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BAPTISM IS NOT POURING.

TO THE MAN OF THE WORLD.

He bore it all in patience. He remonstrated with them, taught them, wept over them, and prayed for his murderers. But for those who had turned his Father's

We resume our consideration of Mr Boardman's house into a place of merchandise, He made and pamphlet, “Baptism by Pouring." Having exawielded the scourge! How will it fare with those who mined his own definition, his illustrations, and some make a traffic of religion in these days ?. Alas! in the of his objections, we will now look at hisday to come, when He shall have taken his great power and shall reign-how many will say

7. Objections against possibility. Mr Boardman

says“Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name ? and in thy name have cast out devils ? and in thy name done many Jordan, were baptized by John.

“Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the region round about wonderful works? And he will answer them, I never knew

Thousands upon thousands. you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.”

Could any man stand midway in the water, day after day, im

mersing thousands in a rapidly flowing river ? Impossible. God will have purity in His house. Jesus will No man, except by miracle, could do so; and we are not told maintain the honour and glory of God, however of anything miraculous in this event.” patiently he bears with scorn and rejection himself. Mr Boardman's objections, it will be seen, are threeThus we are brought to the Holy Spirit's comment- fold: the numbers baptized, the rapidity of the river, “ And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal hardihood of John, in deserts bred, we need not

and the bodily capability of the Baptist. On the of thine house hath eaten me up." (v. 17.)

enlarge; sufficient it is for us, that "he was a man sent from God," prepared by God, to do God's work. The other two difficulties vanish in the light which

the Holy Ghost has furnished us in the word Bethabara. In these days a man of the world is generally quick to We admit the Jordan may be called a deep and rapid apprehend a question of profit and loss. Ask such an one river, averaging ten or twelve feet deep; but whether he would not readily forego some present enjoyment it had its shallows or fords”, through which for the sake of future great profit. He will be quick to agree travellers waded. This mode of crossing has always to the proposal. What is the opinion entertained of those been sufficiently convenient. Now, Bethabara was who squander all their resources on the passing hour, leaving a village on the other side of the Jordan deriving themselves to destitution in the future ? Are they not uni- its name from a neighbouring ford across that versally condemned for their folly?

river. The word Bethabara means - House of God has set before you, by the mouth of his beloved Son, a Passage, and was clearly the chief ford across the proposition of profit and loss. It takes in the commercial Jordan, for in Judges vii. 24, 25, when Gideon is thought of present and future--present gratification against fighting with the Midianites, he sends an army to future loss. The stake is your own soul ! " What is a man secure this ford, and thus captured their retreating profited if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? foes. Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?"

We see several beautiful lessons in John being This is deeply solemn. How will you answer it? You directed to baptize at Bethabara beyond Jordan. may shirk the question now, turn a deaf ear to it now, but It was in all probability near this place, that sooner or later you must realise the intense reality of all that the people originally, under Joshua, passed over is involved in it. Do not think that God is asking you to give and received the land, as God's free gift. In passing up anything you esteem valuable, that you may obtain as a over to John, there was a transient surrender of that reward forgiveness of sins. Forgiveness is never extended as a gift, which, however, they are allowed to re-take, as reward. It can only be had as a free gift. The object of the it were, on confession of sin and obedience to God. Lord's proposition is to show you your utter destitution, so

Now, let us think of the Baptist, just finishing that you may be glad to accept salvation as a free gift. Perhaps you do not think you can be in that state of abject need?

17 a short and stirring address, principally directed to What, then, will you give in exchange for your soul? The those who have come across the Jordan to him. earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof. You cannot then He then goes into the ford, waist high, and the offer gold, however rich you may be. It belongs to God people follow him. Approaching him, confessing sin, already; when you die Will you offer prayers and tears as an atonement

they are immersed, one by one, bowing forward, as for sin, and so hope for forgiveness ? These will not do, for in the act of adoration. They then pass on across the Word of God declares “ without shedding of blood there is the river, others following continuously, till all who no remission of sins."

are prepared for baptisın are immersed. In all proAll this is said that you may realise your bankrupt condition, and so accept God's mercy in the way he has promised bability, the Baptist then resumes preaching to those

