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(More than in women commonly is seen),
do censure: me by what you were, Not what you are, I know it will excuse This sudden execution of will. And so conduct me, where from company, I may revolve and ruminate my grief*. [Exit.
3 To censure is here simply to judge. • If in judging me you consider the past frailties of your own youth.'
4 Grief, in the first line, stands for pain, uneasiness; in the second, especially for sorrow.
Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last.
[Exeunt GLOSTER and Exeter. Suf. Thus Suffolk hath prevail'd : and thus he
goes, As did the youthful Paris once to Greece ; With hope to find the like event in love, But prosper better than the Trojan did. Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the king; But I will rule both her, the king, and realm.
Of this play there is no copy earlier than that of the folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts are extant in two editions in quarto. That the second and third parts were published without the first, may be admitted as no weak proof that the copies were surreptitiously obtained, and that the printers of that time gave the publick those plays, not such as the author designed, but such as they could get them. That this play was written before the two others is indubitably collected from the series of events; that it was written and played before Henry the Fifth is apparent, because in the epilogue there is mention made of this play, and not of the other parts :
Henry the Sixth in swaddling bands crown'd king,
Which oft our stage hath shown.' FRANCE IS Lost in this play. The two following contain, as the old title imports, the contention of the houses of York and Lancaster.
The Second and Third Parts of Henry VI. were printed in 1600. When Henry V, was written, we know not, but it was printed likewise in 1600, and therefore before the publication of the first and second parts. The First Part of Henry VI. had been often shown on the stage, and would certainly have appeared in its place, had the author been the publisher. JOHNSON.
That the second and third parts, as they are now called, were printed without the first, is a proof, in my apprehension, that they were not written by the same anthor: and the title of The Contention of the Houses of York and Lancaster, being affixed to the two pieces which were printed in quarto, is a proof that they were a distinct work, commencing where the other ended, but not written at the same time; and that this play was never known by the title of The First Part of King Henry VI. till Heminge and Condell gave it that name in their volume, to distinguish it from the two subsequent plays; which being altered by Shakspeare, assumed the new titles of the Second and Third Parts of King Henry VI. that they might not be confounded with the original pieces on which they were formed. The first part was originally called The Historical Play of King Henry VI. MALONE.