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WOMAN THE REFORMER.
evil of the world. If woman in that so dazzled by its brilliancy, that they empire of hers-HOME! held and taught seldom waited to discover whether its right principles, and carried them out wearer had either heart or brains. in daily practice, all that philanthro- Then the abolition of capital punishpists contend and labour for would be ments is as much a woman's as a man's effected. The difficulty, unhappily, is question. Is it nothing to her that soto make woman perceive that great ciety should be brutalized by frightful public questions belong as much to her exhibitions ? Nothing to her that a as to man, and equally demand her aid. punishment continues in force which For example, the PEACE Question; what does not protect the lives of the comis more just, decorous, fitting, than that munity ;-for nurder stalks fiercely woman should give her decided aid to through our land! And which cuts off the diffusion of this principle? Is not the criminal from any hope of amendthe religion of peace as dear to her ? ment, or opportunity to atone by his laIs not the native tenderness of her cha- bour for the wrong he has done society. racter such as to incline her to peace? While a certain eclat attending his going Is not the sweet office of peace-maker, off this mortal stage, feeds the morbid on a large as well as small scale, in har- cravings of vicious minds, and inmony with the gentler attributes of cites the depraved to similar odious woman? When war has devastated the deeds. earth, who has suffered more than wo- The very fact so revolting to record, man by its terrible recoil of misery? that there are women in the commuAll the pæans of triumph were insuffi- nity who go to such spectacles as execucient to overpower the wail of the tions, is a solemn call to every rightwidow and the orphan. While even in minded woman to enter her indignant time of peace the exactions of the State protest against such scenes. to keep up a vast armament has fallen Then education is pre-eminently a collaterally as heavily on woman as on woman's question; to her the interests man, and demands her intelligent inves- of the rising race are paramount. The tigation, as a wrong that limits the re ragged-school, the sabbath-school, the sources of her dependant family, and day-school; all means of relative and subtracts from the just gains of honest personal education must be matters of industry.
absorbing interest. That two such difThen, woman on this peace question ferent words as “juvenile depravity” has some amends to make to society. should have come together, and should Her smiles and her talents have been express a fact, is a frightful anomaly in enlisted too often on the opposite side. our enlightened age, a blot on our civiLadies, who would be the very first to lization. “Juvenile !" our heart leaps up exclaim, in real or affected displeasure, at the sweet word; visions of rosy faces, if a woman opened her mouth in pub- and beaming eyes, and dimpled smiles, lic, on any useful or moral question; and sportive forms, pass before us as have stood forward and presented co- we write it. “Depravity !” a thick lours to a regiment, not unfrequently gloom covers the brightness, all is shade accompanying the act with a speech, and sorrow ! Oh ! let woman remem“soft enough in the vowels," but so ber that the evils of the world are percruel in the meaning, that it is charity petuated as much by the supineness of to suppose when they talked of defend the good as the activity of the wicked; ing the colours till death, they were and that the dangerous classes are more guiltless of understanding the import often the victims, than the aggressors of their words. They have sung war on society. songs, played with gentle hands “the ||
| Then the early closing movement in groans of the dying,” in that old "Bat- practical carrying out, depends almost tle of Prague,” which used to be such a entirely on woman. Who are the frecapital stock piece of bravery and sen- quenters of shops? At least twenty timentality in our boarding-schools. women for one man are the purchasers And as to their admiration of a red at all retail shops. A determination by coat ! it has been said, that they were women not to make a purchase after ?
given hour would soon decide the question of early closing. The shopkeeper
THE LEVER OF LIFE. does not desire to burn his gas and * A TALE OF MODERN TIMES. keep open his shop for mere amuse
CHAPTER II. ment. Let women resolve to decide HELEN was deeply touched as the poor
the matter for him, and shops would girl poured out her apologies, and des· close early; and the hours of toil in cribed the sufferings they had endured.
other pursuits than those of retail trade Is it possible, said she, that my father • would lessen, from the influence of ex- knows of your situation? Surely you ample, and the alteration of the general have not acquainted him with your custom. Then the temperance question distress, or he would not have allowed belongs also to woman. It is the auxiliary you to be reduced to such a state as to all the others. Make the world sober, this? and you strike a death-blowat war, which Mary glanced hurriedly and anxiously has ever been fostered by intemperance. at Helen's face, as she put this quesSober young men rarely enlist as licensed | tion, but feeling re-assured by its exmen-slayers---rarely want to quarrel- pression of earnest heartfelt sympathy, and are inclined to say
she answered : “Let those who make the quarrels be “ Your father, Miss Helen, employs a The only ones to fight."