“Behold the Lamb of God." The blood who were already beginning to arrive, and, anon, to has been shed by which there is remission of sins. Jesus has immerse those who desire it. We commend this died on the cross, bearing the guilt and the punishment of all explanation to Mr Boardman and our readers, and who believe in Him. Yes, Jesus died and rose again. This is feel sure our brother could not closely limit the God's remedy for your utter need, "Believe on the Lord Jesus numbers which could be baptized in this Christ and thou shalt be saved.” Will you turn away from this wondrous truth? Then, in bitter anguish must the question

8. The next difficulty in the pamphlet before us has one day recur to you, “ What is a man profited if he shall gain the whole world and lose his own soul or what shall a man reference to the baptism of the Ethiopian Eunuch give in exchange for his soul?"

by Philip, The writer thinks we ought not to infor

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that there was immersion because there is no mention being themselves baptized, ready to baptize others, of changing clothes! To this we say, we need in the holy enthusiasm of their new life. Where is make no inference at all ; baptism means im- our brother's difficulty ? mersion, and nothing else. Mr Boardman may

10. But then comes another—on the score of water reason, but he is without authority, human or supply on the occasion above alluded to! Strabo, a divine, for saying it does mean anything else. All very ancient traveller, saysthe lexicographers are agreed upon this point. “ Jerusalem-a rocky fortress ; within, well-watered ; withIn our last we met the difficulty concerning changing out, wholly dry.” clothes, showing that the slight clothing worn in the And Dr Robinson, a modern traveller, saysEast is no sooner wetted, so to speak, than it is dry again. But while we see no difficulty against im- understood to have at least one or more cisterns, excavated in

“ Almost every private house in Jerusalem, of any size, is mersion in the case of the Eunuch, we do see a the soft limestone rock on which the city is built. The house difficulty if there were not immersion; and we com- in which wo resided had no less than four,”—and these, he mend the following consideration of the circum- says, were on an average, 16 feet by 13!! stances of the case to our dear brother.

11. In the case of Cornelius, Mr Boardman thinks The Ethiopian Eunuch being a chief man of the that the interrogative, “ Can any man forbid water?" realm from which he came, and travelling home in is tantamount to asking for water, and that, too, in a chariot, must have been accompanied, according to small quantity. But this is not so. The gist of the oriental custom, with many servants. Indeed, it is passage is whether water-baptism is to be allowed or notoriously necessary for the rich to travel in forbidden; and fully perceiving what was the mind of these lawless regions, with a company of armed re- the Spirit, Peter commanded-what? some water to tainers, in order to preserve themselves from rob- be brought? No. bery and violence. Going, as they were, across “ And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of deserts, does Mr Boardman suppose the company the Lord.” was not abundantly supplied with water, though Our impression is that Peter did not baptize them not sufficient for the purposes of immersion? He is himself at all; but that they left his presence, at surely aware that great care is taken, especially by his command, and were baptized by some fellowthe rich, to guard against the possibility of that dire servant of Christ who had accompanied him. The distress—thirst by the way. We know the usual bearing of Peter is rather that of a man having practice is to devote certain camels to this one duty authority to direct others, than himself acting. We of carrying water, in ox-hide bags, for use and emer- do not read the simple expression-Then he baptized gencies. If, therefore, a little water only, poured on them ; so that Mr Boardman's reasoning on this the head, were necessary, they must have had abun- passage is really without any basis, because he takes dance with them for the purpose ; but as it was not for granted two things, viz.—that Peter carried out the right thing, how natural that the Eunuch should his own command, and that, too, on the spot !! start with satisfaction at the sight of a pool ! 9. Mr Boardman is again in a numerical difficulty. which appeared in previous numbers of our journal,

The articles "Baptism, its Place and Meaning," "Peter preaches on the day of Pentecost, and 3000 are con, have been published as a penny tract. As few of our verted. The same day, it appears, they are baptised and added readers have seen this tract, we will here present them to the Church. Could all this have been done in one day, admitting even that the twelve apostles took 250 each ?”

with a few remarks on bapto and baptiso which

will be found added to the 2nd edition of the tract, Why does Mr Boardman confine to the twelve to render the subject more complete :apostles the duty of baptizing on the day of Pente

