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ings; three of Mr. CURRAN's; Sir James MACKINTOSH's famous speech for Peltier; four of Mr. CANNING's; and five of Lord BROUGHAM's, including his instructive discourse on the study of eloquence in the Greek orators. Some of the most finished letters of Junius are given in their proper place, with re. marks on his style as an admirable model of condensation, elegance, and force. In the first fifty pages will be found nearly all the celebrated speeches before the days of Lord Chatham, from Sir ROBERT WALPOLE, Lord CHESTERFIELD, Mr. PULTENEY, Lord BELHAVEN, Sir JOHN Digby, the Earl of StrafFORD, and Sir John Eliot. The selections in this volume extend through a period of two hundred years, and embrace a very large proportion of the most powerful eloquence of Great Britain.
The following are the aids afforded for the study of these speeches :
(1.) A memoir of each orator, designed to show his early training in eloquence, the leading events of his public life, the peculiar cast of his genius, and the distinctive characteristics of his oratory. It ought to be said, in justice to the anthor, that these sketches were completed in every essential particular, long before the publication of Lord Brougham's work upon British Statesmen.
(2.) A historical introduction to each of the speeches, explaining minutely the circumstances of the case, the state of parties, and the exact point at issue, being intended to place the reader in the midst of the scene as an actual spectator of the contest. These introductions, with the memoirs just mentioned, form a slight but continuous thread of political history, embracing the most important topics discussed in the British Parliament for more than a century.
(3.) An analysis of the longer speeches in side-notes, giving the divisions and subdivisions of thought, and thus enabling the reader to perceive at once the connection and bearing of the several parts.
(4.) A large body of explanatory notes, bringing out minuter facts. A few of these, on CHATHAM's early speeches, are from the Modern Orator, and also some definitions of law terms in two of Erskine's, p. 637–83.
(5.) Critical notes, as specimens of the kind of analysis which the author has been accustomed to apply to the several parts of an oration, and which every student in oratory should be continually making out for himself,
(6.) Translations of the passages quoted from the ancient and foreign languages, with the poetry rendered into English verse. The passages are usually traced to their sources, and the train of thought given as it appears in the original, without a knowledge of which most quotations have but little force or beauty. For the same reason, the classical and other allusions are traced out and explained.
(7.) A concluding statement of the way in which the question was decided, with occasional remarks upon its merits, or the results produced by the decision.
Great compression has been used in preparing this volume, that all who are interested in the study of eloquence may be able to possess it. Each page contains the matter of three ordinary octavo pages in Pica type; and the whole work has in it one sixth more than Chapman's Select Speeches, or Willison's American Eloquence, in five octavo volumes each.
In conclusion, the author may be permitted to say, that while he has aimed to produce a volume worthy of lying at all times on the table of every one engaged in speaking or writing for the public, he has hoped it might prove peculiarly useful to men of his own profession; since nothing is more desirable, at the present day, than a larger infusion into our sacred eloquence of the freedom, boldness, and strength which distinguish our secular oratory.
Sept. 1st, 1852.
CON TEN T S.
His early life, 1; elected to the House at the opening of
leader of the Opposition, 54-5; comparison between
him and Lord Mansfield, 55; gains a complete ascend.
made Paymaster of the Forces, ib. ; exhibition of dis-
interestedness, 56-7; on the death of Pelham comes out
against Newcastle, his successor, 58; attack on Mans
field, " Felix trembles," ib.; attack on Fox, “conflux of
SPEECH when Impeached of High Treason ......... 11 poses war against her,
but overruled by Lord Bute, ib. ;
resigns, ib.; makes his "Sitting Speech” against Lord
Stratford, ib.; changes sides and comes out against the
is raised into the House of Lords, 67 ; his loss of health
and inability to administer the government, 68; resigns
ces of Lord Belhaven's speech against it, ib.
SPEECH in favor of Inquiring into the conduct of Sir
SPEECH in favor of an immediate Removal of the British
ib.; his general unpopularity, ib.; his death, ib. Speech against a Motion for adjourning Parliament, De
LAST SPEECH upon America, with the circumstances of
His birth, 45; early love of polite literature, ib.; elegance LORD MANSFIELD...