great many needlewomen, but he never Sober men are not led into the commis- sees us himself. He gets the work sion of crimes, and are seldom the sub done as cheap as he can, and if we jects or witnesses of sanguinary death complain of the price, the foreman says, punishments.
| there's hundreds as would be glad to Sober men understand the value of take it. They say its the scale price, education --comprehend the bane of and its no use to go against that, or we ignorance. The clear brain, the sound should lose the work altogether." heart, the active nerve, are his who “Aye, Miss,” added Mary's father slakes his temperate thirst at Nature's / feebly, “It's hard to see wages go down, stream-who prefers God's merciful down, till the poor, who are willing to thought as expressed in water, rather work, have every bit of hope and heart than man's perverted thought as ex- ground out of 'em. Time was I could hibited in wine.
make both ends meet, tidy like, by my Then, if domestic comfort is dear to loom; but we're all pretty much the woman, a happy home, and the means same now, competition seems likely to to keep it so, temperance ranks second make us all paupers without paupers’ only to religion in promoting family relief.” enjoyment. Let women, therefore, as Helen soon ascertained the real they love themselves, their families, their situation of the weaver and his family. country, and their God, see to it, that His wife had died comparatively young, by example and precept they come leaving him with four children to supdecidedly forward into the ranks of port. The eldest, Tom, of whom Helen those who meet the practical evil of had heard so unsatisfactory an account intemperance by the only practical from the poor Irish woman, had been remedy-total abstinence.
| brought up to assist his father in the We have spoken plainly, fair and weaving. “He was a spirited wild boy," gentle readers! The time has passed his father said, “and had got mixed we hope forever-when women required up with a baddish lot, who took him to be flattered and coaxed like child to the public-house and made him undren to perform their duty to society. steady, and then they held meetings, The age is exigent, and demands ear and talked about doing away the mestness of thought, words, and action. Government and getting up a row, till No time for picked phrases and compli- at last the police came down upon 'em, ments. Real esteem and love is shewn and then they showed fight, and Tom when a writer believes a reader loves and several more were caught, and now truth, and in all faithfulness, however he was in prison waiting for his trial.” inadequate the expression, utters it. Mary was the eldest girl, " and oh ! THE LEVER OF LIFE.
Miss," said Millicent, “ without her I | her arm, and before she could recover should have been in my grave long ago; from her alarm, her reticule and its she's been a good daughter to me, a contents were gone. This had been real good one; she's not much above snatched by an accomplice at the eighteen now, and yet she has the moment his companion stumbled against thought of a woman. It's wonderful Helen, and both were now speeding how she has kept us all alive. She away up the street with their prize. seerns to be working there at the needle! Their course led them past Helen's from morning to night, and yet she first acquaintance, the old match-seller, manages to do everything that's wanted who had watched the whole transacin the house, and nobody ever hears tion, and as they ran past her she dexher complain for herself, though I terously slipt out her foot and tript know she'll work herself into the up the young thief. Darting upon him, grave.” The two younger children, and pinning him fast to the ground, she boys, were seven and ten years of age; | shouted lustily for the police. the elder of whom was employed to “ Take the swag, and let me go, you run errands by a neighbouring trades- old beldame,” cried the lad, taking the man; and the youngest, little Lawrie, reticule from his breast and thrusting had been admitted into an infant school it into her hand. The woman eagerly which had been opened in an adjoining seized the treasure, and her prisoner street. The weaver's bed occupied one twisting himself out of her loosened corner of the room, whilst a little mat- grasp, darted down a neighbouring tress screened off on the opposite side and street, and was out of sight in a molying on the floor, served for Mary and ment. the two boys.
“Ha, ha! they little thought my old After learning these particulars, He- eyes was a watchin 'em," said the poor len quitted, leaving with Mary some woman, as she hurried up to Helen to money for their immediate relief, and restore her bag. “I see 'em a dodgin promising that she would soon visit | and sneakin in and out o’ the court afthem again, when she hoped to be able ter they'd a catcht sight o’your bonnie to propose some plan by which their satin cloak, such chances dont happen condition might be permanently im- to 'em once and awhile down this way, proved.
