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His Lordship has been a member of THE EARL OF CARLISLE. the present Ministry since its forina

tion in 1846; (and he, as much as any (LATE LORD MORPETH).

one, has sustained it by his influence, THE Earl of Carlisle is so well known

by the popularity of his name, and his that it is almost needless to detail the

debating ability. He has ever felt a

strong desire to benefit the condition of principal facts and events of his life.

the masses of the people. His assiduity He is not only a nobleman by blood, but what, in our estimation, is of much

and energy as a sanitary commissioner,

has won for him general esteem. But more importance, he is a noble man by

more particularly has he manifested his noble actions. Were he not so, we

desire to educate and elevate the people should not have given his portrait in

in the zeal which he has, for many years, our pages. He belongs to one of the

shewn in behalf of Mechanics’ Institunoblest families in the kingdom-the

tions and Literary Societies. The Howards; and is, by marriage, connected with the Houses of Rutland, Cawdor,

speeches which he has, from time to

time, delivered at the large anniversary Durham, and Stafford. But not on his

meetings of the Athenæums, and Mecharank alone has his lordship relied for

nics’Institutions of the North of England, influence, and not by his aristocratic

have been extensively read and admired. associations alone has he won his way

His lordship is an eloquent speaker. to popular favour and fame. He is distinguished for amiability of manner,

He happily blends poetical imagerywith for a philanthropic heart, for first

practically useful statements. There is rate abilities, and for their rightful use.

frequently a classical purity and richness

about the matter which he atters, and He has from the commencement of his

the manner in which he utters it. Take public career been connected with the liberal party. He has filled, with much

as a specimen the beginning part of his

speech at the anniversary of the Man. honour to himself, and we think with

chesterAthenæum, over which he pregreat advantage to the community, many

sided two or three years since :important offices. Few men ever per

“ I trust that I shall be believed when I formed with so much ability and satisfaction the difficult duties of Secre

say I appreciate my situation. Whatever

may be the incidents of distinction or tary for Ireland.' And he took the

responsibility with which I am elsewhere principal part in all the discussions invested-honoured as I am by the choice relating to Ireland and Irish measures, of no mean constituency on the other side during the Melbourne administration. of the hills which bound your prospects Fora great many years, Lord Morpeth

permitted as I am to bear a part in the

highest councils of the state-I can in all represented the West Riding, where he

truth assure you that I find something has always been very popular; and when

very new, fresh, and large in the honour he was defeated in the election of 1841, he of being called upon to preside at this refused to sit forany other constituency. annual jubilee of the Manchester AtheDuring his temporary retirement from næum. The sense of honour, and let me political life, consequent on his defeat,

add with as much truth, of difficulty also, which almost the whole nation lamented,

is certainly not lessened, when I call those the noble Lord made a tour in America,

to mind who have preceded rne in the where his affability and simplicity of

same post, upon these brilliant occasions.

The last echoes of this assembly, which I manners won for him the good opinion now feel it is a hardihood in me to rouse of all with whom he came in con again, angwered to the accents,deep, gentle, tact. Onthe death of Lord Wharncliffe, and earnest as his own spirit. of Mr. a vacancy occurred in the West Riding, Serjeant Talfourd-why, there is some-and without either canvass or address,

thing in the very name of an Athenæum Lord Morpeth was again returned for

which bespeaks it to be a fitting theatre that important district without opposi

for all the utterances of the bard of Ion tion. He continued to represent that

and the Athenian captive. Next before

him, I well know that your souls must constituency till the time of the death have thrilled under the gpell of so potent of his father when he took his seat in a magician as Mr. Disraeli; even in the the House of Lords, as Earl of Carlisle. I very hottest conflicts of party, from which

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.'

