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plaints against the late political partition German Provinces in his States, Cour. of their country. The old government land, Livonia, and Esthonia, in order that of Saxony was mild, and the present king they may be amalgamated into a code of is beloved by his subjects ; so that the ar- laws, to which will be given, as far as bitrary character of the Prussian govern- possible,

a necessary uniformity. ment, to which a large portion of the Gen. Count Witgenstein has taken the Saxon territories are subjected, appears command of the Russian army on the doubly odious. The population of all Turkish frontier, in lieu of count BenGermany is estimated at upwards of ningsen, who has quitted the service of 30,000,000 of souls.

the Emperor. The king of SWEDEN, (Bernadotte) has A new regulation of the duties on received the condolence of Louis XVIII. cloths imported into Russia, has been upon the death of his predecessor, and made, highly favourable to the Prussian replied to it in the fullest spirit of amity. manufactures, of which the English have The Norwegians, by a decree recently made much complaint. passed, are to enjoy in Sweden all the rights of native subjects, upon petition to the king.

Spanish America.--Nothing of partiThe Emperor of Russia seems not dis- cular importance appears to have taken posed to enter into hostilities, at present, place in the field, recently, in the prowith the Sublime Porte; having directed vinces; but the cause of independence is his Minister at Constantinople, to lay be- undoubtedly gaining in the minds of men, fore the Divan a recapitulation of the and the course of events, operating upon subjects in controversy between the two public opinion, is gradually strengthenEmpires; but to leave it at the option of ing the hands and encouraging the hearts the Grand Seignior, whether to enter of the patriots. This was to be expected. on the discussion of them now, or to refer It might as well be attempted to dam up them to a more conver:ent period. the Amazon, as to think, now, of reduc

The Emperor has, also, given orders to ing the Spanish provinces to quiet subcollect all the special laws of the three jection to the sovereignty of Spain.




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show took place at Brighton. The attend.

ance from all parts of the commonwealth THE new State-House, in Concord has

been finished at an expense of only was great, and the exhibition finer than on about 60,000; and it is said to be a fine any former occasion. Every variety of monument of American architecture, and an agricultural product and domestic manufachonour to New-Hampshire.

ture furnishes specimens for the annual re. The Cheshire cattle show and fair was ports; it appears that the proceedings of the held on the 7th October. It was attended Massachusetts Agricultural Society, are enby a great concourse of the people, and pre- couraging, in the most gratifying manner, miums were awarded for various animals of improvements in rural economy and the superior excellence, and for many articles of mechanic arts. At the recent exhibition excellent domestic manufacture; as well as

there were actually present and weighed for sundry products of agriculture. This the following live fat oxen, meeting has been emphatically called "

lbs. proud day for the farmers.” The Rocking- Great Chapin Ox, not offered for preham Agricultural Society held its meeting


62784 on the 15th October.

Benjamin Warren's ox,

2475 Luke Fisk's, of Waltham,


Rufus Marble's, of Sutton, 1st premium, 2389 The annual cattle show was beld in Luke Fisk's, 2d premium,

2297 Berkshire on the 7th October. This must be Edward Wbitman's, of Stow, 3d do. 2296 considered as the parent institution of Jonas White and Son's,

2074 about fifty others, which now exist in the do.


1987 United States and the names of its found- John Perley's, District of Maine, 1825 ers are dear to the patriotic heart; for sweet The following obituary notice is taken are the works of peace. The display of from an eastern paper: animals, products of agriculture, and of do- Died, in Machias, on the 5th October, mestic manufactures, far exceeded that of Col. JEREMIAH O'BRIEN, collector of the any preceding year.

port of Machias, aged 79 years. On Tuesday the 13th October, the cattle “ Among the patriots trho served their


country with faithfulness aud vigour, Col. was about twenty men killed and wounded. O'Brien shone conspicuous. The deep in. The British tender mounted 4 guns and 14 terest which he always took in whatever swivels. Her crew consisted of 36 men. concerned the well-being of his country Her captain was killed in the action. With during the revolutionary contest, as well the guns of the tender, and others he had as in every succeeding period of its con- purchased, Capt. O'Brien fitted out a pricerns, entitles his memory to the love and vateer, mounting 8 carriage guns and 19 veneration of his countrymen. His un- swivels, having on board a crew of 42 men. daunted bravery and resolution; his gene- He proceeded on a cruise. Of this the gorosity and benevolence; his gentlemanlike vernor of Halifax was soon informed, who deportment; and his ardent love of country, immediately ordered out two armed schoonwhile they secured him the warm esteem ers to capture him. Each of the schooners and friendship of those with whom he as- had on board upwards of 40 men. Capt. sociated, and to whom he was personally O'Brien, meeting them in the Bay of Fundy, known, rendered his character peculiarly captured one of them by boarding before interesting to his countrymen at large. the other could come alongside to her as.

