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caped my observation, and requested formed some meritorious exploit, and me to open it. Had we been suddenly when asked what reward he wished, his transported by the magic carpet to fairy only demand was that Mr. Pitt should ground, our delight could scarcely have dine on board of his vessel. All things been exceeded, such a contrast did it were arranged, but the King sent for Mr. afford to the flinty sides of the moun

Pitt at the very moment he was going to tain, crested by her little colony. We dine; my uncle asked me to represent

him. Thus it was that I got into such found ourselves in a garden of great company, for except the lords and ladies comparative extent, and artistically I contrived to take with me, all present planned; formed of mould brought from

were cits. Before eating they appeared à distance at great labor and expense. very sensible men, but when that opeThe designs were all her own. She ration commenced, the exhibition was stopped at a tent which she advised so novel that I did not eat myself from Bartlett to sketch ; it was trellis-work amazement. One man near me eat a covered with odoriferous flowers, and quantity of turtle soup, which would have within a luxurious divan. She now sufficed for a dinner for four men. He led us through a long rustic arbor to a un buttoned his coat, then his waistcoat; stately summer-house which she dwelt he had two spoons, which he kept agoing on with evident pride ; the vistas, ter- with the exactness and rapidity of machiraces and fountains, all were tasteful nery; Then came venison. An account and original. From the garden she of what he eat would be perfectly incredipointed out the tour she wished us to of wine all to himself; he would lean

ble. Under the table he had two bottles take on the morrow, offering the unqualified freedom of her house “ to go guzzle for a minute at a time. He never

down, put his mouth to the bottle, and and come, or make our home at, and looked off his plate, or spoke a word, or no botheration if we wished to be pri- drank wine with anybody.” vate."

She asked who had been my travel She gave ludicrous imitations with ling companions. The name of a dis- the vivacity of a girl. While sitting tinguished Scotch family was men- there was no appearance of debility. tioned.-She interrupted with warmth, She loved to ring the changes on " I'll warrant he is the flower of the her grandfather as the champion of flock."

America. She had no patience with Travellers seldom see her by day- Canning,-he was artificial, deceitful light. She usually sits with her visiters and selfish; when out of office abusing from six in the evening till two in the those to Mr. Pitt with whom he agreed morning.

wonderfully when he came into the This evening we were as thick as cabinet. Her father used to say that pickpockets. She gave reminiscences she thought more in five minutes than of her early history, savoring some

the rest of the world in five years. what of the marvellous :

He had a library of fifty thousand

volumes, which he locked up, saying born to be a warrior. She that history was all trash and nonsense. had always detested England, and was determined to leave it at eight years of

“Now take, if you please, the history age. About that time was her first at- of Alexander. They say he was the tempt to run away. She got on board a

son of Philip, when in fact he was the boat, which, when her parents got wind son of a priest of the temple of Jupiter. of, was pursued by fifty others; when All his battles are fictions ; a necessary overtaken, she jumped into the water and consequence of his biographers being was taken out by two oars crossed catch- his own retainers and parasites. I am ing her neck like a pair of scissors. A acquainted with history from a much short time afterwards she climbed up into better source. an old tower, where her only amusement She never reads now, and seldom was a number of little pewter soldiers, writes; her sight has suffered from whom she carried through evolutions. illness. She stated her age at fiftyHunger obliged her to descend after two five; perhaps my looks seemed to say, days."

more or less, for she attempted to prove As a narrator she is inimitable, and she was no older, by appealing to hisalways her own heroine :

torical facts.

She had the plague for thirty-two “A captain of a man-of-war had per- days. She described her sufferings by

« She was

supposing a hook drawn up and down you cannot deceive me, I knew your one's entrails. Very recently she had disposition the moment I heard your a fever, and lay for some days appa- voice." rently dead. Her little black girl was Several parts of her wall and many the only one who had the courage to of her buildings are in a tumble-down approach her; she opened her mistress's condition, said to be partly the effects eyes with her fingers, and discovered of slight earthquakes; but the whole life remaining. When recovered, she forms a picturesque coup-dæil, animatfound that her domestics had made ed by jovial parties of Albanians, in division of all her furniture, and carried their snowy camese and silver mounted a portion of it away. Of twenty pairs arms, either caroling their native airs of sheets, only one and a half remained. through the neighboring woods, or It seems the holy brotherhood of seated at cards, or puffing

