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that she was a maid of honour to Q. Elizabeth, the knight was very inquisitive into her name and family; and after having regarded her finger for some time, “I wonder,” says he, “that Sir Richard Baker has said nothing of her in his Chronicle."

We were then conveyed to the two coronation chairs, where my old friend, after having heard that the stone underneath the most ancient of them, which was brought from Scotland, was called Jacob's pillar, set himself down in the chair; and looking like the figure of an old 10 Gothic king, asked our interpreter, what authority they had to say, that Jacob had ever been in Scotland ? The fellow, instead of returning him an answer, told him, that he hoped his honour would pay his forfeit. I could observe Sir Roger a little ruffled upon thus being tre- 15 panned; but our guide not insisting upon his demand, the knight soon recovered his good humour, and whispered in my ear, that if Will Wimble were with us and saw those two chairs, it would go hard but he would get a tobacco stopper out of one or t’other of them.

Sir Roger, in the next place, laid his hand upon Edward the Third's sword, and leaning upon the pommel of it, gave us the whole history of the Black Prince ; concluding, that in Sir Richard Baker's opinion, Edward the Third was one of the greatest princes that ever sat 25 upon the English throne.

We were then shewn Edward the Confessor's tomb; upon which Sir Roger acquainted us, that he was the first who touched for the evil : and afterwards Henry the Fourth's, upon which he shook his head, and told us 30 there was fine reading in the casualties of that reign.


Our conductor then pointed to that monument where there is the figure of one of our English kings without an head; and upon giving us to know, that the head, which was of beaten silver, had been stolen away several 5 years since ;

Some Whig, I'll warrant you,” says Sir Roger ; "you ought to lock up your kings better; they will carry off the body too, if you don't take care."

The glorious names of Henry the Fifth and Queen Elizabeth gave the knight great opportunities of shining, 10 and of doing justice to Sir Richard Baker, who, as our

knight observed with some surprise, had a great many kings in him, whose monuments he had not seen in the Abbey.

For my own part, I could not but be pleased to see 15 the knight shew such an honest passion for the glory

of his country, and such a respectful gratitude to the memory of its princes.

I must not omit, that the benevolence of my good old friend, which flows out towards every one he converses 20 with, made him very kind to our interpreter, whom he

looked upon as an extraordinary man; for which reason he shook him by the hand at parting, telling him, that he should be very glad to see him at his lodgings in

Norfolk Buildings, and talk over these matters with him 25 more at leisure.



No. 331. — THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1711-12.

STOLIDAM præbet tibi vellere barbam. – Pers. Sat. ii. 28.
HOLDS out his foolish beard for thee to pluck.

I was

WHEN I was last with my friend Sir Roger in Westminster Abbey, I observed that he stood longer than ordinary before the bust of a venerable old man. at a loss to guess the reason of it, when after some time, he pointed to the figure, and asked me if I did not think 5 that our forefathers looked much wiser in their beards than we do without them? “For my part,” says he, “when I am walking in my gallery in the country, and see my ancestors, who many of them died before they were of my age, I cannot forbear regarding them as so 10 many old patriarchs, and at the same time looking upon myself as an idle smock-faced young fellow. I love to see your Abrahams, your Isaacs, and your Jacobs, as we have them in old pieces of tapestry, with beards below their girdles, that cover half the hangings." The knight 15 added, “if I would recommend beards in one of my papers, and endeavour to restore human faces to their ancient dignity, that, upon a month's warning he would undertake to lead up the fashion himself in a pair of whiskers.” I smiled at my friend's fancy; but, after we parted,

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could not forbear reflecting on the metamorphosis our faces have undergone in this particular.

The beard, conformable to the notion of my friend Sir Roger, was for many ages looked upon as the type of 5 wisdom. Lucian more than once rallies the philosophers of his time, who endeavoured to rival one another in beard ; and represents a learned man who stood for a professorship in philosophy, as unqualified for it by the shortness of his beard.

Ælian, in his account of Zoilus, the pretended critic, who wrote against Homer and Plato, and thought himself wiser than all who had gone before him, tells us that this Zoilus had a very long beard that hung down

upon his breast, but no hair upon his head, which he 15 always kept close shaved, regarding, it seems, the hairs

of his head as so many suckers, which if they had been suffered to grow, might have drawn away the nourishment from his chin, and by that means have starved his beard.

I have read somewhere, that one of the popes refused to accept an edition of a saint's works, which were presented to him, because the saint, in his effigies before the book, was drawn without a beard.

We see by these instances what homage the world has 25 formerly paid to beards; and that a barber was not

then allowed to make those depredations on the faces of the learned, which have been permitted him of late years.

Accordingly several wise nations have been so ex30 tremely jealous of the least ruffle offered to their beards,

that they seem to have fixed the point of honour princi


pally in that part. The Spaniards were wonderfully tender in this particular. Don Quevedo, in his third vision on the last judgment, has carried the humour very far, when he tells us that one of his vain-glorious countrymen, after having received sentence, was taken 5 into custody by a couple of evil spirits; but that his guides happening to disorder his mustaches, they were forced to recompose them with a pair of curling-irons, before they could get him to file off.

If we look into the history of our own nation, we 10 shall find that the beard flourished in the Saxon heptarchy, but was very much discouraged under the Norman line. It shot out, however, from time to time, in several reigns under different shapes. The last effort it made seems to have been in Queen Mary's days, as the 15 curious reader may find if he pleases to peruse the figures of Cardinal Pole and Bishop Gardiner ; though at the same time, I think it may be questioned, if zeal against popery has not induced our Protestant painters to extend the beards of these two persecutors beyond their natural 20 dimensions, in order to make them appear the more terrible.

I find but few beards worth taking notice of in the reign of King James the First.

During the civil wars there appeared one, which 25 makes too great a figure in story to be passed over in silence: 1 mean that of the redoubted Hudibras, an account of which Butler has transmitted to posterity in the following lines :

His tawny beard was th' equal grace
Both of his wisdom and his face;


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