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institutions, no influences can be brought Disciplined by his previous occupato bear upon art with the vivifying tions to the exactest mechanical execupower of court patronage.” We fully tion, he brought to his first effort in and firmly believe that these institutions sculpture, a hand and eye, a gift from are more favorable to a natural, health- God and fruit of toil, which made his ful growth of art than any hotbed cul- first effort in its walk a masterpiece. ture whatever. We cannot—as did The series of portraits which came Napoleon)-make, by a few imperial from his hand during the three or four edicts, an army of battle painters, a years previous to his leaving this counhierarchy of drum-and-fife glorifiers. try are unparalleled by any modern Nor can we, in the life-time of an in- works in that class, which we have dividual, so stimulate this branch of seen. In the portraits of private citiculture, so unduly and disproportionate- zens, he displayed the breadth of the ly to endow it, as to make a Walhalla classic models, united to the force, the start from a republican soil. The mo- evidence, and the unfiinching exactness numents, the pictures, the statues of the of the Daguerreotype. In his bust of republic will represent what the people Mr. ex-President Adams, he has given love and wish for,—not what they can the type by which the forms of other be made to accept, not how much taxa portraits of that statesman will be tion they will bear. We hope by such tested ; in that of General Jackson, the slow growth to avoid the reaction re- indomitable will and high purpose of sulting from a morbid development; a the old hero are incarnate. His bust reaction like that which attended the of Mr. Webster is perhaps his chefbuilding of St. Peter's ; a reaction like d’æuvre of portraiture. It has the inthat consequent upon the outlay which dividuality of Houdon's Voltaire united gave birth to the royal mushroom at to the grand breadth of Chantry's Scott. Versailles ; a reaction like that which Whether we regard the action of the we anticipate in Bavaria, unless the head, the attitude of the features, or people of that country are constituted the detail of the forms, we find nothing differently from the rest of mankind.

wanting Compare this Demosthenian If there be any youth toiling through bust with some of the lowering caricathe rudiments of art, at the forms of tures which libel the late Secretary, and the simple and efficient school at New you will see at once the difference beYork, (whose title is the only pompous tween the grasp of genius and the shifts thing about it), with a chilling belief of mediocrity. that elsewhere the difficulties he strug During several years past, a consigles with are removed or modified, we derable portion of Mr. Powers's time call upon him to be of good cheer, and has been devoted to a statue of Eve. to believe-what from our hearts we This work will doubtless soon be sent are convinced of-that there is at to this country. We have seen it in present no country where the develop- the germ, in the flower, and in the full, ment and growth of an artist is more rich fruit. It is worthy its author. free, healthful, and happy than it is in We hope and trust that its exhibition these United States. It is not until here will not only confirm the fame the tyro becomes a proficient-nay, an which Italy has accorded to him, but adept—that his fortitude and his temper will remove from his path in a foreign are put to tests more severe than else- land some of the bitterest thorns by where-tests of which we propose to which the feet of genius are goaded in speak more at large on a future occasion. its march toward perfection. We will

As a confirmation of the statements not believe that, even in these times, we have made, and in support of our America will allow a man who has view of them, we turn with pride and done so well, to be punished for his hope to Hiram Powers, as the most devotion to his art, and to be made to remarkable instance we have ever met suffer from his love for those connected with of a natural and healthful develop- with him. ment.

JACTA EST ALEA!

Play on! play on the stakes run high,
The wine haih flowed right merrily,
And all of human bliss and wo
Seemed melted in its golden glow.
But now its genial power is past,
A darker spell around is cast,
Where two are sitting all alone,
Molionless as if turned to stone,
And each, to careless madness driven,
Plays, as unminding hell or heaven.
It was a painful sight to see
The crowd dispersing silently,
Weary at last of song and jest
Which could not fill an empty breast,
Thal sighed to feel, 'mid all its glee,
The emptiness of revelry.
'Twas sad to see the torches wane;
They flicker,-scarce enough remain
To light the two still seated there,
Their game all hope, and all despair.

Still deeper in the night it grew,
And all things wore a ghostly bue
Pale was the cheek so lately flushed,
The jest, the cry, the curse were hushed;
With hands which each more firmly clench-
With eyes which tears can never quench-

United not in love nor hate,
Bound, not by friendship nor by ire,
But by a wild and strange desire-

Seek they the secret of their fate.

