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THIS work originated in a desire, on the part of the Publishers, to supply what they considered a deflciency in the Literature addressed at the present time to the great body of the People. In the late efforts for the improvement of the popular mind, the removal of mere ignorance has been the chief object held in view : attention has been mainly given to what might be expected to impart technical knowledge; and in the cultivation of what is certainly but a branch of the intellectual powers, it has been thought that the great end was gained. It is not necessary here to present arguments establishing that there are faculties for cognising the beautiful in art, thought, and feeling, as well as for perceiving and enjoying the truths of physical science and of fact. Nor is it needful to show how elegant and reflective literature, especially, tends to moralise, to soften, and to adorn the soul and life of man. Assuming this as granted, we were anxious to take the aid of the press-or rather of the Printing Machine, for by it alone could the object be accomplished—to bring the belles lettres into the list of those agencies which are now operating for the mental advancement of the middle and humbler portions of society.
It appeared that, for a first effort, nothing could be more suitable than a systematised series of extracts from our national authors ; "a concentration"-to quote the language of the prospectus—“of the best productions of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to the present times, in the various departments headed by Chaucer, Shakspeare, Milton-by More, Bacon, Locke-by Hooker, Taylor, Barrowby Addison, Johnson, Goldsmith-by Hume, Robertson, Gibbon-set in a biographical and critical history of the literature itself.” By this a double end might, it seemed, be served ; as the idea of the work in. cluded the embodiment of a distinct and valuable portion of knowledge, as well as that mass of polite literature which was looked to for the effect above described. In the knowledge of what has been done by English literary genius in all ages, it cannot be doubted that we have a branch of the national history, not only in itself important, as well as interesting, but which reflects a light upon other departments of history-for is not the Elizabethan Drama, for example, an exponent, to some extent, of the state of the national mind at the time, and is it not equally one of the influences which may be presumed to have modified that mind in the age which followed ? Nor is it to be overlooked, how important an end is to be attained by training the entire people to venerate the thoughtful and eloquent of past and present times. These gifted beings may be said to have endeared our language and institutions-our national character, and the very scenery and artificial objects which mark our soil—to all who are acquainted with, and can appreciate their writings. A regard for our national authors enters into and forms part of the most sacred feelings of every educated man, and it would not be easy to estimate in what degree it is to this sentiment that we are indebted for all of good and great that centres in the name of England. Assuredly, in our common reverence for a Shakspeare, a Milton, a Scott, we have a social and uniting sentiment, which not only contains in itself part of our happiness as a people, but much that counteracts influences that tend to set us in division.
A more special utility is contemplated for this work, in its serving to introduce the young to the Pantheon of English authors. The “ Elegant Extracts” of Dr Knox, after long enjoying popularity as a selection of polite literature for youths between school and college, has of late years sunk out of notice, in consequence of a change in public taste. It was almost exclusively devoted to the rhetorical literature, elegant but artificial, which flourished during the earlier half of the eighteenth century, overlooking even the great names of Chaucer and Spenser, as well as nearly the whole range of rich, though not faultless productions extending between the times of Shakspeare and Dryden. The time seemed to have come for a substitute work, in which at once the revived taste for our early literature should be gratified, and due attention be given to the authors who have lived since the time of Knox. Such a work it has been the humble aim of the editor to produce in that which is now laid before the public.
He takes this opportunity of acknowledging that very important assistance has been rendered throughout the Cyclopædia of English Literature, and particularly in the poetical department, by Mr Robert Carruthers of Inverness.
Autograph of Sir Philip Sidney, . 232 View of St Lawrence Church,
Chair of Bede, ·
Portrait of Richard looker, - 235 Portrait of Dr Robert South, . 441
Portrait of Lord Bacon, .
View of Islip Church, .
Portrait of Chaucer, .
Autograph of Bacon, .
Portrait of Richard Baxter, .
Chaucer's Tomb, . .
Monument of Bacon, - . 241 View of Ury House,
Tabard Inn, Southwark,
Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh, 244 Portrait of John Bunyan,
Portrait of Gower,
| Autograph of Raleigh,
244 View of the Birthplace of Bunyan, 467
Cathedral of Aberdeen,
View of Ilayes Farm, the Birthplace Portrait of Lord Clarendon, . 475
View of Lochleven,
of Raleigh, . . . 244 View of Dunkirk House, the London
Portrait of Wickliffe, •
Stow's Monument in the church of
residence of Lord Clarendon,
Chair of Wickliffe,
St Andrew under Shaft, London, 249 | Portrait of Gilbert Burnet,
Illumination-Early Printing-Office, 36 Portrait of James Howell, . 255 Portrait of Sir William Temple, 501
Portrait of James I. of Scotland, .