His birth, 143; descended from the Stormont family, which
adhered to the Stuarts, ib.; sent enrly to the Westmin.
ster school, ib.; his great proficiency, ib. ; removed to
Oxford, ib.; his studies in rhetoric, ib. ; commences the
study of the law, ib.; laborious training in extempora-
neous speaking, ib.; historical studies, 144; practice in
elocution, ib. ; a favorite of Pope, ib.; extent of his
His birth and early sufferings from the gout, 52; his ed. business as a lawyer, ib.; made Solicitor General, ib. ;
ucation at Eaton, ib. ; his conversational powers, ib. ; comparison between him and the elder Pitt, ib. ; made
as Chief Justice at the age of eighty-three, ib. ; his death, Sheridan, 230; writes his Reflections on the Revolu
its errors, ib. ; its excellences, 231-32; his separation
REMARKS on the foregoing speech with the American ar.
granted him, 235; his Letter to a Noble Lord on the
Speech in the case of Allan Evans, Esq.
155 ib.; characteristics of his genius and eloquence, 237-40
SPEECH previous to the Bristol Election
ib. ; the result of severe and protracted effori, ib.; labor
PERORATION of Speech against Warren Hastings
ating ideas without expressing them in form, 161-5;
Irish right, 383; unsuccessful, ib.; moves it again at the
will cease writing, ib. ; he discontinues his Letters at
LETTER to the Duke of Grnton
dramatic productions, ib. ; purchase of Drury Lane
Theater, ib.; election to Parliament, ib.; made Under
Secretary of State, 400; keen retort on Pitt, ib.; speech
204 House of Lords under the impeachment, 401; Lord
a speaker, 402; his wit and humor, ib.; habits of intem.
perance, 103 ; unhappy death, ib. ; personal appearance
Quaker school in Ballitore, ib. ; carly training, ib.; re- SPEECH against Warren Hastings when impeached be.
classical literature, ih.; distinction at Eaton and Oxford,
ib.; early extravagance, 439; enters Parliament, ib. ;
first a Tory and in office under Lord North, 440; turn.
ed out abruptly, ib. ; joins the Whigs as a pupil of
Burke, 441; his labors to form himself as a debater,
goes out with Lord Rockingham, and becomes leader
retary of State under Lord Rockingham, 444; disap.
pointed in not becoming Prime Minister on the death
of Rockingham, ib.; forms his Coalition with Lord
North, 443; drives out the ministry and becomes Sec.
retary of State. ib.; his East India Bill, 446; speech in
support of it, 447; carried in the House, ib. ; defeated
in the Lords, ib.; his speech against secret influence,
our to the election, 216-17; declines the polls, and re-
unsuccessful efforts to drive Pitt from power, ib.; West.
minster election, 449; Mr. Fox's speech on the subject,
after the fall of Lord North, comes in with Lord Rock
ment of the King, ib.; Mr. Fox asserts the right of the
Prince of Wales to the Regency, 451; King recovers,
East India Bill of Mr. Fox, ib.; his intimate acquaint-
Russia. 453 ; his Libel bill, ib. ; his views of the French
Revolution, 454 ; his speech on Mr. Pitt's rejection of
Bonaparte's overtures for pence. 458 ; comes in under
Lord Grenville as Secretary of Foreign Attaire, 459; his
Cambridge at fourteen, ib. ; his ambition from boyhood suades his school-fellows to practice extemporaneous
his admirable speech against the Slave Trade, ib.; war
CHARACTER of Charles J. Fox..
His birth in London, 851; descended from an Irish fam-
ily of distinction, ib.; premature death of his father, ib. ;
dependent condition of his mother, who goes on to the
stage for her support, ib., his early proficiency at school,
ib.; his love of English literature, ib.; is removed to
His birth at Edinburgh, 629; carly education at Edin.
high standing at Oxford, ib.; influence of competition,
ib. ; leaves the university and commences the study of
the law, ib.; is invited by Mr. Pitt to become his polit-
ical adherent, ib.; elected to Parliament, ib. ; his early
character as a speaker, 853; unites in establishing the
Anti-Jacobin Review, ib.; author of the most striking
poetical effusions in the work, ib.; the Needy Knife
grinder, 853-4; made Under Secretary of State, and aft-
erward Treasurer of the Navy by Mr. Pitt, 854 ; becomes
Secretary of Foreign Affairs under the Duke of Port-
land, ib. ; fights a duel with Lord Castlereagh, and goes
out of office, ib.; is chosen member of Parliament for
Liverpool, 855; goes as embassador extraordinary to
Lisbon, ib. ; appointed Governor General of India, ib. ;
is appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs, ib.; his strong
Speech in behalf of Bingham
708 of his character by Sir James Mackintosh, 856-8.
SPEECH against Williams for the publication of Paine's Speech on Radical Reform
of health, 788-9; resigns bis office, 789; his death, SPEECH on the Army Estimates..
SPEECH in behalf of Finnerty
INAUGURAL DISCOURSE, when inducted as Lord Rector