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pox, not only of his fight, but his eyes also, for they came
away in abscess. A sense so little enjoyed,' adds Mr. Colfon, was foon forgot; he retained no more idea of light 66 and colours, than if he had been born blind.”
From a person thus unfortunately deprived of that sense which seems absolutely necessary in acquiring mathematical learning, it must surely have appeared absurd to expect any great proficiency in that branch of science. But this instance should teach us not to look upon every thing above our comprehenficn as imposible; and restrain us from peremptorily charging authors of credit with relating falsehoods, merely because some things may excel, what we may vainly think, the bounds of human perspicacity. For Mr. Saunderson, in mathematical learning, was equal to any of his time, and in the address of a teacher, perhaps, fuperior to all.
Whatever pieces, therefore, the world may be favoured with from so excellent a master, cannot fail of meeting with a kind reception; and the work before us, tho' far from being a complete fystem of the Fluxionary Calculus, will prove of the utmost advantage to students in this branch of science. That perspicuity; that simple analysis and elegant construction, for which Dr. Saunderson was so very remarkable, and fo jusly celebrated, appear through this whole treatise. The confumate matter, and finished teacher, are here fully displayed, in a judicious choice of examples, and the conspicuous method of solving and applying them.
" What the Doctor has given us (says the Editor very justly) “ upon Mr. Cotes’s Logonetria, is particularly valu« able; as, by his intimate acquaintance with that extraor“ dinary person, he may be presumed to have understood his “: writings better than any one at that time living, Dr. Smith “ only excepted, to whose superior genius, and faithful care, " the world is fo much indebted for the improvement, as well " as the preservation of Mr. Cotes's works."
But we are much mistaken if the latter part of this treatise, we mean his explanation of the chief Propositions of Sir Isaac Newton's Principia, does not prove as valuable as what he has given us on the writings of Mr.Cotes. Every person who has attempted the arduous study of Sir Isaac's Principia, must be sufficiently acquainted with the difficulties of fully comprehending the demonftrations in that illuftrious author. Dr. Saunderson has removed many of these difficulties, and thereby rendered the study of the Principia much pleasanter, and easier, than it was before,
We have already observed, that this treatise is not a complete fyftem of the Fluxionary Calculus; its readers must, therefore, be previously acquainted with the elementary parts of Fluxions, or affisted, viva voce, by a master. With either of these helps, he will find it one of the most useful treatises that has hitherto appeared on the subject.
St. Peter's Christian Apology, as set forth in a Sermon on
1 Pet. iii. 15, 16. lately published at the request of the ViceChancellor of the University of Oxford, and other Heads of Houses. By Thomas Patten, D. D. &c. further illustrated and maintained against the Objections of the Rev. Mr. Ralph Heathcote, * Preacher- Asistant at Lincoln’s-Inn. '. By the Author of the Sermon. 8vo. Is. 6d. Rivington,
FTER employing several pages to shew that St. Peter
does not mean by Mogos, reason, this Apologist concludes his observations upon the text, by saying, that anyos • ΠΕΡΙ της ελπιδος can only fignify a Difcourfe cONCERN
ING hope; a reason concerning hope being an expression ' which no sense or language can admit:' P. 16. But what sort of discourse is that which has no Reason in it? and if it mean a reasonable discourse concerning hope, where is the difference between this and the common interpretation ?
What this Author principally labours to prove may be seen p. 22, 23. where he says, the Christian religion, so far as - it is recommendable to the UNDERSTANDING,—standeth
upon the foundation of miracles wrought, and prophecies ' fulfilled; which, when plainly alledged upon the warrant
of the histories of the Old and New Testament, do demand an implicit aflent to the doctrines they are adduced to con
firm for divine, and do altogether supercede all abstract spe• culations, all reasonings à priori, concerning fitness, pro• bability, grounds and reasons, or concerning the corres
pondence of the doctrines with common notions, or the
principles of a supposed natural religion.? What strange work may not be made in the interpretation of fcripture upon these no principles of no reason? What is there to hinder men from applying human passions and properties to the Deity, or what right have they to interpret any literal passages to a
• See Review for July last, page 78.
figurative sense? Why may they not believe the bread in the facrament to be the body and blood of Christ, with the Papitts, as to afert, with some Protestants, that the body is preient only in a spiritual sense? We say with some Protestants, because there are among them who believe the bread to become che with the body of Christ, in the same sense that the word var made Hesh, which they call Consubftantiation. And how
werson to settle this, and many other articles of faith dr.actice, without Reason, where Christians, who all
5d to be determined by what is written, vary from one clother as wide as is poflible ; and one sect damns all the rest for not believing as they do? Must there be no Reasoning
concerning the correspondence of doctrines with common 6 notions ? Must we believe all the doctrines of the church of Rome, or as many of them as are believed by the followers of Jansenius, if we cannot confute the miracles of the Abbé Paris? Curcellæus believed that the Deity had some peculiar redence in heaven above, which he was fadly puzzled to reconcile with the omnipresence of God, because of the frequent occurrence of the phrase, in heaven. * Many worse ere rors than this may be committed if men will so adhere to what is written, as not to regard natural notions, or natural religion, or reason, when they attempt to explain Revelation.