Autograph of Ilowell,
256 Portrait of John Locke,
View of Dunkeld Cathedral, .
Portrait of William Camden, .
Autograph of Locke,
Portrait of Howard, Earl of Surrey, Autograph of Camden, .
View of the Birthplace of Locke, 509
Portrait of Sir David Lyndsay,
Portrait of Thomas May,
264 Seal of Locke, .
Portrait of William Caxton, .
Portrait of Thomas Hobbes,
266 | Portrait of the Ilonourable Robert
Portrait of Sir Thomas More,
Portrait of Robert Burton,
272 Boyle, . . . . 516
Autograph of Sir Thomas More,
Tomb of Burton, .
274 Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton, .
Bust of John Leland, .
Portrait of John Selden,
282 View of the Birthplace of Newton,
Portrait of Williamn Tyndale,
Autograph of Selden,
Portrait of Thomas Rymer, . 527
Portrait of Sir John Cheke, .
View of the House of Selden, - 283 | Portrait of Sir George Mackenzie,
Autograph of Roger Ascham,
Portrait of Archbishop Usher, - 285 Monument of Sir George Mackenzie,
Portrait of William Chillingworth, 285 Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, 530
by Sydney to Elizabeth, .
Portrait of Jeremy Taylor, - 200 | Mumination-Rape of the Lock, · 634
Portrait of Thomas Sackville,
Portrait of Sir Thomas Browne, 298 | Portrait of Matthew Prior,
Portrait of Edmund Spenser,
Portrait of John Knox, -
303 | Autograph of Prior, .
View of Kilcolman Castle,
View of the Birthplace of Knox, 3013 Portrait of Joseph Addison, .
Portrait of Michael Drayton,
Portrait of Archbishop Spottiswood, 306 Autograph of Addison, .
Portrait of Sir Henry Wotton, .
Illumination-Milton Dictating to
View of Addison's Walk, Magdalen
Monumental Effigy of Dr Donne, 110 his Daughter, .
312 College, Oxford, . . 541
View of Penshurst, . . 114 Portrait of Abraham Cowley,
312 View of llolland House, .
View of Norwich Cathedral,
116 Autograph of Cowley,
312 Portrait of Jonathan Swift, . 545
Portrait of Francis Beaumont, 119 View of the flouse of Cowley, - 13 Autograph of Swift,
Portrait of George Ilerbert,
131 View of the Poets' Corner, West-
View of the Tomb of Swift in Dub.
Bust of Robert Ilerrick, .
minster Abbey, .
323 lin Cathedral, . . 647
Autograph of Robert IIerrick, 139 Portrait of Edmund Waller, .
Portrait of Alexander Pope,
View of the Birthplace of Randolph, 145 View of Waller's Tomb, , . 326 Autograph of Pope. -
Portrait of Sir William Davenant, 146 Portrait of John Milton. . 328 | View of Pope's Villa, Twickenham.
View of Lethington Castle,
155 View of Ludlow Castle, .
Portrait of John Gay,
View of Logie Kirk, • . 156 | View of Milton's Cottage at Chal-
Autograph of Gay, .
View of Falkland Palace,
font, . . .
330 Portrait of Thomas Parnell,
View of the Ilouse of the Earl of Fac-simile of Milton's Second Re-
Autograph of Somerville,
Stirling, . . . . .
ceipt to Simmons, .
330 Urn erected by Shenstone to Somer-
Portrait of Drummond of Ilaw.
View of the Remains of Milton's
ville, - - - -
thornden, - -
Ilouse at Forest Hill, .
Portrait of Allan Ramsay,
View of Ilawthornden, the seat of Portrait of Andrew Marvell,
343 | Autograph of Ramsay,
Drummond, . . . Portrait of Samuel Butler,
345 View of Ramsay Lodge, .
Portrait of Buchanan,
View of Rose Street, London, in Portrait of Nicholas Rowe, .
Autograph of Buchanan, .
161 which Butler died,
3-46 Autograph and Seal of Vanbrugh, 597
View of Gray's Inn Ilall,
164 Portrait of John Dryden,
360 Mumination Steele Writing the
View of Globe Theatre, .
165 Autograph of John Dryden,
360 Tatler in a Coffee Room,
Bust of Shakspeare, • . 176 View of Burleigh House,
361 Portrait of Sir Richard Steele,
Autograph of Shakspeare, • . 176
176 Portrait of Thomas Otway,
View of Steelo's Ilouse at Llan-
View of the Birthplace of Shak-
Illumination--Preacher of the Se-
gunnor, . . . fo
speare, . . . . 177 venteenth Century, • - 396 Portrait of Daniel Defoe, . .