To Baptize means primarily to Dip, and figuratively to cost ? The Scripture does not. We read that “the

cover over, or overwhelm. It is to be regretted that our so number of the names together were about an translators did not so render it ; instead of which, they adopted “ hundred and twenty," and, the narrative continues, the foreign term into the language, not translating it at all! “they were all with one accord in one place.” Who ? Thus, as the practice of pouring or sprinkling was so general in Evidently, those whe had just gathered in solemn the Anglican, as well as the Romish Church, the popular mind

naturally associated the word in the New Testament with that assembly. Now, upon each of these "all" the cloven tongues of fire alight, and the same If tradition had any weight with us, surely the practice "all" are filled with the Holy Ghost, i.e. the whole of the Greek Church might be admitted, as fixing the meanhundred and twenty. Perhaps very little baptizing and has been, to dip the child, even in the depth of winter; and was done by the Twelve at all, who were more espe- in the Prayer Book of the English Establishment (compiled cially given to ministering the word. Baptizing, as previously to the present translation of the Scriptures) it is well as preaching, is nowhere in Scripture associated expressly ordered that the child is to be dipped, " discreetly with office or gift; any right-minded Christian, him- and warily," unless the sponsors declare it to be in such a deself baptized, may devoutly lay another in the waters cordingly, we are told, as a fact, that in all the older churches

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licate state of health as to render immersion dangerous.. Acof death, sanctifying the occasion with the Word of fonts are constructed large enough for the purpose. We also God and prayer. St Paul deliberately left this simple hear occasionally of ministers of the National Establishment act of service to others. (1 Cor. i.) Besides the administering immersion to adults well as infants"; * hundred and twenty," we hold that some of the indeed, a clergyman of the Church of England can do as he

chooses in this respect !! "three thousand,” perhaps many, were soon after The reader will, of course, remember how clearly we hava

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shown, in previous papers, the flagrant folly and sin in the

THE LORD JESUS CHRIST, baptism (so-called) of infants altogether; these references are merely made to show the necessity there is for each believer to go back to the Scriptures, and getting therefrom reasons for his practice that he will not be ashamed to give to the Lord

(Continuance of Extract from “The Evangelists."), Jesus Christ, at his coming. In the practice of Christendom

After Jesus had risen, and was returned to His we see nothing but confusion-cach believer should therefore receive the command as a little child—“Be Immersed." disciples, He never once reminded them of their late

BAPTISM, as we have said, must not be regarded as an English desertion to Him. This tells us of Him. “I know word ; but as an adoptod Groek word. Baptizo (to dip, to batho) no one,” says another," so kind, so condescending, occurs 79 times in the New Testament, and is 77 times ren- who come down to poor sinners as He. I dered “baptized," and twice by the word “wash,” without trust His love more than I do any

not merely stating the mode of washing, which latter would have been better rendered washed by dipping," because the ordinary His power as God, but the tenderness of His heart as Greek word for “ wash” is louo.

man. None ever shewed such, or had such, or proved When the translators have to render Bapto (to dip, to dye) it so well. None have inspired me with such confithey did not hesitate to translate it, and to translate it dip. dence. Let others go to saints or angels, if they will, Bapto occurs thrice in the New Testament; we refer the reader to I trust Jesus more. John xiii. 26, Luke xvi. 24, Rev. xix. 13.

But this is but one ray of the moral glory that or Septuagint Version of the Old Testament, made two or three hundred years before Jesus Christ was born, Bapto (to dip) shone in Him. What a sight it is to see to, if we occurs in conjunction and contrast with the Greek words to could but look at it in its full measure ! Who could "pour” and to sprinkle,”—clearly showing its essential have conceived such an object? it must have been exdifference. Thus we read~" He shall pour cheo) the oil; hibited, ere it could have been described. But such he shall dip (bapto) his finger in it; he shall sprinkle (raino) the

was Jesus—who once walked here in the unclouded oil." (Lev. xiv, 15, 16.) No word in the Greek language is more definite. The authority of the Septuagint is beyond fulness of that glory, and whose reflections have been doubt, because the New Testament writers quote from left by the Holy Ghost on the sacred pages of the its text. It was much esteemed by the thousands of Jews dis- | Evangelists. persed among the Gentiles, who spoke Greek.

What attractiveness there must have been in Him Bapto seems to have been used in connection with the dipping for the eye and the heart that had been opened by of things, and Baptizo in connection with the dipping of persons the Spirit ! This is witnessed to us in the Apostles. and also of things when the latter are in any way associated Doctrinally they knew but little about Him, and as with religious ideas.

