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While yet the shades, on Time's eternal scale, The nervous crew their sweeping oars extend, With long vibration deepen o'er the vale;
And pealing shouts the shore of Candia rend. While yet the songsters of the vocal grove, Success attends their skill; the danger's o'er : With dying numbers tune the soul to love; The port is doubled and beheld no more. With joyful eyes th' attentive master sees
Now Morn, her lamp pale glimmering on the sight, Th' auspicious omens of an eastern breeze, Scatter'd before her van reluctant Night. Now radiant Vesper leads the starry train, She comes not in refulgent pomp array'd, And Night slow draws her veil o'er land and main. But sternly frowning, wrapt in sullen shade. Round the charged bowl the sailors form a ring, Above incumbent vapours, Ida's height, By turns recount the wondrous tale, or sing ; Tremendous rock! emerges on the sight. As love or battle, hardships of the main,
North-east the guardian isle of Stapdia lies, Or genial wine, awake the homely strain : And westward Freschin's woody capes arise. Then some the watch of night alternate keep, With winning postures, now the wanton sails The rest lie buried in oblivious sleep.
Spread all their snares to charm th’inconstant gales. Deep midnight now involves the livid skies, The swelling stud-sails* now their wings extend, While infant breezes from the shore arise. Then stay-sails sidelong to the breeze ascend : The waning moon, behind a watery shroud, While all to court the wandering breeze are placed ; Pale glimmer'd o'er the long-protracted cloud; With yards now thwarting, now obliquely braced. A mighty ring around her silver throne,
The dim horizon lowering vapours shroud,
The compass, placed to catch the rising ray,t
While Phæbus down the vertic circle glides. Whose summit trembles o'er the roaring deep, Now, seen on Ocean's utmost verge to swim, With painful step he climb'd; while far above
it vibrant with his nether limb. Sweet Anna charm’d them with the voice of love, Their sage experience thus explores the height Then sudden from the slippery height they fell, And polar distance of the source of light : While dreadful yawn'd beneath the jaws of hell.—Then through the chiliads triple maze they trace Amid this fearful trance, a thundering sound Th' analogy that proves the magnet's place. He hears—and thrice the hollow decks rebound. The wayward steel, to truth thus reconciled, Upstarting from his couch on deck he sprung; No more th' attentive pilot's eye beguiled. Thrice with shrill note the boatswain's whistle rung. The natives, while the ship departs the land, All hands unmoor! proclaims a boisterous cry; Ashore with admiration gazing stand. AU hands unmoor! the cavern'd rocks reply! Majestically slow, before the breeze, Roused from repose aloft the sailors swarm, In silent pomp she marches on the seas; And with their levers soon the windlass arm.* Her milk-white bottom cast a softer gleam, The order given, upspringing with a bound, While trembling through the green translucent They lodge the bars, and wheel their engine round; At every turn the clanging pauls resound. The wales, that close above in contrast shone, Uptorn reluctant from its oozy cave,
Clasp the long fabric with a jetty zone. The ponderous anchor rises o'er the wave: Britannia, riding awful on the prow, Along their slippery masts the yards ascend, Gazed o'er the vassal wave that roll'd below: And high in air the canvass wings extend : Where'er she moved the vassal waves were seen Redoubling cords the lofty canvass guide, To yield obsequious and confess their queen. And through inextricable mazes glide.
Th' imperial trident graced her dexter hand, The lunar rays with long reflection gleam, of power to rule the surge, like Moses' wand, To light the vessel o'er the silver stream: Along the glassy plain serene she glides,
means of ropes, extending from her fore part to one or While azure radiance trembles on her sides
more of the boats rowing before her. From east to north the transient breezes play,
*Studding-sails are long, narrow sails, which are only And in th' Egyptian quarter soon decay.
used in fine weather and fair winds, on the outside of A calm ensues; they dread th' adjacent shore ; the larger square sails. Stay-sails are three-cornered The boats with rowers arm'd are sent before : sails, which are hoisted up on the stays, when the With cordage fasten'd to the lofty prow,
wind crosses the ship's course either directly or Aloof to sea the stately ship they tow.t
1 The operation of taking the suu’s azimuth, in order
to discover the eastern or western variation of the mag• The windlass is a sort of large roller, used to wind netic needle. in the cable, or heave up the anchor. It is turned about The walos, here alluded to, are an assemblage of vertically by a number of long bars or levers; in strong planks which envelope the lower part of the ship's which operation, it is prevented from recoiling, by the side, wherein they are broader and thicker than the rest,
and appear somewhat like a range of hoops, which sepaTowing is the operation of drawing a ship forward, by rates the bottom from the upper works.