View of Charlecote House, . 178 Portrait of Algernon Sidney, . 405 | View of Stanton Harcourt, Oxford.
Goblet from the Boar's - Ilead
Portrait of Lady Rachel Russell,
• 190 Portrait of Thomas Fuller,
411 | Autograph of Lord Bolingbroke, - 646
Portrait of Ben Jonson,
View of Old St Bride's Church, 412 | Boling broke's Monument in Batter-
Autograph of Ben Jonson,
Portrait of Izaak Walton,
415 sea Church, . . . 647
View of Falcon Tavern,
193 View of Walton's House, • . 415 Portrait of Lady Mary Wortley
Portrait of Fletcher,
Portrait of John Evelyn, . 419 Montagu,
. . : 650
Portrait of Philip Massinger, .
View of the House of Evelyn,
420 | Portrait of the Earl of Shaftesbury, 655
Illumination-Raleigh writing in
Portrait of Sir Roger L'Estrange,
| View of Bentley's Seat, in Trinity
Prison, • .
Portrait of Dr Isaac Barrow, . 428 College Chapel,
Portrait of Sir Philip Sidney, 232 Portrait of Archbishop Tillotson, - 4 Portrait of Charles Leslie,
CONTENTS OF FIRST VOLUME.
FROM 1400 TO 1558. -
FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO 1400.
INTRODUCTION OF NORMAN FRENCH,
THE NORMAN POETS OF ENGLAND,
KING JAMES I. OF SCOTLAND,
COMMENCEMENT OF THE PRESENT FORM OF ENGLISH,
James I, a Prisoner in Windsor, first sees Lady Jane
SPECIMENS OF ANGLO-SAXON AND ENGLISH PREVIOUS
Beaufort, who afterwards was his Queen,
To 1300, .
5 John LYDGATE,
Extract from the Saxon Chronicle, 1154,
5 Description of a Sylvan Retreat,
Extract from the account of the Proceedings at Arthur's
The London Lyck penny,
Coronation, given by Layamon, in his translation of ROBERT II ENRY SON,
Wace, executed about 1180,
Dinner given by the Town Mouse to the Country M Iouse,
Extract from a Charter of Henry III., A. D. 1258, in the From the Moral, .
common language of the time, .
The Garment of Good Ladies,
THE RHYMING CHRONICLERS, .
WILLIAM DUN BAR,
The Muster for the First Crusade,
The Merle and Nightingale,
The Siege of Antioch, .
The Dance, .
The Interview of Vortigern with Rowen, the beautiful
Tidings fra the Session, .
Daughter of lengist,
Of Discretion in Giving and Taking,
Fabulous account of the first Highways in England,
GAVIN DOLGLAS, .
Praise of Good Women,
Apostrophe to Honour,
ENGLISH METRICAL ROMANCES, .
Morning in May,
Extract from the King of Tars,
JOHN SKELTON, .
Extract from the Squire of Low Degree, .
10 To Mistress Margaret Ilusscy,
IMMEDIATE PREDECESSORS OF CHAUCER, .
EARL OF SURREY,
What is in Ileaven, .
Prisoner in Windsor, he recounteth his Pleasure there
11 passed, . . . . . .
Extracts from Pierce Plowman, .
Description and Praise of his Love Geraldine,
GEOFFREY CHAUCER, .
How no age is content with his own estate, and how the
Select Characters from the Canterbury Pilgrimage,
age of children is the happiest, if they had skill to un-
Description of a Poor Country Widow,
18 derstand it,
The Death of Arcite,
The Means to attain IIappy Life
Departure of Custance,
SIR THOMAS WYATT,
The Pardoner's Tale,
The Lover's lute cannot be blamed, though it sing of his
The Good Parson, .
An Ironical Ballad on the Duplicity of Women,
The re-cured Lover exulteth in his Freedom, and voweth
Last Verses of Chaucer, written on his Deathbed,
to remain free until Death, .
That Pleasure is mixed with every Pain,
Episode of Rosiphele, .
The Courtier's Life,
The Envious Man and the Miser,
Of the Mean and Sure Estate,
25 Thomas TUSSER, . . . . .
Apostrophe to Freedom, .
Directions for Cultivating a IIop-Garden,
Death of Sir Henry De Bohun,
The Battle of Bannockburn,
Moral Reflections on the Wind,
ANDREW WYNTOUN, .