125 we are here happily sheltered, I think it are not intent on seeking alliances with was impossible even for his most exposed the thrones of Europe ; their best aim will victim to have been blind to the point, be now to raise to the same level of knowthe brilliancy, the genius, which played ledge, of happiness, of virtue, the whole

out the wounds they made-but here, body of the people ; I rejoice that here, in on this gorgeous stage, amidst this apt and Manchester, beyond all dispute the first congenial auditory, on the themes so fami- city in the ancient or modern world liar to him of literature, of art, of imagina- for manufacturing enterprise and metion, I, who could only read in cold print mechanical skill, you have not been conwhat he said, without all the kindling tent with that display of wealth which accessories of time, and place, can yet jostles in your streets and is piled in your which could not be withheld even on | warehouses ; you do not think it enough easily believe how the admiration of to raise factories tier upon tier, and magathe barren ground of political con-zines that will accommodate the traffic of troversy, must have been heightened the world, but you have thought it part of almost into enchantment. And it was at your proper business, too, to build and to the first, I believe, of these assemblies, the set apart a haunt for innocent enjoyment, first at least held upon this scale of size for useful instruction, for graceful accomand splendour, that its chair was filled- plishment, for lofty thought—the shrine of better it can never again be filled— by Pallas Athene in a Christian land. May Charles Dickens—that bright and genial this long be the resort, together with those nature, the master of our sunniest smiles kindred and neighbouring institutions, and our most unselfish tears, whom, as it which this does not aim to eclipse or overis impossible to read without the most lay, but to encourage and excite, where ready and pliant sympathy, it is impossible all who are engaged in the business and to know (I at least have found it so) with- the labours of this unparalleled hive of out a depth of respect, and a warmth of industry may find rest for their flagging affection, which a singular union of rare spirits, a neutral ground for their manifold qualities alike command. I have made it differences, invigorating food for their reamy business, too, to look at what they said son, and an impulse onward and upward, when they were here; but this, while it to all the higher tendencies of our nature. certainly has ministered very highly to my I am glad to perceive that, as the benefits gratific

has also nly added to my of the establishment are confined to no embarrassment ; for it would indeed be condition, no class, no denomination, so an office irksome to you, and hopeless for they are not exclusively appropriated to me to endeavour to recall in feebler ex- even to one sex. Women have always pression, and fainter colouring, what was played an important, perhaps not uniformpourtrayed by them with so much richness | ly a beneficial part in this world's bistory. and exuberance. I therefore feel that at I believe as civilisation advances, they will this time of day, and above all in this play both a more recognised and a more place, it would be an impertinence in me, elevated part than they have ever yet to inculcate that learning in any community done ; and I trust that among the many will not prove a dangerous thing—that currents upon which the restless activity commerce, which has formed, and which of our age is eddying along, a prominent now ennobles a community like this, is the one will be devoted to making female natural ally of literature and art—that the education sound, substantial, and entastes which may be here encouraged. the lightened-all it ought to be for training habits which may be here fostered, are those who themselves must in any case be those which give a grace and glory to the the real trainers, as they may be the best. lives and characters of men. Yes, I do trainers, of our citizens and our workrejoice with the most gifted and ardent of men.” those who have preceded me-of those The speech which the noble Lord dewho now surround me-I do rejoice over livered at the Mansion House, a short the impulses and associations which are impressed upon the times we live in, and

time since, when he proposed the which institutions like this, and assemblies

working classes in connection with the like these, serve to rivet and transmit; Exhibition of the Industry ofall Nations I rejoice that English commerce is rising would alone render him popular and up to the height of its position, and feeling beloved. We give it entire. the real dignity of its calling ; but this the “The Earl of CARLISLE said, the toast I Tuscan, this the Genoese, this the Venetian have to propose is the working men of the. did ; the worthies of our English com- United Kingdom; and indeed it is fitting merce are content to be merchants, with that amid all the brilliant and gorgeous. out being princes; if we bave Medicis, they accompaniments of our present gathering

port

-amidst its patriotic and its civic splen- So it is true that our country may appear to dours, those who form the great and active be comparatively deficient in the minuter mass, of human beings which day by day graces and delicacies of design and fabric'; does the real work of the world, should but we must seek our equipoise, not in not be forgotten (cheers.) For I feel, my the din of strife or war of battle, but we lord, that I may appeal to the large pro shall find it in that sturdy, substantial per