Th' eternal empire of the main to keep,
There, on the watch, sagacious of his prey, And guide her squadrons o'er the trembling deep. With eyes of fire, an English mastiff lay. Her left, propitious, bore a mystic shield,
Yonder fair Commerce stretch'd her winged sail ; Around whose margin rolls the watery field :
Here frown'd the god that wakes the living galeThere her bold Genius, in his floating car,
High o'er the poop, the fluttering wings unsurl'd O'er the wild billow hurls the storm of war
Th' imperial flag that rules the watery world. And lo! the beast that oft with jealous rage Deep blushing armours all the tops invest, In bloody combat met from age to age,
And warlike trophies either quarter drest; [high ; Tamed into Union, yoked in Friendship's chain,
Then tower'd the masts ; the canvass swellid on Draw his proud chariot round the vanquish'd main. And waving streamers floated in the sky, From the broad margin to the centre grew
Thus the rich vessel moves in trim array, Shelves, rocks, and whirlpools, hideous to the Like some fair virgin on her bridal day. view
Thus, like a swan she cleaves the watery plain ; Th' immortal shield from Neptune she received,
The pride and wonder of the Ægean main.
Reflection on leaving the land. The gale continues. The blooming rose and hardy thistle sprung:
water-spout. Beauty of a dying dolphin. The ship's Around her head an oaken wreath was seen, progress along the shore. Wind strengthens. The Inwove with laurels of unfading green.
sails reduced. A shoal of porpoises. Last appear. Such was the sculptured prow-from van to rear ance of Cape Spado. Sea rises. A squall. The sails Th' artillery frown'd, a black tremendous tier! further dimninished. Mainsail split. Ship bears away Embalmd with orient gum, above the wave,
before the wind. Again hauls upon the wind. An. The swelling sides a yellow radiance gave.
other mainsail fitted to the yard. The gale still in.
Topsails furled. Top-gallant yards sent On the broad stern a pencil warm and bold,
down. Sea enlarges. Sunset. Courses reefed. Four That never servile rules of art controll'd,
seaman lost off the lee main yard-arm. Anxiety An allegoric tale on high portray'd,
of the pilots from their dangerous situation. Resolute There a young hero, here a royal maid.
behaviour of the sailors. The ship labours in great Fair England's genius in the youth exprest,
distress The artillery thrown overboard. Dismal Her ancient foe, but now her friend confest,
appearance of the weather. Very high and dangerous
Severe faugue of the crew, Consultation and The warlike nymph with fond regard survey'd :
resolution of the officers. Speech and advice of Albert No more his hostile frown her heart dismay'd.
to the crew. Necessary disposition to veer before the His look, that once shot terror from afar,
wind. Disappointment in the proposed effect. New Like young Alcides, or the god of war,
dispositions equally unsuccessful. The mizen mast Serene as summer's evening skies she saw ;
cut away. Serene, yet firm; though mild, impressing awe.
The scene lies in the sea, between Cape Freschin, in Candia, and the Her nervous arm, inured to toils severe,
Island of Falconera, which is nearly troelve leagues northward of Brandish'd th' unconquer'd Caledonian spear.
Cape Spado.-The lime is from nine in the morning till one o'clock The dreadful falchion of the hills she wore,
of the following morning. Sung to the harp in many a tale of yore,
ADIEU, ye pleasures of the rural scene, That oft her rivers dyed with hostile gore. Where peace and calm contentment dwell serene! Blue was her rocky shield ; her piercing eye To me, in vain, on earth's prolific soil, Flash'd like the meteors of her native sky; With summer crown'd th' Elysian valleys smile! Her crest, high-plumed, was rough with many a scar, To me those happier scenes no joy impart, And o'er her helmet gleam'd the northern star. But tantalize with hope my aching heart. The warrior youth appear’d of noble frame, For these, alas! reluctant I forego, The hardy offspring of some Runic dame : To visit storms and elements of wo! Loose o'er his shoulders hung the slacken'd bow, Ye tempests ! o'er my head congenial roll, Renown'd in song-the terror of the foe!
