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Man is born for society; without which, virtue would have no followers; the world would be without allurements, and life without pleasures.
It is natural for us to contract the passions as well as tho habits of those with whom we are familiar; to follow their vices as well as to imitate their virtues.
Be sincere in all your words, prudent in all your actions, and obliging in all your manners.
He who begins an affair without judgment, ought not to be surprised if it end without success.
If justice direct you in the pursuit of gain, tranquillity will attend you in the enjoyment of it.
He who looks upon the misfortunes of others with indiffe rence, ought not to be surprised if they behold his own without compassion.
Seriousness is the greatest wisdom, temperance the best medicine, and a good conscience the best estate.
The two great ornaments of virtue, which exhibit her in fairest colors, are cheerfulness and good nature.
He is truly wise, who can patiently endure evil, and rationally enjoy good.
We are more indebted to our parents than to all the world besides. To other persons we may owe much, but to them we owe ourselves. Ifingratitude to others, therefore, be hateful, that which is shown to parents is most horrid and dotestable.
The human soul is too noble in itself to be confined to the contemplation of earth, or the enjoyment of vanity.
Make a proper use of your time; and remember that when it is once gone it can never be recalled.
Attend diligently to thy business ; it will keep thee from wickedness, from poverty, and from shame.
He who harbors malice in his heart, will find to his sorrow, that a viper has been nourished in his bosom.
Men make themselves ridiculous, not so much by the qualities they have, as by the affectationofthose they have not.
To say little and perform much, is the characteristic of e great mind.
No preacher is so successful as time. It gives a turn to thought to the aged, which it was impossible to inspire while they were young.
The injuries we do, and those we suffer, are seldom weigh ed in the same balance.
Men generally put a greater value upon the favors they bestow, ihan upon those they receive.
a lo-gral'.1-tude, waal of a due sense of Ar.rochu-tion, conceit, formally.
He who is puffed up with the first gale of prosperity, will bend beneath the first blast of adversity.
Indulge not desire, at the expense of the slightest article of virtue; pass once its limits, and you fall headlong into vice.
To be angry, is to punish myself for the fault of another.
The most profitable revenge, the most rational, and the 'most pleasant, is, to make it the interest of the injured person not to hurt you a second time.
Precipitationa ruins the best contrived plan; patience ri. pens the most difficult.
The pensionary De Witt being asked how he could transáct such a variety of business without confusion, answered, that he never did but one thing at a time.
When you descantb on the faults of others, consider whether you be not guilty of the same. To gain knowledge of ourselves, the best way is to convert the imperfections of others, into a mirrore for discovering our own.
The best practical rule of morality is, never to do but what we are willing all the world should know.
No man is so foolish but he may give good counsel at a time: no man so wise but he may err, if he take no counsel but his own.
He whose ruling passion is love of praise, is a slave to every one who has a tongue for detraction.
Vile and obscene expressions are the sure marks of an abject and grovelling mind, and the corrupt overflowings o: a vicious heart.
Modesty in your discourse will give a luster to truth, and an excuse to your errors.
Speak always according to your conscience; but let it be done in terms of good nature, civility, and good manners.
Common swearing argues in a man a perpetual distrust (* his own reputation, and is an acknowledgment that hi thinks that his bare word is unworthy of credit.
From ill air we take disease; from ill company, vices ani imperfections.
Sincerity of heart and integrity of life, are the great and indispensable ornaments of human nature.
Cseful knowledge can have no enemies except the igner rant. It cherishes youth, delights the aged, is an ornament in prosperity, and yields comfort in adversity. Q Pre-cip-i-ta'tion, rash haste.
e Ob-scene, offersive io chastity and do
In-dis-pens -a ble, not to be spanau, I De tac-tion, slander, defamation,
o Des-cant', discours. conuucnt. c Mirror, a looking glass.
Socrates was esteemed the wisest man of his time, be. cause he turned his acquired knowledge into morality, and aimed at goodness more than greatness.
Proud inen never have friends; neither in prosperity because they know no body; nor in adversity, because then nobody knows them.
A good conscience is to the soul, what health is to the body; it preserves a constant ease and serenity: within us, and inore than compensates for all the calamities and affliciions which can possibly befall us.
knowledge, dikë patrimonial possessions, cannot be transmitted to successors. It is the purchase of application.
True politeness is modest, unassuming, and generous. It appears as little as possible; and when it does a polite act, would willingly conceal it.
Let us survey the natural cquality on which providence has placed man with man, and reflect on the infirinities cowmon to all. If the reliection on natural equality and mutual offenses be insufficient to prompt humanity, let us at least remeinber what we are in the sight of our Creator. Have we none of that forbearance to give one another, which we all so earnestly entreat from heaven? Can we look for cleMency' or gentleness from our Judge, when we are so backward to show it to our brethren.
