Preise und Krisen: volkswirtschaftliches aus unseren Tagen. Eine von der Staatswirtschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität München gekrönte Preisschrift "Ueber die Veränderungen der Preise auf dem allgemeinen Markt seit 1875 und deren Ursachen." Zugleich eine Einführung in nationalökonomische Studien für Beamte und Kaufleute

J. G. Cotta, 1889 - 221 páginas

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Página 29 - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security ; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
Página 26 - How selfish soever man may be supposed, there are evidently some principles in his nature, which interest him in the fortune of others, and render their happiness necessary to him, though he derives nothing from it except the pleasure of seeing it.
Página 30 - The proposal of any new law or regulation of commerce which comes from this order ought always to be listened to with great precaution and ought never to be adopted till after having been long and carefully examined, not only with the most scrupulous, but with the most suspicious attention. It comes from an order of men whose interest is never exactly the same with that of the public, who have generally an interest to deceive and even to oppress the public, and who accordingly have, upon many occasions,...
Página 29 - ... the interest of the public. The interest of the dealers, however, in any particular branch of trade or manufactures, is always in some respects different from, and even opposite to, that of the public. To widen the market and to narrow the competition is always the interest of the dealers. To widen the market may frequently be agreeable enough to the interest of the public; but to narrow the competition must always be against it...
Página 26 - The consideration of his own private prof1t, is the sole motive which determines the owner of any capital to employ it either in agriculture, in manufactures, or in some particular branch of the wholesale or retail trade. The different quantities of productive labour which it may put into motion, and the different values which it may add to the annual produce of the land and labour of the society, according as it is employed in one or other of those different ways, never enter into his thoughts.
Página 40 - Elle est parfaite entre les parties, et la propriété est acquise de droit à l'acheteur à l'égard du vendeur, dès qu'on est convenu de la chose et du prix, quoique la chose n'ait pas encore été livrée ni le prix payé.
Página 40 - LA vente est une convention par laquelle l'un s'oblige à livrer une chose , et l'autre à la payer.
Página 161 - La cause est illicite quand elle est prohibée par la loi , quand» elle est contraire aux bonnes mœurs ou à l'ordre public.
Página 130 - But retail price, the price paid by the actual consumer, seems to feel very slowly and imperfectly the effect of competition ; and when competition does exist, it often, instead of lowering prices, merely divides the gains of the high price among a greater number of dealers.
Página 40 - La vendita è perfetta fra le parti, e la proprietà si acquista di diritto dal compratore riguardo al venditore, al momento che si è convenuto sulla cosa e sul prezzo, quantunque non sia seguita ancora la tradizione della cosa, nè sia pagato il prezzo. 1449. La vendita può essere fatta puramente e semplicemente, o sotto condizione sospensiva o risolutiva. Può altresì avere per oggetto due o più cose alternativamente.

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