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And for my loud thiis hall thou mordred me?
Er I be ded yet wol I kiffen thee. :■
And nere he came, and kneled faire adoun, 6385
Ai)d>f;iyde, Dere fuller Alifouni
As hclpeaieGod 1 fhal thee never fmite:
That I have don it is thyfelf to wite;
Foryeve it me, and that I thee befeke.
And yet eftfones I hitte him on the cheke, 6390
And fayde, Theef, thus much am I awreke.
Now wol I die, I may no longer fpeke.
But at the laft, with mochel care and wo,
To. Kan the governance of hous and lond,
And whan that I had getten unto me
And that he fayd, Min owen trewe wif,
As any wif fro Denmark unto Inde,
The Frece lough whan he had herd all this:. Now, Dame, quod he, fo have I joye and bus, This isà long preamble of a Tale.
And whan the Sompnour herd the Freregale, Lo (quod this Sompnour) Goddes armes two, 64 l¡' A Frere wol entermete him evermo: Lo, goode men, a fiie and eke a Frere Wol fall in every difh and eke matere. What fpekeft thou of preambulationn? What ? arable or trot, or pees, or go fit doun: 6420' Thou letteft our difport in this matere.
Ye, woltthou fo, Sire Sompnour ? quod theFrere; Now by my faith I fhal, er that I go, Tell of a Sompnour fwiche a Tale or two, That all the folk fhal laughen in this place. 641¡
Now elles, Frere, I wol befhrewe thy face, . . , (Quod this Sompnour) and I befhrewe me But if I telle Tales two or three Of Freres, or I come to Sidenborne, That I fhal make thin herte for to morne, 6430
For we-II wot thy patience is gone.
Our Hofle eried, Pees, and that anon;
■V. 6414. the Somjmour herd the Frere gale] The Tame word oceurs below, ver. 691 У," and let the Sompnourgale." In both places it feems to be ufed metaphorically. Galan, Sax. fignl-' fies canere. It is ufed literally in The Court of Love, ver. 1 357, wliere the nightingale is faid—to erie ïtidgale; hence its name nigbtegale or nigbtevgale. In the Iuand. at gala is ululare, Galli more exelamare ; and Hana gal, Galikinium. Guam. And. Lexs f1land.
And fayde, tet the woman tell hire Tale;
Ye fareiabfolk that dronken ben of aie.
Do, Dame, tell forth your Tale, and that ¡sbeft. 64 33
Atredy, Sire, quod fhe, right as you left, If I have licence of this worthy Frere.
Ves, Dame, quod he, tell forth, and I wot hers.
THE W JF OF BATHES TALE.
In olde dayes of the King Artour,
Of which that Bretons ipeken grer. honour, 6440
All was this lond fulfilled of Faerie;
The Elf qi¡ ene with hire joly compagnie
The Ifif ofBathes tale] Abacheteroftfing Arthur's court is enjoined by the Queen, up#m pain of death, to tell what thing h is that women do molt delire. At Itjugth he is taught it by an old woman, whom he is enforced to marry. Urry.
^k 6439. 'X!xg Artoar] I hope that Chaucer, by placing his Elf-quene in the dayes of King Artour, did not mean to intimate that the two monarehies were equally fabulous and vilw onary. Matter Wace has judged more candidly of the exploits of our Britiib hero;
No tut njenfuBgOjhe tut vcir;
Ne tut folie, ne tut ftvelr.