the chibouck bedlamites beset her from every quar- as if grouped by the hand of an artist. ter, by visits or letters, and some, too, Lady Hester had received all the who have method in their madness. A Albanians who chose to seek her procertain French astrologer is now an tection at the reduction of St. Jean idle dependent at her winter residence, d'Acre by Ibrahim Pacha. She merely near Sidon. He proves from prophe- supplied their wants, and frequently cy that he is to marry her; here, says balanced the expediency of sending he, is the very name in the Bible. them home by ship from Beyroot, but They frequently quarrel about future they were happy to remain, and she to events. There was another man came maintain them in silent treaty of mututo see her ; he could not be persuaded al protection. Truly their lines had that he had not known and been attach- fallen to them in pleasant places, if we ed to her all his life. Her servants compare them with their filth-covered repelling him by force, he took horse, brethren at home. put him to the run, and did not draw She repudiates, however, the idea of bridle for eighteen hours. She did not personal insecurity. She had passed seem to relish our incredulity of this the desert to Palmyra, mounted and equestrian feat.

armed as a warrior; the sons of IshAnother man thought himself the mael, so fatal to the traveller, gave her Messiah, but after much study became their unasked escort and hailed her convinced, and very happy was he to Queen of Palmyra. have even that station, that he was only Except the merchants of Beyroot, to be a second or one of the chief min- why have bought her protested drafts, isters of the Messiah.

all love her, Druses and Franks, Arabs She professed to tell my character. and Maronites; even the cruelty and in“ You are ambitious." True, was the solence of Ibrahim Pacha, though she reply; it was a weakness of youth that bids him defiance by giving shelter to would yield to a few autumns. “Why his enemies, has never dared to invade should you subdue it ?-did God give it the sanctity which oriental superstition to you to subdue ? No; but for some attaches to an unsettled brain, or to great purpose. The blood of the question the impunity which Syrian Koreish cannot be controlled.” This usage accords to a female. alluded to her conviction that the She resorted to every art to induce Scotch and Koreish, the family of Ma- us to stay ; she had her horse to show homet, were of the same lineage, the us, on condition we stayed one day longdetails of which she promised on con er, but our party had been doing pedition of my return from Greece, she nance some days at Beyroot. would dictate, and permit me to publish Adieus exchanged-with allusion to it.

She had previously been told of the grand gathering. We found Antonio my Scottish original. “Do you tell me gloating over the bottles of wine, that by way of information ; I knew it cheese and choice fruits with which the moment I saw you, your oval cheek her servants were storing our baggageand high instep, are sure marks of the mule; with the resolution of martyrs,

family. You have a warm they rejected our proffered piastres, but temper," she continued. To a fault, with a casuistry not peculiar to Syria, was the answer. “No, there is not á each one unseen by his fellows, suffered particle of badness in your temper; it quelque compliments’ to be slid into his is just as warm as it ought to be,- pockets with ill-disguised satisfaction.

THE ISSUE AT STAKE.

THERE is at least one satisfaction in style, to get out of its way by meeting the present position of our national it straight in the face. politics, for which, in its contrast with There is indeed no doubt that the the state of things existing at the time Democratic Cause is in this position. of the last great contest of parties, we All the further developments of eviare duly grateful, whatever may be the dence since those on which we before result yet veiled within the bosom of urged the point combine to confirm it. the future. We refer to the distinct- Great efforts—perhaps great sacrifices ness of the general issue on which we --are necessary for its safety; and as are about to go to trial-to go before it is for so great an object, surely there

the country,” in the good old phrase can none be found among us so unworof the institution of the Jury. We thy of all their professions of principle have at least that light of open day for as to be unwilling to make themwhich the Grecian hero prayed. We even though some of those necessary have a fair field, and we ask no favor. sacrifices should prove to be of great All that we have to do, and do it we men,-of them perchance, and perwill, is our duty there; nor fear to trust chance by them. The Whigs are in the event to that higher and better wis- admirable condition for the coming endom than human forethought, of whose gagement-in strong force, strongly purposes all of us, with all our infinite organized-eager in hope, bold in confivariety of purposes and points of de- dence, zealous in enthusiasm-aboundparture, are but the unconscious instru- ing in all the ways and means of prepaments. “Fais ce que dois, advienne ration, and harmonized to the most que pourra!" is the noble motto of a efficient degree of combined and connoble house, which be it also ours to centrated unity of action. This time adopt and obey; and whether we re- four years ago we despised them as an turn with our shields or upon them, enemy; it is now not to be dissembled from the great battle of the day whose that they are very seriously to be dawn now illumines the plain, let us at dreaded. To be dreaded, indeed-no least secure the consolation of the one will suppose us to mean with any French King at Pavia, and preserve of that unmanly fear which shrinks our honor, even if nothing else. from the shock of conflict, or is either