In order to secure a sacred word instead of the common word to their worldly interests, they gained nothing by re'dip,' but chiefly to save the State Religion from self-condem- maining with Him. And yet they clung to Him. It nation, King James directed the translators to adopt the word cannot be said that they availed themselves of His Baptizo, instead of translating it !! But as this Greek word is power to work miracles. Indeed they rather quesalways rendered into Latin by Mergo, there should have been

tioned it than used it. And we have reason to judge no difficulty for an appropriate word, and that seems to us to that, ordinarily, He would not have exercised that be the word-IMMERSION.

power for them. And yet, there they were with The reader will thus see that 'Baptize,' and its derivatives, are essentially foreign words adopted rather than translated Him; and for His sake had left their place and kininto the English language, and if he wishes to know their dred on the earth. meaning he must go to the mother tongue. The simple- What influence His person must have had with minded reader who cannot do this, sees plainly that the term souls drawn of the Father ! burial-"buried with him in baptism”-implies putting out of

And this influence, this attractiveness, were alike sight-immersion. “ Bury my dead out of my sight,” said Abraham.

felt by men of very opposite temperaments. The

slow-hearted, reasoning Thomas, and the ardent, unOn another important part of this question, in calculating Peter, were together kept near and around

Him. which Mr. Boardman has come grievously short, we shall desire to touch in our next. No apology

May we not healthfully dwell on these samples of need be offered for the fullness of our investigations, like our own, and accept them, too, as pledges of

His nearness to us, and of his preciousness to hearts this simple subject of Baptism being one of the chief tests of faithfulness and childlike obedience to

what remains for us all, when gathered out of every

clime, and colour, and character, from every phase of the Lord in these latter times.

the human family, we shall be with him for ever ?

We need to know him personally better than we do. It was this knowledge the Apostles, in those days of

the Gospels, had of Him-it was the force and authorwith him-an exemplification of that which is true of all who are ity of such knowledge their souls felt. And we need in the faith. We who believe are “crucified with Christ,” Gal. ii. 20. We are also risen with him. The offering having been

more of it. We may be busy in acquainting ourselves completed, and the justice of God having been vindicated about with truths about Him, and we may make proficiency sin, it is immediately made manifest that He delights in mercy. that way ; but with all our knowledge, and all tho Secondly, having manifested Himself as the risen Jesus, gloriously triumphant ove Death and Hell, He sends a message by the

disciples' ignorance, they may leave us far behind in faithful women to His disciples to meet Him in Galilee. The glory the power of a commanding affection toward Himself, has departed from Jerusalen, “Her house is left to her desolate.''

And I will not refuse to say, that it is well, when the Henceforth the Lord Jesus is to be met outside the place of ceremonial worship. "Let us go forth, therefore

, unto Him without heart is drawn by Him, beyond the knowledge we (outside) the Camp, bearing His reproach." (Heb, xiii. 13.) have of Him (I mean knowledge in a doctrinal form)

THE WORK OF THE Cross.-The first evident result of the Crucifixion of Christ was the salvation of one who was crucified

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that there was immersion because there is no mention being themselves baptiz
of changing clothes ! To this we say, we need in the holy enthusiasm
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reason, but he is without authority, human or supply on the occasion a
divine, for saying it does mean anything else. All very ancient traveller, så
the lexicographers are agreed upon this point. Jerusalem-a rocky fortr
In our last we met the difficulty concerning changing out, wholly dry.”
clothes, showing that the slight clothing worn in the

And Dr Robinson, a
East is no sooner wetted, so to speak, than it is dry

“ Almost every private hous again. But while we see no difficulty against im

understood to have at least one mersion in the case of the Eunuch, ve do see a difficulty if there were not immersion ; and we com- in which wo resided had no mend the following consideration of the circum- says, were on an average, 16 fee stances of the case to our dear brother.

11. In the case of Corne The Ethiopian Eunuch being a chief man of the that the interrogative, “Ca realm from which he came, and travelling home in is tantamount to asking for a chariot, must have been accompanied, according to small quantity. But this i: oriental custom, with many servants. Indeed, it is passage is whether water-bi notoriously necessary for the rich to travel in forbidden; and fully percei these lawless regions, with a company of armed re- the Spirit, Peter commande tainers, in order to preserve themselves from rob- be brought? No. bery and violence. Going, as they were, across “ And he commanded them to deserts, does Mr Boardman suppose the company the Lord.” was not abundantly supplied with water, though Our impression is that Pet not sufficient for the purposes of immersion? He is himself at all; but that th surely aware that great care is taken, especially by his command, and were bę the rich, to guard against the possibility of that dire servant of Christ who had a distress—thirst by the way. We know the usual bearing of Peter is rather 1 practice is to devote certain camels to this one duty authority to direct others, than of carrying water, in ox-hide bags, for use and emer- do not read the simple express gencies. If, therefore, a little water only, poured on them ; so that Mr Boardmar the head, were necessary, they must have had abun- passage is really without any dance with them for the purpose ; but as it was not for granted two things, viz.the right thing, how natural that the Eunuch should his own command, and that, ti start with satisfaction at the sight of a pool !

