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took her for your Ladyship's daughter. She is as women wish to be who love their Lady Barbara, your most obedient! de- lords. Ha, ha, ha! yes, pretty far gone; lighted to see you look so well : indeed the there's no fear of the title's being extinct; likeness'--(Marchioness) " is that of a no, no; I hope soon to have the pleasure younger to an elder sister: my sister Bar- of wishing you joy on the change of her bara is three years older than myself (drily); ladyship's shape; very large indeed, but all but (with a smile of contempt) there is cer- in very good time.'--Marquis. “ Sir Mitainly a strong family likeness." "Oh! yes, chael, I hope that her ladyship's change of beautiful! vastly like indeed! a strong- shape will not be so sudden as you expect; very strong family likeness, particularly else must ill health be the cause. She is, I about the eyes' (Lady Barbara squints confess, rather corpulent, but is not so in dreadfully.) Here ensued a loud laugh of the way which you imagine.” Here he the two ladies. (Marchioness) “ Do you turned from liim, and left him overwhelmed think so, Sir Michael ?" (Sir Michael per with shame-they had been married only ceiving the obliquity of the sister's eye) three months. . No, my lady, not at all, not a bit!'

Now entered Colonel O'Fagan, who, after (Marchioness) “I am quite mortified to making his obeisance all round, attacked think how long you have been kept waiting. the Baronet. “ Sir Michael, you played me My Lord is not yet come from the House; a pretty trick to-day; you promised to and I am much later than usual myself, hav- bring me here in your carriage, knowing as ing been detained at Philips and Robins's.” you do that one of my horses is lame; and

I understand your Ladyship: 'yes, the two here you are before me, after keeping me money lending attorneys; I know them waiting an hour and a half.”—My dear well; hard dogs.' “ Not at all, Sir Michael, Colonel, I ask ten thousand pardons ; but it I mean the auctioneers.” “Yes, yes, (ali is my coachman's fault; be never put me confusion) the auctioneers I mean.'

in mind of it as I bid him, for my memory (Marchioness) “ I see that you have taken is most treacherous; 'tis entirely his fault; up that scurrilous novel, what think you of but he is an Irishman, and one must pardon it?" "Beautiful! full of wit! how it cuts up his bulls and blunders sometimes; they be. the gouty alderman, pocketing the poor's long to his country, and he cannot help rates! and the fat, gambling Marchioness' them.'--The Colonel, angrily,“ Sir Michael, (the latter was herself.) (Lady Barbara, you are very polite; but here stands an wishing to relieve him) “ Hem! did you Irishman before you, (born in London to be look at those trifles in verse? They are very sure,) who never made a bull in his life, trifles, but written merely at leisure hours, nor disappointed his friend." The poor mere bagatelles composed on the spur of Baronet was struck dumb, and sat silent the occasion. What think you of them?” until dinner was announced. Trifles, trifles indeed ; mere bagatelles, as

Defeat and diffidence took such possesỹour Ladyship justly observes ; quite below sion of him at table, that he scarcely dared par; childish, very childish indeed ; a catch- to open his mouth. At last the Marquis, penny, no doubt.' Lady Barbara—“Child- seeing his consternation, endeavoured to ish, as you say ; very much below par; but draw him out, by saying, “ Sir Michael, did no catchpenny, Sir; they are my composi. you observe the sale of our old school-feltion, and were never sold, but printed for a low's estate ! it fetched eighty thousand few friends, more indulgent and partial than pounds! should you have thought it worth Sir Michael Marall,'--(the knight in an as much?” • By no means, my dear Lord ; agony) "Pardon me, my Lady ny ho- and I was as much surprised to see the crim.

con. business of Lady-(he was stopped by (The Marquis entered) “ My dear Baro- a look of the Marquis's)— I mean the death net, how are you? Why, you are come in of old Lady-(another frown)-the martime to-day. "(Turning to the Marchioness) riage of Captain Bracetight to a mechanic's This is my very oldest friend." Her lady- daughter.'. The crim. con. lady, whose pubship gave a contemptuous look, which said, Jicity had been revived after lying dormant Je vous en fais mon compliment.

