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* PERCA 2. Major fubargentea maculata, pinnis nigrantibus. • 'The Paracuta, and Paracute of Cat. ii. (t. 1. < These two Fishes are so like each other, that it is niecessary to be well acquainted with the different appearances of both, to be able to distinguish the one from the other with any certainty. The first feldom exceeds seventeen inches in length, but the other frequently grows to be three feet and a half, or better. The head is of an oblong conic form, bony; and pretty sharp at the point; but the lower jaw is somewhat longer than the upper: the mouth or rietus is very large; the jaws in proportion to the head, and well furnished with
teeth, of an oblong lanceolated form, whereof the two fore“most pierce through so many sockets formed in the tip of the 'upper jaw, while the others lodge on either fide of the opposite teeth. The tongue is of an oblong figure, rough,
and denticulated; and the branchiostegeous membrane fuf.tained by feven offacles. The aperture of the gills is very
wide; the eyes large, the iris of a silver white; the body 'long and tapering, pretty tumid, and fightly covered with small scales. The pectoral fins are of an oblong make, and
placed near the bronchial apertures; but the yentrals are ! more remote. The dorsal hos are two in number, the fore
most of which is sustained by five pointed radil, and situated in the fore-part of the back; but the other is placed oppo. site to the anal, which it relembles very much, both being
nearly of the fame size, and of a triangular figure. The <tail is forked; and the lateral line stretched almost in a di6 rect line from the upper part of the bronchial aperture, or
opening of the gills, to the middle of the tail. They are files of prey, and seldom spare any thing that comes in their way; but the last species is very ravenous, and being
much larger than the other, is more remarkable for its dar* ing attempts. They are both firm and palatable fishes, and
much esteemed by many people. But it may not be amiss to observe, for the information of stranges, that however palatable these fish are, many difagreeable consequences attend the eating some of them, particularly the larger species ; such as violent vomitings and purgings, pains in the extremities, and sometimes a general itching eruption on the skin; many of them, indeed, are perfectly wholesome and pleasant; but tho' the cooks use several methods to distinguish such as are called poisonous *, yet they are sometisnes deceived. The
* The common experiment is, to put a filver spoon, or a dollar, into the kettle with the fish, and if the filver is not discoloured, the fith is esteemed good.
more secure way of dressing, is to caveac them; ti. e. cut in flices, and fried in oil, and afterwards puti: into a pickle of spiced vinegar.
bor2010 The third chapter iş employed in describing Reptiles : these are divided under Şerpents, Lizards, Tortuise, and Frogs. We fhall select the true
CHAMÆLION 1. Major cinereus, cauda in spiram invo... lutá, pedibus pentadaEtylis unguiculatis, digitis duobus
tribusque coadnatis et oppofitis. « "The large grey Chamælion.abst
I have taken the liberty of describing this creature under ? its ancient appellation, having separated it from the Lizard ? kind, on account of the peculiar form of the head, and dir• pofition of the toes; which, with some other remarkable para * ticularities, both in its mechanism and genus, distinguish it
fufficiently from the rest of the tribe.
little fufpected at a distance; and when it comes within 4 • certain fpace of the object, it stretches out its tail, poises its
body, and fixes itself fo as to meet but seldom with a disappointment in its attack : when all is ready, it uncoils its long, lender muscular tongue, and darts it, as it 'were, with such' unconceivable swiftness, that it hardly ever fails of its prey. But though the flowness of its motion alone would naturally prevent any fufpicion in those agile little bodies, while it keeps at a distance, it adds another piece of mechanism to the former, and changes its colour constantly with its station, putting on the same hue and complexion with every sprig or branch, &c. on which it fixes itselfi"
Among the feathered tribe, to which the fourth chapter is devoted, few are more curious than the Polytmi; four forts of these are mentioned.
2673871"} * POLYTMUS 1. Major nigrans "aureo variè splendens,
pinnis longifimiss09? 7 • The long-tailed, black-cap'd Humming bird of Edw, ţi
34. & Sl. t. 264. noun nimi • POLYTMUS 2. Medius nigrans aureo Subsplendens, pinnis
uropigii deftitutus, caudâ fubtus fubcracea.