The brow of one is frank and fair
Beneath a cloud of sunny hair,
Among whose gorgeous light and shade
A mother's hand 10-day has played;
But now one gathering line it shows,
One track upon a field of snows,
And, like that track upon the plain,
Till all be gone, 'twill there remain.
The hidden beauty of his soul
His quivering features doth control;
And not from severish ipiser thirst

Risks he his all upon the die,

But with a proud unquailing eye,
As one too brave io fear the worst,

Does he the throw of fate defy.

The other darker is of hue,
Of purpose deeper and less true;
An evil light is in his eye,
He feels an evil triumph nigh.

The favoring fortunes to him fall,
VOL. XIII. —NO, LXI,

4

He winneth much, he winneth all,
And still be tempts his rival on,
Although his every hope is gone,
And still, all pitiless, he smiles
Upon the victim of his wiles.

Heavy sums of gold are lost,
Fair estates, and gems of cost;
And, as each wild stake he gains,
Higher, higher still he strains,
Till at last a paper sealed

From his traitor breast he drew, And his smile a thought revealed,

And his features' changing hue“Come, by this we stand or fall, Here with thee I risk my all.”

“ Thou off 'rest me an unknown stake! So wild a leap I may not take.” “Stand then, but never try again Thy courage with upfearing men." “Come on, thou know'st I do not fear; My fortunes lie all ruined here, Take the poor rernnant-wherefore not? I can achieve a nobler lot.”

With steady hand the die is cast, And lost! well may it be the last! All ashy grows the stripling's brow, For his brave heart is beggared now; His casiled lands, and all beside, Were litile-he has lost his bride! Oh mad, to think to give away The heart that beats for thee alone! Oh mad, to think thine evil play Could inake that guiltless heart thine own! It may be crushed to pothingness, Thou mayst destroy, but ne'er possess.

• I loved her well, and loved her long;
And thy success hath done me wrong.
Thou should'st have counted well the cost;
I am avenged, and thou art lost."

The debt is cancelled, and the maid
Before the victor's feet is laid;
But the dear eyes are closed in death,
And the sweet lips resigned their breath,
To one beloved, who, on the ground,
Cold in her cold embrace is bound-
Two violets growing side by side
That perished ere the spring had died.

THE MEDICAL PHILOSOPHY OF TRAVELLING.*

Dr. James Johnson, one of the authors turbed slumbers, or distressing dreams, quoted below, speaks of the “WEAR- the unfortunate victim of high civilisaAND-TEAR COMPLAINT," which means a tion is doomed to rise, scarce less lancondition of body and mind intermediate guid than when he lay down. to that of sickness and health, but hav No sooner, however, does the pering a decided inclination to the former manent resident of a large city, laboring state. This morbus anonymus he con- under this deterioration of health, which siders incurable by physic; but not- has been termed Cachexia Londinensis, withstanding its incurability, it no doubt leave the makes much less work for the undertakers than for the doctors. It is obvi

6 chaos of eternal smoke ously the result of the WEAR AND TEAR And volatile corruption from the dead, of the living machine, both mental and The dying, sick’ning, and the living corporeal; but it is much less the effect world,” of over-exertion of the corporeal powers than of the thinking faculties, more than the etiolation or blanching, stampespecially if attended by anxiety of ed upon the countenance, vanishes, and mind and the breathing of an impure the glow of ruddy health usurps its atmosphere.

place. As in the corporeal structure, This disease, according to Dr. John- different effects result from the dry and son, predominates in London, while in restless air of the mountain, compared Paris it is almost unknown. This with those evidenced in the moist and difference is fairly attributable to the sluggish atmosphere of the valley; so, circumstance, that in London they make as regards the mental manifestations, their pleasure consist in business, while the observation of the poet Gray is in Paris the rule may be said to be philosophically correct : reversed. The former state of things we observe in our own city of New “An iron race, the mountain cliffs mainYork. The fatigue induced by the tain, hardest day's toil of mere bodily labor, Foes to the gentler manners of the plain." may be dissipated by

In proportion as the mechanical arts “ Tired Nature's sweet restorer, balmy of civilisation outnumber the simple sleep;"

contrivances of the savage, are the in

tellectual powers called comparatively but not so with the thought and care- into action; and in the same ratio is the fatigue of mind—which harass the the susceptibility to moral impressions constitution that has been overworked, augmented. In proportion as man's intellectually and corporeally. The relations with the world around him are repose of the downiest pillow will be multiplied, do we observe the deleterisought in vain. After a night of dis ous influence of mental perturbations

Change of Air, or the Philosophy of Travelling; being Autumnal Excursions through France, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, and Belgium; with Observations and Reflections on the Moral, Physical, and Medicinal Influence of Travelling-Exercise, Change of Scene, Foreign Skies, and Voluntary Expatriation. By James Johnson, M. D., Physician Extraordinary to the King. London. 1831.