twelve months, sat opposite to him; the old The company now began to arrive brisk. lady's daughter, in deep mourning, was on ly; carriages chased carriages down the his right-hand ; and Captain Bracetight's street; and the thunder of the street-door brother was near the foot of the table ! was like a feu de joie. The Marquis now drew his friend aside, and said, “ Michael, I

« Each looked on the other, none the silence

broke." am heartily glad to see you here. It is now three years since I met you at Newmarket. Sir Michael blushed and stammered, I have been to Naples and to Vienna since, coughed, called for water, and hesitated. and have got married. I am sorry that I His next neighbour on the left addressed had not an earlier opportunity of introduc. him; and he stuttered so in reply, that the ing you to the Marchioness; but you will other, who had an impediment in his speech, find her at all times happy to see you."— almost suspected that he was turning him Sir Michael. «No doubt; I read it in her into ridicule. countenance. A very sweet woman! a At the desert, four beautiful children mest interesting person and I perceive that were ushered in, walking by files in rather

1

nour

a stage-effect way. They were the Mar. plain, modest man, who had nothing of the quis's nephewsand nieces. His brother and charlatan about him. Without any know. sister were at table, and the children had ledge of chemistry and physics, be possess. heen sent for as a recreation to them. Every ed one of the most singular talents that can one was eager to praise them, to extol their be imagined. He opened fast-locked doors beauty, to enumerate their good qualities, without any key or any smith's tool. He &c. Sir Michael, after priming himself with only put into the key-lole a pointed piece a glass of hermitage “to hear his courage of wood, made the sign of the cross over up,” thought that he would be complimen- it, spoke some words, and, in an instant tary too : What lovely children!' exclaim- the door sprung open! Highly credible, ed he, fixing his eyes at the same time on and by no means credulous persons, have their father, who is remarkably plain. assured me themselves, that they have been • What lovely creatures!' repeated he, laying eye-witnesses of this. Great church doors, much emphasis on the word lovely. Are which had just been strongly fastened, flew all these children yours?' “ So her Lady- open with much force as soon as he made ship says,” replied the husband; and there use of his charm. The eye witness only was nothing but blushes, smiles, surprise, observed that B. had a brown polished stone and confusion round the table.

in his hand, of an unknown composition. His last blunder was respecting Walter The king heard a great deal of this very Scott. Being asked by a lady what he singular man, who, far from seeking to dethought of that excellent poet, whom he ceive, endeavoured 10 avoid celebrity as had seen in his tour through Scotland, he much as he could ; lived in peaceful retirereplied, “ Charming, charming; but 'tis a ment, and, like a new Proteus, gave proofs pity he is so lame." - How do you mean? of his talents only when compelled. Gussaid Mrs. Freethink, a blue-stocking lady. tavus wished to be acquainted with him, Is it his poetry (continued she) or his per- and intimated that he would send for him, son, to which you allude? “ His person' to convince himself of the truth or false(here he recollected the lameness of the hood of the wonderful powers attributed to Marquis's brother! so, trying to recover him, but informed him, at the same time, himself, he recalled his words) not in his that he, (the king,) to guard himself against perso'n, Madam, but in his poetry"-(reflect- deception, would not acquaint him before. ing on the beauty of his lines, and the pub- band of the particular day or hour: he, lic opinion, he recovered himself again by) however, let him know, (which might a3 "K-mean in both-in neither--upon well have been omitted but rclata refero!) my soul, I beg your pardon—I do not know that an old ruinous church, in the neighwhat I mean." Here a general laugh could bourhood of Gripsholm Castle, where, at no longer be controlled, and he was laughed that time, the court resided, was fixed on at by all present. He retired early; took for the scene of this operation. From this French leave; went home; passed a sleep moment strict watch was of course kept, less night; and never returned to Doricourt that nobody should enter the church, in House. The Marchioness has given orders which divine worship had long ceased to to her German porter to say to the Baronet be performed. always, “ Madame n'est pas visible ;” and In the middle of the night one of the the whole family has dropped him.