Page 29, are censured, the dregs of bold Socinus--yet this man, and his followers, were famous for adhering to what was written, and for objecting to such terms as Trinity, Satisfaction, Ellence, Trinunity, &c. because they are not written, and it will
be extremely difficult for this gentleman to justify himself in the use of these words upon his plan of Christianity,
: If a revelation treateth of a triune subfiftence, &c. Is this, or the other expression that follows it, of eternal proceeding, &c. written in the book of life? But what this gentleman takes to be written, may be easily guessed by the following passage, p. 61, where he says, he would readily subscribe to a Popish Bishop affirming the truth of the Apoftolic, Nicene, and Athanafian Creeds:
See page 34.
* Non probatur nobis quod nonnulli audacter afferunt, Deum fic immensum effe ut totus puncti inftar in omnibus rebus essentialiter fit. Ifta enim opinio ægre admodum cum scriptura conciliari potest, quæ paflim docet Deum esse in cælis : fic Psal. xi. 4. học defcribitur elogio, babitans in cælis, et Psal. cxv. 3. Certe Deus non Joer est in cælis; et Chriftus ipse in Orationis formulâ, quam nobis reliquit, ita jubet nos eum compellare, Pater nofter qui es in cælis, Relig. Chrift. Inftitet. p. 46, 47,
We fhall have done with this writer when we have told him, that the charge which he has revived against Bishop Rundle *, was an infamous and notorious calumny, and has long since been proved so. See the several pamphlets wrote on that occasion,
* Certain it is,' says Dr. Patten, p. 65, ' that this procedure of Abraham's (with regard to the facrificing his fon) was so shocking to a late reasoning Divine of great hopes, who afterwards went into Ireland, that he scrupled not to say, " if he had been
a Justice of Peace in the parish where Abraham lived, he would "S have
him in the stocks.”
Voyage d'Egypte et de Nubie, par M. F. L. Norden. Premiere
partie contenant la description de l'ancienne Aléxandrie. Folio, printed at Copenhagen. THE great antiquity of Egypt, the various revolutions
it has undergone, the wonders of the Nile, the pyramids, and other amazing monuments of ancient magnificence, have long been the admiration of the world, and have inspired the most curious and inquisitive men with a desire of knowing the true state of this country, and the many wonders it has produced.
In the Arabic language may be found some accounts of the antiquities of Egypt, more perfect, perhaps, as they are more antient, than any formerly given by European authors; but this account by Mr. Norden deserves the preference, as, by his accurate drawings, taken on the spot, and finely, engraven, it brings to the Reader's eye all the monuments, cities, and fine prospects in Egypt and Nubia. In this first volume are 59 large folio copper-plates; and in the second, the society of sciences, who are the editors of this useful and entertaining work, assure us, will be 106 plates, besides ornaments.
This work appears at present without the title-page, which, with a dedication, preface, and portrait of the deceased Author, will very soon be published with the second volume. The fociety have resolved not to publish one copy more than is subscribed for,
This first volume is divided into four parts: the first gives an account of Old Alexandria, the second of New Alexandria, the third of Old and New Cairo, and the fourth con. tains a description of the pyramids and obelisks.
Old Alexandria has been subjected to fo many revolutions, and been so often ruined, that it would be now difficult
to discover where it antiently stood, if the situation of its ports, and some old monuments, did not point out to us the very place.
These infallible guides will help me, says Mr. Norden, to describe, in some order, what I could observe. However, continues he, I pretend not to give an exact description of the whole, nor to write a complete history of the rise and fall of that great city. My design is, only to make a faithful report of what I saw, and could observe, of the present state of Old and New Alexandria. The order I shall observe will be such as my memory may enable me to pursue, and if at any time it shall happenthat I do not explain myfelf with sufficient clearness, the designs I have taken on the spot, will complete the idea my reader may form of the description I shall give him.'
The first fix plates contain plans and views of antient and modern Alexandria.
The old and new ports of Alexandria are those which were antiently called the ports of Africa and Asia. The first, which 'is deeper and cleaner than the other, is reserved for the Turks; the new one is entirely given up to the Europeans: the bottom of this is so full of rocks, that it is difficult for seamen to preserve their cables and their ships, or to hold by their anchors, The entrance is guarded by two castles, very ill built, after the Turkish fashion.
On the island of Pharos is the grand Pharillon, the body of which is a small tower, having a lanthorn on the top of it: which, however, affords no great light, the lamps being ill fupplied. There are no remains of the famous library, which, in the times of the Ptolemies, was considered as the greatest that ever was. There is also another island, on which is a castle, ca!led the Lesser Pharillon. Each of these islands is joined to the continent by a mole. That from the island of Pharos seems to be 3000 feet in length, constructed part of brick, part of square stone, and consists of a great number of arches, under which the water may pafs. The two Pharillons, and their moles, are the one on the right, the other on the left of the port, and conduct you insensibly to land. But in entering the port, are rocks, both above and beneath the water, which must carefully be avoided. For this purpose Turkish pilots come off, to meet ships in the road.
Nothing can be more agreeable than the prospect, on every fide, of antient and modern monuments. As soon as you pass the lesser Pharillon, you see a row of grand towers, joined one to another by the ruins of a thick wall; one obelisk, remaining upright; is just high enough to shew itself where the wall is broken down; in turning a little aside, the towers rise again,