To suit the mournsul music of my soul! The sword, that oft the barbarous north defied, In black progression, lo! they hover nearThe scourge of tyrants ! glitter'd by his side. Hail, social Horrors ! like my fate severe ! Clad in refulgent arms, in battle won,
Old Ocean, hail! beneath whose azure zone The George emblazon'd on his corslet shone. The secret deep lies unexplored, unknown. Fast by his side was seen a golden lyre,
Approach, ye brave companions of the sea, Pregnant with numbers of eternal fire :
And fearless view this awful scene with me! Whose strings unlock the witches' midnight spell, Ye native guardians of your country's laws ! Or waft rapt Fancy through the gulfs of hell Ye bold assertors of her sacred cause ! Struck with contagion, kindling Fancy hears The muse invites you, judge if she depart, The songs of heaven, the music of the spheres ! Unequal, from the precepts of your art. Borne on Newtonian wing, through air she flies, In practice train'd, and conscious of her power, Where other suns to other systems rise - Her steps intrepid meet the trying hour. These front the scene conspicuous-over head O'er the smooth bosom of the faithless tides, Albion's proud oak his filial branches spread ; Propell’d by gentle gales, the vessel glides. While on the sea-beat shore obsequious stood, Rodmond, exulting, felt th' auspicious wind, Beneath their feet, the father of the flood; And by a mystic charm its aim confined. Here, the bold native of her cliffs above,
The thoughts of home, that o'er his fancy roll, Perch'd by the martial maid the bird of Jove; With trembling joy dilate Palemon's soul :
Hope lifts his heart, before whose vivid ray Now beam a flaming crimson on the eye ; Distross recedes, and danger melts away.
And now assume the purple's deeper dye. Already Britain's parent cliffs arise,
But here description clouds each shining ray And in idea greet his longing eyes !
What terms of Art can Nature's powers dis Each amorous sailor too, with heart elate,
Now, while on high the freshening gale she Dwells on the beauties of his gentle mate. The ship beneath her lofty pressure reels. E'en they th’ impressive dart of Love can feel, Th' auxiliar sails that court a gentle breeze, Whose stubborn souls are sheathed in triple steel. From their high stations sink by slow degrees Nor less o'erjoy'd, perhaps with equal truth, The watchful ruler of the helm no more Each faithful maid expects th' approaching youth. With fix'd attention eyes th' adjacent shore ; In distant bosoms equal ardours glow;
But by the oracle of truth below, And mutual passions mutual joy bestow. The wondrous magnet, guides the wayward pro Tall Ida's summit now more distant grew, The wind, that still th' impressive canvass sw And Jove's high hill was rising on the view;
Swift and more swift the yielding bark impell When, from the left approaching, they descry
Impatient thus she glides along the coast, A liquid column, towering, shoot on high :
Till, far behind, the hill of Jove is lost: The foaming base an angry whirlwind sweeps,
And while aloof from Retimo she steers, Where curling billows rouse the fearful deeps :
Malacha's foreland full in front appears. Still round and round the fluid vortex flies, Scattering dun night and horror through the skies. That once enclosed the hallow'd fane of Jove.
Wide o'er yon isthmus stands the cypress grove The swift volution and th' enormous train
Here too, memorial of his name! is found
A tomb, in marble ruins on the ground.
This gloomy tyrant, whose triumphant yoke
The trembling states around to slavery broke ; The guns were primed—the vessel northward Through Greece, for murder, rape, and incest know. veers,
The muses raised to high Olympus throne.Till her black battery on the column bears.
For oft, alas! their venal strains adorn The nitre fired; and while the dreadful sound,
The prince whom blushing Virtue holds in scorn. Convulsive, shook the slumbering air around.
Still Rome and Greece record his endless fame, The watery volume, trembling to the sky,
And hence yon mountain yet retains his name. Burst down the dreadful deluge from on high ;
But see! in confluence borne before the blast, Th' affrighted surge, recoiling as it fell,
Clouds rollid on clouds the dusky noon o'ercast ; Rolling in hills disclosed th' abyss of hell.
The blackening ocean curls; the winds arise ; But soon this transient undulation o'er,
And the dark scud* in swift succession flies. The sea subsides, the whirlwinds rage no more.
While the swoln canvass bends the masts on high While south ward now th’increasing breezes Low in the wave the leeward cannon lient
The sailors now, to give the ship relief, Dark clouds incumbent on their wings appear.
Reduce the topsails by a single reef.I In front they view the consecrated grove
Each lofty yard with slacken'd cordage reels, Of Cypress, sacred once to Cretan Jove.