The Sanative Influence of Climate; with an Account of the Best Places of Resort for Invalids in England, the South of Europe, &c. By Sir James Clark, Bart., M. D., F. R, S., Physician in Ordinary to the Queen, and to the Prince Albert. London. 1841.

The Climate of the United States, and its Endemic Influences; based chiefly on the Records of the Medical Department, and Adjutant-General's Office, United States Army. By Samuel Forry, M. D. New York. 1842.

The Northern Lakes, a Summer Residence for Invalids of the South. By Daniel Drake, M, D., Professor in the Medical Institute of Louisville. Louisville. 1842.

on his physical frame ; as, for example, is supposed to exist in headwork, there the functions of the digestive organs is a general and unquenchable thirst for and nervous system generally. If we every species of knowledge. Believing look around us in this vast city of New that“ knowledge is power,” this emuYork, we observe on every side an lation of intellect has always been a intensity of interest attached to politics striking feature in the higher pursuits religion, commerce, the arts, and lite- of literature and science, as divinity, rature ; and, more than all, we behold law, medicine, and politics; but now that intense anxiety of mind attendant the same trait—the working of the on the speculative risks by which the brain in preference to the hand-charpecuniary affairs of a large majority of acterizes, in various degrees, every art the community are kept in a state of and vocation, from the most delicate perpetual vacillation.

and refined to the most gross and meThese observations are fully con- chanical. firmed by the results of statistical evi That purely literary pursuits, howdence. Affections of the nervous sys- ever, are not unfavorable to long life, tem, frequently implicating the mental seems to be now an admitted axiom, manifestations, as well as typhus and no matter whether they call into action typhoid fevers, occur oftener in large the memory, the imagination, or the and crowded towns than in the country, judgment. This conclusion has been and much more frequently than in states deduced from extensive tables, showing of society not completely civilized, - the average duration of life among the effects resulting from a confined and several classes of the community. impure air, co-operating with the ex- Natural philosophers would seem to haustion arising from dissipation or have the fairest prospect of longevity. mental exertion, the luxuries of refine- By Dr. Madden, however, it has been ment, and the excitement of the various inferred, but upon grounds which are passions and moral emotions. Accord- far from unobjectionable, that in those ing to Mr. Farr, as shown in a letter literary occupations in which the imaappended to the First Annual Report of gination is most vigorously exerted, the the Registrar-General of Great Britain, wear and tear are comparatively great. in which a comparison is made among But these literary pursuits, it is geneseven millions of persons, one-half of rally believed, cannot be prosecuted whom dwell in towns and the other half with the same impunity in the young in counties, the mortality from epidemic as in the adult. Intense study, before diseases and disorders of the nervous the organs have undergone their full system is doubled by the concentration evolution, may, it is easy to conceive, of population in cities. In towns, as lead to great energy of nutrition in the compared with counties, the mortality brain, and to faulty development in from consumption is increased thirty other parts of the body. This, howper cent. ; from childbirth, seventy-one ever, happens but very rarely; the imper cent. ; and from typhus, two hundred paired health of the studious, instead and seventy-one per cent. The great of being directly induced by disorder of marts of commerce have been truly the brain, being generally referable to designated “the sepulchres of the dead collateral circumstances. Nevertheand hospitals of the living.”

less, the opinion of the morbific agency This “ wear and tear” of both the of great intellectual application is one physique and the morale, in city life, is that prevails almost universally, both indeed obviously perceptible, wherever among the learned and illiterate; and, art, science, or literature—the hand- indeed, a host of names might be enumaids of civilisation-spread their po- merated, who have been regarded as tent influence. It may be detected by martyrs to literary glory. But should the experienced eye at a single glance, even self-immolation be thus voluntarily in the court and the cabinet, at the bar incurred, that is, by the too intense and and at the altar, in the theatre and the protracted mental application in a concounting-house ; in fine, in almost every stitution unusually excitable, the mournhabitation of our busy commercial me- ing relative happily never fails to find tropolis. In the universal pursuit of a soothing pleasure in the melancholy happiness, man is continually aiming reflection, that the unfortunate victim at improving his condition ; and as the was pursuing a path bright with honor, means of accomplishing this great object and one which, especially in youth, has

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