“ It was Col. O'Brien who, if not the first, sistance. The other also was taken by him. was one of the first that dared to encounter Both were brought safe to Machias. Capt. the overwelming naval power of England O'Brien conducted the prisoners to Camat the commencement of the revolution, bridge, and delivere:? them to Gen. WashHe it was who was among the first to teach ington, who opproved his conduct, and rehis countrymen that the cause of indepen- commended him to the Massachusetts godence must be supported at all hazards; that vernment to be appointed to a navai comthe same bravery and resolution which in- mand. He was accordingly appointed to spired an attempt to throw off the yoke of command the two prizes he had taken. The foreign power were necessary to insure a one he named the Liberty, the other the permanency in the measure, and establish Diligent. Each mounted 8 carriage guns.'" the liberties of his country. It was he who taught his countrymen, by his example, to meet the enemy on the element where they The new constitution for this state has boasted of the most power, and pointed been adopted by a majority of 1554 votes. out to them the path which led them to the The legislature met on the 3d October. acquisition of an imperishable name. Al- Hartford cattle fair and show.-From 2000 though Col. O'Brien could not boast of vice to 2600 substantial farmers attended on tbis tories as splendid as those of a Hull, a Deca- interesting occasion on the 14th inst. The tur, a Bainbridge; of a Jones, a Porter, a number and variety of fine cattle exhibited Perry, or a M'Donnough, he could boast of far exceeded the expectations of the public. making the proud flag of England yield, for Many articles of domestic manufacture the first time, to American bravery and the were produced, some of which were of a cause of independence.

superior quality: A ploughing match took “ We have it not in our power to detail place, and premiums were distributed.

Seall the services Col. O'Brien has rendered veral farms had been viewed, and some to his country. We have but few facts light thrown on the subject of rotation of within our possession. The following is an crops. extract from a small pamphlet lately pub- An agricultural society has been establishlished on our · Naval History.' It gives a ed in Litchfield county, in this state. few incidents of his first essay in the cause of liberty. His succeeding actions were many and serviceable,

The first cattle show and fair of Jefferson “Soon after the battle of Lexington, a county, was held at Watertown on the 28th British tender, with two sloops under her and 29th September last. Gov. Clinton and convoy, arrived at Machias. Their object many other distinguished visitors were prewas to obtain a supply of ship timber. This sent. After an examination of the cattle, the patriotic inhabitants of the place re- and witnessing a ploughing match, the comfused them. Upon this the commander of pany marched in procession to the court the tender anchored opposite the town, and house, where among the exercises, Gov. threatened to burn it down if his commands Clinton favoured the audience with an apwere not instantly complied with. Captain propriate address. The premiums were O'Brien immediately headed a party of A. awarded next day. mericans, who took possession of one of the Mr. Le Ray presented to the socieży an British sloops, within gunshot of the tender. ox as a candidate for the premium on the They then ordered the tender to strike, best fat ox. His ox weighed rising 2,000lbs. which she refused, when they commenced He obtained the premium, but after having so brisk a fire upon her, that she was forced received it, that gentleman presented to the to cut her cables, and with the other sloop society the ox. He was killed and sold at proceeded to sea. Capt. O'Brien pursued public auction for the benefit of the society; with 32 men, on board the captured sloop, and yielded rising 600 dollars. and succeeded in getting possession of the The Otsego cattle show and fair was held tender hy boarding. The loss on both sides on the 6th and 7th of October. The as



semblage of people was numerous the exhi- Amount of Inspections in the City of Baltibition of animals, and various products of more, during the quarter ending the 30lh of agriculture and manufactures, was extensive September, 1818. and highly interesting; and premiums were 164,221 bbls. wheat flour, 6,452 half bbls. liberally distributed. Elkanah Watson de- 'do. 924 bbls. rye do. 601 casks corn meal, livered an appropriate address-Gov. Clin- 959 do. beef, 96 half bbls. do. 1,439 bbls. ton, also pronounced one in favour of agri- pork, 10 half bbls. do. 5,905 bbls. herrings, culture. An agricultural society has been 177 half bbls. do. 177 bbls, shad, 1,113 do. organized in the county of Chenango, and mackarel, 33 half do. do. 204 bbls. alewives, Uri Tracy, esq. elected president.