Modesty" always sits gracefully pon youth; it covers a multitude of faults, anil doubles the luster of every virtue which it seems to hide: the perfections of men being like those ilowers which appear more beautiful, when their leaves are a little contracied and folded up, than when they are full blown, and display themselves without any reserve to the view.
He who every morning plans the transactions of the day, and follows out that plan, carries on a thread which will guide lum through the labyrinthe of the most busy life. The orderly arrangement of his time, is like a ray of light, which darts itself through all his affairs. But, where no plan is laid, where the disposal of time is surrendered merely to the chance of incidents, all things lie huddled together in one chaos,' which admits neither of distribution nor review.
Whatever ornamental or engaging endowments you now possess, virtue is a necessary requisite, in order to their shining with proper luster. Feeble are the attractions of the a Se-ren'-i-ty, clearness, calmness. d Mod-est-y, a lowly, unassuming teni. & Pat-ri-mo'-11-il, derived by inheritance. per. c Clern'-en-cy lenity. kininess.
e Lab-y-rinth, a place full of windings. f Cha'-os, a confused mass, disoriler.
fairest formi, if it be suspected that nothing within corres ponds to the pleasing appearance without. Short are the triumphs of wit, when it is supposed to be the vehicle of malice.
As in the succession of the seasons, each, by the invariable laws of nature, affects the productions of what is next in course; so, in human life, every period of our age, according as it is well or ill spent, influences the happiness of that which is to follow. Virtuous youth gradually brings forward accomplished and flourishing manhood; and such manhood passes off itself without uneasiness, into respectablo and tranquil old age.
Catharını, Empress of Russia. 1. Catharina Alexowna, born near Derpat, a little city in Livonia, was heir to no other inheritances than the virtues and frugality of her parents. Her father being dead, she lived with her aged mother, in her cottage covered with straw, and both, though very poor, were very contented. Here, retired from the gaze of the world, by the labor of her hands she supported her parent, who was now incapable of supporting herself.
2. Though Catharina's face and person were models of perfection, yet her whole attention seemed bestowed upon her mind. Her mother taught her to read, and an old Lu theran minister instructed her in the maxims and duties of religion. Nature had furnished her, not only with a ready but a solid turn of thought; not only with a strong, but a right understanding.
3. Catharina was fifteen years old when her mother died. She then left her cottage, and went to live with the Luther. an minister, by whom she had been instructed from her childhood. In his house she resided in quality of governess to his children ; at once reconciling in her character, unerring prudence with surprising vivacity.d The old man, who regarded her as one of his own children, had her instructed a In-her:it-ance, a hereditary estate. c Rec'-on-ci-ling, bringing to agreement Models, patterns.
Vivac'.-15. liveliness, sprighiliness
in the elegant parts of female education, by the masters who attended the rest of his family. 4. Thus she continued to improve until he died;
by which accident she was reduced to her former poverty. The country of Livonia was at that time wasted by war, and lay in a miserable state of desolation. Those calamities are ever most heavy upon the poor; wherefore, Catharina, though possessed of so many accomplishments, experienced all the miseries of hopeless indigence. Provisions becoming every day more scarce, and her private stock being entirely exhausied, she resolved at last to travel to Marienburgh, a city of greater plenty.
5. With the effects of her scanty wardrobe packed up in a wallet, she set out on her journey on foot. She was to walk through a region, miserable by nature, but rendered still more hideouso by the Swedes and Russians, who, as each happened to become masters, plundered it at discretion : but hunger had taught her to despise the danger and fatigues of the way. One evening upon her journey, as she had entered a cottage by the way-side, to take up her lodging for the night, she was insulted by two Swedish soldiers.
6. They might, probably, have carried their insults into violence, had not a subalterno officer, accidentally passing by, come to her assistance Upon his appearing, the soldiers immediately desisted ;d but her thankfulness was hardly greater than her surprise, when she instantly recollected in her deliverer, the son of the Lutheran minister, her former instructor, benesactor, and friend.
7. This was a happy interview for Catharina. The little stock of money she had brought from home was by this time quite exhausted; her clothes were gone, piece by piece, in order to satisfy those who had entertained her in their houses: her generous countryman, therefore, parted with what he could spare to buy her clothes ; furnished her with a horse; and gave her letters of recommendation to a faithful riend of his father, the superintendente of Marienburgh.
8. The beautiful stranger was well received at Marienburgh. She was immediately admitted into the superintendent's family, as governess to his two daughters ; and though but seventeen, showed herself capable of instructing her sex, not only in virtue, but in politeness. Such were her good sense and beauty, that her master himself in a short time offered her his hand, which to his great surprise she thought proper to refuse. Artuated by a principle of gratitude, she rea In-di-gence, need, poverty. b Hid'e-os, frightmul, horrible.
e Su-per-in-tend'ent, an overseer. b-al-tern, Inferior, subordinato.
d De-sist'-ed, stopt from action.