Tant unt li conteor cunte,
£ H fablиor Iím fable,
Pur les coules enhetecer,
Ke tut unt fait fable ferabler. Le Brut, mf. Cationi Vitt'.¡. A. y, ^'. 6441, Faerie} Féerie, Fr. from/e'f, the French name for thojefantattical beings which in the Gothick languages are called Alis or Elves. The correfponding names Xofee in the other romance diale&s аrc/дr л, Hal. ami hada. Span.; ib that it is probable that all three are derived from the Lat. fatum, which in tue barbarous ages was corrupted inbofaius and f.u.t. See Menage, in v. Fee. Du Cange, in v. Fadus. Our fyltem tit'Faerie
Wtfuld luve beea much more complete if all our ancient writ
the Portunuî appears to have refembled the Gobelin, as defcribedby Orderte. Vital. I. v. p. 556 : fpeakingof tbemiracle* oí St. Taurino* at Evreux in Normandy he fays—"Dxmon "enim, quem de Diana phano expulit, adhuc in eâdem urbe •* degit, et in varus frequertterformis apparens neminen Iscdit* "Hunc vulgus GobeUnum appellat, et per mérita Sancti Tau•' rini ab humana lEciïone" coercit'amufquehodie affirmât."— In the fame manner Gervafefays of the Portuni, " Id illi* in* •' fuum eft, ut obfequi poflint et obeflenon poffint." lie add» indeed an exception ¡ "Verum unicum quafi modulum no** cendi habent. Cumenim inter ambiguas noclis tenebra* An** gli folitarii quandoque equitant, Portunus nonnunquam in"vifus cquitanti fe fe copulat, et cum diutius comîtatwr cuti"tem, tandem lori? arreptis equutn in lutum ad rftanum du•* cit, in quo dum infixos volutatur, Portunus exlebs edebin-1 ** numfacit, et fie huiufcemodi ludibrio humanam fimpücita** tem deridet."—This is exaclly fuch a ptank a» our Hob (or Hop) goblin was ufed to play. See the M'uißim. Ntgbt's Drtem, aftii. fc. f, and Drayton's Nymphidia ».-Itihould beebferved that the Portuni (according to Gervafe) were of the true Faery fizej "ftaturâ pufilli, diniidium pollicis non haben tes." Put
* I fhalî here correft a míñate of my own in the D!fc. ÖV. n. 2,4. I have fuppofed that 5nattefpe*rc might have foUowcI Drayton in his Faery'fyftem. I have once obferved that Don Quixote (which wa? imt publiûietl till 1OO5) is cited in The Nymphidia, whereas wc linve r.» èditiua uf Tbc Midfum. Night's Üream in 16CO; fo that Diay(uii un¿otitíeiHí followed ífca-kefpeare.-*' ■• ■*'
I fpeke of many hundred yeres ago, ^445'
But now can no man fee non elves mo;
For now the grete charitee and prayeres
Of lúnitoures and other holy freies,
That ferchen every land and every ftreme,
As thikke as motes in the fonne heme, 645a
Buffing halles, chambres, kichenes, and. boures,
Citees and btsrghes, caftles highe and toures,
Thropes and bernes, fheper.es and dairies,
This maketh that ther ben no Faeries:
For ther as wont to walken was an elf, 64^ 5
Ther walketh now the limitour himfelf
In undermeles and in morweniages,
And fayth his matines and his holy thinges
As he goth in his limitatioun.
Women may now go fafely up and doun, 6460'
then indeed they were "feailt vultu, facie corrugate." Tr. Dee. i.e. 18, he deferibes another fpecies of harnilels dajinooe. called rolkti; SJpriu Folkti, Fr. fo/letti, Ital.-—The kauttuy mentioned below.ver. 646*, was a Faery of not quite fo hаrm* left a nature Hc.fueceededto the ancient Fauni, and like them was fuppofed to inflict that oppreffion which goes under the. name of the ephialtes or nightmare- Pliny calls the ephialtes taunorum in quiete iujibyi.;, AT. H. 1. г5. ». The lniubus how-: ever, as Chaucer inlinuates, exerted his powers for love aewell as for hates Ger-vaf. tilber.Dec. i. c. t?is' Vidimusquofs' dam Dxmones tanto Zelo mulieres amare quod ad inaudita "psorumpunt lodibria, et cum ad concubitum eaiurn aece"dunt miru mole eas opprimunt, nee ab aliis videntut." .
fr-. 6j¿e-j. umtermeles] The undermele, i.e. undem-mtlt4 was the diiir.br ofour aacefters, See the u. on ver. 81 зй.