orcion of your municipal brethren whom severance, and that useful industry which our truly metropolitan hospitality has forms an element in the Saxon character, gathered round you on this occasion, who and the glory of the British name [great come from the hives and marts of our in- ! cheering). In this exhibition and storedustry, scattered over all parts of the em- house of all the choice productions of the pire, and who may be said to represent world, our artisans will see nothing but the staple branches of manufacture and what industry like their own has produced the varied pursuits of national labour-I --nothing but what industry like their own ask them whether there is one person in may aspire to excel ; and in the confidence this distinguished assembly, from the illus- that they are made of the stuff and fibre trious Prince who is nearest the throne which will not allow them, in any course of England to the magistrate of the smallest of useful progress o

greys or career

chievetown in this realm-I ask whether there ment, to fill any other than the foremost is one person whose comforts, whose luxu-place, I give now the “Workmen of the ries, and whose life itself is not promoted, United Kingdom'[great cheering]. embellished, and sustained by the sweat of

The accompanying portrait is taken the brow, the strength of sinew, the skill |

from a sketch in the noble lord's posof hand, and the resources of brain, which go to constitute the wonder-working in

session, and which he very kindly lent dustry of Britain (cheers] ; and most right our artist to engrave from, a few days it is, as it appears to me, that an assembly

an assembly since. like this should give an assurance, that although the exhibition of 1851 is for all classes as well as for all nations, yet it is pre

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.* eminenntly intended to be a festival for the “Those who in impious times unda unted stood working-man and for the working-woman

And midst rebellion durst be just and good, -[cheers 1-for there will be no monopoly

Whose pens asserted and whose sufferings

more of sex any more than there will be of con

Confirmed the cause for which they fought dition or of race; and to interest their atten

before. tion, refine their taste, and to stimulate their Write here-rewarded by an Heavenly prince, invention; and, above all, to do honour to For what their earthly could not recompense. their industry, are among our foremost and

Pray reader that such men again appear, most legitimate objects. Though I have not

But if they come not, love their siguet here;

Such souls are rare but mighty paiterns given the honour to be a member of the commis

To Earth, and meant for ornaments in ilea. sionyet I am sure I do not misrepresent their ven." views when I state that among the many

Altered from Dryden. though perhaps scattered acts of liberality which have been exhibited towards it, any

WILLIAM SHAKESPERE, the world's contributions from the working people, li poet, was born at Stratford-upon-Avon, mited and in proportion to their modest

April 23, 1564, and instructed in English earnings as they must be, are not among the

and the rudiments of Latin, at the town least acceptable. I agree with those who Free-school. His father, who kept a hold that we ought not to feel discouraged butche

ucht not to feel discouraged butcher's shamble, knew not the latent at the circumstance that the various tem- | value of his charge, and bestowed little peraments and aptitudes of the various ! paternal care upon the poet ; for in his nations and races that people the earth, , eighteenth year, he was prosecuted for deerwill scarcely allow one nation to carry off

stealing, by Sir Thomas Lucy, and only the palm in every species of excellence by flying to London, escaped a second where the field of competition is universal punishment for libel. In town he joined a [cheers). I am sure it was not resented

dramatic company, and ultimately realised when it was said to the most powerful peo

a fortune by his management of the Globe ple on the globe, and that at the moment

Theatre. Little is known of his stage life, of the highest power o the Roman people,

but that the ghost in his own Hamlet was his that others might more softly mould the

favourite character. He died at his estate breathing brass, or chisel the living fea

in Stratford, on his fifty-second birth-day, tures from the marble, but the compensa

in 1616. Branded for felony, and hiding tion that was held out to them was prowess from justice, as a link-boy in the streets of in arms, and the subjugation of the world.'

* See autographs.

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Jondon, he yet amassed a fortune and left “On his comrades contemptuous we see him a monument of genius, which, polished by look down every passing generation, rises in brilliant

On their wit and their worth with a general

frown, poetic supremacy

Since from science' proud tree the rich fruit he “Each change of many coloured life he drew, receives, Exhausted world's and then imagined new,

Who could shake a whole trunk while they Existence saw him spurn her bounded reign,

turned a few leaves.
And panting Time toil'd after him in vain.”' His piety pure, his morality nice,

Johnson,
Protector of virtue, and terror of vice."