Away with all simulations or dis- paralyzed into inactivity or agitated simulations in this matter! With full into confusion—but with that intelligent due respect for the prudential counsels and courageous appreciation of the of those friends who have deemed the whole impartial truth, which not undertone of our last article, on “the Balti- rates danger, but examines it coolly more Convention,” unwisely discour- and closely, to derive from it only aging to our friends and cheering to redoubled incentive to that energy in our foes, we shall still speak out to exertion, and that wise skill in prepaboth, with small care for small conse- ration, indispensable to triumph over it. quences, the truth, the whole truth, For ourselves, on the other hand, it and nothing but the truth-or at least is not to be denied that we are this fall what we honestly believe to be such. in a moral condition, as a party, entirely If we think that we-that is, our Party unfit for the formidable encounter now and our Principles--are in a position so nigh at hand. We are, comparaof very momentous peril, we shall still tively, as the crew of the Chesapeake beg, or rather take leave, to say so; when she went into her ill-starred acand to say so in such frank fashion of tion with the Shannon-let us not disphrase as shall seem most direct and regard the warning of the example. effective for the object we have in The fatal influence of the dissensions view, namely to dispel the danger by now distracting us dissensions about disclosing it,-in the Irish baronet's men and not about measures, about

were

persons and not about principles— really any relief to be found, in all the is written in characters unequivocal tempting promises and professions of enough on the records of too many of the Whigs, from the maddening agonies the elections of the season. If these resulting from a great national disease are not harmonized, and that thoroughly for which party was not responsible and soon—we may as well spare our- the trial has been made; and unless the selves from the outset that fruitless Democratic party now justly forfeit, by struggle which will not have even hope their own misconduct, their own selfish to cheer it, and resign ourselves at and unpatriotic animosities, the old once to that inevitable cup, of the mor- confidence to which the popular heart tification and grief of defeat, in whose has reverted with renewed attachment, bitter draught the worst ingredient it will be long before they will be very will be the thought that it is by our anxious to make it again. If the own hands alone that it was drugged. Whigs could denounce the imputed

greed of Democratic office-holders, and But our pen has led us somewhat claim for themselves on that score a aside from the line of thought we had virtuous disinterestedness of patriotism designed to pursue in this Article. which could not be disproved, however What it has written shall however disbelieved, they can do so no longer, stand, though we have to recall it from while the memory is yet unforgotten of its wandering, to return to the point those days when the earth fairly shook from which it started—which was the beneath the worn pavements of Pennexpression of a sincere satisfaction at sylvania Avenue, as the hungry lethe broad and open distinctness of the gions of office-seekers shuffled along general issue about to be joined between between the two white houses, to and the two great parties of the country. fro--when they swarmed throughout The false issues, the sectional dupli- Washington, not less numerous and cities of profession, the temporary ex

more voracious than the locusts citements and delusions, which gave at which

the last and worst once its character and direction to the plague of the land of Egypt—when the election of 1840, no longer now mantle overtasked horses scarcely staggered on the country as in one vast cloud of beneath the burthen of the mail-bags mystification and midnight blindness. bursting with letters of application and The Proteus who then could alternate entreaty—and when the still more overwith such bewildering variety through tasked old man whom in an evil hour his countless resources of metamor- for himself they had succeeded in phosis, stands up now confessed before making a President of, was driven at our eyes in his own natural nakedness last into the only asylum safe from the of form,—and when once reduced at unsparing persecution. This prejudice last to that point, if we are but true to at least against the party to which tiine ourselves, like the divinely taught shep- had before seemed to have given almost herd boy of Tempe, we can have no a life monopoly of public office, was difficulty in subduing him to our will. exploded within the first thirty days of The cry of “ CHANGE,” which did the the reformed régime; and not a few best, or rather the worst, part of the Whigs, at the spectacle then exhibited work of 1840, can no more be raised by their own party, already then exthat magic horn has lost its power to pressed the disgust of which it was set all who hear it awhirl in enchanted less graceful for us, the defeated, to be dance. If the people were tired of the interpreters. If they could dehearing Aristides always called “the nounce the Debt forced upon the AdminJust," that passing impatience has istration by causes no fault of its own, fully exhausted itself, and they are its huge progressive augmentation on ready enough to recall him with accla- their own hands turns all these weapons mation from his ostracism-provided back against their own breasts. The he does not himself refuse to return. whoop and the war rifle are now silent If they were tired of the long protracted through the everglades, and that wildest ascendency of a party, even though it of “Wild Cats” is now comfortably were their own--and were willing to domesticated beyond the Father of indulge that deep-seated instinct of Waters. The once terrible Standing human nature which is ever eager for Army has vanished like the ghostly variety, by making experiment, for at legions which are said still on dark least a single term, whether there was nights to muster on the Champ de

