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consumption. As regards the climate clude this article with another extract of Cuba, we can speak, from personal from it, in reference to the climate of knowledge, of its highly beneficial East Florida, as a winter residence for effects.
the northern invalid : The personal observations of Dr. Forry in reference to climate, as a win “ The influence of temperature on the ter residence for the northern invalid living body, more especially as regards of our own country, are mostly confined winds, is often indicated more accurately to East Florida. So remarkable is the by our sensations than the thermometer. equality in the distribution of tempera, Arctic Regions, we are told that when the
For instance, in Parry's Voyages to the ture among the seasons here, that a comparison with the most favored lo- mercury stood at fifty-one degrees below calities already noticed is no way dis- inconvenience was experienced than when
zero of Fahrenheit, in a calm, no greater paraging.
it was at zero during a breeze. Conse“A comparison of the mean tempera- quently, the advantages of climate as reture of winter and summer, that of the gards its fitness for the pulmonic, not unwarmest and coldest months, and that of frequently depend on the mere circumsuccessive months and seasons, results stance of exposure to, or shelter from, generally in favor of peninsular Florida. cold winds. The frequency and severity The mean difference of successive months of the winds at St. Augustine constitute a stands thus : Pisa 50.75, Naples 5o.08, considerable drawback on the benefits of Nice 49.74, Rome 4o.39, Fort King (in the the climate. The chilly north-east blast, interior of Florida] 40.28, Fort Marion at surcharged with fogs and saline vapors, St. Augustine 30.68, Fort Brooke (on the sweeping around every angle of its ancient western coast of Florida] 39.09, Penzance, and dilapidated walls, often forbids the England, 30.05, Key West (at the south- valetudinarian venturing from his domicil. ern point of Florida] 20.44, and Madeira To obviate these disadvantages, a large 20.41. The lime, the orange
house was erected at Picolata on the St. and the fig, find here a genial temperature; John's; but during the pending Indian the course of vegetable life is unceasing; disturbances, it has been converted into a culinary vegetables are cultivated, and barrack and an hospital. wild flowers spring up and flourish in the
“At the present time, St. Augustine month of January; and so little is the and Key West are the only places which temperature of the lakes and rivers di- afford the conveniences required by the minished during the winter months, that wants of an invalid ; but assuming that one may almost at any time bathe in their proper accommodations can be equally obwaters. The climate is so exceedingly tained at all points, Key Biscamo on the mild and uniform, that besides the vegeta- south-eastern coast, or Tampa Bay on the ble productions of the southern states
Gulf of Mexico, claims a decided prefergenerały, many of a tropical character ence, especially over St. Augustine. As are produced.
Along the south
a general rule, it would be judicious for eastern coast, at Key Biscayno, for exam
the northern physician to direct his pulple, frost is never known, nor is it ever so
monary patient to embark about the inidcold as to require the use of fire. In this
dle of October for Tampa Bay. Braving system of climate, the rigors of winter are
the perils of the wide ocean, he will realunknown, and smiling verdure never
ize the healthful excitement incident to ceases to reign."
the fears and hopes of a sea-voyage. The
salubrious air of the sea has, indeed, al Now compare this mild and equable ways been esteemed as peculiarly congeclimate with that of Italy, as described nial to the lungs. Even the Romans, by Dr. Johnson.
among whom consumption seems to have
been of frequent occurrence, were wont “ Italy indeed,” he says, “is very sin. to seek relief in a voyage to Alexandria. gularly situated in respect to climate. Having spent the winter months at Tampa, With its feet resting against the snow-clad let the invalid proceed early in March to Alps, and its head stretching towards the St. Augustine, by way of Dade's battleburning shore of Africa, it is alternately ground and the old Seminole agency. In exposed to the suffocation of the sirocco, addition to the corporeal exercise, he will from the arid sands of Lybia, and the icy find food for mental digestion at every step chill of the tramontane, from the Alps or of his journey. Having thus reaped the the Apennines.”
benefit of a sea-voyage and all the ad
vantages to be derived from a change of In view of the American character climate, the valetudinarian may return to of Dr. Forry's work, we will now con- his anxious friends so much renovated in
health and spirits as to be capable of tance from Buffalo to Chicago is more "enjoying again the blessings of social life. than twelve hundred miles, the invalid
«As long, however, as predatory Semi- of the south is enabled to derive much nole bands retain possession of this Penin- advantage from a voyage over this long sula, few itinerant invalids will imitate expanse of waters. But we will allow the example of the celebrated Spanish ad, the author to speak in his own graphic venturer, Ponce de Leon, who, in the wild spirit of the sixteenth century, braved the
language :perils of unknown seas and the dangers of Florida's wilds, in search of the far
“ But the summer climate of the lakes famed fountain of rejuvenescence. When is not the only source of benefit to invathe period, however, of the red man's de- lids; for the agitation imparted by the parture shall have passed, [an event which boat, on voyages of several days' duration, has been officially announced], the cli- through waters which are never stagnant, mate of this land of flowers will, it and sometimes rolling, will be found among may be safely predicted, acquire a celebri- the most efficient means of restoring ty, as a winter residence, not inferior to health, in many chronic diseases, especialthat of Italy, Madeira, or Southern ly those of a nervous character, such as France."
hysteria and hypochondriasm.