253 kegs butter, 482 do. lard, 759 large casks The first annual cattle show and exhibit domestic liquors, 2,429 small do. do. 569 of domestic manufactures, was beld in casks of foreign liquors, 249 large casks oil, Oneida county, on the 1st inst. After ap. 267 small do. do. 704 ullages. propriate exercises in the church, the premiums were declared-200 diplomas for

NORTH CAROLINA. members were delivered. The assembly Raleigh, Sept. 25, 1818.-The works which was very numerous and respectable; the the commissioners of the city have had on ceremonies pleasing.

hand for about three years, are at length Statement of meats sold at the four prin- completed, and the city is furnished with a cipal markets in the city of New-York, from regular and constant supply of water, (in January 1, to September 30, 1818.

addition to their pumps and neighbouring Beeves Calves. Sheep. Hogs. springs,) which fills three reservoirs placed Fly Market

4402 9105 19,154 1725 under ground in different parts of the city, Washington 3168 5549 14,412 605 containing about 8,000 gallons, besides sup. Catharine 3616 5210 14,364 332 plying several hydrants in convenient situaCentre, 617 1186 4357 60 tions, affording water sufficient for culinary

and other purposes, and a supply always in Total 11,913 21041 52,307 2722 readiness, in cases of fire. The above is a true copy of the returns of The water is conveyed from springs nearthe deputy clerks of the different markets. ly a mile and a half distant in wooden pipes.

No source of water in the vicinity being of

sufficient height to pass into the city by its Salt works have been recently established own gravity, it became necessary to have at Meadville, upon some newly discovered recourse to machinery. After running a. salt springs. The importation of salt into bout half a mile, therefore, this spring water the western counties of this state, from the enters a propelling engine, worked by a waOnondaga salt works has amounted to ter wheel, (turned by a stream from the $100,000 in a year.

Rocky Branch connected through wooden

trunks for about 600 yards,) which keeps in MARYLAND.

constant motion four forcing pumps that An elegant Church.-A large Unitarian, raise the water 110 feet into a tower about or first Independent Church lately erected in 600 yards distant, whence it descends by its Baltimore, under the superintendence of the own gravity to a reservoir in the state house celebrated architect Godefroy, will com- yard, (an elevated situation,) a distance of pare, it is said, with any public building in 1200 yards; from whence the other parts of the United States. One of the Baltimore the city are supplied. papers gives a full description of this superb These works, which have been construct. edifice, of which our readers will be able to ed under the direction of that ingenious meform some idea from the following repre. chanic Mr. Jacob Lasm, (formerly of Bethasentation of the pulpit:

ny, but now of this city,) do credit both to “ The pulpit is in imitation of the antique the artist and to the citizens who have Rostrum; it rests upon a double square effected such desirable objects. as they not base, the first of verd antique marble of only evince considerable mechanical skill, Connecticut, the second of white Italian but a determination in the inhabitants of marble ; the latter is decorated on its front Raleigh to spare no expense or exertions to with a bronze ornament, imitated from the render the city not only a pleasant and antique. The body of the pulpit, which is healthy, but a safe and comfortable resisemi-circular, is made of bird's eye marble. dence. It is ascended by eight steps on each side, enclosed by a ballustrade of an imposing style, the base of which is of the same verd From the Milledgrille Journal, Sept. 15. antique marble. On the landing places on Sharp Shooting.--A shooting match beeach side are to be armed chairs in the Gre- tween a party of gentlemen from Baldwin, cian style, ornamented with bronze, for the and another from Jones, with rifles, 100 accommodation of visiting ministers.” yards, three on a side, for $1500, com.

