake. you to be tempted above that which 26 The earth is the Lord's, and you are able : but will make also the fulness thereof; with temptation issue, that you may 27 If any of them that believe be able to bear it.

not, invite you, and you be willing 14 Wherefore, my dearly belo- to go; eat of any thing that is set ved, fly from the service of idols. before you, asking no question for

15 I speak as to wise men: judge conscience sake. ye yourselves what I say.

28 But if any man say: This has 16 The chalice of benediction, been sacrificed to idols; do not eat which we bless, is it not the commu- of it for his sake that told it, and nion of the blood of Christ? And the for conscience sake. bread, which we break, is it not the 29 Conscience, 1 say, not thy partaking of the body of the Lord? own, but the other's. For why is my

17 For we being many are one liberty judged by another man's bread, one body, all that partake of conscience? one bread.

30 If I partake with thanksgiv18 Behold Israel according to ing; why am I evil spoken of for the flesh: are not they, that eat of that for which I give thanks ? the sacrifices, partakers of the altar? 31 Therefore whether you eat or

19 What then? Do I say, that drink, or whatsoever else you do ; what is offered in sacrifice to idols, do all to the glory of God. is any thing? Or that the idol is 32 Be without offence to the any thing?

Jews and to the gentiles, and to 20 But the things which the hea. the church of God: thens sacrifice, they sacrifice to 33 As I also in all things please devils, and not to God. And I all men, not seeking that which is would not that you should be made profitable to myself, but to many ; partakers with devils.

that they may be saved. 21 You cannot drink the chalice of

CHAP. XI. the Lord, and the chalice of devils: Women must have a covering over you cannot be partakers of the table

their heads. of the Lord, and of the table of devils

. Bref Christ.

followers of me, as I also 22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy ? Are we stronger than he? 2 Now I praise you, brethren, All things are lawful for me, but all that in all things you are mindful things are not expedient.

of me: and keep my ordinances as 23 All things are lawful for me, I have delivered them to you. but all things do not edify:

3 But I would have you know, 24 Let no man seek his own, that the head of every man is Christ: put that which is another's.

and the head of the woman is the 25 Whatsoever is sold in the man: and the head of Christ is God.

Ver. 16. Which we bless. Here the apostle puts them in mind of their partaking of the body and blood of Christ, in the sacred mysteries, and becoming thereby one mystical body with Christ. From whence he infers, ver. 21, that they who are made partakers with Christ, by the eucharistic sacrifice, and sacrament, must not be made partakers with devils, bý eating of the meats sacrificed to them.

Ver. 17. One bread; or, as it may be rendered agreeably both to the Latin and Greek, be. cause the bread is one, all we, being many, are one body, who partake of that one bread. For 'tis by our communicating with Christ, and with one another, in this blessed sacrament, that we are formed into one mystical body; and made, as it were, one bread, compounded of many grains of corn, closely united together,

ed ;

4 Every man praying or prophe- sing you, that you come together sying with his head covered, dis- not for the better, but for the worse. graceth his head.

18 For first of all I hear that 5 But every woman praying or when you come together in the prophesying with her head not co-church, there are schisms among vered, disgraceth her head : for it you, and in part I believe it. is all one as if she were shaven. 19 For there must be also here6 For if a woman be not cover- sies : thať they also, who are ap

let her be shorn. But if it be proved, may be made manifest a shame to a woman to be shorn among you. or made bald, let her cover her head. 20 When you come therefore to

7 The man indeed ought not to gether into one place, it is not now cover his head, because he is the to eat the Lord's supper. image and glory of God; but the 21 For every one taketh before woman is the glory of the man. his own supper to eat.

And one 8 For the man is not of the wo- indeed is hungry, and another is man, but the woman of the man. drunk.

9 For the man was not created 22 What, have you not houses for the woman, but the woman for to eat and to drink in? Or despise the man.

ye the church of God: and put them 19 Therefore ought the woman to shame that have not? What to have a power over her head be- shall I say to you? Do I praise you? cause of the angels.

In this I praise you not. 11 But yet neither is the man 23 For I have received of the without the woman, nor the woman Lord that which also I delivered without the man, in the Lord. unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the

12 For as the woman is of the same night in which he was betrayman, so also is the man by the wo-ed, took bread, man : but all things of God. 24 And giving thanks, broke,

13 You yourselves judge: doth and said: Take ye and eat: this is it become a woman, to pray unto my body which shall be delivered God, uncovered ?

for you: this do for the commemo14 Doth not even nature itself ration of me. teach you, that a man indeed, if he 25 In like manner also the chanourish his hair, it is a shame unto lice, after he had supped, saying: him ?

This chalice is the new testament 15 But if a woman nourish her in my blood : this do ye, as often hair, it is a glory to her, for her hair as you shall drink, for the commeis given to her for a covering. moration of me.

16 But if any man seem to be 26 For as often as you shall eat contentious, we have no such cus- this bread, and drink the chalice, tom, nor the church of God.

you shall shew the death of the 17 Now this I ordain : not prai- Lord, until he come. Ver. 10. A power. That is, a veil or covering, as a sign that she is under the power of her husband ; and this, as the apostle adds, because of the Angels, who are present in the assemblies of the faithful.

Ver. 19. There must he heresies, by reason of the pride and perversity of man's heart. not by God's will or appointment ; who nevertheless draws good out of this evil, manifesting by that occasion, who are the good and firm Christians, and making their faith more remarkable.

Ver. 20. The Lord's supper. So the apostle here calls the charity feasts observed by the primitive. Christians: and reprehends the abuses of the Corinthians, on these occasions : which were the more criminal, because these feasts were accompanied with the celebrating the oucharistic

sacrifice and sacrament.

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