" Another source of benefit is the exIn conclusion, we will present some faculty of observation. At a watering
citement imparted by the voyage to the of the facts contained in a highly in- place all the features of the surrounding teresting pamphlet by Dr. Daniel Drake, scenery are soon familiarized to the eye, entitled " The Northern Lakes, a Sum- which then merely wanders over the commer Residence for Invalids of the mingled throngs of valetudinarians, docSouth,” which has been the result of a tors, dancers, idlers, gamblers, coquettes, two months' voyage, for medical obser- and dandies, whence it soon returns to vation, during the last summer. Our inspect the infirmities or tedium vitæ of its notice of it, however, seeing the space possessor; but on protracted voyages, already devoted to this article, must through new and fresh regions, curiosity necessarily be brief.
is stirred up to the highest pitch, and In view of what has been written on pleasantly gratified by the hourly unfoldthe comparative fitness of different ing of fresh aspects of nature; some new places towards the equator, as winter blending of land and lake—a group of residences for the invalids of the north, fields of wild rice and lilies—a rainbow
islands different from the last-aquatic Dr. Drake thinks, with good reason, walking on the face of the deep-2 that the valetudinarians of the former water-spout, or a shifting series of painted regions have equal claims upon the clouds seen in the kaleidoscope of heaven. medical observer as regards a summer “ But the North has attractions of a residence. He merely purposes to add different kind, which should draw into its another, and as he supposes a superior summer bosom those who seek health and place of resort, to those already fre- recreation in travel. From Ontario to quented ; such as the Springs of Vir- Michigan, the voyager passes in the midst ginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and of spots consecrated to the heart of every New York,—the marine watering places American; and deeply interesting to all of Long Branch, Newport, Nahant, &c.
who delight to study the history of their -as well as a trip to the Falls of Ni- native land. The shores and waters of agara, or a voyage on the St. Lawrence the lakes, so often reddened with the blood
of those who fought and died in the cause to Montreal and Quebec. How truly delightful it is to traverse ler of warm and patriotic feelings, scenes
of their country, will present to the travelthese ocean-lakes or inland seas during which he cannot behold without an emothe season of summer, we can add our tion, under which real diseases may abate testimony from personal experience, and the imaginary be forgotten.” Instead of the refected heat of inland regions on the same parallels, which Along this route of twelve hundred rivals that of the West Indies, we have miles from Chicago to the Falls of Niahere cool and refreshing lake and land gara, patriotic emotions, as is justly obbreezes, the former prevailing through served by Dr. Drake, are being continumost of the day, and the latter setting ally excited in the mind of the traveller; in at night as soon as the radiation from but as we cannot here follow our authorin the ground has reduced its temperature the narrative of his voyage, descriptive below that of the water. As the dis- of the scenery and historical associations
everywhere obtruded upon his view, ranged upon the thread of travel! We we must content ourselves with giving may fearlessly affirm, that, in this respect, his concluding remarks :
the lakes of the north take precedence
over any other region of our beloved coun“Such are some of the historical asso- try. Their deeply wooded shores yield a ciations connected with a voyage upon the bountiful harvest of facts to the historian, lakes; and where else in the Union can while their green waters reflect images of the invalid and the patriot roam, to find glory, sadness and shame, which the poet localities so opulent in varied and affect- and orator will embody and bequeath to ing recollections-so accessible-so ar- posterity."
BY C. P. CRANCH.
The versatile, discursive violin,
Light, tender, brilliant, passionate, or calm,
His range of ready utterance, wins the palm
Fine, fluent speaker, polished gentleman.
Of blending instruments-fighting in the van
A very Bayard in the field of sound,
And spurring them to keep their hard-earned ground.
Larger and more matured, deeper in thought,
Slower in speech and of a graver tone,
Wise moods upon him, living all alone,
Yet at some feeling of remembered things,
Hark! what a depth of sorrow in those strings!
Yet list again; his voice no longer moans ;
Strong, self-possessed, the violoncello's tones :
you wouldn't mind being broke of your to two or three volleys of a rapid and rest, and so I stept over to tell you. eager knocking; and first she deemed Good night."
the noise a matter of course, like the So saying, the honest man departed; breath she drew; next, it appeared a and his lantern gleamed along the street, thing in which she had no concern; bringing to view indistinct shapes of and lastly, she became aware that it things, and the fragments of a world, was a summons necessary to be obeyed. like order glimmering through chaos, At the same moment, the pang of reor memory roaming over the past. collection darted into her mind; the But Margaret stayed not to watch these pall of sleep was thrown back from the picturesque effects. Joy flashed into face of grief; the dim light of the her heart, and lighted it up at once, and chamber, and the objects therein rebreathless, and with winged steps, she vealed, had retained all her suspended flew to the bedside of her sister. She ideas, and restored them as soon as she paused, however, at the door of the unclosed her eyes. Again, there was chamber, while a thought of pain broke a quick peal upon the street-door. in upon her.
