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THE WRITINGS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT IN THE ORDER OF THEIR COMPOSITION
WITH AUTHORS AND APPROXIMATE DATES
In case a book is ascribed to a period rather than a year, the date of the terminus ad quem determines its position in this table. In the main Driver's Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament has been followed. By reference to the chronological table on pages xi.-xiii. the reader may see under what circumstances the various writings were composed.
DATE, B. C.
AUTHORS (OR EDITORS).
760-746 746-734 740-701
“Book of the Covenant” (virtually Moses.
as in Exod. xx.-xxiii.) and prob-
sidered as late as 247-221, in the
“ Wise Men."
“J” (a Judaic writer).
the PentaElohistic narrative
“E” (an Ephraimitic teuch.
writer). (Much uncertainty as to which is
nearly contemporary with the
late as 445.
Jeremiah or contempo
raries. Obadiah, though possibly later. Obadiah. Code of Holiness (Lev. xvii.-xxvi.). “H."
722-685 690-640 circa
626 circa 667-604
586 586 586
The Writings of the Old Testament - continued.
DATE, B. o.
AUTHORS (OR EDITORS).
549 circa 593-537
570-530 570-530 520-518
464 circa 431
authors. Priestly narrative.
(Joshua not included in the canon
however, that Joel is as early as
based on authentic me- A Levite, perhaps
"the Chronicler.' Esther.
early as 333.
tically as at present compiled.
Anonymous. Probably some later psalms, during Various anonymous the Maccabean period.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
THE Chronology of the Old Testament is to a certain extent hypothetical ; prior to the Exodus it is wholly so. In preparing this table, use has been made of The Religion of Israel, by Karl Budde, and the Commentaries on Isaiah and on The Twelve Prophets, by George Adam Smith. The latter has been accepted and followed without question in the period of which he treats, – that is, from the disruption of the kingdom, B. C. 940.
to 1250 1250
Scene of Job and
Sinai ; foundation of Mosaism.
begins. Scene of
in Northern Israel.
923 920 918 915 891 888 876 874 854 853 852 849
844 842 836
Ahaziah, son of Ahab.
Joram or Jehoram, son of
783 778 775765 763 759– 745 743 740
Jeroboam reconquers Moab,
Total eclipse of the sun
(Amos viii. 9).
Zechariah, Shallum, Menahem.
ziah. Jotham sole
Siege of Samaria.
737 736 735 730 727 725
or 721 715
Invasion of Judah.
Manasseh tributary to Assyria.
Judah Egyptian vassal.
miah. Jerusalem taken by Nebuchadnezzar; Second Great
Exile to Babylon.
Chronology of the Old Testament - continued.
The “ Second Isa- Release assured to the Jews by the appearance of
iah,” also called Cyrus against Babylonia.
The Jews return to Jerusalem from Babylon under
Zerubabbel and Joshua.
Restoration of altar and sacrifice.
464 458 445 444
Building of the temple by Zerubabbel and Joshua.
Completion of the temple.
Ezra arrives at Jerusalem.
Pentateuch virtually completed.
Insurrection in Judah. Much bloodshed there
(Jos. Ant. B. xin ch. 7, $ 1).
Many Jews taken to Hyrcania.
Ptolemy takes Jerusalem (?).
Egypt's wars for Palestine.
prophetic canon. teuch.
432 431 410 350345
332 320 306 264 260 160