king's courtiers suddenly came to BiærnThe poor Baronet will at last be obliged ramm's door. B. is in bed. He must get to live the life of a recluse, as he will not be up, and quickly dress himself, under the able to keep an acquaintance in the town; strictest watch of the king's messenger, get or perhaps he may end by some very serious with him into the carriage ; and they imconsequences attending these habitual mis- mediately, drove off. They arrive early in takes, for these unmeant insults are never the morning at Gripsholm. The king and forgiven, and, so weak are we, that many five of his confidential attendants, and who can generously pass over and forget Biernramm, go to the appointed church. an injury, can never pardon the being de- B. said beforehand, that he would make a graded, or rendered ridiculous, whether it figure appear, which they should see one be intentionally orunintentionally-in joke, after another. The figure would appear to or in earneste

all of them with the same features, but to THE HERMIT IN LONDON. each in a different attitude. He had neither

any instrument, (or at least any visible one,)

nor any chemical ingredient. After repeatSUPERSTITIONS, APPARITIONS, &c.

ing several unintelligible words, he takes

the persons present, one after another, by What I have already said to you of Gus. the hand, and brings them into a corner of tavus III, has probably excited many a smile the church, and what do they see now? a at the weakness of the human mind. But human form standing uprigắt and motionthe most singular is still to come! There less, but with the eyes open, and every apwas, at Stockholm, a Finnlander, named pearance of life. The figure seemed to be Biærnramm, who had an office in the Chan a youth of about 15 or 16 years of age, cocery, where he had to translate the Swedish vered in a white garment, something simiordinances into the Finnland language; a lar to a priest's mantle, One of the specta

FRENCH VERSATILITY.

tors saw only the upper half of the arm of raving, or if they wanted to make a joke of this figure, another only the under half; my credulity ; but I am certain that neither from a third there was hid another part of was the case. It is equally difficult to deny the figure, as if a kind of mist alternately these stories and to believe them; and the concealed a part of it from the eyes; but incredulous philosopher is not satisfied with all six, on communicating their observa- merely doubting. The eye-witness whom tions, agreed that they had seen a youth I last mentioned, bad, during this singular standing upright, clothed in white. B. could transaction, asked himself: sogno o son desnot have produced the successive changes to? I asked myself the same question, as by new processes; for as one of the specta- he related it to me; and perhaps you will tors had contemplated the apparition at his do so likewise, while you are reading this. leisure, (every one was allowed six or eight minutes, time enough to prevent any illu. sion of the senses,) B. led him by the hand

The celebrated column, in the Place Ven. back to his place, taking another in his turn to the corner of the church.

dome, at Paris, which Buonaparte erectThe youthful figure was surrounded by a

ed, on the model of Trajan's pillar, with the radiant circle; but B. had expressly desired

cannon taken at Austerlitz, which were cast them not to come too near to it, and espe- morative of his victories, and a Colossal

into a grand series of spiral relief, comme cially not to touch it, because the touch, as he was convinced, would produce a violent Statue of the Conqueror to surmount the electrical shock. Every one obeyed his in- whole, is well known to the British public. structions. They at last all went away:

The allies, on capturing Paris, were about The spectators, astonished at what they had to destroy this monument, but at last were seen, asked one another the cui bono of such satisfied with removing the statue, and the a miracle ; but could not deny it, and still column still stands, a record of the warlike less explain it.