POLYTMUS 3. Viridans qurce variè splendens, pinnis bi-
POLYTMUS 4. Minimus variegatus. • The little Humming.bird of Edw. t. ult. 4 All the birds of this kind are easily distinguished by their
very delicate make, various glofly colours, small size, long • flender arched bills, very short legs and thighs, and wilt
easy flight. They live chiefly upon the nectar of Aowers, which they fap upon the wing, and pass from one blossom or i tree to another, with inconceivable agility. They are na
turally very gentle ; but when they nestle they grow fierce, and are frequently observed to chace the largest birds that
come near their haunts, with great fury; and this they can 'do the more readily, as their fight, which is extremely quick,
enables them to attack their adversary in every part of the ?body, and continue an equal progreslive motion also: but
they generally attack the eyes, and other tender parts, and
by that means put the others in great confusion, while they 4 endeavour to make off. The motion of these little birds is extremely nimble, Aying frequently backwards and fora wards, to and fro, in an instant; and that, often, with
their bodies in a perpendicular position, but as they return • from these chacing combats, their fight is so fwist that you carinot obferve themy nor know what course they take; but
by the rushing noise they make as they cut through the air. 1. They make their little nests chiefly of cotton, or the down of some other plants, intermixed with a few hairs, and a little fine mofs; and faften them generally to some small
branch of an orange or lemon tree, where they are well coe vered by the foliage and larger branches.' Yi Quadrupedes are the subject of the fifth chapter, in which the most extracrdinary thing is, that our Author should rank
the human species among this class of animals, under the title of Anthropomorphites.
Having gone thro' the two first parts of our Author's work, we naturally expected the third, as it is promised in the title, and expressly distinguished in his preface. There are comnionly the last printed ; and if it was not intended to give this part, why was it mentioned? The Doctor, by way of apology, tells us at the end of this volume, that he would willingly have
added the three differtations ;--but as [his work] has already (welled to the bulk he designed, and that the feason of the year is too far advanced to finish the whole this year, he
determined to publish the Civil and Natural History alone; « leaving those, with another on Worm-fevers, &c. which
will make a small volume in 8vo. to be printed the ensuing « season.'-But is this keeping his word with his subscribers! pay, is not every one who buys this book, upon the credit of its title-page, deceived in his purchase? In short, what would have been highly culpable in a jobbing bookseller, is more inexcusable in a scholar, and a gentleman..!!..
We shall here take leave of Dr. Brown; without troubling our Readers with observations on the inaccuracies of his style ; or attempting to be witty upon his Irishisms. We have given pretty large extracts, and his defects will be fufficiently obvi. ous to an intelligent Reader.
Continuation of Voyage d'Egypte et de Nubie, par Monfieur
F. L. NORDEN.
TAVING, in our last, given an account of what this
Author has said concerning the pyramids and obelisks in Egypt, we return to his description of Old Alexandria.
The wall, with the towers that surround it, are in a very ruinous condition. The towers are not all of the fame fize or form; some are round, others square. The wall likewise, is higher and thicker in some places, than in others; in general about thirty or forty feet high, and twenty thick: the whole is very maslive. The pillars have not fuch capitals as would induce one to believe them the work of the age of Alexander, The wall does not seem to have inclosed fo large a space as, according to all accounts, the old city muft have covered; and the whole appears fo much in the taste of the Saracens, that our Author cannot think of any other people for the architects. The bodies of the pillars were, without doubt, taken from the ruins of Alexandria, probably from Cleopatra's palace;
but then it must be owned that Barbarians only could apply them to the purposes they were made to serve in these build ings, viz. to support the inside of the towers belonging to the wall that inclosed the city.
Within the walls are seen nothing but ruins, except a very few mosques, churches, gardens, and come cisterns which last are kept in tolerable sepair, to fupply the city with watet. Near Cleopatra's obelisk may be seen the churches of St. Mark and St. Catherine, in which fervice is performed by Gopts and Greeks. They have "nothing to recommend them but their names ; and are so gloomy, dirty, and full of lampsi
, that they rather resemble the temples of fome demon, than the house of God. There is nothing that deserves -notide in St. Mark's, but an old wooden chairs in which that Evangelift is said to have fat. In the other church, St. Catherine's, is fhewn, with great veneration, a bit of the pillar upon which, it is pretended, that Saint was beheaded ; and they lay, that some red spots which appear on it, were drops of her blood. Not far from this church is a hill raised from the ruins of the city, and called St. Catherine's mount; there is also another of the same fort and fize. They have both been fo often turned over, as to appear like a heap of duft; and-nothing more is now found, except, when washed by the rain, some antique seats, cameos, and other little curiosities: for the Saracens, like the Goths and Vandals at Rome, picked out the gems 'from the rings, and flung them away, that they might have the gold by itself. Our Author says he saw a great many of these stones, but none that were well cut.
Before we take our leave of the city, we must obferve, that there are some pillars of granite, without capitals, larger at the base than at the top, and one third hidden under ground. They stand in the way that leads to Rosetta," and may have formed a colonnade, or portico, for shelter, before the houses. Having passed the gate of Rosetta, you come to that stately monument called Pompey's pillar. It is the greatest and most magnificent column the Corinthian Order has produced. The thaft is one entire piece of granite, the capital is likewise one piece of marble, and the pedestal a greyifh ftone, not unlike Hint. Our Author refers bis Readers to the plate he has given of this pillar, for its dimensions; but they are omitted. The foundation on which this noble column, and its pedestal, ate Supported, has been damaged by an Arabian, who fufpe&ting that a treasure had been buried under it, attempted to blow up the whole; but being a bad engineer, failed in his defign, and paly drove out four itones, making a void space of about three