Rattle the creaking blocks and ringing wheels. The thirsty canvass, all around supplied,
Down the tall masts the topsails sink amain ; Still drinks unquench'd the full aërial tide;
And, soon reduced, assume their post again. And now, approaching near the lofty stern,
More distant grew receding Candia's shore; A shoal of sportive dolphins they discern.
And southward of the west Cape Spado bore. From burnish'd scales they beam'd refulgent rays,
Four hours the sun his high meridian throne Till all the glowing ocean seems to blaze.
Had left, and o'er Atlantic regions shone : Soon to the sport of death the crew repair,
Still blacker clouds, that all the skies invade, Dart the long lance, or spread the baited snare.
Draw o'er his sullied orb a dismal shade. One in redoubling mazes wheels along,
A squall deep lowering blots the southern sky, And glides, unhappy! near the triple prong.
Before whose boisterous breath the waters fly. Rodmond, unerring, o'er his head suspends
Its weight the topsails can no more sustain : The barbed steel, and every turn attends.
• Reef topsails, reef!' the boatswain calls again! Unerring aim'd the missile weapon flew, And, plunging, struck the fated victim through. Th' upturning points his ponderous bulk sustain ; • Scud is a name given by seamen to the lowest clouds On deck he struggles with convulsive pain.
which are driven with great rapidity along the atmo But while his heart the fatal javelin thrills
sphere, in squally or tempestuous weather.
† When the wind crosses a ship's course, either And flitting lise escapes in sanguine rills,
directly or obliquely, that side of the ship upon which it What radiant changes strike th' astonished sight!
acts, is called the weather side: and the opposite one, What glowing hues of mingled shade and light! which is then pressed downwards, is called the lee side. Not equal beauties gild the lucid west,
Hence all the rigging and furniture of the ship are, at this With parting beams all o'er profusely drest; time, distinguished by the side, on which they are situNot lovelier colours paint the vernal dawn,
ated; as the lee cannon, the lee braces, the weather
braces, &c. When orient dews impearl th' enamellid lawn,
# The topsails are large square sails, of the second Than from his sides in bright suffusion flow,
degree in height and magnitude. Reefs are certain That now with gold empyreal seem'd to glow;
divisions or spaces by which the principal sails are re. Now in pellucid sapphires meet the view, duced when the wind increases; and again enlarged And emulate the soft celestial hue;
proportionably, when its force abates,
The haliards* and top-bow-linest soon are gone,
Each motion watches of the doubtful chase, To clue-linest and reef-tackles next they run : Obliquely wheeling through the liquid space ; The shivering sails descend; and now they square So, govern'd by the steersman’s glowing hands, The yards, while ready sailors mount in air. The regent helm her motion still commands. The weather-earingsý and the lee they past; But now the transient squall to leeward past, The reefs enrolld, and every point made fast. Again she rallies to the sullen blast. Their task above thus finish'd, they descend, The helm to starboard* turns—with wings inclined, And vigilant th' approaching squall attend. The sidelong canvass clasps the faithless wind, It comes resistless ; and with foaming sweep, The mizen draws ; she springs aloof once more, Upturns the whitening surface of the deep. While the fore-staysailt balances before. In such a tempest, borne to deeds of death, The fore-sail braced obliquely to the wind, The wayward sisters scour the blasted heath. They near the prow th' extended tack confined ; With ruin pregnant now the clouds impend, Then on the leeward sheet the seamen bend, And storm and cataract tumultuous blend.
And haul the bow-line to the bowsprit end. Deep on her side the reeling vessel lies- To topsails next they haste--the bunt-lines gone, Brail up the mizen,ll quick!" the master cries, The clue-lines through their wheel'd machinery run. " Man the clue-garnets !T let the main sheet fly!"'** On either side below the sheets are mann'd: The boisterous squall still presses from on high, Again the fluttering sails their skirts expand, And swift, and fatal, as the lightning's course, Once more the topsails, though with humbler plume, Through the torn mainsail bursts with thundering Mounting aloft their ancient post resume. force,
Again the bow-lines and the yards are braced, While the rent canvass flutter'd in the wind, And all th' entangled cords in order placed. Still on her flank the stooping bark inclined. The sail, by whirlwinds thus so lately rent,
Bear up the helmtt'a-weather!” Rodmond cries; In tatter'd ruins fluttering, is unbent.