Fearing that her sister would also be " Poor Mary!" said she to herself. disturbed, Mary wrapped herself in a “Shall I waken her, to feel her sorrow cloak and hood, took the lamp from the sharpened by my happiness ? No; I hearth, and hastened to the window. will keep it within my own bosom till By some accident, it had been left unthe morrow."
hasped, and yielded easily to her hand. She approached the bed to discover Who's there?” asked Mary, tremif Mary's sleep were peaceful. Her bling as she looked forth. face was turned partly inward to the The storm was over, and the moon pillow, and had been hidden there to was up; it shone upon broken clouds weep; but a look of motionless content- above, and below upon houses black ment was now visible upon it, as if her with moisture, and upon little lakes of heart, like a deep lake, had grown calm the fallen rain, curling into silver bebecause its dead had sunk down so far neath the quick enchantment of a within. Happy is it, and strange, that breeze. A young man in a sailor's the lighter sorrows are those from dress, wet as if he had come out of the which dreams are chiefly fabricated. depths of the sea, stood alone under the Margaret shrunk from disturbing her window. Mary recognized him as one sister-in-law, and felt as if her own whose livelihood was gained by short better fortune had rendered her invol- voyages along the coast; nor did she untarily unfaithful, and as if altered and forget, that, previous to her marriage, diminished affection must be the con- he had been an unsuccessful wooer of sequence of the disclosure she had to her own. make. With a sudden step, she turned “What do you seek here, Stephen ?" away. But joy could not long be re- said she. pressed, even by circumstances that “ Cheer up, Mary, for I seek to comwould have excited heavy grief at ano- fort you,” answered the rejected lover. ther moment. Her mind was thronged “ You must know I got home not ten with delightful thoughts, till sleep stole minutes ago, and the first thing my on and transformed them to visions, good mother told me was the news more delightful and more wild, like the about your husband. So, without saybreath of winter (but what a cold com- ing a word to the old woman, I clapped parison !) working fantastic tracery up- on my hat, and ran out of the house. on a window.
I couldn't have slept a wink before When the night was far advanced, speaking to you, Mary, for the sake of Mary awoke with a sudden start. A old times." vivid dream had latterly involved her Stephen, I thought better of you !" in its unreal life, of which, however, exclaimed the widow, with gushing she could only remember that it had tears, and preparing to close the latbeen broken in upon at the most inter- tice ; for she was no whit inclined to esting point. For a little time, slumber imitate the first wife of Zadig. hung about her like a morning mist, “ But stop, and hear my story out,” hindering her from perceiving the dis- cried the young sailor. “I tell you tinct outline of her situation. She we spoke a brig yesterday afternoon, listened with imperfect consciousness bound in iron, old England. And who
do you think I saw standing on deck, course of the night, though not latched, well and hearty, only a bit thinner than advanced to the bedside, and was about he was five months ago ?"
to lay her hand upon the slumberer's Mary leaned from the window, but shoulder. But then she remembered could not speak.
that Margaret would awake to thoughts “Why, it was your husband him- of death and woe, rendered not the self,” continued the generous seaman. less bitter by their contrast with her “ He and three others saved them- own felicity. She suffered the rays selves on a spar, when the Blessing of the lamp to fall upon the unconturned bottom upwards. The brig will scious form of the bereaved one. beat into the bay by daylight, with this Margaret lay in unquiet sleep, and the wind, and you'll see him here to-mor- drapery was displaced around her; her row. There's the comfort I bring you, young cheek was rosy-tinted, and her Mary, and so good night.”
lips half opened in a vivid smile; an He hurried away, while Mary expression of joy, debarred its passage watched him with doubt of waking by her sealed eyelids, struggled forth reality, that seemed stronger or weaker like incense from the whole counteas he alternately entered the shade of nance. the houses, or emerged into the broad “My poor sister! you will waken streaks of moonlight. Gradually, how- too soon from that happy dream !" ever, a blessed food of conviction thought Mary. swelled into her heart, in strength Before retiring, she set down the enough to overwhelm her, had its in- lamp and endeavored to arrange the crease been more abrupt. Her first bed-clothes, so that the chill air might impulse was to arouse her sister-in- not do harm to the feverish slumberer. law, and communicate the new-born But her hand trembled against Margagladness. She opened the chamber- ret's neck, a tear also tell upon her door, which had been closed in the cheek, and she suddenly awoke.
Freedom! beneath thy banner I was born,
O let me share thy full and perfect life!
And to be free from Passion's bitter strife ;-
Nourished by lofty aims and genial truth,
The spell of beauty and the hopes of youth.
Caught from the mountains, groves and crystal streams,
That woo the spirit with celestial dreams,