pisao bi 9. Mr Boardman is again in a numerical difficulty. which appeared in previous ni

The articles "Baptism, its “ Peter preaches on the day of Pentecost, and 3000 are con; have been published as a penn to the Church. Could all this have been done in one day, ad- readers have seen this tract, we mitting even that the twelve apostles took 250 each ?”

with a few remarks on bapt

will be found added to the 2n Why does Mr Boardman confine to the twelve to render the subject more com apostles the duty of baptizing on the day of Pente

To Baptize means primarily to I cost? The Scripture does not. We read that “the cover over, or overwhelm. It is t "number of the names together were about an translators did not so render it ; instes "hundred and twenty," and, the narrative continues, the foreign term into the language, " they were all with one accord in one place.” Who? Thus, as the practice of pouring or sp Evidently, those whe had just gathered in solemn naturally associated the word in the 1 assembly. Now, upon each of these the cloven tongues of fire alight, and the same If tradition had any weight with "all" are filled with the Holy Ghost, i.e. the whole of the Greek Church might be admi hundred and twenty. Perhaps very little baptizing and has been, to dip the child, even in was done by the Twelve at all

, who were more espe- in the Prayer Book of the English E cially given to ministering the word. Baptizing, as previously to the present translation well as preaching, is nowhere in Scripture associated expressly ordered that the child is to with office or gift ; any right-minded Christian, him- and warily," unless the sponsors decla self baptized, may devoutly lay another in the waters of death, sanctifying the occasion with the Word

of cordingly, we are told, as a fret, thal God and prayer. St Paul deliberately left this simple hear occasionally of act of service to others. (1 Cor. i.) Besides the administering im “hundred and twenty," we hold that some of the indeed, a clergy "three thousand, perhaps many, were soon after The reade

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shown, in previous papers, the flagrant folly and sin
baptism (so-called) of infants altogether; these referer
merely made to show the necessity there is for each
to go back to the Scriptures, and getting therefrom reas
his practice that he will not be ashamed to give to t
Jesus Christ, at his coming. In the practice of Chri
we see nothing but confusion-each believer should
receive the command as a little child—“Be Immersed.

BAPTISM, as we have said, must not be regarded as an word; but as an adopted Greek word. Baptizo (to dip, tu occurs 79 times in the New Testament, and is 77 tim dered “baptized,” and twice by the word “wash," stating the mode of washing, which latter would has better rendered “washed by dipping," because the on Greek word for “ wash” is louo.

When the translators have to render Bapto (to dip, they did not hesitate to translate it, and to translat Bapto occurs thrice in the New Testament; we refer the ru John xiii. 26, Luke xvi. 24, Rev, xix. 13. In the or Septuagint Version of the Old Testament, made two hundred years before Jesus Christ was born, Baplo occurs in conjunction and contrast with the Greek w "pour” and to "sprinkle,"clearly showing its es difference. Thus we read—“He shall pour (cheo) th he shall dip (bapto) his finger in it; he shall sprinkle (ra. oil." (Lev. xiv, 15, 16.) No word in the Greek lang more definite. The authority of the Septuagint is doubt, because the New Testament writers quote its text. It was much esteemed by the thousands of Je persed among the Gentiles, who spoke Greek.

Bapto seems to have been used in connection with the of things, and Baptizo in connection with the dipping of and also of things when the latter are in any way ass with religious ideas.

In order to secure a sacred word instead of the comm dip,' but chiefly to save the State Religion from self nation, King James directed the translators to adopt ti Baptizo, instead of translating it!! But as this Greek always rendered into Latin by Mergo, there should I no difficulty for an appropriate word, and that seem be the word-IMMERSION.

The reader will thus see that ' Baptize,' and its a are essentially foreign words adopted rather than into the English language, and if he wishes to l meaning he must go to the mother tongue. T minded reader who cannot do this, sees plainly th burial—“buried with him in baptism"-implies pr sight-immersion. "Bury my dead out of my Abraham.

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