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prevails, with some teachers, that, on account of the great general excellencies of Webster's dictionary, it is a duty to adopt it unreservedly, and to follow it, as a standard, in all its peculiarities. This would be carrying our res ct for the venerable author to species of man-worship, which the native independence of our language has hitherto forbidden it from rendering to the most profoundly learned of its lexicographers. Neither Johnson, who swayed the intellectual and moral world of his day, nor Walker, to whom Sheridan and Burke ascribed a consummate mastery of “the harmonies and elegancies” of the English language, was permitted to prescribe a universal standard of usage in orthography or in pronunciation. Most of the peculiarities of these eminent authorities, were shunned,—not copied; and to accord to Webster a submissive adoption of his, would be an act of servility, which neither the characteristic freedom of our language, nor the independent spirit of our people, ought to be expected to yield.

WORDS OF VARIABLE ORTHOGRAPHY. Suggestions to Teachers. — The words presented in the following columns, are not found uniform in the orthography, even of eminent authors, either British or American. In the larger number of instances, however, writers distinguished for critical accuracy of style, manifest a preference for one mode of spelling; and in those cases in which there is an obvious preponderance of such authority, it is properly regarded as the law of usage. Words of this class, in the list subjoined, are given in that form only which has this sanction: words in regard to which the weight of authority is divided, and nearly balanced, are presented in double form; and, what

ever degree of preference may be justly claimed, is indicated in the orthography of that form of the given word which occurs first, in order.

While offering this aid to the regularity of instruction, the author will not, he hopes, be regarded as dictating to his fellow teachers. His aim is merely to facilitate uniformity of practice, in schools and classes, in this important branch of practical education; and it would greatly assist the attainment of the end now in view, if every teacher would make, for the benefit of his own school, a corresponding list of words of variable orthography selected according to his own critical judgment, and have his pupils daily transcribe from it, at his dictation, or from his inscription on the blackboard, a certain number of words, on a card, or in a book, kept always at hand, as a standard of reference. Students of advanced standing will also be greatly benefited by preparing such a list for themselves, as a companion or supplement to the dictionary. Abattis abridgment advertise aerie / abatis abridgement ) alchemist

eyry asthetic aide-de-camp ! anapest ankle æsthetic aid-de-camp apall

apprise apostasy ascendency athenæum artisan autocracy

atheneum artizan

baluster arquebuse bandanna bachelor banister arquebus battledoor banian basin bateau

battledore

} banyan

batteau

bellmetal behoove

belman}

belman bourgeois belmetal behove bellwether / bequeath binnacle bodice belwether bequcathes binacle

boddice byzantine brier

bunn

burr buzz briar

caldron calligraphy) camlet 1 camphor

caligraphy camblet carabine 1 caraway catchup carbine

checker chemistry catsup causeway

chameleon chestnut

cigar

cimeter
chilness
segar

scymitar)
cion
cipher
clinch

contemporary

axe

}

canvas

carcass

centre

scion

}

cue

phillibeg}

foundery}

}

}

gibe

connection) cosey

craunch crumb connexions

cranch

crum cutlass

cyclopædia) defence dependent decrepit cyclopedia ) dependence deposit develop development | dexterous dyke develope developement | dextrous diocese despatch

domicile

dotel dispatch distension domicil

doats downfall dryly

dryness dulness downfal drily

driness

dullness ecstasy embody enclose enigma imbody inclose impassioned encyclopædia ! endorse inquire inquiry ) encyclopedia ) indorse enquire enquiry ) ingrain envelop (verb) envelopment era æsthetics / fagot

envelopement | filigree
esthetics
faggot
ferrule

filagree
forestall foretell
frenetic

frenzy frustum phrenetics fulfill

fulness gauge gayety fulfil

fullness gimlet gaiety gayly

fusee granddaughter gaily

fusil gypsy

grandaughter gray} gypsey group? grey

jibe > hoarhound groupes

headache] gulf horehound) height

headach

hinderance

hindrance hoyden

hydrangea innuendo install

jail

jailer instal jonquille

justle gnarled Jicorice

lacquer) lavender liquorice } loadstar lacker

lavendar hoath} (adj.)

malcontent malpractice loth maltreat marquis mattress meagre maletreat merchandise metre

misspell molases mosquito mispell moccasin melasses mould

mustache negotiate offence

ottar

moustache oxyd

otto

paralyse oxide

panel

paralyze peddler ) phantasm pannel partisan pedlar

phantom phial) partizan) philtre plough vial

ploughman philter ploughshare porpoise) postilion practise (verb) pretence porpus postillions

}

}

holyday} laquey} lodgement }

judgement }

}

moccason

pacha}

ratan rattan sceptre scion cion shrillness shrilness

pupillary
recognise
Saviour
savior
scythe
sergeant)
serjeant
sienite
syenite
smallness
smalness
soothe (verb)
steelyard
stillyard )
sirloin
surloin
tranquillise

purr

pygmy } reverie

pigmy
revery

sceptic
sceptical scepticism
sentinel sequin
sheathe (verb) show
shyly

shyness)
shily

shiness syrup

skull sirup

scull) smooth (verb) somerset spectre

spinach stillness spinage stilness

theatre

}

slily slyness sliness stanch staunch ton toilet

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toilette}

systematize trousers trowsers ) vermilion

turkois
vial

vermilion}

phial}

unbiassed unbiased villanous villainous welsh

unrol villany villainy whisky whiskey woollen

vizier

wagon wintry

waggon

wizard wreathe (verb) wizzard )

welch}

woe
WO

}

EXERCISE III.

SYLLABICATION.

Introductory Explanations* - Orthography, as a branch of grammar, includes whatever regards the component letters of a word, and consequently takes cognizance of their grouping, or arrangement in clusters, corresponding to the necessary division of words into parts, by the natural action of the organs of speech. To these parts is given the grammatical designation of " syllables", (portions taken together ;) and the process of making these divisions, is accord ingly termed syllabication.

The process of syllabication is appropriately employed, in systematic instruction, as a means of faciIitating the young learner's first attempts in pronouncing polysyllables. The multiplicity of letters presented in such words, would confuse and embarrass his unpractised eye. But he finds that he can manage them more easily by reducing the word, for the moment, to the footing of a monosyllable, by separating it into its constituent syllables, and taking them up, one by one. He is, in this way, enabled to master the whole word by enunciating a syllable

* The introductory explanations which precede the statement of the practical exercise, in this and other instances, are meant to be adapted, by the requisite oral modifications from the tcacher, to the capacity of the class under his instruction. The chief purpose of such explanatory teaching, is not so much to remove difficulties, as to attract attention to the subject, by presenting it in interesting forms, which may give it a freshness of aspect to the mind.

5*

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