and I could see they was up to mis“We must try, Mary, to fulfil the chief, but lor poor creeturs, its little doctor's directions, and when we have they've ever learn’d, except stealin and got your father round, I dare say we shammin, for nobody's cared for 'em shall soon see him at his loom again, poor things, since they was turned baband while he is away we will try if we bies on the streets. But I'm glad, sure can't find a room or two where he will enough, that I managed to lay hold of get better air, and light for his work.” your purty bag, ma'am, and here comes And thus having infused a ray of joy somebody as will see you safe out of and hope, such as had seldom glad this rookery--you may trust him, Miss, dened the weaver's attic, Helen took he's a good, well-behaved lad, and mayher leave of the Millicents, followed be--whispered the old woman-he can by a “good bye, lady,” from little Law- tell you something more about the me, who pushed his curly head through young woman you was asking for, for I the banisters, and kissed the hand with often sees him coming home with which she patted his pale cheek. Mary Millicent, and carrying her great
Helen turned towards the city, and | bundles for her.” was threading her way through the Beckoning as she spoke to a tall delabyrinth of dismal streets leading to- cently dressed youth, whose fustian wards the main thoroughfare, her jacket, and apron twisted round his mind intently occupied with the scene waist, indicated that he was a meshe had just witnessed, when a boy, chanic's apprentice, and who was aprushing out of an adjoining court, proaching them on the other side of stumbled violently against her; at the the street. She hastily explained to same moment she felt a sudden jerk at him what had occurred, and desired
him to see the lady safely as far as she to wake up joy in the heart of the living Inight wish.
student, by its wonderous scenes, and Helen, who had been much alarmed multiform productions. It is also inexat the violence to which she had been
haustible. The thoughtful and scientific
of successive generations have availed subject, and her unprotected situation
themselves of the researches of others, and in such a neighbourhood, thanked the plved their faculties with enthusiastic poor woman warmly not only for the ardour to investigate the objects which restoration of her property, but her crowd the heavens and the earth ; but kind thought in procuring her an es after all their discoveries they have left cort; and ascertaining her name and countless mysteries to call forth the curiosaddress, she slipt some money into her ity, and exercise the skill of future sages. hand, and told her she should call and
or she should and When that which is familiar is contrasted see her when she came that way again
| with what remains untouched, the wisest
confess the knowledge they have realised -then turning to her young guide, she
to be like scattered beams to the glorious asked him, if he could spare time to | sun, or lonely drops to the boundless ocean. conduct her to the nearest cab-stand, There is another characteristic of this subwhere she would get a conveyance to ject of observation and thoughtfulness the city. The youth seemed not only which ought not to be forgotten. I mean pleased but proud of his task as he its openness to the investigation of all the proceeded to conduct Helen in the direc
tribes of humanity—of every unit of the tion she wished. She was much struck
multitudes which make up the great family with the frank open expression of his
of man. There are some extraordinary
works of genius which are open to the countenance, and the respectful and in
vision of none but the rich. It is delighttelligent manner in which he replied ful to reflect that no such exclusiveness to her questions soon gained her con- co-exists with the landscapes unveiled and fidence, and raised her curiosity to the meditations invited by the wide spread learn some particulars connected with universe. Beneath the magnificent dome his history, for she soon ascertained
| of this richly decorated temple, the farmer
of this richly decorated te that though his parents were poor, and and the landowner, the mnier and the adhe had had many difficulties and hard
venturer, the mechanic and the capitalist, ships himself to struggle with, yet that
the peasant and the prince, mingle to
gether in the calm dignity of mental equalhe had secured the advantages of a good
ity ; forgetful of the artificial distinctions ordinary education, and that he was of society, and yielding themselves up to the still pursuing with avidity all such op fascinating influence of the gentle inspiraportunities as his scanty leisure afford tions that flow from the beautiful objects ed for the cultivation and improvement
by which they are encircled. The poorest of his mental powers.
of mankind, as well as the titled and wealthy, have a property in the green earth and the blue sky, co-extensive with person
al liberty, and in the scenery of the one THE STUDY OF CREATION. I and the sublimity of the other, it is their BY P. J. WRIGHT.
privilege to find the fountains of rational
delight. No. I.