28 SIR DAVID LYNDSAY,
St Serf's Ram, .
A Carman's Account of a Law-suit, .
Interview of St Serf with Sathanas, .
Supplication in Contemption of Side Tails,
The Return of King David II. from Captivity, .
The Building of the Tower of Babel, and Confusion of
Blind HARRY, . . .
Tongues, . . . . .
· Adventure of Wallace while fishing in Irvine Water,
MISCELLANEOUS PIECES OF THE SECOND PERIOD,
Escape of Wallace from Perth,
A Praise of his (the Poet's) Lady, .
The Death of Wallaco,
Amantium Irå Amoris Redintegratio est. By Richard
Edwards. 1523-1566, .
PROSE WRITERS OF THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY,
Characteristic of an Englishman. By Andrew Bourd
BIR JOHN MANDEVILLE, . .
The Nut-Brown Maid,
A Mohamedan's Lecture on Christian Vices,
The Devil's Head in the Valley Perilous,
SIR JOHN FORTESCUE,
On Ricbes, .
What harm would come to England if the Commons
The Magnificat. . . . . .
36 thereof were Poor, . . . . ...
Legend of St Francis,
The Deposition of King Vortigern,
Jack Cade's Insurrection, . .
Scene in the Council-Room of the Protector Gloucester,
BIR THOMAS MORE,
Letter to Lady More,
Character of Richard IIL, .
The Utopian Idea of Pleasure,
JOHN FISCHER, .
Character and Habits of the Countess of Riohmond
Bir Thomas ELYOT, . .
Different kinds of Exercise, .
A Yeoman of Henry VII's time,
Hasty Judgment, .
Cause and Effect,
The Shepherds of Bethlehem,
The Invention of Printing,
The Death of Queen Anne Boleyn,
A notable Ilistory of William Hunter, a young man of
19 years of age, pursued to death by Justice Brown for
the Gospel's sake, worthy of all young men and parents
to be read,
John LELAND, .
King Ilenry's Visits to Wolsey's House,
LORD BERNERS, . .
Battle of Cressy, .
JOHN BELLENDEN, .
Part of the Story of Macbeth,
The New Maneris and the Auld, of Scottis,
Extract from the Complaynt of Scotland,
Death of Lord Cobham,
MILES COVERDALE, .
Passage from Tyndale's Version of the Bible,
Passage from Coverdale's Version,
Sir JOHN CHEKE, . .
Remonstrance with Levellers,
THOMAS WILSON, .
Simplicity of Style Recommended,
Moral Aim of Poetry,
ROGER ASCHAM, .
Study should be relieved by Amusement,
The Blowing of the Wind, .
Occupations should be chosen suitable to the Natural
Faculties, . . . . . . 77
Detached Observations from the Schoolmaster,
Qualifications of a Historian,
CHRISTOPHER MARLOW-Joshua SYLVESTER-RICHARD
BARNFIELD, . . . . .
The Passionate Shepherd to his Love,
The Nymph's Reply to the Passionate Shepherd-Raleigh, 84
The Soul's Errand,
Address to the Nightingale, .
EDMUND SPENSER, .
Una and the Redcross Knight,
Adventure of Una with the Lion,
The Bower of Bliss, . ..
The Squire and the Dove,
Wedding of the Medway and the Thames, .
The House of Sleep, .
Description of Belphabe,
Fable of the Oak and the Briar, .
From the Epithalamion,
The Image of Death, .
h, • . . .
Times go by Turns,
Love's Servile Lot,
Scorn not the Least,
From the Epistle to the Countess of Cumberland,
Richard II, the Morning before his Murder in Pomfret
Selections from Daniel's Sonnets,
MICHAEL DRAYTON, . .
Morning in Warwickshire-Description of a Stag-Hunt,
Part of the Twenty-Eighth Song of the Polyolbion,
David and Goliah,
Edward FAIRFAX, . .
Description of Armida and her Enchanted Girdle, . 103
Rinaldo at Mount Olivet and the Enchanted Wood, 103
SIR JOHN HIARRINGTON,
Of Treason, .
Against Writers that carp at other Men's Books,
Of a Precise Tailor,
SIR HENRY WOTTON, .
To his Mistress, the Queen of Bohemia, .
A Farewell to the Vanities of the World,
The Character of a Happy Life, .
SHAKSPEARE, . . . . .
The Horse of Adonis,
Venus's Prophecy after the Death of Adonis,
Selections from Shakspeare's Sonnets,
Selections from Shakspeare's Songs, .
SIR JOHN DAVIES, .
The Dancing of the Air,
Reasons for the Soul's Immortality,
The Dignity of Man, .