The organ is described representing a co- merced near this place on Thursday last, lossal antique lyre, the large pipes imitating and continued, with various success till late the strings; two Egyptian columns enclose on Saturday evening. The latter beat evethe whole, the pipes forming their shafts. ry match-one with ease, the other two

VOL. IV. -No. 1.



were closely contested. About 350 balls Prices current, at Vevay, Sept. 8—two were fired during the three rubs, (best 31 in years old wine, 75 cents per bottle, one year 60) four out of five of wbich we are inform- old, $1 25 per gallon, new do. $1. ed, struck a circle of three inches in diame- An Indiana paper under date of September terseach shot would have killed a man, 15, states that the vine-dressers have a prosand many were in half an inch of the centre pect of an abundant vintage this season; of the target. Well may our enemies dread their vineyards present a most beautiful apAmerican riflemen--as sharp shooters they pearance. are unrivalled.




The site of Fort Claiborne was scarcely Missouri Lands. The first sale of public known to the white people till the late In- land in the Missouri territory, which comdian war; it is on the banks of the Alabama, menced on the first Monday of August last, about 60 miles above Fort Stoddart. Two was closed after three weeks. Of two ranyears ago there was but a single hut on this ges containing about 700,000 acres, beginplace, on which a town now stands com- ning about forty miles west of St. Louis, and puted to contain 2700 inhabitants.

extending from the Missouri to the mouth of The whole amount of the sales of land in Salt river, running through part of St Charles Alabama, at the late offering of them, it is county, only 35,000 acres were sold; the stated will exceed three millions of dollars

. general price was a little over two dollars It is stated that they have generally been per acre, though part of the tract brought purchased for immediate settlement and cul- four, five and six dollars, and a few quarter tivation. “ Cotton farms” usually sold from sections nine and ten. Many tracts of hick40 to 100 dollars per acre.

ory land were offered at two dollars, which nobody would take. In addition to the land

already offered for sale in the Missouri terriList of Steam-Boats trading to New-Orleans. tory the survey of two millions of acres


more bave been completed, which will be Vesuvius 590 Vesta

203 sold from time to time. Ætna 360 Gen. Jackson 142

St. Louis, September 4.-On Sunday, the Orleans

324 | Cincinnati 157 30th ult. a battalion of the rifle regiment, Washington 403 | Ohio

364 300 strong, embarked at Belle Fontaine to Harriet

154 Louisiannais 102 ascend the Missouri river to the mouth of Buffalo 249 Napoleon 315

the Yellow Stoue. The expedition Kentucky 112 George Madison 138

manded by Lieut. Col. Talbot Chambers. Constitution 112 Franklin

The Captains Martin, Magee and Riley; the Gov. Shelby 106

Lieutenants Shade, Clark, Kavenaugh, Total number of tons

3642 Fields and Francis Smith, to go out with Eagle, lately arrived-Pike, sunkJames their respective companies. It is intended Monroe, sunk, now repairing.

that the expedition shall encamp during the winter above the mouth of the Kanset; and

continuing its voyage in the spring shall In this state, which a few years ago was reach its point of destination in the course an empty wilderness, at the late congres- of the next summer. sional election were polled 12,000 votes.







expected from gradations of civilized and N our number for September last, we savage science employed on the several

published an account of a Roman coin defences. which was lately found at Fayetteville in To the best of my recollection, (for my Tennessee. The following statement on documents are not at this moment accessithis subject is taken from the “ Virginia ble) Ferdinand De Soto extended his expePatriot.”

dition into that conntry in 1543-4, of which MR. EDITOR,

there were two journals kept in his army ; In the Virginia Patriot of the Ist inst. you one by a private dragoon, and the other of notice under date of the 7th of July last, a high standing in his own suite militaire. Roman coin found in 'Tennessee, and hence The latter, on their return to Spain, was and erroneous conclusion might be drawn, presented to the Duke d’Alva; and I underthat the Romans were in this country, and stood, when in Madrid in 1796-7 (tbirty constructed the fortifications throughout its years after I had ranged some of those counwestern parts; as various in their forms, tries) was still in preservation there. Of the principles and calculated effects as might be map of that expedition I have a copy; bat before I had obtained that copy, or a know- still existed ; and I have seen many killed ledge of that map and its relative journals, between there and the Appalachia mounI had completed a map of my own com- tains. piling, on a larger scale; one which I have There can certainly be nothing extraor: no reason yet to doubt, which satisfied my dinary when we advert to the Romans scrutinies, and which I have found corro- having over-run Spain, or to the intercourse borated by my personal investigation of our between Rome and the higher Spaniards country in part; and by an evident and which still daily exist, that a Spanish officer, honourable coincidence in truths, agreeing on duty there, through the whole winter of with the results of my several inquiries. 1544, should drop a Roman coin, in a work