Mars, to pass in review before the blush, respecting the election of Harshadow of a little man in a grey sur- rison and Tyler, the one a Nondescript tout and three-cornered hat. The and the other a Nullifier. If it should great Gold Spoon has been melted be in favor of Clay, then was it all in down, and is supposed to be flowing up vain that the struggles were made the Mississippi. The Bankrupts, hon- which expelled both the elder and the est and dishonest, have been “reliev- younger Adams from the direction of ed," and the moment the whole immor- the government,--all in vain that by ality of the act had been consummated which General Jackson, in his re-elecin its retrospective application, the tion, was so gloriously sustained in the benefit which would have attended its policy of which his great Internal Improspective action was hastily shut provement and Bank vetoes were the off. “And the fallacy has been fully chief measures. If it should be in favor proved, of all the expectations of a of Clay, then will the perpetuation of possible reconstruction of the ruin of the Constitution, and of the Union of the old Credit System, which was to be which it is the expression, have receivwrought in some inexplicable way by ed a deeper and a deadlier wound than the proposed change of administration. has ever been dealt upon it before. Mr.“ Webster himself has set down a For it will be the formal, not to say, national bank as an "obsolete idea ;" final, repudiation of the State-Rights and even at the time when its adoption Principle as the governing rule of interwas urged on the Vice President, who pretation for the Constitution. It will signed all the other bills of his party, be to pronounce solemnly that whole and who at first quarrelled with them policy at an end ; to declare the counonly on trifling points of detail in this try tired of it, and anxious to fall back measure, it was very generally con- into the old abandoned track of its opceded that it would not have been pos- posite. It will be that which the trisible to get its stock subscribed, so as umph of the Whigs in 1840 was not, to carry it into execution.

for they did not then dare to venture on The issue between the two parties is such an issue, nor to avow Clay as the now, therefore, cleared of all the entan- exponent of their principles and mediglements and perplexities in which it tated measures. was involved by these and various The day of such an event would be, other questions which were complicated indeed, the darkest that has ever yet into it the last time. This election is shrouded the country with mourning to be, more than any which the coun- for public calamity--for it is the firmest try has witnessed for a long period, one conviction among all our political of general principle. The State-Rights ideas, that the State-Rights Principle and the Federal parties--the two oppo- is the vital principle of the Constitution site schools of limited and latitudina- and of the Union, and injury to the one rian construction-are now to meet in cannot fail speedily to sap the foundaa more simple and direct antagonism tions of the very existence of the other. than perhaps ever before since 1800. Why, look only at the fact disclosed Of the one, Mr. Clay is as complete a by the six decennial censuses that representative as could be desired; the have taken place since the adoption of other finds its expression satisfactorily the Constitution—namely, the increase in either of the prominent candidates of our population at the rate of upward for the Democratic nomination. The of 33 per cent. within every period of country is in a condition of calm, suit- ten years. What is there to arrest or able to an intelligent and reflecting to retard this ratio ? Nothing, so long choice between the two. If it should as, not only within the borders of the be in favor of Clay and all that is in- older States are to be found large tracts cluded in the name of Clayism, then of unoccupied land, but westward, can there be no pretension that it is not southward, and northward, stretch such a deliberate and conclusive judgment, vast regions inviting the subjugation of and that it does not go the full length the settler. The time is yet too far reof the formal adoption of a complete mote at which the crowding of populasystem of principles and corresponding tion within territorial limits, accompameasures--an allegation which could nied by a Malthusian pressure of numnot be made with truth, though it was bers upon the means of subsistence, by Mr. Clay himself without a visible can be felt among us, to check the rapi

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