To study Creation is not merely to see it. CREATION.-By this expressive word, we The savage wanders amid the finest dedesignate the visible works of God. These velopments of the sublime and the beautiworks constitute the most ancient volume ful, without any experience beyond vague of information that has been opened for | and transitory impressions. To the perhuman inspection. Long before the valu- ceptions and emotions which the scenes able art of printing was invented, or man aro:ind him would awaken in a cultivated had learned to engrave on tablets of rock, intellect and heart, he is an utter stranger. and write on the leaves of trees, the book The rustic who knows not how to read and of nature was spread before his wondering who has never been taught to think, begaze, covered with the pencillings of In- holds the varied charms which cover the finite Intelligence. But the antiquity of spreadings of a fertile district as the seasons -creation does not take away its attractive- roll along, with a vacant eye and a joyless ness. It is ever fresh and ever new. The spirit. The listless man of rank, who lapse of ages neither withers its beauty nor visits continental Europe with unreflective dims its glory. It has lost none of its mind and a passion for exciting festivities, power to kindle brightness in the eye, and travels over countries eulogised by the lip
of eloquence, and the lyre of poetry, un- of the telescope. Next comes Venus with blest with thrillings of rapt admiration. To matchless brilliancy. Our Earth follows study creation is to look at it thoughtfully, in rotation, attended by a lonely satellite. under the influence of an earnest desire Still more remote, Mars displays his fiery and firm resolve to search out, and under- | aspect. Then move forward the sister stand its elements, operations, and results, spheres, Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta. with the forms into which it is moulded, Beyond these are seen the majestic Jupiter, and the living creatures by which it is with his singular belts and four attendtenanted. Discrimination is exercised. ant moons. Taking a wider sweep, The differences between the simple and the sublime Saturn rolls on, with seven the complex, the minute and the gigantic, moons and two enormous rings. Last and the plain and the beautiful, the familiar most distant is Herschel with six satellites. and the wonderful, the noxious and the Amongst the whole are interspersed a large beneficial, are clearly ascertained and | number of Comets, which move in oval classified. Objects are analyzed. The orbits, and when visible, constitute an exparts of which they are composed, the tremely novel spectacle. The surface of functions they exercise, and the purposes the world, in its full extent, is not a flat they subserve, are noted down with skilful monotonous wilderness, Mountains and carefulness. Then, that which has been plains, hills and valleys, lakes, rivers, and separated is recombined. The judgment waterfalls, forests, and luxuriant landscapes is delighted to mark the adaptation of the meet the vision, and charm the heart. In several portions, when placed in proper a selected locality, the upland, the dell, positions, to constitute a perfect whole, Its and the streamlet, the ancient oak and the connection with other products of creative tender sapling, the cornfield, the meadow, energy is plainly seen, and wonder is ex and the garden, present the most pleasing pressed at the harmony and finish given to combinations imaginable. Even the sandy the works of the great Architect. All this, desert has its rocks, and verdant patches, and much more that is better felt than told, and refreshing waters to relieve its painful is comprehended in a studious contem dreariness. The productions of the earth plation of the universe. The natural eye are almost innumerous, and vary with the is only the instrument of observation. The seasons and the climes in which they grow. mental faculties and the affections of the Ten thousand kinds of herbs and fruits heart look out through its skilfully delicate | with flowers of every hue are produced by organization, and hold fellowship with the the fostering soil and the genial elements. beauty and grandeur, the life and motion, Necessaries, comforts, and luxuries abound the melody and joy, which pervade the vast to gratify the desires, to refresh the spirits, circlings of creation's ever--hitting pano- and to renovate the physical energies of rama. Imagination revels in a richness mankind. The multitudes of living creaof colouring, which art cannot picture, tures are equally varied. Look at the and eloquence cannot describe; and finny tribes, from the diminutive sprat sensibility rejoices in delightful impres- to the enormous whale. Examine the sions that would be sought in vain amidst serpent kind, from the common viper to the productions of human genius, or the the dreadful boa constrictor. Co excitements of artificial amusement.
animais, from the playful spaniel to the The most obvious feature of Creation gigantic elephant. Consider the inhabitis Variety. If we survey the heavenly ants of the air, from the insect that floats bodies in the aggregate, we find that they on the breeze, to the eagle that soars todo not present even in the dim distance, a wards the sun. There is 110 sameness in uniform appearance. One star differs from any of these departments of observation. another star in glory. Some are remark- All are rife with diversified peculiarities, able for softness, others for intensity of and striking contrasts. What a boundless radiance. Here a lonely orb gleams out variety of objects in the wide expanse of in peerless brightness. There a multitude creation claim the attention and the vigorcluster so closely, that to the naked eye ous exercise of our intellectual capabilities! they seem to melt into a mystic sea of What exuberant provision is made for the light. Differences are also observable in wants and wishes of the human mind! motion, remoteness, and magnitude. If What countless opportunities of selection we look at them in classes and select the are given to the varying tastes which result solar system for examination, much greater from early training, physical constitution, diversity is unfolded. The Sun fixed in mental peculiarity, temporal allotment, the centre and revolving on is own axis, characteristic curiosity, and friendly fellowpours forth a flood of glory to illumine far- ship! We may soar to the heights above, off worlds. Nearest the Sun, is the planet or dive to the depths beneath, or range over Mercury, seldom seen, except with the aid i the earth's surface, and we shall find teem