The Spanish government permitted, as I where he remained on duty ; but I am more understood in Madrid, fifteen copies only of conclusive ; I have no hesitation in prothis important and accurate journal to be nouncing this relic to have been conveyed printed for its own purposes-and one of thither by De Soto's army. these getting into the hands of the British I have no doubt that all the other preministry, was permitted to reach the English cious relics belonged to his command. language, on similar conditions and views. I have many reasons for being tolerably It was from one of those impressions, in the positive, that the Rock-house station on library of my friend, Dr. Benjamin Smith Duck river was the farthest northern point Barton, of Philadelphia, that I made many of expedition. conclusive camparisons, and derived much I am desirous to save my country from information.

hasty conclusions and ignorant decisions. Gen. de Soto landed in East Florida, I know somewhat of Europe, personally marched to the present Chickesaw country, much of Spain, but more of America. then a fortified place, having emigrated from When the health and strength of a man L'Escalia in consequence of cruelties and advanced in years, and in a sick room, will injustice practised against them by Cortez, permit, I shall endeavour to throw new after they had helped him in the reduction of lights on our more northern fortifications. Mexico and Montezuma. Notwithstanding,

A Soldier of 1775--yes, 1764. the aspect (and I believe the heart) of De Soto was so far above that of Cortez, that the Chickesaws permitted them to enter

SENECA INDIANS. their fort, and stable their cavalry in their empty barracks. In the course of that night, Extract of a talk of the Six Nations to the however, or shortly after, the soldiers found

President of the United States, sent by mail, a pretext to quarrel with the natives ; they

January 4, 1818, to the Sccretary of War, fought bravely on both sides, but through

for him to communicate to the President. this treachery the place was burnt, with the loss of many lives and horses..

Brother It is the desire of the Six Na. De Soto remained in possession, did all tions, assembled at their council fire, in their in bis power to conciliate the Indians, and village near Buffalo, that you would be detached farther north such troops as he pleased to lay the following talk before our could spare. The left of them, no doubt father, the President of the United States. under Indian guides, which that great gene- Father From the fatherly care the Preral could not have neglected to secure in his sidents of the United States have exercised interest, made for the head of the Mus. towards their red children, we speak to our cle Shoals, crossed the river, and fortified father in confidence, believing he will not ten acres of ground on the north bank of turn away his ears from his red children. the Tennessee, below the mouth of Chowa- Having no agent through whom we might hala, or Elk river, into which Salole or speak, we are persuaded that our father will Sqnirrel river falls on the east.

not be displeased that we speak directly to The centre line was left as a rear guard, him, as it were, face to face. and fortified themselves on the south bank Father-We need not tell you that we are of the Tennessee, below Penshee, and a a poor, ignorant people, unacquainted with river, till all was safe.

the great affairs and wise management of The right division took the Creek war our enlightened white brothers.

We are path, which leads from the Creek country to distressed and alarmed--we have no where the place where Nashville now stands; to look but to our father, whom, we trust, passing the bead branches of Elk river, will bear with his children, should their fears the upper forks of Duck river at the mouth appear to him to be groundless. of Rock-house river, (where De Soto's ad- Father We are alarmed lest we lose our vance wintered (dropping their hogs (sequi- seats. Those men that say they have a right tiae signifying a hog) in the fine range of to purchase our lands, have been distressing what still retains the appellation of the So- us for a number of years, with their plans to quitiae barrens, comprehending the heads of possess our lands, offering us, in exchange, Duck river, Elk river, Crow and Sequehae land to the westward. We decidedly told creeks, a district of a hundred miles square, them that we did not wish to part with our where the Indians have told me, within lands, desiring they would be at no more these fifty years, many of the breed of hogs expense in visiting us on this errand--if we


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