That task perform'd, they first the braces** slack, While o'er the foam the ship impetuous flies,
Then to its station drag th' unwilling tack; Th' attentive timoneerff the helm applies.
And, while the lee clue-garnet's lower'd away, As in pursuit along the aërial way,
Taught aft the sheet they tally and belay.tt With ardent eye the falcon marks his prey,
Now to the north, from Afric's burning shore, A troop of porpoises their course explore;
In curling wreaths they gambol on the tide, • Haliards are either single ropes or tackles, by which Now bound alost, now down the billow glide. the sails are hoisted up and lowered, when the sail is to Their tracks awhile the hoary waves retain, be extended or reduced.
That burn in sparkling trails along the main. † Bow-lines are ropes extended to keep the windward These fleetest coursers of the finny race, edge of the sail steady, and to prevent it from shaking in When threat'ning clouds th' etherial vault deface, an unfavourable wind. : Clue lines are ropes used to truss up the clues, or To shun the fury of th' approaching storm.
Their rout to leeward still sagacious form, lower corners of the principal sails to their respective yards, particularly when the sail is to be close reefed or forled. -Reel-tackles are ropes employed to facilitate # The helm being turned to starboard, or to the right the operation of reefing, by confining the extremities of side of the ship, directs the prow to the left, or to port, the reef close up to the yard, so that the interval becomes and vice versa. Hence the helm being put a starboard, slack, and is therefore easily rolled up and fastened to when the ship is running northward, directs her prow the yard by the points employed for this purpose. towards the west.
$ Earings are small cords, by which the upper corners † This sail, which is with more propriety called the of the principal sails, and also the extremities of the reefs, fore-topmast staysail, is a triangular sail, that runs upon are fastened to the yard-arms.
the fore-topmast stay, over the bowsprit. It is used to I The mizen is a large sail of an oblong figure, extended command the fore part of the ship, and counterbalance upon the mizen mast.
the sails extended towards the stern. See also the last 1 Clue garnets are employed for the same purposes note of this Canto. on the main sail and foresail, as the clue-lines are upon 1 A yard is said to be braced when it is turned about the all other square sails. See note t, above.
mast horizontally, either to the right or left; the ropes ** It is necessary in this place to remark that the sheets, employed in this service are accordingly called braces. which are universally mistaken by the English poets and $ The ropes used to truss up a sail 10 the yard or mast their readers for the sails themselves, are no other than whereto it is attached are, in a general sense, called brails. the ropes used to extend the clues or lower corners of | The head-rope is a cord to which the upper part of the sails to which they are attached. To the mainsail the sail is sewed. and forcsail there is a sheet and a tack on each side; the 1 Rope bands, pronounced roebins, are small cords latter of which is a thick rope, serving to confine the used to fasten the upper edge of any sail to its respective weather clue of the sail down to the ship's side, whilst yard. the former draws out of the lee-clue or lower corner on ** Because the lee-brace confines the yard so that the the opposite side. Tacks are only used in a side wind. tack will not come down to its place till the braces are
# The helm is said to be a-weather, when the bar by cast loose. which it is managed is turned to the side of the ship next ti Taught implies stiff, tense, or extended straight; and the wind.
tally is a phrase particularly applied to the operation of # Timoneer, (from timonnier, Fr.) the helmsman or hauling aftihe sheets, or drawing them towards the ship's
stern. To belay is to fasten.
Fair Candia now no more beneath her lee Their sails reduced, and all the rigging clear, Protects the vessel from th' insulting sea :
A while the crew relax from toils severe Round her broad arms, impatient of control, A while their spirits, with fatigue opprest, Roused from their secret deeps, the billows roll. In vain expect th' alternate hour of rest : Sunk were the bulwarks of the friendly shore, But with redoubling force the tempests blow And all the scene an hostile aspect wore.
And watery hills in fell succession flow; The flattering wind, that late, with promised aid, A dismal shade o'ercasts the frowning skies; From Candia's bay th' unwilling ship betray'd, New troubles grow; new difficulties rise. No longer sawns beneath the fair disguise, No season this from duty to descend But like a ruffian on his quarry flies.
All hands on deck th' eventful hour attend. Tost on the tide she feels the tempest blow,
His race perform'd, the sacred lamp of day And dreads the vengeance of so sell a foe.