achievements of Napoleon and his armies. In order to make you shake your head It might be thought puzzling to mould such still more, my dear cautious, sceptical friend! stubborn materials into a compliment to the I add, that I have heard all this related in a

other powers of Europe, and to the restored very small, chosen circle ; and even by one

monarch; but a Frenchman's ingenuity is of the six eye-witnesses, who is most cer

equal to any thing in this way. One of the tainly neither an anecdote hunter nor a vi- sides is without an inscription ; and a clever

fellow

that it should be filled up, as sionary. The same Biærnramm possessed,

proposes

follows: as equally credible persons have assured

A la paix de l'Europe me, several other gifts of this kind, of which he could himself give no account, and

Et au retour

du Roi legitimate,

L'armée Française would say nothing more than that, “ God

Fait hommage de ses victoires had given them to him, and that they did

M,DCCC,XVII. not belong to the vain, arrogant men of learning, who pertended to know the reason of every thing." In fine, he was far from boasting of these wonderful gifts, displayed " Now that the pacification of Europe is them unwillingly, and frequently refused accomplished, by the resolution of withrequests of this kind, saying, “One must not drawing the foreign troops from the French tempt God.”

Sometimes, however, he territory; and now that there is an end of yielded;

and the following is an account, those measures of precaution which deploby an eye-witness, of what was then seen. rable events had rendered necessary, the "He placed a wooden table, without any Ministers and Plenipotentiaries of their metal about it, in the middle of a dark majesties the Emperor of Austria, the King room; and on the table, three candlesticks, of France, the King of Great Britain, the either of ivory or of china. Wben he had King of Prussia, and the Emperor of all the then spoken a few words, there issued from Russias, have received orders from their the joints of the doors and windows brilli- Sovereigns, to make known to all the courts ant lights of many colours, which at first of Europe the results of their meeting at danced round the spectators, and then stood Aix-la-Chapelle, and with that view to pubstill upon the candlesticks, and spread such lish the following Declaration :a light in the room, as if it had been bril- ** The convention of the 9th of October, liantly illuminated with wax tapers. At ano- which definitively regulated the execution ther time, he took steel and flint, and struck of the engagements agreed to in the treaty them together as one usually strikes a light, of Peace of November 20, 1815, when there appeared a radiant figure, which sidered by the Sovereigns who concurred was first visible in one corner of the room; therein, as the accomplishment of the work at a second stroke, in a moment changed of peace, and as the completion of the poits place, and showed itself in another cor, litical system destined to ensure its solidity. ner; and, at a third stroke, upon the ceil- « The intimate union established among ing":

the monarchs, who are joint parties to this I looked the relaters of these miraculous system, by their own principles, no less stories sharp in the face, to see if they were than by the interests of their people, offers

DECLARATION OF THE ALLIED SOVEREIGNS.

con

to Europe the most sacred pledge of its fu- leathery, and alternate, marked with lateral ture tranquility.

veirs projecting downwards ; they are paral“ The object of this union is as simple as lel, and are ten inches long. When incisions it is great and salutary. It does not tend to are made into the trunk, it discharges abunany new political combination--to any dantly a glutinous milk, moderately thick, change in the relations sanctioned by ex- without any acridness, and exhaling an isting treaties. Calm and consistent in its agreeable balsamic odour. The travellers proceedings, it has no other object than the drank considerable quantities of it without maintenance of peace, and the security of experiencing any injurious effects; its those transactions on which the peace was viscidity only rendering it rather unpleasant. founded and consolidated.

The superintendant of the plantation as“ The Sovereigns, in forming this august sured them that the negroes acquire flesh union, have regarded as its fundamental ba- during the season in which the cow-tree sis their invariable resolution never to de- yields the greatest quantity of milk. When part, either among themselves or in their re- ihis fluid is exposed to the air, perhaps in lations with other states, from the strictest consequence of the absorption of the oxyobservation of the principles of the right of gen of the atmosphere, its surface becomes nations; principles which, in their applica- covered with membranes of a substance that tion to a state of permanent peace, can alone appears to be of a decided animal nature, effectually guarantee the independence of yellowish, thready, and of a checsy coneach government, and the stability of the sistence. These membranes, when sepageneral association.

