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SIR ROGER AND POLITICS. [ADDISON.]
No. 126. WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1711.
Tros Rutulusve fuat, nullo discrimine habebo. — VIRG. ÆN. X. 108. RUTULIANS, Trojans, are the same to me. — - DRYDEN.
In my yesterday's paper I proposed, that the honest men of all parties should enter into a kind of association for the defence of one another, and the confusion of their common enemies. As it is designed this neutral 5 body should act with a regard to nothing but truth and equity, and divest themselves of the little heats and prepossessions that cleave to parties of all kinds, I have prepared for them the following form of an association, which may express their intentions in the most plain and simple manner.
We whose names are hereunto subscribed, do solemnly declare, that we do in our consciences believe two and two make four; and that we shall adjudge any man whatso
ever to be our enemy who endeavours to persuade us to 15 the contrary. We are likewise ready to maintain with
the hazard of all that is near and dear to us, that six is less than seven in all times and all places; and that ten will not be more three years hence than it is at present.
We do also firmly declare, that it is our resolution as long 20 as we live to call black black, and white white. And we shall upon all occasions oppose such persons that upon any day of the year shall call black white, or white black, with the utmost peril of our lives and fortunes.
Were there such a combination of honest men, who without any regard to places would endeavour to extirpate all such furious zealots as would sacrifice one half of 5 their country to the passion and interest of the other ; as also such infamous hypocrites, that are for promoting their own advantage under colour of the public good; with all the profligate immoral retainers to each side, that have nothing to recommend them but an implicit 10 submission to their leaders; we should soon see that furious party-spirit extinguished, which may in time expose us to the derision and contempt of all the nations about us.
A member of this society, that would thus carefully 15 employ himself in making room for merit, by throwing down the worthless and depraved part of mankind from those conspicuous stations of life to which they have been sometimes advanced, and all this without any regard to his private interest, would be no small benefactor 20
country. I remember to have read in Diodorus Siculus an account of a very active little animal, which I think he calls the Ichneumon, that makes it the whole business of his life to break the eggs of the crocodile, which he is always 25 in search after. This instinct is the more remarkable, because the Ichneumon never feeds upon the eggs he has broken, nor any other way finds his account in them. Were it not for the incessant labours of this industrious animal, Egypt, says the historian, would be over-run with 30 crocodiles; for the Egyptians are so far from destroying
those pernicious creatures, that they worship them as gods.
If we look into the behaviour of ordinary partisans, we shall find them far from resembling this disinterested ani5 mal; and rather acting after the example of the wild Tartars, who are ambitious of destroying a man of the most extraordinary parts and accomplishments, as thinking that upon his decease, the same talents, whatever post they qualified him for, enter of course into his destroyer.
As in the whole train of my speculations I have endeavoured as much as I am able to extinguish that pernicious spirit of passion and prejudice, which rages with the same violence in all parties, I am still the more de
sirous of doing some good in this particular, because I 15 observe that the spirit of party reigns more in the coun
try than in the town. It here contracts a kind of brutality and rustic fierceness, to which men of a politer conversation are wholly strangers.
It extends itself even to the return of the bow and the hat; and at the same 20 time that the heads of parties preserve towards one
another an outward shew of good breeding, and keep up a perpetual intercourse of civilities, their tools that are dispersed in these outlying parts will not so much as
mingle together at a cock-match. This humour fills the 25 country with several periodical meetings of Whig jockeys
and Tory fox-hunters ; not to mention the innumerable curses, frowns, and whispers it produces at a quartersessions.
I do not know whether I have observed in any of my 30 former papers, that my friends Sir Roger de Coverley
and Sir Andrew Freeport are of different principles, the
first of them inclined to the landed and the other to the monied interest. This humour is so moderate in each of them, that it proceeds no farther than to an agreeable raillery, which very often diverts the rest of the club. I find however that the knight is a much stronger Tory in 5 the country than in town, which as he has told me in my ear, is absolutely necessary for the keeping up his interest. In all our journey from London to his house we did not so much as bait at a Whig inn; or if by chance the coach-man stopped at a wrong place, one of Sir Roger's 10 servants would ride up to his master full speed, and whisper to him that the master of the house was against such an one in the last election.
This often betrayed us into hard beds and bad cheer; for we were not so inquisitive about the inn as the inn-keeper; and provided our land- 15 lord's principles were sound, did not take any notice of the staleness of his provisions. This I found still the more inconvenient, because the better the host was, the worse generally were his accommodations; the fellow knowing very well that those who were his friends would 20 take up with coarse diet and hard lodging. For these reasons, all the while I was upon the road I dreaded entering into an house of any one that Sir Roger had applauded for an honest man.
Since my stay at Sir Roger's in the country, I daily 25 find more instances of this narrow party-humour. Being upon a bowling-green at a neighbouring market-town the other day, (for that is the place where the gentlemen of one side meet once a week,) I observed a stranger among them of a better presence and genteeler behav- 30 iour than ordinary; but was much surprised, that notwith
standing he was a very fair better, nobody would take him
up. But upon inquiry I found, that he was one who had given a disagreeable vote in a former parliament, for which reason there was not a man upon that bowling5 green who would have so much correspondence with him as to win his money of him.
Among other instances of this nature, I must not omit one which concerns myself. Will Wimble was the other
day relating several strange stories that he had picked up, Io nobody knows where, of a certain great man; and upon
my staring at him, as one that was surprised to hear such things in the country, which had never been so much as whispered in the town, Will stopped short in the thread
of his discourse, and after dinner asked my friend Sir 15 Roger in his ear, if he was sure that I was not a fanatic.
It gives me a serious concern to see such a spirit of dissension in the country; not only as it destroys virtue and common sense, and renders us in a manner barba
rians towards one another, but as it perpetuates our ani20 mosities, widens our breaches, and transmits our present
passions and prejudices to our posterity. For my own part, I am sometimes afraid that I discover the seeds of a civil war in these our divisions; and therefore cannot
but bewail, as in their first principles, the miseries and 25 calamities of our children.