Thrale.
JOHN LOCKE was born at Wrington, in
Somersetshire, in 1632, and educated at

ABRAHAM COWLEY was born in LonWestminster school. In 1672 he was made

don in 1618. Although only the posthumous secretary to Lord Shaftesbury, and after

son of a grocer, through interest, he was wards to the Board of Trade, and while

enrolled in Westminster School. When thus establishing his reputation in public

only seventeen, he published his “ Poetic life, he compiled his " Essay on the Under

Blossoms,'' a volume which at once estabstanding,” “Treatise on Civil Govern

lished him as a poet. Two comedies followment,”' &c., for which his posterity have pro

ed, and other poems, and by the interest of nounced him the founder of metaphysical

the Duke of Buckingham, the rent of a science. He died at Oates, in Essex, 1704. |

1204 | farm of £300 per annum was conferred on All who have perused his Essays, “ carry

him; but soon after the receipt of this about them a touch-stone, if they will make

| little fortune, he caught cold, and died at use of it, to distinguish substantial gold

his estate in Chertsey, 1667. from superficial glittering, and truth from “ Wit and mirth and noble fires, appearances.”

Vigorous health and fond desires;

The wheel of life no less will stay, HORACE WALPOLE, Earl of Orford, son! In a smooth than rugged way.of Sir Robert, was born in 1718, and edu

Couley. cated at Eton. He entered Parliament THOMAS CAMPBELL, on whose fresh for Callington in 1741, but finally retired grave the flowers have not yet lifted their from public life in 1769, and at his beauti- weeping heads, was a poet of no common ful villa, at Strawberry Hill, devoted his order. His “ Pleasures of Hope," and hours to letters, and by the publication of other poems, will long endure to the honbis “ Castle of Otranto,” “ Mysterious our of their author and his country. Mother,” and “ Anecdotes of Painting" ac “He who held it a first duty quired a just reputation.

To love and cherish children's beauty,

In heavenly language makes us sure DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON, the long acknow. The thoughts he worshipped all were pure.'s ledged leviathan of letters, was the son of a bookseller at Lichfield, born 1709, and

LORD BYRON was born January 22 completed his initiating studies at Pem

1788, at Aberdeen, and educated at Harbroke College, Oxford. For a short time row::

row, finishing at Cambridge. His first

iction was 6 urs of Idlehe was usher in a Free-school at Market, poeti Boswoth, Kent. In 1735, marrying the

ness," which was severely censured in the widow of Mr. Porter, of Birmingham,

| Edinburgh Review, but he fully avenged

this unmerited attack in his sat with a fortune of £800 he opened a

“ English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.” boarding school : this not succeeding, he came to London with Garrick, having only

In January, 1815, he married the daughthree-pence half-penny between them, yet i

of ter of Sir Ralph Millbank Noel, but this both by their abilities maintained them- |

union was most unhappy, and ended in selves through a brilliant career. John-. ||

“wn separation, Lord Byron left England son's first work was “ London. a Satire » and settled in Greece, to which unhappy and in 1747, he commenced the greatest !

conntry he devoted his pen and sword literary treasure of our country, — the

until his death, April 19, 1824.
u

His English Dictionary for which he received poems are too popular to need any com

ment. the degree of M.A. He next published a weekly paper, The Idler, and on the death Sir WALTER RALEIGH.— This famous of his mother, to defray her funeral ex- but unfortunate statesman was born in penses, he wrote the famous Rassclas. The 1552, at Budleigh, in Devonshire, and eduCrown now granted him £300 per annum. cated at Oxford. His first fame was acand Oxford made him LL.D. He publish-quired by his sword in the suppression of ed the “ Lives of the English Poets," and the Irish Rebellion. With a grant from (Dec. 19, 1784,) after a long illness, died Elizabeth, he founded the colony of Virto live only to his country in subsequent / ginia. During his travels in America, from pages of similar works.