rated from the more aqueous part of the “ Faithful to these principles, the Sove- fluid, are almost as elastic as caoutchouc; reigns will maintain them equally in those but at the same time they are as much dismeetings at which they may be personally posed to become putrid as gelatine. The present, or in those which shall take place natives give the name of cheese to the coaamong their Ministers; whether it shall be gulum, which is separated by the contact of their object to discuss in common their own the air; in the course of five or six days it interests, or whether they take cognizance becomes sour. The milk, kept for some of questions in which other governments time in a corked phial, had deposited a little shall formally claim their interference. The coagulum, and still exhaled its balsamic same spirit which will direct their councils, odour. If the recent juice be mixed with and reign in their diplomatic communica- cold water, the coagulum is formed in small tions, shall preside also at these meetings, quantities only; but the separation of the and the repose of the world shall be con- viscid membranes occurs when it is placed stantly their motive and their end.

in contact with nitric acid. This remarka6 It'ís with such sentiments that the Sove- ble trée seems to be peculiar to the Cordilreigns have consummated the work to which liere du Littoral, especially from Barbula to they were called. They will not cease to the lake of Maracabo. There are likewise labour for its confirmation and perfection. some traces of it near the village of San They solemnly acknowledge, that their Mateo; and, according to the account of duties towards God, and the people whom M. Bredmeyer, in the valley of Caucagua, they govern, make it peremptory on them three days journey to the east of the Caracto give to the world, as far as in their cas. This naturalist has likewise described power, an example of justice, of concord, the vegetable milk of the cow-tree as posof moderation ; happy in the power of sessing an agreeable flavour, and an aroconsecrating, from henceforth, all their ef- matic odour; the natives of Caucagua call forts to the protection of the acts of peace, it the milk-tree. to the increase of the internal prosperity of their States, and to the awakening of those sentiments of religion and morality, whose empire has been but too much,enfeebled by the misfortune of the times. (Signed) Near the sea, large level fields are rolled METTERNICH, HARDENBERG,

or beat so as to have a hard surface. Over RICHELIEU, BERNSTORFF,

this is strewn a sort of sandy black earth, CASTLEREAGH, NESSELRODE,

forming a coat about a quarter of an inch WELLINGTON,

Capo D'Istra." thick. Rakes and other implements are Aix-la-Chapelle, Nov. 15, 1818." used to make it of a uniform thickness, but

it is not pressed down. During the heat of the day, men are employed to bring water

in tubs from the sea, which is sprinkled over Mr. Humboldt and his companions, in the these fields by means of a short scoop. course of their travels, heard an account of The heat of the sun in a short time evapoa tree which grows in the valleys of Aragua, rates the water, and the salt is left in the the juice of which is a nourishing milk, and sand, which is scraped up and put into which, from that circumstance, has received the name of the cow-tree. The tree in its

* Extracted from Captain Hall's “ Account of general aspect resembles the chrysophyllum a Voyage of Discovery to the West Coast of cainito ; its leaves are oblong, pointed, Corea, and the Great Loo-choo Island."

METHOD OF MAKING SALT, IN THE GREAT

LOO-CHOO ISLAND.*

COW-TREE.

raised reservoirs of masonry about six feet The same effect takes place if the vapoor of by four, and five deep. When the receiver spirits of turpentine and of water be made is full of the sand, sea water is poured on to issue together from the same orifice : the top: and this, in its way down, carries hence the disappearing of the smoke cannot with it the salt left by the evaporation. be supposed to depend on a current of atWhen it runs out below at a small hole, it is mospheric eir. a very strong brine; this is reduced to salt If the flame of a spirit-lamp be brought in by being boiled in vessels about three feet contact with a jet of steam, it disappears, wide and one deep. The cakes resulting and is extinguished at the points of contact, from this operation are an inch and an half precisely as when exposed to strong blasts in thickness.

of air.