Now dipt in western clouds his parling ray, As the proud horse, with costly trappings gay, His sick'ning fires, half-lost in ambient haze, Exulting, prances to the bloody fray,
Refract along the dusk a crimson blaze ; Spurning the ground, he glories in his might, Till deep immerged the languid orb declines, But reels tumultuous in the shock of fight : And now to cheerless night the sky resigns ! Even so caparison'd in gaudy pride,
Sad evening's hour, how different from the past! The bounding vessel dances on the tide
No flaming pomp, no blushing glories cast; Fierce, and more fierce the southern demon blew, No ray of friendly light is seen around : And more incensed the roaring waters grew: The moon and stars in hopeless shade are The ship no longer can her topsails spread,
drown'd. And every hope of fairer skies is fled.
The ship no longer can her courses* bear: Bow-lines and haliards are relax'd again,
To reef the courses is the master's care: Clue-lines haul'd down, and sheets let fly amain ; The sailors, summon'd alt, a daring band! Clued up each top-sail, and by braces squared, Attend th' enfolding brails at his command. The seamen climb alost on either yard ;
But here the doubiful officers dispute, They furl'd the sail, and pointed to the wind -Till skill and judgment prejudice confute. The yard, by rolling tackles* then confined. Rodmond, whose genius never soar'd beyond While o'er the ship the gallant boatswain flies : The narrow rules of art his youth had conn'd, Like a hoarse mastiff through the storm he cries : Sull to the hostile fury of the wind Prompt to direct th' unskilful still appears ;
Released the sheet, and kept the tack confined ; Th' expert he praises, and the fearful cheers. To long-tried practice obstinately warın, Now some to strike top-gallant yards attend ;* He doubts conviction, and relies on form. Some travellerst up the weather-backstaysý send; But the sage master this advice declines; At each mast-head the top-ropes|| others bend.
With whom Arion in opinion joins.The youngest sailors from the yards above The watchful seaman, whose sagacious eye Their parrels, I lifts,** and braces soon remove : On sure experience may with truth rely, Then topt an-end, and to travellers tied, [slide, Who from the reigning cause foretells th' effect, Charged with their sails, they down the backstays This barbarons practice ever will reject. The yards secure along the boomstt reclined, For, fluttering loose in air, the rigid sail While some the flying cords aloft confined. Soon flits to ruins in the furious gale!
And he who strives the tempest to disarm, * The rolling tackle is an assemblage of pulleys, used will never first embrail the lee-yard arm. lo confine the yard to the weather-side of the mast, and The master said ;-obedient to command, prevent the former from rubbing against the latter by To raise the tack, the ready sailors standtthe fluctuating motion of the ship in a turbulent sea. Gradual it loosens, while th' involving clue,
t It is usual to send down the top-gallant yards on the Swell’d by the wind, aloft unruming few. approach of a storm. They are the highest yards that The sheet and weather-brace they now stand are rigged in a ship.
by it Travellers are slender iron rings, encircling the The lee clue-garnet and the bunt-lines ply. backstays, and used to facilitate the hoisting or lowering Thus all prepared, Let go the sheet! he cries ; of the top.gallant yards, by confining them to the back. stays, in their ascent or descent, so as to prevent them Impetuous round the ringing wheels it flies: from swinging about by the agitation of the vessel. Shivering at first, till by the blast impellid,
$ Backstays are long ropes extending from the right High o'er the lee-yard arm the canvass swelld : and left side of the ship to the top-mast heads, which they are intended to secure, by counteracting the effort of the wind upon the sails.
• The courses are generally understood to be the [ Top-ropes are the cords by which the top-gallant main sail, fore sail, and iizen, which are the largest and yards are hoisted up from the deck, or lowered again in lowest sails of their several masts; the term is, however, stormy weather.
sometiines taken in a larger sense. The parrel, which is usually a movable band of rope, t It has been remarked before in note ", p. 19, col. 1, is employed to confine the yard to its respective mast. that the tack is always fastened to windward; accordingly,
** Lifts are ropes extending from the head of any mast as soon as it is cast loose, and the clue-garnet hauled up, to the extremities of its particular yard, to support the the weather clue of the sail iminediately mounts to the weight of the latter; to retain it in balance; or to raise yard; and this operation must be carefully performed in one yard-arın higher than the other, which is accord. a storm, to prevent the sail from splitting or being torn ingly called topping.
to pieces by shivering. of The boons, in this place, imply any masts or yards I It is necessary to pull in the weather-brace when. lying on deck in reserve, to supply the place of others ever the sheet is cast off, to preserve the sail from shak. hich may be carried away by distress of weather, &c. ing violently.