| whence it is said he brought to England

e of

the potato and tobacco, and on his re- passed through Christ's College, Camturn was knighted. He planned the dis- bridge. After a continental tour, he covery of Guiana, and by his courage and settled in London as a political writer. In ability was the true hero of the Eliza- | 1643, he married the daughter of Richard bethian reign. In the reign of James, by Powell, Esq., but her friends being royalists, a foul conspiracy, of which the Earl of she became disgusted with'her husband's reEssex was chief villain, he was committed | publicanism, and left him. · They were to the Tower for high treason, and here afterwards reconciled. He continued an during twelve years' confinement, he wrote enemy to royalty, and for this received the “ History of the World." He was re- , £1,000 reward, and was

was made La Secreleased, but not pardoned, and after making tary to Cromwell. Before his genius had fresh efforts to benefit his country, was be- reached its zenith, he lost his sight. At headed in Palace Yard, Calmly feeling the restoration he obtained pardon, and the edge of the axe, he exclaimed, this is completed his Paradise Lost. While the a sharp medicine, but a sure remedy for plague was raging, this immortal poem he all evils.” Thus was this great man mur- sold for £15. At the request of Elwood dered by a king and court, too ignorant to a friend, he wrote Paradise Regained. appreciate his worth, and too vicious to He died in Bunhill Row, 1674, and was permit his virtue to live.

buried in St. Giles's, Cripplegate, having

had three wives. FRANCIS Bacon, statesman and philosopher, who flourished during the reigns of

Three poets, in three distant ages born,

Greece, Italy, and England, did adorn; Elizabeth and James, and was made Lord

The first in loftiness of thought surpassed, Chancellor, and Viscount St. Albans, &c.,

The next in majesty in both the last : but, like many others, a victim to the dark The force of nature could no further go, days of James and Charles, he was accused To make a third, she joined the former two. of corruption and heavily fined. He spent

-DRYDEN. his closing lifein scientific study. Was born 1561, and died 1626, leaving his “Novum

OLIVER CROMWELL was born 1599, Organum,” and “ Essays," standards of

near the banks of the Ouse, in Hunting

don. He was a short time a law student science and letters.

in Lincoln's Inn, and he married the daugh• ROBERT Burns, the famous Scotch poet,

ter of Sir James Bouchier in his 21st year horn near Ayr, 1759, in humble circum

In 1655 he took his seat in Parliament for stances. His poems and letters have been

Huntingdon and attached himself to the too well established in British literature to

Puritans. The disturbance between King need eulogium. He was made an excise

and Commons commenced, and Cromwell man-became dissipated-and thus hast soon took an active part, and by force of ened his death, which occurred in his

| his Saxon character made himself master 37th year, 1796.

of his times. After the execution of

Charles, he was elected Commander-inJOSEPH ADDISON, the classic writer of the Chief, and finally Lord Protector. He exGeorgian era, was born May 1, 1672, at tended the commerce of our country, and Milston, and educated at the Charterhouse left us a new and vast commercial system. School. At 15 he entered Oxford College. He died in his 60th year, Sep. 3, 1658. His elegant writings procured him a pension of £300 per annum. He contributed / “So sturdy Cromwell pushed broad-shouldered to the Tatler, and founded the Spectator ; And burley Luther breasted Babylon.”

on, and in 1713, produced the tragedy of « Cato.” In ́1716 he married the Coun- ! THOMAS Gray was born in London in tess Dowager of Warwick, and was made 1716. He designed many plans, but wantSecretary of State, but resigned for a pen- | ed energy to carry them out. His “ Elegy sion. He died at Holland-house, June on a Church Yard” and other poems, are 17, 1719, saying to his step-son—" See in extensively popular. He died 1771. what peace a Christian can die !”

Ben Jonson, the friend of Shakespere, “He taught us how to live, and, oh! too high was born in Westminster 1574. He was a A price for knowledge, taught us how to die." short time a soldier, and then joined the

- Tickell. stage, but not succeeding, he took the adHe employed wit on the side of religion-re- vice of Shakespere and adhered to his pen. stored virtue to its dignity—and taught inno. | He was soon chosen Poet-laureate, but in cence not to be ashamed."

all his triumph was ever poor. He died JOHN MILTON was the son of a scrivener

son of a serivener Aug. 16, 16:37. There is a tablet to his in London, born in Bread-street, 1608, memory in

memory in Westminster Abbey, inscribedin was educated at St. Paul's School, and “Oh! rare Ben Jonson."

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