Masses of iron of various sizes, and heat

ed to various degrees from redness to bright AMERICAN WATER BURNER.

whiteness, were exposed to a jet of steam: An apparatus called the American Water po flame appeared, as was expected, but the Burner has been invented by Mr. Morey, iron was more rapidly oxidated where the of New-Hampshire, who, after making steam came in contact with it than in other many experiments, and employing various parts. It is probable, if the water suffered combustible substances, as tar, rosin, oil, decomposition in this experiment, and if the &c. to mix with the steam, has brought his hydrogen was inflamed, its flame might not apparatus to perfection. The construction be observed when contrasted with the is very simple: Tar is intimately mixed with heated iron, a body so much more lusteam or vapour of water, and made to issue, minous. with a force proportional to the pressure of The operation of the water-burner, then, the steam, from a small orifice, like that in appears to be simply this :--Tar, miputely the jet of a blow-pipe, and is there fired. The divided, and intimately mixed with steam, flame, although the combustible substances is inflamed; the heat of the flame, aided by issue from so small an orifice, is as large as the affinity for oxygen of that portion of that of a common smith's forge, and is ac. carbon which would otherwise pass off in companied with smoke: when this fame is smoke, decompose the water, and the cardirected against the bricks in the back of a bon and oxygen unite; the hydrogen of the fire-place, they soon become heated to red- water, and probably of the tar, expand on ness: if iron or steel filings be thrown into all sides (and hence the flame is very large) the flame, they burn with a sparkling bril- to meet the atmospheric oxygen; water is liancy, similar to iron wire in oxygen gas. recomposed, and passes off in steam ; a de

A few experiments have been made to as- gree of heat is produced, no doubt, greater certain the effect of steam on burning bodies, than that which is produced by the comand to learn whether it probably suffered bustion of the tar alone; and this heat is decomposition when issuing, mixed with equal to that evolved by the combustion of tar, from the jet of the water-burner. a quantity of carbon which would other

If a jet of steam, issuing from a small wise form smoke. aperture, be thrown upon burning coal, its The invention is ingenious, and may be brightness is increased, if it be held at a dis- found very useful in steam-boat navigation, tance of four or five inches from the pipe where it has already been applied. Probably through which the steam passes ; but if it a saving of heat would be produced by conbe held nearer, the coal is extinguisbed, a densing the products of this combustion, circular black spot first appearing where the which might be effected to a certain degree steam is thrown upon it. The steam does by an apparatus of simple construction. not appear to be decomposed in this experiment: the increased brightness of the coal is probably occasioned by a current of

CURIOUS ACCOUNT OF A YEARLY FETE AT PISA. atmospheric air produced by the steam. If the wick of a common oil lamp be

(From Milford's Tour.) raised so as to give off large columns of « On the centre bridge is annually cele smoke, and a jet of steam be thrown into brated a festival, or sham fight, of great anthe flaine, its brightness is a little increased, tiquity, between the inhabitants of each side and no smoke is thrown off.

of the town, who have grotesque arms, and If spirits of turpentine be made to burn on a are habited in the most fantastic costume. wick, the light produced is dull and reddish, In their struggles of desperation for conand a large quantity of thick smoke is given quest, the combatants do not lie down and

f; but, if à jet of steam be thrown into die, like the warrior in Tom Thumb, but the the flame, its brightness is much increased; vanquished boldly and nobly jump over the and if the experiment be carefully conduct- bridge into the Arno; where they refresh ed, the smoke entirely disappears.

themselves with swimming out of the reach If vapour of spirits of turpentine be made of their conquerors, to the admiration of the to issue from a small orifice, and inflamed, it fair umpires who are spectators. Boats are burns, giving off large quantities of smoke ; stationed on each side of the river, to make but if a jet of steam be made to unite with prisoners, or rescue the swimming vanquishthe vapour, the smoke entirely disappears. cd, or probably, in fact, to prevent these

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