Address to Bishop Valentine, on the Day of the Marriage
of the Elector Palatine to the Princess Elizabeth,
The Will, .
A Character from Donne's Satires, .
Selections from Hall's Satires,
The Sweet Neglect,
Hymn to Diana,
To Night, .
Song-(Oh do not wanton with those
To Celia, . •
Her Triumph, .
Good Life, Long Life, .
Epitaph on the Countess of Pembroke,
Epitaph on Elizabeth, L. H.,
On my First Daughter,
To the Memory of my Beloved Master, William Shak-
The Votaress of Diana,
speare, and what he hath left us,
115 | WILLIAM CARTWRIGHT,
On the Portrait of Shakspeare,
115 To a Lady Veiled,
116 A Valediction,
To Vincent Corbet, his Son,
116 To Chloe,
Journey to France, .
116 The Dream,
Farewell to the Fairies, .
117 Love inconcealable,
SIR JOHN BEAUMONT-DR HENRY Kino,
117 To Cupid, .
On my dear Son, Gervase Beaumont, .
118 ROBERT HERRICK,
Song-(Dry those fair, those crystal eyes),
Sio Vita, . .
To Daffodils, .
The Kiss--a Dialogue,
118 To the Virgins, to make much of their Timo,
Letter to Ben Jonson,
119 Twelfth Night, or King and Queen,
On the Tombs in Westminster,
119 The Country Life,
An Epitaph, . . .
120 Upon Julia's Recovery,
Song - Ask me no more where Jove bestows).
120 The Bag of the Bee,
The Compliment, .
120 Upon a Child that Died,
Song-Would you know what's soft ?
120 Epitaph upon a Child,
A Pastoral Dialogue,
A Thanksgiving for his House,
Song-(Give me more love, or more disdain),
To Primroses, filled with Morning
Persuasions to Love,
Delight in Disorder, .
Disdain Returned, .
To find God,
Approach of Spring,
Cherry Ripe, .
PHINEAS AND GILES FLETCHER,
To Corinna, to go a Maying,
Happiness of the Shepherd's Life,
RICHARD LOVELACE, .
Decay of Human Greatness, .
Song—(Why should you swear I am forsword
Description of Parthenia, or Chastity,
The Rose, . . .
The Rainbow, . . .
Song-(Amarantha, sweet and fair),
The Sorceress of Vain Delight,
To Lucasta, on going to the Wars,
To Althea, from Prison,
The Companionship of the Muse,
125 THOMAS RANDOLPH, .
Sonnet upon a Stolen Kiss,
126 To my Picture, .
The Steadfast Shepherd, ..
126 To a Lady admiring herself in a Looking-Glass,
Madrigal-Amaryllis I did woo),
127 SIR WILLIAM DAVENANT, .
Christmas, . .
127 To the Queen, .
128 Song-The lark now leaves his watery nest),
A Descriptive Sketch,
128 Description of the Virgin Birtha,
128 JOHN CLEVELAND, .
On Phillis, Walking before Sunrise,
JAMES SHIRLEY, .
The Syren's Song, .
Death's Final Conquest,
1 Upon his Mistress Sad,
Echo and Narcissus,
The Shortness of Life,
Mors Tua, .
Music's Duel, .
The Vanity of the World,
Temperance, or the Cheap Physician,
Delight in God only,
130 Ilyinn to the Name of Jesus,
Decay of Life, .
130 SIR RICHARD FANSHAWE,
131 LA Rose,
131 A Rich Fool,
132 Song-The Saint's Encouragement,
LADY ELIZABETH CAREW,
Matin llymn, .
Revenge of Injuries,
133 ALEXANDER Scot, .
Epistle to a Friend, .
133 Rondel of Love,
Description of Castara,
134 To his Heart,
SIR JOHN SUCKLING, .
134 Sir RICHARD MAITLAND,
Song-("Tis now, since I sat down before),
135 Satire on the Town Ladies,
A Ballad upon a Wedding,
Constancy, . . . . .
ALEXANDER HUME, .
Song-(I prithee send me back my heart),
KING JAMES VI.,
Song-(Why so pale and wan, fond lover ?)
Ane Schort Poeme of Tyme,
The Careless Lover, . .
136 EARL OF ANCRUM-EARL OF STIRLING,
Song-(Hast thou seen the down in the air
136 Sonnet in Praise of a Solitary Life,
136 WILLIAM DRUMMOND, .
137 The River of Forth Feasting,
The Witch's Cave, .
137 Epitaph on Prince Henry,
The Priestess of Diana,
138 To his Luto,